Ultimo, New South Wales

Last updated

Ultimo
Sydney,  New South Wales
Ultimo Sydney Institute 2.JPG
Population8,845 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density14,700/km2 (38,000/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2007
Area0.6 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Location2 km (1 mi) from Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Sydney
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Sydney
Suburbs around Ultimo:
Glebe Pyrmont Sydney CBD
Glebe Ultimo Haymarket
Camperdown Chippendale Haymarket

Ultimo is an inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Ultimo is located 2 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Sydney.

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. In the United States, beyond the suburbs are exurbs, or "exurban areas", with less density but linked to the metropolitan area economically and by commuters.

Sydney Metropolis in Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

Broadway is a locality around the road of the same name, which is located on the borders of Ultimo, Chippendale and Glebe.

Chippendale, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Chippendale is a small inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on the southern edge of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Chippendale is located between Broadway to the north and Cleveland Street to the south, Sydney Central railway station to the east and the University of Sydney to the west.

Glebe, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Glebe is an inner-western suburb of Sydney. Glebe is located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) southwest of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney, in the Inner West region.

History

"Ultimo" was originally the name of the estate of Dr John Harris, on 14 hectares (34 acres) granted to him by Governor King in 1803. It was named for a clerical error in a legal case against Harris that had prevented him being court-martialled. His offence was listed as "ultimo" (having occurred in the previous month) when it should have been cited as "instant" (having occurred in the same month). [2] Harris Street is named in his honour. [3]

Philip Gidley King British Colonial governor

Captain Philip Gidley King was the third Governor of New South Wales, and did much to organise the young colony in the face of great obstacles.

Harris Street street in Ultimo, Sydney

Harris Street is the main thoroughfare in the inner western suburbs of Ultimo and Pyrmont in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It runs from the northern tip of the Pyrmont peninsula to Broadway in the central business district. Harris Street was formerly lined by industrial sites such as the Ultimo Power Station, Ultimo Tram Depot and the Government Printing Office. However, redevelopment of Pyrmont from a largely industrial suburb to a more residential and commercial precinct has seen the University of Technology, Sydney and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation call Harris Street home. Until the late 1950s electric trams ran down the length of Harris Street, when they were replaced by bus services.

The area remained as farmland, in possession of the Harris family, until it was subdivided in 1859. At that time, most of the current streets were laid out, and the descendants of John Harris constructed the first residences in the area (at least one of whicha row of terraces in Wattle Streetwas still owned by the family in the early 1980s).

Federation Warehouse SydneyBuilding0097.jpg
Federation Warehouse

Residential development accelerated in the 1880s. In 1891 the population of the Pyrmont-Ultimo area was 19,177, in 3,966 dwellings. The population peaked at around 30,000 in 1900. However, the construction of factories, quarries, woolstores and a power station in the early 20th century saw the demolition of hundreds of houses, and a steady decline in population. It was a good site for warehouses because of its proximity to Darling Harbour. Several examples of the Federation Warehouse style can be found along Wattle Street. By 1954, the population of Pyrmont and Ultimo was 5,000, and by 1978 it was just 1,800. [4] For approximately ten years from the early 1950s, Harris Street was home to the head office, recording studio, pressing plant and warehouse of Festival Records, which was Australia's leading independent record company for almost 50 years. Festival moved its facilities to a site in nearby Pyrmont in 1966. In 1973, the Builders Labourers Federation organised a green ban with Pyrmont to stop the construction of the North-Western Expressway, which would've destroyed large parts of both suburbs. [5]

Federation architecture architectural style prevalent in Australia from around 1890 to 1915

Federation architecture is the architectural style in Australia that was prevalent from around 1890 to 1915. The name refers to the Federation of Australia on 1 January 1901, when the Australian colonies collectively became the Commonwealth of Australia.

Pyrmont, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Pyrmont is an inner-city suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 2 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Sydney. It is also part of the Darling Harbour region. As of 2011, it is Australia's most densely populated suburb.

