125 seats in the 37th National Assembly of Quebec
63 seats were needed for a majority
|Turnout|| 70.42% (|
Popular vote by riding. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote, but instead via results by each riding. Click the map for more details.
The Quebec general election of 2003 was held on April 14, 2003, to elect members of the National Assembly of Quebec (Canada). The Parti libéral du Québec (PLQ), led by Jean Charest, defeated the incumbent Parti Québécois, led by Premier Bernard Landry.
The National Assembly of Quebec is the legislative body of the province of Quebec in Canada. Legislators are called MNAs. The Queen in Right of Quebec, represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and the National Assembly compose the Legislature of Quebec, which operates in a fashion similar to those of other Westminster-style parliamentary systems.
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.
Jean Charest, is a Quebec politician. He was the 29th premier of Quebec, from 2003 to 2012; the deputy prime minister of Canada from June 25, 1993, until November 4, 1993; the leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1993 to 1998; and the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party from 1998 to 2012. He became Premier after winning the 2003 election; after he lost the 2012 election he announced that he would be resigning as Quebec Liberal Leader and leaving politics. Charest sits as an advisor to Canada's Ecofiscal Commission.
In Champlain there was a tie between PQ candidate Noëlla Champagne and Liberal candidate Pierre-A. Brouillette; although the initial tally was 11,867 to 11,859,a judicial recount produced a tally of 11,852 each. A new election was held on May 20 and was won by Champagne by a margin of 642 votes.
Champlain is a provincial electoral riding in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada, which elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It includes the municipalities of Saint-Stanislas, Saint-Narcisse and Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade and the eastern portions of the city of Trois-Rivières. Its boundaries have remained the same since the 1973 election. However, the boundaries will change for the 2018 election as it will be gaining Hérouxville, Lac-aux-Sables, Notre-Dame-de-Montauban, Saint-Adelphe, Sainte-Thècle, Saint-Séverin and Saint-Tite from Laviolette.
Noëlla Champagne is a politician from Quebec, Canada, and former Member of the National Assembly (MNA).
Pierre-A. Brouillette was a politician in Quebec, Canada. He is a businessman.
In 2002, the Parti Québécois (PQ) government had been in power for two mandates. It was seen as worn-out by some, and its poll numbers fell sharply. It placed third at its lowest point. An important part of its support was going to the Action Démocratique du Québec (ADQ) and its young leader, Mario Dumont. Some PQ supporters had left for the Liberal party.
Mario Dumont is a television personality and former politician in Quebec, Canada. He was a Member of the National Assembly of Quebec (MNA), and the leader of the Action démocratique du Québec (ADQ), from 1994 to 2009. After the 2007 Quebec election, Dumont obtained the post of Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly.
Landry, leader of the PQ, undertook a revitalization of the party and its image. As the ideas of the conservative nature of ADQ's platform became more apparent, that party's popularity declined. Social democratic measures taken by the PQ government, like the passing of the "Law against poverty" helped improve the PQ's standing in the public opinion polls. PLQ leader Jean Charest initially continued to be unpopular with voters.
Social democracy is a political, social, and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and a capitalist economy. The protocols and norms used to accomplish this involve a commitment to representative and participatory democracy, measures for income redistribution, and regulation of the economy in the general interest and welfare state provisions. Social democracy thus aims to create the conditions for capitalism to lead to greater democratic, egalitarian and solidaristic outcomes. Due to longstanding governance by social democratic parties and their influence on socioeconomic policy development in the Nordic countries, in policy circles social democracy has become associated with the Nordic model in the latter part of the 20th century.
The 2003 election happened against the backdrop of the war in Iraq. The battles of that war took place during the first half of the campaign, diverting the attention of the media and the population. Landry became known for his custom of wearing the white ribbon (which in 2003 was worn by people in favour of peace). This custom was shortly followed by the two other main party leaders, Charest and Dumont. Landry was the most outspoken critic of the war. The other two were more discreet on the matter. Charest once stated that it was an opportunity to reaffirm his "belief in peace". Dumont acted in a similar way, while also addressing criticism to Landry, saying that Quebecers should refrain from criticizing Americans too harshly since Americans were historical friends of Quebecers.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War. The invasion phase began on 19 March 2003 and lasted just over one month, including 21 days of major combat operations, in which a combined force of troops from the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invaded Iraq. This early stage of the war formally ended on 1 May 2003 when U.S. President George W. Bush declared the "End of Major Combat Operations", after which the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as the first of several successive transitional governments leading up to the first Iraqi parliamentary election in January 2005. U.S. military forces later remained in Iraq until the withdrawal in 2011.
