|King of Vientiane|
|King of Vientiane|
|Reign||November 1781 – January 1795|
|Predecessor|| Ong Bun (king)|
Phraya Supho (Siamese governor)
Vientiane, Lan Xang
Nanthasen : ພຣະເຈົ້ານັນທະເສນ, died 1795), also known as Chao Nan, was the 6th king of the Kingdom of Vientiane. He ruled from 1781 to 1795.(also spelled Nanthasan; Lao
Nanthasen was the eldest son of his father Ong Bun. In 1778, King Taksin of Siam decided to invade three Lao kingdoms because they were pro-Burmese, and the Burmese King considered the Lao kingdoms as his base to expand further east. A Siamese army under Somdej Chao Phya Mahakasatsuek (later Rama I) invaded Vientiane. [ citation needed ] The Emerald Buddha and Phra Bang were also taken to Thonburi. Vientiane became Siam dependency.Nanthasen was appointed the commander-in-chief to fight against Siam. The Kingdom of Vientiane was defeated, and Ong Bun fled into the jungle. Nanthasen was captured by the Siamese army and taken to Thonburi together with his brothers.
In 1781, Nanthasen was allowed to return to Vientiane as king. The Phra Bang was also returned to Vientiane. However, his younger brother Inthavong was crowned the oupahat ("vice king") by Siam, and left in Bangkok as hostage.
During Nanthasen's reign, Vientiane also invaded Muang Phuan, and captured its capital Xieng Khouang. In 1791, Nanthasen convinced Rama I that King Anurutha of Luang Prabang was secretly meeting with the Burmese and plotting a rebellion against Siam. He was permitted to attack Luang Prabang, and captured the city in 1792.
After the Battle of Ngọc Hồi-Đống Đa, a Vietnamese Lê prince, Lê Duy Chỉ (黎維祗), fled to Tuyên Quang and Cao Bằng, to fight against Tây Sơn dynasty. Chỉ devised a plan to unite Vientiane and Muang Phuan in a revolt of Tây Sơn dynasty. In 1791, Vientiane was invaded by Tây Sơn dynasty, Nanthasen had to flee.Finally, he reached an accommodation with Tây Sơn dynasty.
In January 1795, Nanthasen accused of plotting a rebellionwith the Lao governor of Nakhon Phanom, allegedly having made diplomatic overtures to Tây Sơn. He was deposed and taken to Bangkok as a prisoner. He died there in June or July 1795, childless. His younger brother Inthavong succeeded.
Evidence for modern human presence in the northern and central highlands of Indochina, that constitute the territories of the modern Laotian nation-state dates back to the Lower Paleolithic. These earliest human migrants are Australo-Melanesians — associated with the Hoabinhian culture and have populated the highlands and the interior, less accessible regions of Laos and all of South-east Asia to this day. The subsequent Austroasiatic and Austronesian marine migration waves affected landlocked Laos only marginally and direct Chinese and Indian cultural contact had a greater impact on the country.
The Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang Hom Khao existed as a unified kingdom from 1353 to 1707.
Chao Anouvong, or regnal name Xaiya Setthathirath V, , led the Lao rebellion (1826–28) as the last monarch of the Kingdom of Vientiane. Anouvong succeeded to the throne in 1805 upon the death of his brother, Chao Inthavong, Xaiya Setthathirath IV, who had succeeded their father, Ong Bun or Phrachao Siribounyasan Xaiya Setthathirath III. Anou was known by his father's regal number until recently discovered records disclosed that his father and brother had the same regal name.
Setthathirath or Xaysettha is considered one of the great leaders in Lao history. Throughout the 1560s until his death, he successfully defended his kingdom of Lan Xang against military campaigns of Burmese conqueror Bayinnaung, who had already subdued Xieng Mai in 1558 and Ayutthaya in 1564. Setthathirath was a prolific builder and erected many Buddhist monuments including Wat Xieng Thong in Luang Prabang, Haw Phra Kaew, Wat Ong Teu Mahawihan and the Pha That Luang in Vientiane.
Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok Maharaj, personal name Thongduang (ทองด้วง), also known as Rama I, was the founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom and the first monarch of the reigning Chakri dynasty of Siam. His full title in Thai is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Paramoruracha Mahachakkriborommanat Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok. He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin as the new capital of the reunited kingdom.
Photisarath son of King Visoun of Lanxang, is considered to be the most devout of the Lao kings. He banned spirit worship and built temples upon the sites of spirit shrines. His elephant fell and crushed him while he sought to display his prowess to the diplomatic corps. His son Setthathirath returned from Chiang Mai to succeed him to the throne of Lan Xang.
Muang Phuan or Xieng Khouang was a historical principality on the Xiangkhoang Plateau, which constitutes the modern territory of Xiangkhouang Province, Laos.
Lao Buddhist sculptures were created by the Lao people of Southeast Asia. They are typically made of bronze, although gold and silver images can also be found. The Vat Manorom is believed to be the oldest colossal Lao Buddhist sculpture. Today, the sculpture gardens of Luang Pu Bunleua Sulilat provide a modern twist to the ancient tradition.