Builders Labourers Federation

The Builders Labourers Federation (BLF) was an Australian trade union which existed from 1911 until 1972, and from 1976 until 1986, when it was permanently deregistered in various Australian States by the federal Labor government and some state governments of the time. This occurred in the wake of a Royal Commission into corruption by the Union. About the same time, BLF Federal Secretary Norm Gallagher was jailed for corrupt dealings after receiving bribes from building companies which he used to build a beach house

Sydney Institute Ultimo Sydney Institute 4.JPG
Sydney Institute

Subsequently, many industries began to move to cheaper land further from the CBD, and the decline of the wool industry made Ultimo's 15 woolstores redundant. By the start of the 1980s, derelict industrial sites began to be redeveloped for residences, mostly as apartments, a process that continues to the present.

Very little industry remains in the area, and its current character is a combination of residential and commercial. One conspicuous industrial relic is the brick shell of Davey's Flour Mill, built in 1911, and adjacent to the southern approach to the Anzac Bridge.

Anzac Bridge

The Anzac Bridge is an 8-lane cable-stayed bridge spanning Johnstons Bay between Pyrmont and Glebe Island, close to the central business district of Sydney, Australia. The bridge forms part of the Western Distributor leading from the Sydney CBD and Cross City Tunnel to the Inner West and Northern Suburbs.

Inglis' Bazaar & Saleyards, George St, Quay St, 1923, F. Cunninghame & Co. Inglis' Bazaar & Saleyards, Pyrmont Bridge Rd, 1923.jpg
Inglis' Bazaar & Saleyards, George St, Quay St, 1923, F. Cunninghame & Co.

The Dairy Farmer's Cooperative operated from its facility in Harris Street and Ultimo Road from 1912 to its closure in 2009, after which the site was redeveloped by the nearby UTS in a project designed by architect Frank Gehry.

Dairy Farmers

Dairy Farmers Pty Ltd, originally established in 1900, is a brand owned by Lion Dairy & Drinks, and is distributed mainly New South Wales & Queensland in Australia. The core products sold under that Dairy Farmers brand are fresh milk and UHT "long-life" milk, as well as various other dairy snacks. It supplies products to local and international markets such as Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Asia.

Frank Gehry Canadian-American architect

Frank Owen Gehry,, FAIA is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles.

Wentworth Park commenced its life as a creek and swamp, known from the 1830s as Blackwattle Cove Swamp. Wentworth Park became a rugby league oval and the home ground of the Glebe Dirty Reds who were a part of the New South Wales Rugby League premiership back in its inception.

Heritage listings

Ultimo has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Churches

One of the landmarks in the area is the Uniting Church on the corner of Quarry Street and Bulwara Road. The church was originally built in 1883 to replace the old Presbyterian Church at Mount Street, Pyrmont. The latter had been the first Presbyterian Church in the colony, but it outgrew its old premises and the congregation had to move to the new church in Ultimo. A manse was built a few years later. By 2001 the church was in bad repair and had to be restored with help from a government grant. The church is still active and the congregation goes by the name of The Mustard Seed. [10]

Commercial area of architecture

TAFE building (formerly the Marcus Clark building), an example of the Federation Free Classical style of architecture Marcus clark.jpg
TAFE building (formerly the Marcus Clark building), an example of the Federation Free Classical style of architecture
Farmers & Graziers, characteristic of the many warehouses found in Ultimo. Farmers & Graziers (Ultimo, New South Wales).jpg
Farmers & Graziers, characteristic of the many warehouses found in Ultimo.

The commercial areas of Ultimo are mainly centred on Broadway, Harris Street and Wattle Street. The Broadway Shopping Centre is located in the former site of the flagship building of the Grace Bros department store chain. The Ultimo area is undergoing gentrification, with considerable redevelopment of industrial buildings for residential and commercial purposes. The NSW transmission network service provider TransGrid is located on Thomas Street.

