Men's major golf championships

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The men's major golf championships, commonly known as the major championships, [1] often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf. In order of play date as of 2019, they are:

Golf sport in which players attempt to hit a ball with a club into a goal using a minimum number of shots

Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.

Contents

Masters Tournament golf tournament held in Augusta, Georgia, United States

The Masters Tournament is one of the four major championships in professional golf. Scheduled for the first full week of April, the Masters is the first major of the year, and unlike the others, it is always held at the same location, Augusta National Golf Club, a private course in the southeastern United States, in the city of Augusta, Georgia.

Augusta National Golf Club Golf course in Augusta, Georgia, US, home of the Masters Tournament

Augusta National Golf Club, located in Augusta, Georgia, is one of the most famous golf clubs in the world. Founded by Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts on the site of the former Fruitland Nursery, the course was designed by Jones and Alister MacKenzie and opened for play in January 1933. Its first club professional was Ed Dudley, who served in the role until 1957; Dudley was one of the top tournament professionals of his era, with 15 wins on the PGA Tour. Since 1934, the club has played host to the annual Masters Tournament, one of the four major championships in professional golf, and the only major played each year at the same course. It was the top-ranked course in Golf Digest's 2009 list of America's 100 greatest courses and was the number ten-ranked course based on course architecture on Golfweek Magazine's 2011 list of best classic courses in the United States.

Augusta, Georgia Consolidated city-county in Georgia, United States

Augusta, officially Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Georgia. The city lies across the Savannah River from South Carolina at the head of its navigable portion. Georgia's second-largest city after Atlanta, Augusta is located in the Piedmont section of the state.

Jack Nicklaus, winner of a record 18 majors JackNicklaus2006MastersPar3.jpg
Jack Nicklaus, winner of a record 18 majors

Importance

Alongside the biennial Ryder Cup team competition, the majors are golf's marquee events. Elite players from all over the world participate in them, and the reputations of the greatest players in golf history are largely based on the number and variety of major championship victories they accumulate. The top prizes are not actually the largest in golf, being surpassed by The Players Championship, three of the four World Golf Championships events (the HSBC Champions, promoted to WGC status in 2009, has a top prize comparable to that of the majors), and some other invitational events. However, winning a major boosts a player's career far more than winning any other tournament. If he is already a leading player, he will probably receive large bonuses from his sponsors and may be able to negotiate better contracts. If he is an unknown, he will immediately be signed up. Perhaps more importantly, he will receive an exemption from the need to annually re-qualify for a tour card on his home tour, thus giving a tournament golfer some security in an unstable profession. Currently, the PGA Tour gives a five-year exemption to all major winners, while the European Tour gives a seven-year exemption.

Ryder Cup mens golf competition between the USA and European team

The Ryder Cup is a biennial men's golf competition between teams from Europe and the United States. The competition is contested every two years with the venue alternating between courses in the United States and Europe. The Ryder Cup is named after the English businessman Samuel Ryder who donated the trophy. The event is jointly administered by the PGA of America and Ryder Cup Europe, the latter a joint venture of the PGA European Tour (60%), the PGA of Great Britain and Ireland (20%), and the PGAs of Europe (20%).

The Players Championship golf tournament held in the United States

The Players Championship is an annual golf tournament on the PGA Tour. Originally known as the Tournament Players Championship, it began in 1974. The Players Championship currently offers the highest prize fund of any tournament in golf, overtaking the U.S. Open which offers a $12 million purse. The field usually includes the top 50 players in the world rankings, but unlike the four major championships or two World Golf Championships events staged in the United States, it is not an official event on the European Tour.

The World Golf Championships (WGC) are a group of four annual events for professional golfers created by the International Federation of PGA Tours. All four WGC tournaments are official money events on the PGA Tour, European Tour, and the Japan Golf Tour, and officially sanctioned by the Asian Tour, Sunshine Tour, and PGA Tour of Australasia.

Three of the four majors take place in the United States. The Masters is played at the same course, Augusta National Golf Club, every year, while the other three rotate courses (the Open Championship, however, is always played on a links course). Each of the majors has a distinct history, and they are run by four different golf organizations, but their special status is recognized worldwide. Major championship winners receive the maximum possible allocation of 100 points from the Official World Golf Ranking, which is endorsed by all of the main tours, and major championship prize money is official on the three richest regular (i.e. under-50) golf tours, the PGA Tour, European Tour and Japan Golf Tour.

Links (golf) Style of golf course

A links is the oldest style of golf course, first developed in Scotland. The word "links" comes via the Scots language from the Old English word hlinc : "rising ground, ridge" and refers to an area of coastal sand dunes and sometimes to open parkland. It can be treated as singular even though it has an "s" at the end and occurs in place names that precede the development of golf, for example Lundin Links, Fife. It also retains this more general meaning in standard Scottish English. Links land is typically characterised by dunes, an undulating surface, and a sandy soil unsuitable for arable farming but which readily supports various indigenous browntop bent and red fescue grasses. Together, the soil and grasses result in the firm turf associated with links courses and the 'running' game. The hard surface typical of the links-style course allows balls to "run" out much farther than on softer turf course after a fairway landing. Often players will land the ball well before the green and allow it to run up onto the green rather than landing it on the green in the more targeted-landing style used on softer surfaces.

The Official World Golf Ranking is a system for rating the performance level of male professional golfers. It was started in 1986.

Professional golf tours are the means by which otherwise unconnected professional golf tournaments are organised into a regular schedule. There are separate tours for men and women with each tour being based in a specific geographical region, although some tours may hold tournaments in other parts of the world.

