Passau (district)

Last updated
Passau
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Adm. region Lower Bavaria
Capital Passau
Area
  Total1,530.28 km2 (590.84 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017) [1]
  Total190,504
  Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration PA
Website http://www.landkreis-passau.de

Passau is a Landkreis (district) in the southeast of Bavaria. It encloses the city of Passau geographically from two sides. Neighboring districts are (from the east clockwise) Rottal-Inn, Deggendorf, Freyung-Grafenau. To the south it borders Austria.

In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision is the Landkreis ; the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, which use the term Kreis. Most major cities in Germany are not part of any Kreis, but instead themselves perform functions like those of the Kreise; such a city is referred to as a Kreisfreie Stadt or Stadtkreis.

Bavaria State in Germany

Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich and Nuremberg.

Passau University town in Lower Bavaria, Germany

Passau is a town in Lower Bavaria, Germany, also known as the Dreiflüssestadt because the Danube is joined there by the Inn from the south and the Ilz from the north.

Contents

History

Archaeological findings prove that the area was settled more than 7000 years ago. In 1971 the district was created by merging the previous districts Wegscheid, Vilshofen, Griesbach (Rottal) and parts of the districts Pfarrkirchen and Eggenfelden. The city's original name was Batava (also known as Batavia) in Roman times. Passau survived three major fires, the biggest one being the all-destructive fire from 1662. After much of the city had burned down, bishops rebuilt it in Baroque style. To this day, massive cathedrals such as the St. Stephan's Dom (Dom means "cathedral" in German) stun visitors from all over the world. St. Stephan houses the world's largest church organ.

Geography

The district consists of two geographically different parts, separated by the river Danube. In the north is the southern part of the Bayrischer Wald (Bavarian Forest) mountains with hills up to 1000 meter. In the south of the Danube river the landscape is only hilly with plains between the valleys of the Inn and Ilz river.

Danube River in Central Europe

The Danube is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.

Bavarian Forest low-mountain range in Bavaria, Germany

The Bavarian Forest is a wooded, low-mountain region in Bavaria, Germany that is about 100 kilometres long. It runs along the Czech border and is continued on the Czech side by the Bohemian Forest. Most of the Bavarian Forest lies within the province of Lower Bavaria, but the northern part lies within Upper Palatinate. In the south it reaches the border with Upper Austria.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms DEU Landkreis Passau COA.svg
Coat of arms

The bottom of the coat of arms show the blue-and-white checkered symbol of Bavaria. In the top part is a red wolf and a red panther. The wolf represents the abbey of Passau (Hochstift Passau), which is now the central part of the district. The panther is the symbol of the Wittelsbach family, and it represents the area of the former districts Vilshofen and Griesbach.

Towns and municipalities

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Passau Municipalities in PA.svg
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Passau
Towns Verbandsgemeinden Municipalities
  1. Bad Griesbach (Rottal)
  2. Hauzenberg
  3. Pocking
  4. Vilshofen
  1. Aidenbach
  2. Rotthalmünster
  3. Tittling

Markt

  1. Aidenbach
  2. Eging am See
  3. Fürstenzell
  4. Hofkirchen
  5. Hutthurm
  6. Obernzell
  7. Ortenburg
  8. Rotthalmünster
  9. Tittling
  10. Untergriesbach
  11. Wegscheid
  12. Windorf
  1. Aicha vorm Wald
  2. Aldersbach
  3. Bad Füssing
  4. Beutelsbach
  5. Breitenberg
  6. Büchlberg
  7. Fürstenstein
  8. Haarbach
  9. Kirchham
  10. Kößlarn
  11. Malching
  12. Neuburg am Inn
  13. Neuhaus am Inn
  14. Neukirchen vorm Wald
  15. Ruderting
  16. Ruhstorf an der Rott
  17. Salzweg
  18. Sonnen
  19. Tettenweis
  20. Thyrnau
  21. Tiefenbach
  22. Witzmannsberg

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References

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). September 2018.

Coordinates: 48°30′N13°20′E / 48.5°N 13.33°E / 48.5; 13.33

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.