The corporate headquarters and Sydney studios of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation are located in its Ultimo Centre on Harris Street. The Ultimo Centre also houses an auditorium and recording studio, known as the Eugene Goosens Hall, an ABC Shop and a restaurant. Sydney's community television station TVS, NITV & Aurora from a digital broadcast centre are located at Ultimo Centre.

Harris Street is also the home of Sydney's Powerhouse Museum. Wentworth Park is a multi-purpose sporting facility in Ultimo that is used for various sports including rugby union, rugby league, soccer and greyhound racing.

Transport

Evening buses running along George Street. George Street, Ultimo.jpg
Evening buses running along George Street.

Ultimo is well-served by public transport. Central railway station is at the southern border of the suburb, on the opposite side of Broadway. The Dulwich Hill Line of Sydney's light rail network has stations at the eastern edge of the suburb, where Ultimo borders Darling Harbour. Many buses travel along Broadway.

A distinctive landmark in Ultimo is the former railway viaduct that now carries the light rail through Wentworth Park. The viaduct was built in 1922 and consists primarily of twenty-three brick arches. It is considered "an outstanding example of engineering brickwork" and is listed on the Register of the National Estate. [11]

The Goods Line is a park and pedestrian pathway utilising a section of the railway line not used by the light rail.

Population

At the 2016 census, it had a population of 8,845 of which 82.4% were born overseas. [1] The 2001 census recorded a population of 4,054, 46% of whom were born overseas. Its proximity to Chinatown means that it has historically had a large Chinese population. In 2016, the most common ancestries in Ultimo were Chinese 36.6%, English 8.4%, Australian 5.8%, Thai 4.3% and Korean 3.3%. [1]

In Ultimo, 17.6% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 29.8%, Thailand 5.0%, South Korea 3.5%, Indonesia 3.1% and India 2.4%. 23.7% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 28.1%, Cantonese 7.0%, Thai 5.0%, Korean 3.2% and Indonesian 2.5%. The most common response for religion was No Religion at 49.9%. [1]

In 2016, 90.6% of residences were flats and 8.2% were semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc. [1]

Houses

Sandstone terraces in Wattle Street Wattle Street.jpg
Sandstone terraces in Wattle Street

In common with other inner suburbs such as Surry Hills, Ultimo still has some of the oldest examples of Victorian terraces. Despite constant slum clearance and redevelopment during the 20th century, many fine examples exist which, as in other inner Sydney suburbs, have been progressively 'gentrified' in recent times.

Education

Ultimo is home to the main campus of the University of Technology Sydney and the Sydney Institute of TAFE, the largest TAFE in New South Wales. International Grammar School is located near the western boundary. Ultimo Public School is bounded by Jones Street, Wattle Street and Quarry Street.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Arncliffe, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Arncliffe is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Arncliffe is located 11 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Bayside Council.

Haymarket, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Haymarket is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is located at the southern end of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Haymarket includes much of Sydney's Chinatown, Thaitown and Railway Square localities. Haymarket is adjacent to Darling Harbour and is surrounded by the suburbs of Ultimo, Chippendale, Surry Hills and the Sydney CBD.

Surry Hills, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Surry Hills is an inner city, eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Surry Hills is immediately south-east of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Surry Hills is surrounded by the suburbs of Darlinghurst to the north, Chippendale and Haymarket to the west, Moore Park and Paddington to the east and Redfern to the south.

Ryde, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Ryde is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Ryde is located 13 km north-west of the Sydney central business district and 8 km east of Parramatta. Ryde is the administrative centre of the local government area of the City of Ryde and part of the Northern Suburbs area. It lies on the north bank of the Parramatta River.

Lindfield, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Lindfield is a suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 13 kilometres north-west of the Sydney Central Business District and is in the local government area of Ku-ring-gai Council. East Lindfield is a separate suburb, although they share the postcode of 2070.

North Sydney, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

North Sydney is a suburb and major district on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, Australia. North Sydney is located 3 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of North Sydney Council.

Lilyfield, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Lilyfield is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Lilyfield is located 6 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Inner West Council.