Although the majors are considered prestigious due to their history and traditions, there are still other non-"major" tournaments which prominently feature top players competing for purses meeting or exceeding those of the four traditional majors, such as the World Golf Championships, the European Tour's DP World Tour Championship, Dubai, and the PGA Tour's Players Championship. As The Players has the largest prize fund of any golf event, and is promoted as the tour's flagship tournament, it is frequently considered to be an unofficial "fifth major" by players and critics. After the announcement that the Evian Masters would be recognized as the fifth women's major by the LPGA Tour, players shared objections to the concept of having a fifth men's major, owing to the long-standing traditions that the existing four have established. [3] [4]

DP World Tour Championship, Dubai

The DP World Tour Championship, Dubai is a golf tournament on the European Tour and is the climax of the European Tour Race to Dubai. It is contested on the Earth course at the Jumeirah Golf Estates in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The title sponsor is DP World, a shipping company based in Dubai.

The Evian Championship annual womens golf tournament in France

The Evian Championship is a women's professional golf tournament in France, played at the Evian Resort Golf Club in Évian-les-Bains. It was originally held in June, moved to July in 2003, and moved again to September in 2013. It will return to a July date in 2019.

Womens major golf championships

Women's golf has a set of major championships which parallels that in men's golf, with the women's system newer and less stable than the men's. As of 2013, five tournaments are designated as majors in women's golf by the LPGA Tour.

History

The majors originally consisted of two British tournaments, The Open Championship and The Amateur Championship, and two American tournaments, the U.S. Open and the U.S. Amateur. With the introduction of the Masters Tournament in 1934, and the rise of professional golf in the late 1940s and 1950s, the term "major championships" eventually came to describe the Masters, the U.S. Open, the Open Championship, and the PGA Championship. It is difficult to determine when the definition changed to include the current four tournaments, although many trace it to Arnold Palmer's 1960 season. After winning the Masters and the U.S. Open to start the season, he remarked that if he could win the Open Championship and PGA Championship to finish the season, he would complete "a grand slam of his own" to rival Bobby Jones's 1930 feat. Until that time, many U.S. players such as Byron Nelson also considered the Western Open and the North and South Open as two of golf's "majors," [5] and the British PGA Matchplay Championship was as important to British and Commonwealth professionals as the PGA Championship was to Americans.

The Open Championship Golf tournament held in the United Kingdom

The Open Championship, often referred to as The Open or the British Open, is an annual golf tournament conducted by The R&A. It is one of the four major championships in professional golf, and is the oldest of the four. The Open is traditionally played in mid-July; beginning in 2019, with the rescheduling of the PGA Championship to May, the tournament will be the final major of the golf season.

The Amateur Championship golf tournament

The Amateur Championship is a golf tournament which has been held annually in the United Kingdom since 1885 except during the two World Wars, and in 1949 when Ireland hosted the championship. It is one of the two leading individual tournaments for amateur golfers, alongside the U.S. Amateur. It normally has the widest international representation of any individual amateur event, with 38 golf federations from all six continents represented in the 2018 championship.

U.S. Open (golf) golf tournament held in the United States

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play, with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday, which is Father's Day. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all 4 major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events.

During the 1950s, the short-lived World Championship of Golf was viewed as a "major" by its competitors, as its first prize was worth almost ten times any other event in the game, and it was the first event whose finale was televised live on U.S. television. The oldest of the majors is The Open Championship, commonly referred to as the "British Open" outside the United Kingdom. Dominated by American champions in the 1920s and 1930s, the comparative explosion in the riches available on the U.S. Tour from the 1940s onwards meant that the lengthy overseas trip needed to qualify and compete in the event became increasingly prohibitive for the leading American professionals. Their regular participation dwindled after the war years. Ben Hogan entered just once in 1953 and won, but never returned. Sam Snead won in 1946 but lost money on the trip (first prize was $600) and did not return until 1962.

Golf writer Dan Jenkins, who was often seen as the world authority on majors since he had attended more (200+) than anyone else, once noted that "the pros didn't talk much about majors back then. I think it was Herbert Warren Wind who starting using the term. He said golfers had to be judged by the major tournaments they won, but it's not like there was any set number of major tournaments." [6]

In 1960, Arnold Palmer entered The Open Championship in an attempt to emulate Hogan's 1953 feat of winning on his first visit. Though a runner-up by a stroke in his first attempt, Palmer returned and won the next two in 1961 and 1962. Scheduling difficulties persisted with the PGA Championship, but more Americans began competing in the 1960s, restoring the event's prestige (and with it the prize money that once made it an attractive prospect to other American pros). The advent of transatlantic jet travel helped to boost American participation in The Open. A discussion between Palmer and Pittsburgh golf writer Bob Drum led to the concept of the modern Grand Slam of Golf. [7]

In August 2017, after the previous year's edition was scheduled earlier due to golf at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the PGA of America announced that the PGA Championship would be moved to late-May beginning in 2019, in between the Masters and U.S. Open. The PGA Tour concurrently announced that it would move the Players Championship back to March the same year; as a result, the Players and the four majors will still be played across five consecutive months. [8] [9]

Television coverage

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, the BBC used to be the exclusive TV home of the Masters Tournament and the Open Championship, however from 2011 onwards Sky Sports has exclusive live coverage of the first two days of the Masters, with the weekend rounds shared with the BBC. The U.S. Open is shown exclusively on Sky Sports. Beginning in 2016, Sky Sports also became the exclusive broadcaster of the Open Championship; the BBC elected to forego the final year of its contract. [10] The BBC continues to hold rights to broadcast a nightly highlights programme. [11]

Sky also held rights to the PGA Championship, but in July 2017, it was reported that the PGA of America had declined to renew its contract, seeking a different media model for the tournament in the United Kingdom. [12] The 2017 tournament was aired by the BBC (via BBC Red Button, with the conclusion of coverage on BBC Two) and streamed by GiveMeSport (via Facebook Live). [13] [14] Eleven Sports UK & Ireland acquired the event for 2018, as one of the first events covered by the newly-launched streaming service. [15]

United States

As none of the majors fall under the direct jurisdiction of tours, broadcast rights for these events are negotiated separately with each sanctioning body. All four majors have been broadcast at some point by one of the "big three" networks—all of whom are currently or have previously been PGA Tour broadcast partners. In 2015, CBS was the only big three network that held weekend-round rights to one or more majors, as the remainder, along with early round coverage of all four, were held either by Fox or cable networks.