The white ribbon is an awareness ribbon sometimes used by political movements to signify or spread their beliefs. It is usually worn on garments or represented in information sources such as posters, leaflets, etc.
The desire for change was considered an important factor of the campaign (see "Change", below). However, while reminding voters that the fundamental change was at the core of its primary ideal, sovereignty, the PQ focused its message and publicity not on change, but on stability. Its campaign slogan emphasized this (see the Campaign slogans below). Landry also tried to portray the vote as being a choice between the left wing PQ and two parties of the right. The PLQ portrayed itself as centrist. The PLQ produced dynamic ads and material, and released a new, younger logo. The ADQ put forward its young, underdog leader, and denied being too much to the right. It first broadcast a negative advertisement (a bleak television spot speaking of deaths in the hospitals) that backfired substantially, with criticism from opponents and citizens. It shortly released a brighter, more positive advertising.
Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism, often in opposition to social hierarchy. It typically involves a concern for those in society whom its adherents perceive as disadvantaged relative to others (prioritarianism) as well as a belief that there are unjustified inequalities that need to be reduced or abolished. The term left-wing can also refer to "the radical, reforming, or socialist section of a political party or system".
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics, or tradition. Hierarchy and inequality may be viewed as natural results of traditional social differences or the competition in market economies. The term right-wing can generally refer to "the conservative or reactionary section of a political party or system".
Despite the PQ's recovery of support, Charest appeared as a viable alternative for people in desire of change, especially during the Leaders' Debate. Also, the Parizeau Affair sparked by Charest is said to have harmed Landry's campaign up to election day. The PQ lead in the public opinion polls vanished by mid-campaign.
The Parti Libéral won the election, while Parti Québécois won a respectable number of seats. The ADQ won four seats, which was a considerable improvement from previous general elections. It was nonetheless a disappointment for the party since it had five sitting members as a result of by-election victories in the previous year. It had also had a high standing in the polls of that same year. This was the first general election for the new left-wing Union des forces progressistes.
A documentary about Bernard Landry's point of view of the campaign was released in 2003 called À Hauteur d'homme. It was directed by Jean-Claude Labrecque.
Jean Charest and the PLQ focused their campaign upon the issue of health care and reducing waiting lists. The other major parties criticized Charest for planning to invest only in health care and education, while freezing other budgets. Landry argued that money for health care would be available when the fiscal imbalance was solved by sovereignty. He vowed to fight for money from Ottawa until then, as he had done earlier that year (see the "Fiscal Imbalance", below). Charest portrayed Landry as putting sovereignty ahead of health care, and presented his party as the one that would make health care its first priority. He also accused Landry's government of using waiting lists as an administration procedure for hospitals.
The desire for change was considered by the media to be a major deciding factor of the vote. The media were criticized by the PQ and some citizens as "wanting change for the sake of change", since the government had ended its term with an economy doing well and high satisfaction polls for an outgoing administration. Landry reminded voters that, while voting for his party did not change the government right away, the first ideal of the PQ, sovereignty, was "the greatest of changes". At the Leaders' Debate, Charest told viewers that those wanting change should vote for the PLQ since "A vote for the ADQ is a vote for the PQ". At the time, the ADQ was considered to be too low in the polls to be a potential victor. Charest's reminder of the spoiler effect is said to have been partly responsible for his victory on election day. The results on election day appear to have demonstrated the voters' desire for change.
Charest presented a plan of major reduction of income tax, which Landry opposed. Quebec's income taxes are the highest in North America, but its social programs are also relatively generous, and the gap between rich and poor is the lowest of the North American continent. The ADQ presented a flat tax plan in 2002. This proved to be highly unpopular, and contributed to the image of the party as being too conservative. This plan, in its pure form, was dropped in the beginning of 2003. The ADQ claimed that, after further examination, the Quebec government did not have the resources to implement it. This, again, hurt the party further by giving it the image of flip flopping.