The Thonburi Kingdom was a Siamese kingdom which existed from 1767 to 1782, centered around the city of Thonburi, in present-day Thailand. The kingdom was founded by Taksin the Great, who reunited Siam following short-lived Burmese occupation of the country after the fall of the Ayutthaya Kingdom in 1767. The Thonburi Kingdom oversaw the resumption of Siamese military conflicts with its regional rival, Burma, leading to the creation of a martial-dominated Siamese state and the reestablishment of Siam as a major regional military power, with Siam expanding to its greatest territorial extent to that point in its history through the recapture of all of Ayutthaya's former lands excluding the western Tenasserim Coast and the incorporation of Lan Na, the Laotian kingdoms, the Northern Malay states, and Cambodia under Siam's sphere of influence. The Thonburi Kingdom saw the resumption and dominance of Qing Chinese trade in Siam, a process which had gradually taken place beginning in the late Ayutthaya Kingdom, continued under Thonburi and into the future Rattanakosin Kingdom.
The Haw Wars were fought against Chinese quasi-military forces invading parts of Tonkin and the Siam from 1865–1890. Forces invading Lao domains were ill-disciplined and freely plundered Buddhist temples. Not knowing these were remnants of the aftermath of the Taiping Rebellion led by Hong Xiuquan, a heterodox Christian convert, the invaders were confused with Chinese Muslims from Yunnan called Haw. Forces sent by King Rama V failed to suppress the various groups, the last of which eventually disbanded in 1890.
The Lao rebellion, also known as Anouvong's Rebellion or Lao–Siamese War, was an attempt by King Anouvong of the Kingdom of Vientiane to end the suzerainty of Siam and recreate the former kingdom of Lan Xang. In January 1827 the Lao armies of the kingdoms of Vientiane and Champasak moved south and west across the Khorat Plateau, advancing as far as Saraburi. The Siamese quickly mounted a counterattack, forcing the Lao forces to retreat. The Siamese continued north to defeat Anouvong's army. His rebellion had failed, which led to his capture, the destruction of his city of Vientiane in retaliation, a massive resettlement of Lao people to the west bank of the Mekong River, and direct Siamese administration of the former territories of the Kingdom of Vientiane. The legacy of the Lao rebellion is controversial. It is viewed in Thailand as a ruthless and daring rebellion that had to be suppressed, and has given rise to the folk heroes such as Thao Suranari. In Laos, King Anouvong is now revered as a national hero who died in pursuit of complete independence, even though he both lost his life in an ill-advised revolt against heavy odds and virtually guaranteed that the Lao-speaking provinces across the Mekong River would remain as part of Siam.
Setthathirath II, also called Ong Lo and Sai Ong Hue, grandson of the great ruler Suliyavongsa, was the king of the Lao Kingdom of Lān Xāng. In Vietnamese records, he was called Triều Phúc (朝福).
Kingdom of Vientiane was formed in 1707 as a result of the split of the Kingdom of Lan Xang. The kingdom was a Burmese vassal from 1765 to 1824. It then became a Siamese vassal until 1828 when it was annexed by Siam.
The Kingdom of Luang Phrabang was formed in 1707 as a result of the split of the Kingdom of Lan Xang. When The kingdom split, Muang Phuan became a tributary state of Luang Prabang. Then as the years passed, the monarchy weakened even more, that it was forced to become a vassal various times to the Burmese and the Siamese monarchies.
Luang Prabang is a province in northern Laos. Its capital of the same name, Luang Prabang, was the capital of Lane Xang Kingdom during the 13th to 16th centuries. It is listed since 1995 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site for unique architectural, religious and cultural heritage, a blend of the rural and urban developments over several centuries, including the French colonial influences during the 19th and 20th centuries. The province has 12 districts. The Royal Palace, the national museum in the capital city, and the Phou Loei Protected Reserve are important sites. Notable temples in the province are the Wat Xieng Thong, Wat Wisunarat, Wat Sen, Wat Xieng Muan, and Wat Manorom. The Lao New Year is celebrated in April as The Bun Pi Mai.
King Taksin The Great or the King of Thonburi was the only King of the Thonburi Kingdom. He had been an aristocrat in the Ayutthaya Kingdom and then was a leader in the liberation of Siam from Burmese occupation after the Second Fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the subsequent unification of Siam after it fell under various warlords. He established the city of Thonburi as the new capital, as the city of Ayutthaya had been almost completely destroyed by the invaders. His reign was characterized by numerous wars; he fought to repel new Burmese invasions and to subjugate the northern Thai kingdom of Lanna, the Laotian principalities, and a threatening Cambodia.
Phrachao Siribounyasan, also known as Ong Boun (ອົງບຸນ), Bunsan or Xaiya Setthathirath III, was the 3rd king of the Kingdom of Vientiane.
Chao Inthavong, or known as his regnal name Xaiya Setthathirath III, was the 5th king of the Kingdom of Vientiane.
Chao Sotikakumman was the king of Luang Phrabang from 1750 to 1771.
| King of Vientiane |
November 1781 – January 1795