The Masters operates under one-year contracts; CBS has been the main TV partner every year since 1956, with ESPN broadcasting CBS-produced coverage of the first and second rounds since 2008 (replacing USA Network, which had shown the event since the early 1980s). [16]

Beginning in 1966, ABC obtained the broadcast rights for the other three majors and held them for a quarter century. The PGA Championship moved to CBS in 1991 and the U.S. Open returned to NBC in 1995. [17] [18] ABC retained The Open Championship as its sole major, but moved its live coverage on the weekend to sister cable network ESPN in 2010. In June 2015, it was announced that NBC and Golf Channel would acquire rights to the Open Championship under a 12-year deal. [19] While the NBC deal was originally to take effect in 2017, ESPN chose to opt out of its final year of Open rights, so the NBC contract took effect beginning in 2016 instead. [10]

As of 2015, Fox Sports holds broadcast rights to the U.S. Open and other USGA events, replacing NBC and ESPN, with Fox Sports 1 as the primary pay TV outlet. [20]

CBS and Turner Sports held rights to the PGA Championship until Turner's contract expired in 2019, with TNT handling early round and weekend morning coverage, and CBS airing weekend afternoon coverage. CBS's contract runs through 2030, but ESPN will replace TNT as its cable partner in 2020. [21]

Distinctive characteristics of majors

Because each major was developed and is run by a different organization, each has different characteristics that sets it apart. These involve the character of the courses used, the composition of the field, and other idiosyncrasies.

Major championship winners

Win number out of total wins is shown in parentheses for golfers with more than one major championship.