The PQ government was criticized by the two other major parties for being too interventionist, maintaining an overly large government, and for practising statism. Dumont spoke of Landry and the PQ's "Social bureaucracy", a pun on the Social democracy the PQ defends. Landry responded to Charest and Dumont that "Quebecers do not want less state, they want better state". Dumont had previously proposed a drastic reduction in the size of the civil service, but this was also softened before the campaign.
The conciliation famille-travail became an important issue of the campaign as a result of Landry's "Four day work-week" plan. This proposal would have required Quebec employers to offer the option of a four-day work week to parents. This was presented by the PQ as a way to enhance family life, lower the stress on parents, and of counteracting the fall in Quebec's birthrate since the Quiet Revolution. The plan was attacked by the PLQ and ADQ as being "improvised" since it was only presented near the beginning of the election. It attracted some interest and support from voters, enough for Charest to declare, days before voting day, that he could consider implementing a four-day week, although the PLQ has not mentioned this since the election.
The theory of a fiscal imbalance between Ottawa and Quebec City was maintained and denounced by all major parties. Charest argued that the co-operative approach of a federalist party like the PLQ would be more effective solving the problem. As proof that the PQ would be able to solve the fiscal imbalance, Landry pointed to his success of early 2003, when he, along with the English Canadian Premiers, managed to come to an agreement with Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrétien for more money to finance health care. He promised to continue the "battle" to solve the imbalance until independence is achieved.
The PQ government, during the premiership of Landry's predecessor Lucien Bouchard, had merged the major cities of Quebec. The government argued that the mergers would allow a better division of the wealth and responsibilities between richer suburban communities and poorer parts of the main cities. The mergers occurred despite widespread opposition in some municipalities. Many Quebecers were still disgruntled, especially in wealthier and anglophone communities. The PLQ proposed to allow referendums on deamalgamation in communities where there was sufficient support. The PQ and the ADQ strongly opposed the idea.
While the PQ continued to promote sovereignty for Quebec with its usual arguments (dignity, culture, globalization, etc.), it was also presented by the PQ as a way to solve the fiscal imbalance problem. The ADQ made great efforts to avoid taking a position on the subject of independence in order to attract both sides of the National Question spectrum. The ADQ positioned itself as a "third way" to Quebecers between what Dumont called "radical separation" and "knelt down federalism". The ADQ had worked in favour of sovereignty during the 1995 Quebec referendum, but had been equivocal on the subject since then.
The PLQ criticized the PQ for using the politics of confrontation because of its sovereignty position, and argued that a PLQ government would restore Quebec's "leadership role" in the federation. Landry promised a third referendum on independence "in 1000 days", confirming the plan he had set out in the Declaration of Gatineau, with support for independence running very low and support for a referendum running even lower in opinion polls; this did not prove to be a popular position. An argument of Landry for this timetable was that he wanted Quebec to be present at the Summit of the Americas in Buenos Aires in 2005. Representation for Quebec had been denied by Ottawa at the previous summit held in Quebec City, an act that angered many Quebecers. At the same time, Landry kept the door opened to federalist support for the PQ and stated that he would only hold a referendum if he had the "moral assurance" of winning it. This lead Charest to accuse him of having a "hidden agenda", during the Leaders' Debate.
On the day of the leaders' debate, Charest's advisors gave him an article from the website of the Trois-Rivières newspaper Le Nouvelliste that spoke of past PQ leader Jacques Parizeau restating his controversial remarks about "money and the ethnic vote" which he had made in his 1995 referendum concession speech. The truth of the article was later disputed, yet despite the uncertainty surrounding this article, Charest surprised Landry with it during the leaders' debate on live television. This created a new controversy that ran for some days following the debate, and was said to have hurt Landry's campaign. The PQ denounced Charest for launching an "immoral attack" on Parizeau's reputation and dignity, saying that the article was incorrect in concluding that he had repeated his comments, but this method of response was not enough to defuse the controversy. The aftermath of the leaders' debate is thoroughly treated in the À Hauteur d'homme documentary, and became known as the Parizeau Affair.
