|The Kavli Prize|
|Awarded for||Awarded for outstanding contributions in Astrophysics, Nanoscience, and Neuroscience.|
|Reward(s)||A gold medal, a scroll, and a monetary award of US$ 1,000,000|
|Number of laureates||21 prizes to 54 laureates (as of 2021 [update] )|
The Kavli Prize was established in 2005 through a joint venture between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, and The Kavli Foundation. The main objective for the Prize is to honor, support and recognize scientists for outstanding scientific work in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience and award three international prizes every second year. The Kavli Prize was awarded for the first time on 9 September 2008 in Oslo. The Prizes were presented by Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway. Each of the three Kavli Prizes consists of a gold medal, a scroll, and a cash award of US$1,000,000.
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters appoints the three Prize Committees consisting of leading international scientists after receiving recommendations made by the following international academies and equivalent scientific organisations:
These distinguished panels of international scientists review and recommend the prize winners on the basis of a nomination process. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters administer the selection process and announce the prize winners.
|2008||Maarten Schmidt||California Institute of Technology||"for their seminal contributions to understanding the nature of quasars"|
|Donald Lynden-Bell||Cambridge University|
|2010||Jerry E. Nelson||Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz||"for their contributions to the development of giant telescopes"|
|Raymond N. Wilson||European Southern Observatory, Garching|
|James Roger Angel||Steward Observatory, University of Arizona|
|2012||David C. Jewitt||University of California Los Angeles||"for discovering and characterizing the Kuiper Belt and its largest members, work that led to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system"|
|Jane X. Luu||Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Michael E. Brown||California Institute of Technology|
|2014||Alan H. Guth||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||"for pioneering the theory of cosmic inflation"|
|Andrei D. Linde||Stanford University|
|Alexei A. Starobinsky||Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics|
|2016||Ronald W.P. Drever||California Institute of Technology||"for the direct detection of gravitational waves"|
|Kip S. Thorne||California Institute of Technology|
|Rainer Weiss||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|2018||Ewine van Dishoeck||Leiden University||"for her combined contributions to observational, theoretical, and laboratory astrochemistry, elucidating the life cycle of interstellar clouds and the formation of stars and planets"|
|2020||Andrew Fabian||University of Cambridge||"for his groundbreaking research in the field of observational X-ray astronomy, covering a wide range of topics from gas flows in clusters of galaxies to supermassive black holes at the heart of galaxies"|
|2008||Louis Brus||Columbia University||"for their large impact in the development of the nanoscience field of the zero and one dimensional nanostructures in physics, chemistry and biology"|
|Sumio Iijima||Meijo University|
|2010||Donald Eigler||IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose||"for their development of unprecedented methods to control matter on the nanoscale"|
|Nadrian C. Seeman||New York University|
|2012||Mildred S. Dresselhaus||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||"for her pioneering contributions to the study of phonons, electron-phonon interactions, and thermal transport in nanostructures"|
|2014||Thomas W. Ebbesen||University of Strasbourg||"for transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging"|
|Stefan W. Hell||Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry|
|John B. Pendry||Imperial College London|
|2016||Gerd Binnig||IBM Zurich Research Laboratory||"for the invention and realization of atomic force microscopy, a breakthrough in measurement technology and nanosculpting that continues to have a transformative impact on nanoscience and technology"|
|Christoph Gerber||University of Basel|
|Calvin Quate||Stanford University|
|2018||Emmanuelle Charpentier||Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology||"for the invention of CRISPR-Cas9, a precise nanotool for editing DNA, causing a revolution in biology, agriculture, and medicine"|
|Jennifer Doudna||University of California, Berkeley|
|Virginijus Šikšnys||Vilnius University|
|2020||Harald Rose||Universität Ulm||“for sub-ångström resolution imaging and chemical analysis using electron beams”|
|Maximilian Haider||CEOS GmbH|
|Knut Urban||Forschungszentrum Jülich|
|Ondrej Krivanek||Nion Co|
|2008||Sten Grillner||Karolinska Institute||"for discoveries on the developmental and functional logic of neuronal circuits"|
|Thomas Jessell||Columbia University|
|Pasko Rakic||Yale University School of Medicine|
|2010||Richard H. Scheller||Genentech, South San Francisco, California||"for discovering the molecular basis of neurotransmitter release"|
|Thomas C. Südhof||Stanford University School of Medicine|
|James E. Rothman||Yale University|
|2012||Cornelia Isabella Bargmann||Rockefeller University||"for elucidating basic neuronal mechanisms underlying perception and decision"|
|Winfried Denk||Max Planck Institute for Medical Research|
|Ann M. Graybiel||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|2014||Brenda Milner||Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University||"for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition"|
|John O’Keefe||University College London|
|Marcus E. Raichle||Washington University, St.Louis|
|2016||Eve Marder||Brandeis University||"for the discovery of mechanisms that allow experience and neural activity to remodel brain function"|
|Michael M. Merzenich||University of California, San Francisco|
|Carla J. Shatz||Stanford University|
|2018||A. James Hudspeth||Rockefeller University||"for their scientific discoveries of the molecular and neural mechanisms of hearing"|
|Robert Fettiplace||University of Wisconsin–Madison|
|Christine Petit||Collège de France|
|2020||David Julius||University of California, San Francisco||“for their transformative discovery of receptors for temperature and pressure”.|
|Ardem Patapoutian||Scripps Research and Howard Hughes Medical Investigator|
Fred Kavli was a Norwegian-American businessman and philanthropist. He was born on a small farm in Eresfjord, Norway. He founded the Kavlico Corporation, located in Moorpark, California. Under his leadership, the company became one of the world's largest suppliers of sensors for aeronautic, automotive, and industrial applications supplying General Electric and the Ford Motor Company.