Year Masters Tournament [26] PGA Championship [27] U.S. Open [28] The Open Championship [29]
2019 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (15/15) Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka (4/4) June 13–16, Pebble Beach Golf Links Flag placeholder.svg July 18–21, Royal Portrush Golf Club Flag placeholder.svg
Year Masters Tournament U.S. Open The Open Championship PGA Championship
2018 Flag of the United States.svg Patrick Reed Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka (2/4) Flag of Italy.svg Francesco Molinari Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka (3/4)
2017 Flag of Spain.svg Sergio García Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka (1/4) Flag of the United States.svg Jordan Spieth (3/3) Flag of the United States.svg Justin Thomas
2016 Flag of England.svg Danny Willett Flag of the United States.svg Dustin Johnson Flag of Sweden.svg Henrik Stenson Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy Walker
2015 Flag of the United States.svg Jordan Spieth (1/3) Flag of the United States.svg Jordan Spieth (2/3) Flag of the United States.svg Zach Johnson (2/2) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jason Day
2014 Flag of the United States.svg Bubba Watson (2/2) Flag of Germany.svg Martin Kaymer (2/2) Ulster Banner.svg Rory McIlroy (3/4) Ulster Banner.svg Rory McIlroy (4/4)
2013 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Scott Flag of England.svg Justin Rose Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson (5/5) Flag of the United States.svg Jason Dufner
2012 Flag of the United States.svg Bubba Watson (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Webb Simpson Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els (4/4) Ulster Banner.svg Rory McIlroy (2/4)
2011 Flag of South Africa.svg Charl Schwartzel Ulster Banner.svg Rory McIlroy (1/4) Ulster Banner.svg Darren Clarke Flag of the United States.svg Keegan Bradley
2010 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson (4/5) Ulster Banner.svg Graeme McDowell Flag of South Africa.svg Louis Oosthuizen Flag of Germany.svg Martin Kaymer (1/2)
2009 Flag of Argentina.svg Ángel Cabrera (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Lucas Glover Flag of the United States.svg Stewart Cink Flag of South Korea.svg Yang Yong-eun
2008 Flag of South Africa.svg Trevor Immelman Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (14/15) Flag of Ireland.svg Pádraig Harrington (2/3) Flag of Ireland.svg Pádraig Harrington (3/3)
2007 Flag of the United States.svg Zach Johnson (1/2) Flag of Argentina.svg Ángel Cabrera (1/2) Flag of Ireland.svg Pádraig Harrington (1/3) Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (13/15)
2006 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson (3/5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Geoff Ogilvy Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (11/15) Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (12/15)
2005 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (9/15) Flag of New Zealand.svg Michael Campbell Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (10/15) Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson (2/5)
2004 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mickelson (1/5) Flag of South Africa.svg Retief Goosen (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Todd Hamilton Flag of Fiji.svg Vijay Singh (3/3)
2003 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Mike Weir Flag of the United States.svg Jim Furyk Flag of the United States.svg Ben Curtis Flag of the United States.svg Shaun Micheel
2002 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (7/15) Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (8/15) Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els (3/4) Flag of the United States.svg Rich Beem
2001 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (6/15) Flag of South Africa.svg Retief Goosen (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg David Duval Flag of the United States.svg David Toms
2000 Flag of Fiji.svg Vijay Singh (2/3) Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (3/15) Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (4/15) Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (5/15)
1999 Flag of Spain.svg José María Olazábal (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart (3/3) Flag of Scotland.svg Paul Lawrie Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (2/15)
1998 Flag of the United States.svg Mark O'Meara (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Lee Janzen (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Mark O'Meara (2/2) Flag of Fiji.svg Vijay Singh (1/3)
1997 Flag of the United States.svg Tiger Woods (1/15) Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els (2/4) Flag of the United States.svg Justin Leonard Flag of the United States.svg Davis Love III
1996 Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo (6/6) Flag of the United States.svg Steve Jones Flag of the United States.svg Tom Lehman Flag of the United States.svg Mark Brooks
1995 Flag of the United States.svg Ben Crenshaw (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Corey Pavin Flag of the United States.svg John Daly (2/2) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Steve Elkington
1994 Flag of Spain.svg José María Olazábal (1/2) Flag of South Africa.svg Ernie Els (1/4) Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Nick Price (2/3) Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Nick Price (3/3)
1993 Flag of Germany.svg Bernhard Langer (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Lee Janzen (1/2) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Greg Norman (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Paul Azinger
1992 Flag of the United States.svg Fred Couples Flag of the United States.svg Tom Kite Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo (5/6) Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Nick Price (1/3)
1991 Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Ian Woosnam Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart (2/3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ian Baker-Finch Flag of the United States.svg John Daly (1/2)
1990 Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo (3/6) Flag of the United States.svg Hale Irwin (3/3) Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo (4/6) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Wayne Grady
1989 Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo (2/6) Flag of the United States.svg Curtis Strange (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Mark Calcavecchia Flag of the United States.svg Payne Stewart (1/3)
1988 Flag of Scotland.svg Sandy Lyle (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Curtis Strange (1/2) Flag of Spain.svg Seve Ballesteros (5/5) Flag of the United States.svg Jeff Sluman
1987 Flag of the United States.svg Larry Mize Flag of the United States.svg Scott Simpson Flag of England.svg Nick Faldo (1/6) Flag of the United States.svg Larry Nelson (3/3)
1986 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (18/18) Flag of the United States.svg Raymond Floyd (4/4) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Greg Norman (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Bob Tway
1985 Flag of Germany.svg Bernhard Langer (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Andy North (2/2) Flag of Scotland.svg Sandy Lyle (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Hubert Green (2/2)
1984 Flag of the United States.svg Ben Crenshaw (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Fuzzy Zoeller (2/2) Flag of Spain.svg Seve Ballesteros (4/5) Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (6/6)
1983 Flag of Spain.svg Seve Ballesteros (3/5) Flag of the United States.svg Larry Nelson (2/3) Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (8/8) Flag of the United States.svg Hal Sutton
1982 Flag of the United States.svg Craig Stadler Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (6/8) Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (7/8) Flag of the United States.svg Raymond Floyd (3/4)
1981 Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (5/8) Flag of Australia (converted).svg David Graham (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Bill Rogers Flag of the United States.svg Larry Nelson (1/3)
1980 Flag of Spain.svg Seve Ballesteros (2/5) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (16/18) Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (4/8) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (17/18)
1979 Flag of the United States.svg Fuzzy Zoeller (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Hale Irwin (2/3) Flag of Spain.svg Seve Ballesteros (1/5) Flag of Australia (converted).svg David Graham (1/2)
1978 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (9/9) Flag of the United States.svg Andy North (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (15/18) Flag of the United States.svg John Mahaffey
1977 Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (2/8) Flag of the United States.svg Hubert Green (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (3/8) Flag of the United States.svg Lanny Wadkins
1976 Flag of the United States.svg Raymond Floyd (2/4) Flag of the United States.svg Jerry Pate Flag of the United States.svg Johnny Miller (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Dave Stockton (2/2)
1975 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (13/18) Flag of the United States.svg Lou Graham Flag of the United States.svg Tom Watson (1/8) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (14/18)
1974 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (7/9) Flag of the United States.svg Hale Irwin (1/3) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (8/9) Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (5/6)
1973 Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Aaron Flag of the United States.svg Johnny Miller (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Tom Weiskopf Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (12/18)
1972 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (10/18) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (11/18) Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (4/6) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (6/9)
1971 Flag of the United States.svg Charles Coody Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (2/6) Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (3/6) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (9/18)
1970 Flag of the United States.svg Billy Casper (3/3) Flag of England.svg Tony Jacklin (2/2) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (8/18) Flag of the United States.svg Dave Stockton (1/2)
1969 Flag of the United States.svg George Archer Flag of the United States.svg Orville Moody Flag of England.svg Tony Jacklin (1/2) Flag of the United States.svg Raymond Floyd (1/4)
1968 Flag of the United States.svg Bob Goalby Flag of the United States.svg Lee Trevino (1/6) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (5/9) Flag of the United States.svg Julius Boros (3/3)
1967 Flag of the United States.svg Gay Brewer Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (7/18) Flag of Argentina.svg Roberto DeVicenzo Flag of the United States.svg Don January
1966 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (5/18) Flag of the United States.svg Billy Casper (2/3) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (6/18) Flag of the United States.svg Al Geiberger
1965 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (4/18) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (4/9) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Peter Thomson (5/5) Flag of the United States.svg Dave Marr
1964 Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer (7/7) Flag of the United States.svg Ken Venturi Flag of the United States.svg Tony Lema Flag of the United States.svg Bobby Nichols
1963 Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (2/18) Flag of the United States.svg Julius Boros (2/3) Flag of New Zealand.svg Bob Charles Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (3/18)
1962 Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer (5/7) Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus (1/18) Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer (6/7) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (3/9)
1961 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (2/9) Flag of the United States.svg Gene Littler Flag of the United States.svg Arnold Palmer (4/7) Flag of the United States.svg Jerry Barber