The "five dollar-a-day child care" program implemented by the PQ government of Lucien Bouchard was one of the most appreciated achievements of the recent PQ administration. Some parents still did not have access to it, however, because of a lack of sufficient places. Landry, who had been Minister of Finance when the plan was implemented, vowed to continue creating more spaces. Charest presented his team as the most capable for this task. He also vowed to keep the price at $5 a day. He broke this promise later that year. See Opposition to the Charest government.
The Action Démocratique insisted that the Government of Quebec should pay down the public debt. The other major leaders did not see it as a priority.
The overall results were:
|1998||Elected||% Change||#||%||% Change|
|Parti Québécois||Bernard Landry||125||76||45||-40.8%||1,269,183||33.24%||-9.63%|
|Action démocratique||Mario Dumont||125||1||4||+300%||694,122||18.18%||+6.37%|
|Bloc Pot||Hugô St-Onge||56||-||-||-||22,904||0.60%||+0.36%|
|Christian Democracy||Gilles Noël||25||*||-||*||3,226||0.08%||*|
|Source: Elections Quebec|
The results in each riding (electoral division) were:
|Bonaventure||Nathalie Normandeau 11,975||Marc Tétreault 6,313||Maurice Anglehart 1,101||Michel Goudreau (Green) 542||Nathalie Normandeau|
|Gaspé||Johnny Gérard 8,052||Guy Lelièvre 9,033||Denis Paradis 1,743||Luc-Reno Fournier (Green) 227||Guy Lelièvre|
|Îles-de-la-Madeleine||Simone LeBlanc 3,150||Maxime Arseneau 4,606||Évé Longuépée 92||Maxime Arseneau|
|Kamouraska-Témiscouata||Claude Béchard 11,266||Harold LeBel 6,326||Pierre Lévesque 6,504||Guy Duguay (Green) 293 |
Robert Raymond (Ind.) 238
|Matane||Nancy Charest 7,602||Pascal Bérubé 7,569||Raynald Bernier 3,005||Nelson Gauthier (Ind.) 178 |
Nestor Turcotte (Ind.) 135
|Matapédia||Gaston Pelletier 6,339||Danielle Doyer 9,197||Claude Fortin 4,686||Danielle Doyer|
|Rimouski||Éric Forest 10,817||Solange Charest 14,177||Stéphane Laforest 4,719||Solange Charest|
|Rivière-du-Loup||Jacques Morin 5,585||Carol Gilbert 4,155||Mario Dumont 13,452||Julie Morin (Green) 312||Mario Dumont|
|Chicoutimi||Jean-Guy Maltais 11,814||Stéphane Bédard 14,471||Carl Savard 5,841||Pierre Dostie (UFP) 670|
Dominic Tremblay (BP) 314
|Dubuc||Johnny Simard 9,723||Jacques Côté 9,767||Claude Gauthier 5,162||Marie Francine Bienvenue (UFP) 457||Jacques Côté|
|Duplessis||Marc Proulx 8,018||Lorraine Richard 10,926||Steeve Trudel 2,530||André Forbes (Ind.) 1,334||Normand Duguay|
|Jonquière||Françoise Gauthier 13,826||Myrtha Laflamme 11,386||Réjean Laforest 5,216||Batiste Foisy (BP) 368|
Michel Perron (UFP) 330
|Lac-Saint-Jean||Benoît Harvey 7,405||Stéphan Tremblay 15,200||Roger Filion 5,694||Stéphan Tremblay|
|Réne-Lévesque||François Désy 5,215||Marjolain Dufour 8,997||François Corriveau 7,356||Jean-Pierre Brison (Ind.) 449||François Corriveau|
|Roberval||Karl Blackburn 11,930||Réjean Lalancette 11,686||Bernard Généreaux 6,388||Francis Breton (UFP) 453||Benoît Laprise|
