Maximilian Haider

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Maximilian Haider (born 23 January 1950 in Freistadt, Austria) is an Austrian physicist.

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He studied Physics at the University of Kiel and the Technische Universität Darmstadt, where he received his doctoral degree with a thesis entitled "Design, construction and testing of a corrected electron energy loss spectrometer with large dispersion and a large acceptance angle" (in German: "Entwurf, Bau und Erprobung eines korrigierten Elektronen-Energieverlust-Spektrometers mit grosser Dispersion und grossem Akzeptanzwinkel"). In 1989 he became Group Leader within the Physical Instrumentation Program at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) where he had already performed some experiments during his doctoral studies.

He is honorary professor at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT); [1] co-founder, senior advisor and former president of Corrected Electron Optical Systems GmbH (CEOS), a German company that manufactures correction components for electron microscopes.

Honors

He won the 2011 Wolf Prize in Physics, along with Harald Rose and Knut Urban, for his contributions to electron microscopy, [2] specifically for the development of a device to correct electron-optical aberration using magnetic multipole lenses. Their work allowed electron microscopes to achieve a resolution of about 50 pm, comparable to the radius of the smallest atom. The three started working together in 1992. Haider built the first prototype and he is the founder (with Joachim Zach in 1996) of the German company Corrected Electron Optical Systems GmbH (CEOS), which manufactures and sells their invention.

In 2005 Haider, Zach and their company CEOS received the Dr.-Rudolf-Eberle Prize (Innovation prize from Baden-Württemberg). [3]

Haider, Rose and Urban also received the Karl-Heinz-Beckurts Prize in 2006 and the Honda Prize [4] in 2008.

In 2008 he became honorary professor at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).

A symposium on "Advances in Corrected Electron Microscopy in Materials Science and Biology" was held in honor of his 60th birthday on February 19, 2010 in Heidelberg. [5]

Haider also received the 2013 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award [6] in Basic Sciences, along with Harald Rose and Knut Urban, for greatly enhancing the resolving power of electron microscopy by developing aberration-corrected electron optics, a breakthrough enabling subatomic precision.

In 2015 he also received the Honorary Fellowship of the Royal Microscopical Society [7] [8] and the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) Award. [9]

In 2020 he received the Kavli Prize in Nanoscience,(together with Harald Rose and Knut Urban and Ondrej Krivanek). [10]

Related Research Articles

Electron microscope Type of microscope with electrons as a source of illumination

An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination. As the wavelength of an electron can be up to 100,000 times shorter than that of visible light photons, electron microscopes have a higher resolving power than light microscopes and can reveal the structure of smaller objects. A scanning transmission electron microscope has achieved better than 50 pm resolution in annular dark-field imaging mode and magnifications of up to about 10,000,000× whereas most light microscopes are limited by diffraction to about 200 nm resolution and useful magnifications below 2000×.

Microscope Scientific instrument

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Chromatic aberration Failure of a lens to focus all colors on the same point

In optics, chromatic aberration (CA), also called chromatic distortion and spherochromatism, is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same point. It is caused by dispersion: the refractive index of the lens elements varies with the wavelength of light. The refractive index of most transparent materials decreases with increasing wavelength. Since the focal length of a lens depends on the refractive index, this variation in refractive index affects focusing. Chromatic aberration manifests itself as "fringes" of color along boundaries that separate dark and bright parts of the image.

Transmission electron microscopy Technique in microscopy

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References

  1. http://www.lem.kit.edu/21_139.php Homepage at KIT
  2. Maximilian Haider Is Granted Wolf Prize for Physics
  3. "Innovation Award | Corrected Electron Optical Systems".
  4. http://www.hondafoundation.jp/winner/view_en/406 Honda Prize Past Laureates
  5. "Congress in honour of Maximilian Haider and Harald Rose | Corrected Electron Optical Systems".
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-06. Retrieved 2018-08-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Honorary Fellows".
  8. "RMS | Honorary Fellows Announced 2015".
  9. http://www.nims.go.jp/eng/news/press/2015/06/201504270.html
  10. 2020 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience, www.kavliprize.org. Retrieved 27 May 2020.