1960 Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg Arnold Palmer (2/7) Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg Arnold Palmer (3/7) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Kel Nagle Flag of the United States.svg Jay Hebert
1959 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Art Wall, Jr. Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Casper (1/3) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Gary Player (1/9) Flag of the United States (1959-1960).svg Bob Rosburg
1958 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Arnold Palmer (1/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tommy Bolt Flag of Australia (converted).svg Peter Thomson (4/5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Dow Finsterwald
1957 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Doug Ford (2/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Dick Mayer Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Bobby Locke (4/4) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lionel Hebert
1956 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Burke, Jr. (1/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff (3/3) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Peter Thomson (3/5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Burke, Jr. (2/2)
1955 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff (2/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jack Fleck Flag of Australia (converted).svg Peter Thomson (2/5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Doug Ford (1/2)
1954 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (7/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ed Furgol Flag of Australia (converted).svg Peter Thomson (1/5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Chick Harbert
1953 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (7/9) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (8/9) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (9/9) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Burkemo
1952 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (6/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Julius Boros (1/3) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Bobby Locke (3/4) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jim Turnesa
1951 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (5/9) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (6/9) Flag of England.svg Max Faulkner Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (5/7)
1950 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jimmy Demaret (3/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (4/9) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Bobby Locke (2/4) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Chandler Harper
1949 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (3/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Cary Middlecoff (1/3) Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Bobby Locke (1/4) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (4/7)
1948 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Claude Harmon Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (3/9) Flag of England.svg Henry Cotton (3/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (2/9)
1947 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jimmy Demaret (2/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lew Worsham Ulster Banner.svg Fred Daly Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jim Ferrier
1946 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Herman Keiser Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lloyd Mangrum Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (2/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ben Hogan (1/9)
1945 Not held due to World War II Not held due to World War II Not held due to World War II Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson (5/5)
1944 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bob Hamilton
1943 Not held due to World War II
1942 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson (4/5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Snead (1/7)
1941 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Craig Wood (1/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Craig Wood (2/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Vic Ghezzi
1940 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jimmy Demaret (1/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Lawson Little Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson (3/5)
1939 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl (3/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson (2/5) Flag of England.svg Dick Burton Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Henry Picard (2/2)
1938 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Henry Picard (1/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl (2/3) Flag of England.svg Reg Whitcombe Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Paul Runyan (2/2)
1937 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Byron Nelson (1/5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Ralph Guldahl (1/3) Flag of England.svg Henry Cotton (2/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute (3/3)
1936 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Horton Smith (2/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tony Manero Flag of England.svg Alf Padgham Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute (2/3)
1935 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (7/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Sam Parks, Jr. Flag of England.svg Alf Perry Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Revolta
1934 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Horton Smith (1/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Olin Dutra (2/2) Flag of England.svg Henry Cotton (1/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Paul Runyan (1/2)
1933 Not yet founded Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Goodman Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Denny Shute (1/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (6/7)
1932 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (5/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (4/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Olin Dutra (1/2)
1931 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Billy Burke Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tommy Armour (3/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tom Creavy
1930 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (7/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (6/7) Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tommy Armour (2/3)
1929 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (5/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (11/11) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Leo Diegel (2/2)
1928 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Johnny Farrell Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (10/11) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Leo Diegel (1/2)
1927 Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Tommy Armour (1/3) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (4/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (9/11)
1926 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (3/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (2/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (8/11)
1925 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie MacFarlane Flag of England.svg Jim Barnes (4/4) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (7/11)
1924 Flag of England.svg Cyril Walker Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (5/11) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (6/11)
1923 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bobby Jones (1/7) Flag of England.svg Arthur Havers Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (3/7)
1922 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (1/7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (4/11) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Gene Sarazen (2/7)
1921 Flag of England.svg Jim Barnes (3/4) Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jock Hutchison (2/2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (3/11)
1920 Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Ted Ray (2/2) Flag of Scotland.svg George Duncan Flag of Scotland.svg Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jock Hutchison (1/2)
1919 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (2/11)Not held due to World War I Flag of England.svg Jim Barnes (2/4)
1918 Not held due to World War I Not held due to World War I
1917
1916 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Chick Evans Flag of England.svg Jim Barnes (1/4)
1915 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Jerome Travers Not yet founded
1914 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Walter Hagen (1/11) Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (7/7)
1913 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Francis Ouimet Flag of England.svg John Henry Taylor (5/5)
1912 Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg John McDermott (2/2) Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Ted Ray (1/2)
1911 Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg John McDermott (1/2) Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (6/7)
1910 Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith (2/2) Flag of Scotland.svg James Braid (5/5)
1909 Flag of England.svg George Sargent Flag of England.svg John Henry Taylor (4/5)
1908 Flag of Scotland.svg Fred McLeod Flag of Scotland.svg James Braid (4/5)
1907 Flag of Scotland.svg Alec Ross Flag of France.svg Arnaud Massy
1906 Flag of Scotland.svg Alex Smith (1/2) Flag of Scotland.svg James Braid (3/5)
1905 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (4/4) Flag of Scotland.svg James Braid (2/5)
1904 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (3/4) Flag of Scotland.svg Jack White
1903 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (2/4) Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (5/7)
1902 Flag of Scotland.svg Laurie Auchterlonie Flag of Scotland.svg Sandy Herd
1901 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Anderson (1/4) Flag of Scotland.svg James Braid (1/5)
1900 Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (4/7) Flag of England.svg John Henry Taylor (3/5)
1899 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Smith Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (3/7)
1898 Flag of Scotland.svg Fred Herd Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (2/7)
1897 Flag of England.svg Joe Lloyd Flag of England.svg Harold Hilton (2/2)
1896 Flag of Scotland.svg James Foulis Flag of Jersey (pre 1981).svg Harry Vardon (1/7)
1895 Flag of England.svg Horace Rawlins Flag of England.svg John Henry Taylor (2/5)
1894 Not yet founded Flag of England.svg John Henry Taylor (1/5)
1893 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Auchterlonie
1892 Flag of England.svg Harold Hilton (1/2)
1891 Flag of Scotland.svg Hugh Kirkaldy
1890 Flag of England.svg John Ball, Jnr
1889 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Park, Jr. (2/2)
1888 Flag of Scotland.svg Jack Burns
1887 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Park, Jr. (1/2)
1886 Flag of Scotland.svg David Brown
1885 Flag of Scotland.svg Bob Martin (2/2)
1884 Flag of Scotland.svg Jack Simpson
1883 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Fernie
1882 Flag of Scotland.svg Bob Ferguson (3/3)
1881 Flag of Scotland.svg Bob Ferguson (2/3)
1880 Flag of Scotland.svg Bob Ferguson (1/3)
1879 Flag of Scotland.svg Jamie Anderson (3/3)
1878 Flag of Scotland.svg Jamie Anderson (2/3)
1877 Flag of Scotland.svg Jamie Anderson (1/3)
1876 Flag of Scotland.svg Bob Martin (1/2)
1875 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Park, Sr. (4/4)
1874 Flag of Scotland.svg Mungo Park
1873 Flag of Scotland.svg Tom Kidd
1872 Flag of Scotland.svg Young Tom Morris (4/4)
1871 Not played
1870 Flag of Scotland.svg Young Tom Morris (3/4)
1869 Flag of Scotland.svg Young Tom Morris (2/4)
1868 Flag of Scotland.svg Young Tom Morris (1/4)
1867 Flag of Scotland.svg Old Tom Morris (4/4)
1866 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Park, Sr. (3/4)
1865 Flag of Scotland.svg Andrew Strath
1864 Flag of Scotland.svg Old Tom Morris (3/4)
1863 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Park, Sr. (2/4)
1862 Flag of Scotland.svg Old Tom Morris (2/4)
1861 Flag of Scotland.svg Old Tom Morris (1/4)
1860 Flag of Scotland.svg Willie Park, Sr. (1/4)
Year Masters Tournament U.S. Open The Open Championship PGA Championship