|Charlesbourg||Éric Mercier 17,169||Sylvie Tremblay 9,741||Jonatan Julien 10,936||Yonnel Bonaventure (Green) 438|
Simon Carreau (UFP) 329
|Charlevoix||Denis Lavoie 8,758||Rosaire Bertrand 10,131||Daniel Bouchard 3,998||Éric Tremblay (UFP) 168|
Gabriel Tremblay (Ind.) 105
Phillippe Thivierge (DCQ) 62
|Chauveau||Sarah Perreault 14,774||Nathalie Samson 8,506||Hélène Napert 12,555||Christian Légaré (Ind.) 624|
Marie-Noëlle Béland (UFP) 387
|Jean-Lesage||Michel Després 15,547||Robert Caron 9,408||Aurel Bélanger 8,912||Jean-Yves Desgagnés (Ind.) 714|
Nicolas Frichot (BP) 390
Jean Bédard (M-L) 185
|Jean-Talon||Margaret Delisle 15,475||Daniel-Mercier Gouin 11,999||Simon Lauzon 5,149||Sacha Calixte (UFP) 515|
Antonine Yaccarini (Green) 477
Sabrina Falardeau (BP) 197
Robert Bonenfant (Ind.) 126
|La Peltrie||France Hamel 16,462||Claude Gendreau 8,711||Éric Caire 13,421||Dany Hamel (Ind.) 586|
Guillaume Boivin (UFP) 515
|Louis-Hébert||Sam Hamad 17,938||Line-Sylvie Perron 11,688||Guy Laforest 9,505||Jean-Pierre Guay (Green) 493|
Jean-Phillipe Lessard-Beaupré (UFP) 402
Pierre Laliberté (BP) 281
|Montmorency||Raymond Bernier 13,708||Jean-François Simard 11,226||Jean-François Paquet 11,821||Magali Paquin (UFP) 517||Jean-François Simard|
|Portneuf||Jean-Pierre Soucy 12,729||Roger Bertrand 8,352||Deny Lépine 10,781||François Paradis-Caron (UFP) 413||Roger Bertrand|
|Taschereau||Michel Beaudoin 11,240||Agnès Maltais 12,930||Jean-Guy Lemieux 6,537||Alain Marcoux (UFP) 1,136|
Dominic Lapointe (Green) 731
Benjamin Kasapoglu (BP) 389
Patrice Fortin (Ind.) 102
Alain Cyr (Ind.) 95
|Vanier||Marc Bellemare 16,182||Nicole Madore 9,385||Normand Morin 11,646||Sébastien Bouchard (UFP) 573||Diane Barbeau|
| Champlain |
(May 20, 2003)
|Pierre Brouillette 9,431||Noëlla Champagne 10,073||Rock Laviolette 6,459||Lucie Favreau (UFP) 103 |
Gilles Noel (DCQ) 73
|Laviolette||Julie Boulet 12,806||Patrick Lahaie 7,730||Sébastien Proulx 3,453||Yves Demers (UFP) 182 |
Josée Lafontaine (DCQ) 144
|Maskinongé||Francine Gaudet 13,240||Rémy Désilets 12,334||Louise-Andrée Garant 9,118||Rémy Désilets|
|Saint-Maurice||Bob Vallières 8,232||Claude Pinard 8,860||Luc Arvisais 8,201||Kevin Trudel (UFP) 225||Claude Pinard|
|Trois-Rivières||André Gabias 11,034||Guy Julien 10,154||Jean-Claude Ayotte 5,181||Rachel Sauvageau (BP) 274|
David Lanneville (UFP) 214
Marcel Fugère (Ind.) 110
Stéphane Robert (DCQ) 76
|Arthabaska||Claude Bachand 12,663||Danièle Caron 9,657||Alain Rayes 11,389||François Houle (Green) 379 |
Katrine Cyr (BP) 353
|Beauce-Nord||Normand Poulin 11,104||Aline Carrier 4,160||Janvier Grondin 13,275||Julie Roy (BP) 223 |
Richard Fecteau (UFP) 175
|Beauce-Sud||Diane Leblanc 14,170||Stéphane Pouliot 5,115||Claude Lemieux 12,852||Ginette Lewis (UFP) 216||Diane Leblanc|
|Bellechasse||Dominique Vien 9,658||Claude Lachance 7,084||Serge Carbonneau 8,507||Sylvain Castonguay (Green) 314 |
Mario Ouellette (UFP) 134