Sumio Iijima is a Japanese physicist and inventor, often cited as the inventor of carbon nanotubes. Although carbon nanotubes had been observed prior to his "invention", Iijima's 1991 paper generated unprecedented interest in the carbon nanostructures and has since fueled intense research in the area of nanotechnology.
Maarten Schmidt is a Dutch-American astronomer who measured the distances of quasars.
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The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters is a learned society based in Oslo, Norway. Its purpose is to support the advancement of science and scholarship in Norway.
Gerd Binnig is a German physicist. He is most famous for having won the Nobel Prize in Physics jointly with Heinrich Rohrer in 1986 for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope.
Andrew Christopher Fabian is a British astronomer and astrophysicist. He was Director of the Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge from 2013 to 2018. He was a Royal Society Research Professor at the Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge from 1982 to 2013, and Vice-Master of Darwin College, Cambridge from 1997 to 2012. He served as president of the Royal Astronomical Society from May 2008 through to 2010.
The Kavli Foundation, based in Los Angeles, California, is a foundation that supports the advancement of science and the increase of public understanding and support for scientists and their work.
Christoph Gerber is a titular professor at the Department of Physics, University of Basel, Switzerland.
Edvard Ingjald Moser is a Norwegian professor of psychology and neuroscience at the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience, at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. In 2005, he and May-Britt Moser discovered grid cells in the brain's medial entorhinal cortex. Grid cells are specialized neurons that provide the brain with a coordinate system and a metric for space. In 2018 he discovered a neural network that expresses your sense of time in experiences and memories located in the brain's lateral entorhinal cortex. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014 with long-term collaborator and then-wife May-Britt Moser, and previous mentor John O'Keefe for their work identifying the brain's positioning system. The two main components of the brain's GPS are; grid cells and place cells, a specialized type of neuron that respond to specific locations in space. Together with May-Britt Moser he established the Moser research environment, which they lead.
May-Britt Moser is a Norwegian psychologist and neuroscientist, who is a Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). She and her then-husband, Edvard Moser, shared half of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, awarded for work concerning the grid cells in the entorhinal cortex, as well as several additional space-representing cell types in the same circuit that make up the positioning system in the brain. Together with Edvard Moser she established the Moser research environment at NTNU, which they lead. Since 2012 she heads the Centre for Neural Computation.
Knut W. Urban is a German physicist. He has been the Director of the Institute of Microstructure Research at Forschungszentrum Jülich from 1987 to 2010.
Marcus E. Raichle is an American neurologist at the Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Missouri. He is a professor in the Department of Radiology with joint appointments in Neurology, Neurobiology and Biomedical Engineering. His research over the past 40 years has focused on the nature of functional brain imaging signals arising from PET and fMRI and the application of these techniques to the study of the human brain in health and disease. He received the Kavli Prize in Neuroscience “for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition", together with Brenda Milner and John O’Keefe in 2014.
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John O'Keefe, is an American-British neuroscientist, psychologist and a professor at the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour and the Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology at University College London. He discovered place cells in the hippocampus, and that they show a specific kind of temporal coding in the form of theta phase precession. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014, together with May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser; he has received several other awards. He has worked at the University College London for his entire career, but also held a part-time chair at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology at the behest of his Norwegian collaborators, the Mosers.
Alexei Alexandrovich Starobinsky is a Soviet and Russian astrophysicist and cosmologist. He received the Kavli Prize in Astrophysics “for pioneering the theory of cosmic inflation", together with Alan Guth and Andrei Linde in 2014.
Ardem Patapoutian is an Armenian-American molecular biologist and neuroscientist at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California.