Major champions by nationality

The table below shows the number of major championships won by golfers from various countries. Tallies are also shown for major wins by golfers from Europe and from the "Rest of the World" (RoW), i.e. the world excluding Europe and the United States. The United States plays Europe in the Ryder Cup and an International Team representing the Rest of the World in the Presidents Cup. The table is complete through the 2019 Masters. Since the establishment of The Masters in 1934, an American has won at least one major every year, with the exception of 1994.

DecadeTotal ARG AUS CAN ENG FIJ FRA GER ITA JER KOR NZL NIR IRE SCO RSA ESP SWE USA WAL ZIM Eur RoW
Total4493171353141912735522812721312552
2010s382221631120135
2000s402112113425312
1990s4044111222113910
1980s40221242992
1970s4011413325
1960s40121143118
1950s404143118
1940s2611112222
1930s366306
1920s30412237
1910s1533278
1900s203121420
1890s1573515
1880s101010
1870s999
1860s101010

Scoring records

Scoring records - aggregate

The aggregate scoring records for each major are tabulated below, listed in order of when the majors are scheduled annually.

DateTournamentPlayerCountryRoundsScoreTo par
Apr 13, 1997 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods Flag of the United States.svg  United States 70-66-65-69270−18
Apr 12, 2015 Jordan Spieth Flag of the United States.svg  United States 64-66-70-70
Aug 12, 2018 PGA Championship Brooks Koepka Flag of the United States.svg  United States 69-63-66-66264−16
Jun 19, 2011 U.S. Open Rory McIlroy Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 65-66-68-69268−16
Jul 17, 2016 The Open Championship Henrik Stenson Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 68-65-68-63264−20

Scoring records - to par

The scoring records to par for each major are tabulated below, listed in order of when the majors are scheduled annually.

DateTournamentPlayerCountryRoundsScoreTo par
Apr 13, 1997 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods Flag of the United States.svg  United States 70-66-65-69270−18
Apr 12, 2015 Jordan Spieth Flag of the United States.svg  United States 64-66-70-70270
Aug 16, 2015 PGA Championship Jason Day Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 68-67-66-67268−20
Jun 19, 2011 U.S. Open Rory McIlroy Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 65-66-68-69268−16
Jun 18, 2017 Brooks Koepka Flag of the United States.svg  United States 67-70-68-67272
Jul 17, 2016 The Open Championship Henrik Stenson Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 68-65-68-63264−20

Single round records

The record for a single round in a major championship is 62 which was recorded by South African golfer Branden Grace in the third round of the 2017 Open Championship.

'Player of the Year' in major championships

There is no official award presented to the player with the best overall record in the four majors, although the PGA's Player of the Year system favors performances in the major championships. Since 1984, world ranking points have been assigned to finishes in the majors, which has allowed a calculation of which player has earned the most ranking points in majors in a season – in almost every year since, one of the year's major winners has either won two of them, or has been the only player to win one and record a high finish in another (like Justin Leonard in 1997, David Duval in 2001, Lucas Glover in 2009 or Dustin Johnson in 2016), enough to finish top of such a merit table in those years. The single exception was Nick Faldo in 1988, whose finishes of 2nd, 3rd and 4th earned him more world ranking points than any of that year's champions achieved during the season.

