|Adm. region||Lower Bavaria|
|• Total||1,530.28 km2 (590.84 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Passau is a Landkreis (district) in the southeast of Bavaria. It encloses the city of Passau geographically from two sides. Neighboring districts are (from the east clockwise) Rottal-Inn, Deggendorf, Freyung-Grafenau. To the south it borders Austria.
In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is the Landkreis ; the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, which use the term Kreis. Most major cities in Germany are not part of any Kreis, but instead themselves perform functions like those of the Kreise; such a city is referred to as a Kreisfreie Stadt or Stadtkreis.
Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich and Nuremberg.
Passau is a town in Lower Bavaria, Germany, also known as the Dreiflüssestadt because the Danube is joined there by the Inn from the south and the Ilz from the north.
Archaeological findings prove that the area was settled more than 7000 years ago. In 1971 the district was created by merging the previous districts Wegscheid, Vilshofen, Griesbach (Rottal) and parts of the districts Pfarrkirchen and Eggenfelden. The city's original name was Batava (also known as Batavia) in Roman times. Passau survived three major fires, the biggest one being the all-destructive fire from 1662. After much of the city had burned down, bishops rebuilt it in Baroque style. To this day, massive cathedrals such as the St. Stephan's Dom (Dom means "cathedral" in German) stun visitors from all over the world. St. Stephan houses the world's largest church organ.
The district consists of two geographically different parts, separated by the river Danube. In the north is the southern part of the Bayrischer Wald (Bavarian Forest) mountains with hills up to 1000 meter. In the south of the Danube river the landscape is only hilly with plains between the valleys of the Inn and Ilz river.
The Danube is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.
The Bavarian Forest is a wooded, low-mountain region in Bavaria, Germany that is about 100 kilometres long. It runs along the Czech border and is continued on the Czech side by the Bohemian Forest. Most of the Bavarian Forest lies within the province of Lower Bavaria, but the northern part lies within Upper Palatinate. In the south it reaches the border with Upper Austria.
The bottom of the coat of arms show the blue-and-white checkered symbol of Bavaria. In the top part is a red wolf and a red panther. The wolf represents the abbey of Passau (Hochstift Passau), which is now the central part of the district. The panther is the symbol of the Wittelsbach family, and it represents the area of the former districts Vilshofen and Griesbach.
Lower Bavaria is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.
The Inn is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube and is 518 kilometres (322 mi) long. The highest point of its drainage basin is the summit of Piz Bernina, at 4,049 metres (13,284 ft). The Engadine, the valley of the En, is the only Swiss valley whose waters end up in the Black Sea.
Deggendorf is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bordered by the districts of Regen, Freyung-Grafenau, Passau, Rottal-Inn, Dingolfing-Landau and Straubing-Bogen.
Rottal-Inn is a Landkreis (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. Neighboring districts are Altötting, Mühldorf, Landshut, Dingolfing-Landau and Passau. To the southeast is the Austrian state Upper Austria (Braunau).
Veste Oberhaus is a fortress that was founded in 1219 and, for most of its time, served as the stronghold of the Bishop of Passau, Germany. It is currently the site of a museum, a youth hostel, and a restaurant, as well as an open-air theatre dating to 1934.
Zenting is a municipality in the district of Freyung-Grafenau in Bavaria in Germany.
Bad Griesbach is a town in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.
Neuburg am Inn is a municipality in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.
Tiefenbach is a municipality in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.
Obernzell is a municipality in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.
Ortenburg is a municipality and old market town in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.
Untergriesbach is a municipality in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.
EuroVelo 6 (EV6), named The Rivers Route, is a EuroVelo long-distance cycling route running along 3,653 km (2,270 mi) some of Europe's major rivers, including much of the Loire, some of the Saône, a short section of the upper Rhine and almost the entire length of Europe’s second longest river, the Danube — from the Atlantic coast of France to the city of Constanța on the Black Sea.
The Vilshofen –Ortenburg railway, also known as the Wolfach Valley Railway, is a branch line or Lokalbahn in the province of Lower Bavaria in southern Germany. It was opened on 16 January 1908 and closed to passenger services on 30 September 1962.
The Lower Bavarian Upland, Lower Bavarian Hill Country or Lower Bavarian Hills, are part of the tertiary Hügelland or hill country south of the River Danube and cover much of the land within the Bavarian province of Lower Bavaria in southern Germany. To the north it is bordered by the Gäuboden region and the Bavarian Forest; to the south by Upper Bavaria, to the east by the Lower Inn Valley and to the west by the Franconian Jura. In the western part of the Lower Bavarian Hills lies the Hallertau, the world's largest hop-growing region. It belongs to two of officially defined natural regions in Germany: the eponymous Lower Bavarian hills and the Isar-Inn Gravel Beds (Isar-Inn-Schotterplatten) and is sub-divided into the Danube-Isar Hills (Donau-Isar-Hügelland) and the Isar-Inn Upland (Isar-Inn-Hügelland) with the River Isar as the boundary. The hills continue over the border into Austria as the Upper Austrian Hills.
The so-called Lower Bavarian Spa Triangle or Rott Valley Spa Triangle refers to the three spa towns of Bad Füssing, Bad Griesbach and Bad Birnbach in the province of Lower Bavaria in southern Germany. These health resorts are in the districts of Passau and Rottal-Inn in the Lower Rott Valley.
The Lower Danube Circle or Under Danube Circle was one of the administrative districts of the Kingdom of Bavaria between 1806 and 1837. It was named after its main river, the Danube and was the predecessor of the administrative district of Lower Bavaria. Its administrative headquarters were in Passau, but the appelate court was in Straubing.
The Neuburg Forest is a largely forested hill ridge and natural region in Lower Bavaria in the county of Passau and the borough of Passau. It is named after the village of Neuburg am Inn.
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A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.