Broadway, Sydney road in Sydney

Broadway is a 700-metre (2,300 ft) road in inner city Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The road constitutes the border between the suburbs of Ultimo and Chippendale. Broadway is also an urban locality.

Burwood, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Burwood is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 10 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of Burwood Council.

Glebe Point Road road in Sydney

Glebe Point Road is the main road of the inner city suburb of Glebe in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is a boutique shopping strip with numerous restaurants and cafés.

Pyrmont Bridge landmark connecting Pyrmont to Sydney in Australia

The Pyrmont Bridge, a heritage-listed swing bridge across Cockle Bay, is located in Darling Harbour, part of Port Jackson, west of the central business district in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. Opened in 1902, the bridge initially carried motor vehicle traffic via the Pyrmont Bridge Road between the central business district and Pyrmont. Since 1981 the bridge has carried pedestrian and bicycle traffic only, as motor vehicles were diverted to adjacent freeway overpasses. The bridge was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 28 June 2002.

Sydney central business district Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Sydney Central Business District (CBD) is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. The Sydney CBD is to a large degree coterminous with Sydney's city centre, or Sydney City, and the two terms are used interchangeably. The CBD or city centre is often referred to simply as "Town" or "the City". The Sydney city centre extends southwards for about 3 km (2 mi) from Sydney Cove, the point of first European settlement in which the Sydney region was initially established. Due to its pivotal role in Australia's early history, it is one of the oldest established areas in the country.

West Sydney was an electoral district for the Legislative Assembly in the Australian State of New South Wales created in 1859 from part of the electoral district of Sydney, covering the western part of the current Sydney central business district, Ultimo and Pyrmont, bordered by George Street, Broadway, Bay Street and Wentworth Park. It elected four members simultaneously, with voters casting four votes and the first four candidates being elected. For the 1894 election, it was replaced by the single-member electorates of Sydney-Gipps, Sydney-Lang, Sydney-Denison and Sydney-Pyrmont.

Pyrmont Post Office historic commonwealth heritage site in Pyrmont NSW

Pyrmont Post Office is a heritage-listed former post office and now bank branch office located at 148 Harris Street, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Pyrmont in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by the Government Architect’s Office under Walter Liberty Vernon. The property is owned by Australia Post, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the Australian Commonwealth Heritage List on 22 June 2004 and to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 22 December 2000.

Ultimo Post Office

The Ultimo Post Office is a heritage-listed former post office located at 494 Harris Street in the inner city Sydney suburb of Ultimo in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The property is owned by Trustees of the Museum of Applied Arts and Science, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Ultimo Sewage Pumping Station sewage pumping station in Ultimo, NSW, Australia

The Ultimo Sewage Pumping Station is a heritage-listed sewerage pumping station located at William Henry Street in the inner city Sydney suburb of Ultimo in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. As a result of the construction of an elevated roadway along William Henry Street, the pumping station now fronts Pyrmont Street, with vehicles being required to enter via Quarry Street, then turning right into Pyrmont Street.

Pyrmont and Glebe Railway Tunnels "Heritage place or item located at Metropolitan goods railway, Pyrmont New South Wales, Australia"

The Pyrmont and Glebe Railway Tunnels are heritage-listed railway tunnels at Metropolitan goods railway, Pyrmont, City of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is also known as Metro Light Rail. The property is owned by RailCorp. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ultimo (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. From heaven to hell in one easy walk - National - www.smh.com.au
  3. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN   0-207-14495-8, page 257
  4. Matthews, Michael R. Pyrmont & Ultimo a History (1982)
  5. "List of green bans, 1971-1974". libcom.org. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  6. "Ultimo Road Railway Underbridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01062. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  7. "Ultimo Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00502. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. "Substation". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00934. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. "Sewage Pumping Station 1". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01336. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. http://www.mustardseed.unitingchurch.org.au
  11. The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/40

Coordinates: 33°52′56″S151°11′49″E / 33.88222°S 151.19694°E / -33.88222; 151.19694