Tables are occasionally constructed for interest showing the overall scoring records for those players who have completed all 288 holes in the majors during a season. In the 1970s, Jack Nicklaus led such a table in 1970–73, 1975 and 1979, with Gary Player leading in 1974, Raymond Floyd in 1976, and Tom Watson in 1977 and 1978. In the 1980s a notable leader was in 1987, when Ben Crenshaw was top of this compilation after finishing 4th, 4th, 4th and 7th in the four majors. In total Crenshaw took 1,140 strokes, only 12 more than the sum total of the four respective champions' scores of 1,128. Recent 'winners' of this accolade are Pádraig Harrington in 2008, Ross Fisher in 2009, Phil Mickelson in 2010, Charl Schwartzel in 2011, and Adam Scott in 2012. In 2013, Scott and fellow Australian Jason Day tied for this accolade with a cumulative score of +2. Rickie Fowler led in 2014 with −32 after top-five finishes in all four tournaments, while in 2015 Jordan Spieth led the standings by achieving the lowest all-time cumulative score in a year of −54, one shot better than the cumulative score of Tiger Woods in 2000. In 2016, Jason Day again led with −9, achieved despite not winning any of the major tournaments during the year. In 2017, Brooks Koepka topped the list with a cumulative scored of −21, one shot better than Matt Kuchar and Hideki Matsuyama. In 2018, Justin Rose had the best cumulative score of −12, one shot better than 2014 list leader Rickie Fowler.

Consecutive victories at a major championship

NationalityPlayerMajor#Years
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Tom Morris, Jr. The Open Championship 41868, 1869, 1870, 1872 [a]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Walter Hagen PGA Championship 41924, 1925, 1926, 1927
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Jamie Anderson The Open Championship31877, 1878, 1879
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Bob Ferguson The Open Championship31880, 1881, 1882
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Willie Anderson U.S. Open 31903, 1904, 1905
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Peter Thomson The Open Championship31954, 1955, 1956
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Tom Morris, Sr. The Open Championship21861, 1862
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey Harry Vardon The Open Championship21898, 1899
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland James Braid The Open Championship21905, 1906
Flag of England.svg  England John Henry Taylor The Open Championship21894, 1895
Flag of the United States.svg  United States John McDermott U.S. Open21911, 1912
Flag of England.svg  England Jim Barnes PGA Championship21916, 1919 [a]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Gene Sarazen PGA Championship21922, 1923
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Bobby Jones The Open Championship21926, 1927
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Walter HagenThe Open Championship21928, 1929
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Leo Diegel PGA Championship21928, 1929
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Bobby JonesU.S. Open21929, 1930
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Denny Shute PGA Championship21936, 1937
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Ralph Guldahl U.S. Open21937, 1938
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Bobby Locke The Open Championship21949, 1950
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Ben Hogan U.S. Open21950, 1951
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Arnold Palmer The Open Championship21961, 1962
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jack Nicklaus Masters Tournament 21965, 1966
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Lee Trevino The Open Championship21971, 1972
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tom Watson The Open Championship21982, 1983
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Curtis Strange U.S. Open21988, 1989
Flag of England.svg  England Nick Faldo Masters Tournament21989, 1990
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tiger Woods PGA Championship21999, 2000
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tiger WoodsMasters Tournament22001, 2002
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tiger WoodsThe Open Championship22005, 2006
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tiger WoodsPGA Championship (2)22006, 2007
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Pádraig Harrington The Open Championship22007, 2008
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Brooks Koepka U.S. Open22017, 2018
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Brooks KoepkaPGA Championship22018, 2019

a These are consecutive because no tournaments were played in between at The Open Championship in 1871 or at the PGA Championship in 1917 and 1918.

Wire-to-wire major victories

Players who have led or been tied for the lead after each round of a major.

Top ten finishes in all four modern majors in one season

It was rare, before the early 1960s, for the leading players from around the world to have the opportunity to compete in all four of the 'modern' majors in one season, because of the different qualifying criteria used in each at the time, the costs of traveling to compete (in an era when tournament prize money was very low, and only the champion himself would earn the chance of ongoing endorsements), and on occasion even the conflicting scheduling of the Open and PGA Championships. In 1937, the U.S. Ryder Cup side all competed in The Open Championship, but of those who finished in the top ten of that event, only Ed Dudley could claim a "top ten" finish in all four of the majors in 1937, if his defeat in the last-16 round of that year's PGA Championship (then at matchplay) was considered a "joint 9th" position.

Following 1960, when Arnold Palmer's narrowly failed bid to add the Open Championship to his Masters and U.S. Open titles (and thus emulate Hogan's 1953 "triple crown") helped to establish the concept of the modern professional "Grand Slam", it has become commonplace for the leading players to be invited to, and indeed compete in, all four majors each year. Even so, those who have recorded top-ten finishes in all four, in a single year, remains a small and select group.

Three majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  #
Two majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  
One major won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  
No majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  ^
Never won a regular tour major championship in his career  *
NationalityPlayerYearWinsMajor championship resultsLowest
placing
MastersU.S. OpenOpen Ch.PGA Ch.
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Ed Dudley  *193703rd5th6thR16R16
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Arnold Palmer  19602112ndT7T7
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Gary Player  ^19630T5T8T7T8T8
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Arnold Palmer (2)  ^19660T42ndT8T6T8
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Doug Sanders  *19660T4T8T2T6T8
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Miller Barber  *196907thT610thT510th
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jack Nicklaus  19711T22ndT51T5
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jack Nicklaus (2)  19731T3T44th1T4
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jack Nicklaus (3)  ^19740T4T103rd2ndT10
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Gary Player (2)  197421T817thT8
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Hale Irwin  ^19750T4T3T9T5T9
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jack Nicklaus (4)  197521T7T31T7
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tom Watson  19751T8T919thT9
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jack Nicklaus (5)  ^197702ndT102nd3rdT10
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tom Watson (2)  197721T71T6T7
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tom Watson (3)  19822T511T9T9
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Ben Crenshaw  ^19870T4T4T4T7T7
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tiger Woods  #200035th1115th
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Sergio García  ^200208th4thT810th10th
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Ernie Els  ^200402ndT92ndT4T9
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Phil Mickelson  2004112nd3rdT6T6
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Vijay Singh  ^20050T5T6T5T10T10
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tiger Woods (2)  2005212nd1T4T4
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Rickie Fowler  *20140T5T2T2T3T5
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Jordan Spieth  2015211T42ndT4

On 13 of the 25 occasions the feat has been achieved, the player in question did not win a major that year – indeed, three of the players (Dudley, Sanders and Barber) failed to win a major championship in their careers (although Barber would go on to win five senior majors), and Fowler has also yet to win one.

Multiple major victories in a calendar year

Four

Three

Two

Masters and U.S. Open

Masters and Open Championship

Masters and PGA Championship

  • 1949: Flag of the United States.svg Sam Snead
  • 1956: Flag of the United States.svg Jack Burke, Jr
  • 1963: Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus
  • 1975: Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus

U.S. Open and Open Championship

U.S. Open and PGA Championship

  • 1922: Flag of the United States.svg Gene Sarazen
  • 1948: Flag of the United States.svg Ben Hogan
  • 1980: Flag of the United States.svg Jack Nicklaus
  • 2018: Flag of the United States.svg Brooks Koepka

Open Championship and PGA Championship

Consecutive major victories (including over multiple years)

Four

Three

Two

Note: The order in which the majors were contested varied between 1895 and 1953. Prior to 1916, the PGA Championship did not exist; Prior to 1934, the Masters did not exist. From 1954 through 2018, the order of the majors was Masters, U.S. Open, Open Championship, PGA except in 1971, when the PGA was played before the Masters. From 2019, the order will be Masters, PGA, U.S. Open, Open Championship.

Most runner-up finishes in major championships

For the purposes of this section a runner-up is defined as someone who either (i) tied for the lead after 72 holes (or 36 holes in the case of the early championships) but lost the playoff or (ii) finished alone or in a tie for second place. In a few instances players have been involved in a playoff for the win or for second place prize money and have ended up taking the third prize (e.g. 1870 Open Championship, 1966 Masters Tournament). These players are still regarded as being runners-up. For match play PGA Championships up to 1957 the runner-up is the losing finalist.

Along with his record 18 major victories, Jack Nicklaus also holds the record for most runner-up finishes in major championships, with 19, including a record 7 at the Open Championship. Phil Mickelson has the second most with 11 runner-up finishes after the 2016 Open Championship, which includes a record 6 runner-up finishes at the U.S. Open, the one major he has never won. Arnold Palmer had 10 second places, including three in the major he never won, the PGA Championship. There have been three golfers with 8 runner-up finishes – Sam Snead, Greg Norman and Tom Watson. Norman shares the distinction of having lost playoffs in each of the four majors with Craig Wood (who lost the 1934 PGA final – at match play – on the second extra hole).

Players with most runner-up finishes but no major victories

a Crampton was second to Jack Nicklaus on each occasion.

Most major championship appearances (100 major club)

StartsNameCountryWinsSpan
164 Jack Nicklaus Flag of the United States.svg  United States 181957–2005
150 Gary Player Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 91956–2009
145 Tom Watson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 81970–2016
142 Arnold Palmer Flag of the United States.svg  United States 71953–2004
127 Raymond Floyd Flag of the United States.svg  United States 41963–2009
118 Sam Snead Flag of the United States.svg  United States 71937–1983
117 Ben Crenshaw Flag of the United States.svg  United States 21970–2015
115 Gene Sarazen Flag of the United States.svg  United States 71920–1976
110 Mark O'Meara Flag of the United States.svg  United States 21980–2018
109 Tom Kite Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11970–2004
107 Bernhard Langer Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 21976–2019
106 Phil Mickelson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 51990–2019
102 Ernie Els Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 41989–2018
100 Nick Faldo Flag of England.svg  England 61976–2015
100 Davis Love III Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11986–2018
100 Fred Couples Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11979–2019

Jay Haas, who played 87 majors, holds the record for the most major championship appearances without winning. Lee Westwood, with 80 starts, has the second most. [30]

See also

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The Memorial Tournament is a PGA Tour golf tournament, founded 43 years ago in 1976 by Jack Nicklaus. It is played on a Nicklaus-designed course at Muirfield Village Golf Club in Dublin, Ohio, a suburb north of Columbus. The golf course passes through a large neighborhood called Muirfield Village, which includes a bronze sculpture of Nicklaus mentoring a young golfer; unveiled in 1999, it is located in the wide median of Muirfield Drive.

U.S. Senior Open

The U.S. Senior Open is one of the five major championships in senior golf, introduced 39 years ago in 1980. It is administered by the United States Golf Association (USGA) and is recognized as a major championship by both the PGA Tour Champions and the European Senior Tour. The lower age limit was 55 in 1980, but it was lowered to 50 for the second edition in 1981, which is the standard limit for men's senior professional golf tournaments. By definition, the event is open to amateurs, but has been dominated by professionals; through 2017, all editions have been won by pros. Like other USGA championships, it has been played on many courses throughout the United States.

Pebble Beach Golf Links golf course

Pebble Beach Golf Links is a public golf course on the west coast of the United States, located in Pebble Beach, California.

The following is a partial timeline of the history of golf.

Keith Thomas Jacobs, Jr. is an American professional golfer and golf course owner/operator who has played on the PGA Tour and the Champions Tour. He is the older brother of John Jacobs who has also played on the PGA Tour and is a current player on the Champions Tour.

Golf Channel on NBC is the branding used for broadcasts of golf tournaments produced by NBC Sports in conjunction with Golf Channel, on the NBC television network in the United States. The network's coverage focuses mostly on the PGA Tour, but also includes major events not sanctioned by the tour, such as the Open Championship and Ryder Cup. NBC also airs some tournaments from other tours to which NBC Sports Group holds the television rights, notably the European Tour.

Golf in the United States

Golf in the United States is played by about 25 million people, or 8% of the population.

References

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