|Chutes-de-la-Chaudière||Pauline Houde-Landry 12,601||Antoine Dubé 10,007||Marc Picard 14,759||Jean Bernatchez (UFP) 649||Denise Carrier-Perreault|
|Drummond||Jean Courchesne 13,479||Normand Jutras 15,200||Patrick Leblanc 7,577||Pascal Allard (Ind.) 393 |
Gilles Martineau (UFP) 301
Robert Dufour (DCQ) 199
|Frontenac||Laurent Lessard 11,251||Marc Boulianne 7,281||Daniel Lamouth 6,888||Bruno Vézina (Green) 231 |
Marie-Josée Vachon (UFP) 145
|Johnson||Nicole Brouillette 10,700||Claude Boucher 12,232||Isabelle Marquis 6,612||Martin Marois (UFP) 343 |
Michel Bélanger (DCQ) 224
|Lévis||Carole Théberge 12,891||Linda Goupil 12,485||Joël Bernier 10,670||Madeleine Provencher (UFP) 442 |
Richard Larivée (Ind.) 220
|Lotbinière||Monique Drolet-Glazier 8,773||Jean-Guy Paré 6,502||Sylvie Roy 9,522||Marc Allard (Green) 306|
Étienne Hallé (UFP) 175
Paul Biron (DCQ) 150
|Montmagny-L'Islet||Norbert Morin 9,518||Louise Soucy 4,683||Mario Dolan 8,513||Fernand Dorval (UFP) 225||Réal Gauvin|
|Nicolet-Yamaska||Jean Rousseau 8,927||Michel Morin 10,783||Lise Blanchette 5,899||Blak D. Blackburn (BP) 417 |
Simonne Lizotte (Ind.) 141
|Mégantic-Compton||Daniel Bouchard 11,135||Suzanne Durivage 7,347||Alain Boisvert 4,901||Christian Poulin (UFP) 193 |
Frank Moller (Equ.) 71
|Orford||Pierre Reid 17,314||Yvon Bélair 11,037||Steve Bourassa 6,145||Véronique Grenier (UFP) 498||Robert Benoît|
|Richmond||Yvon Vallières 14,767||André Blais 6,149||Pierre Hébert 4,899||Yvon Vallières|
|Saint-François||Monique Gagnon-Tremblay 16,562||Guillaume Breault-Duncan 9,926||Michel-André Samson 4,541||Suzanne Thériault (UFP) 314 |
François Boudreau (BP) 310
|Sherbrooke||Jean Charest 16,403||Marie Malavoy 13,806||Peter Downey 4,169||Normand Gilbert (UFP) 496 |
Serge Lachapelle (M-L) 64
|Beauharnois||Mario Faubert 13,265||Serge Deslières 13,904||Michael Betts 3,338||Rémi Pelletier (Green) 506||Serge Deslières|
|Borduas||Daniel Doucet 9,981||Jean-Pierre Charbonneau 13,840||Patricia St-Jacques 5,282||Raynald St-Onge (BP) 459||Jean-Pierre Charbonneau|
|Brome-Missisquoi||Pierre Paradis 18,546||Lina Le Blanc 8,093||Pierre Plante 6,018||Simon Gnocchini (UFP) 509 |
Lionel Albert (Equ.) 167
|Chambly||Diane Legault 17,656||Louise Beaudoin 16,857||Denis Lavoie 6,935||Sébastien Duclos (BP) 744||Louise Beaudoin|
|Châteauguay||Jean-Marc Fournier 20,434||Éric Cardinal 13,751||Daniel Lapointe 4,399||Gilles Lalumière (BP) 547 |
Guylaine Sirard (UFP) 222
Robert Jason Morgan (Equ.) 93
|Huntingdon||André Chenail 15,512||François Boileau 8,302||Michel Lavoie 5,261||Kenneth Rimmer (BP) 452||André Chenail|
|Iberville||Jean Rioux 12,106||Jean-Paul Bergeron 11,185||Lucille Méthé 6,731||Michel Thiffeault (BP) 376 |
Benoit Lapointe (Green) 298
Guillaume Tremblay (UFP) 229
|La Pinière||Fatima Houda-Pepin 22,474||Marcel Lussier 7,934||Gérard Lachance 4,026||Inti Ortega (BP) 487||Fatima Houda-Pepin|
|Laporte||Michel Audet 18,673||Clément Arcand 10,178||Judy Fay 3,885||Christian Montmarquette (UFP) 489 |
Patrick Fiset (BP) 487
Mary Bevan-Ouellette (Equ.) 106
|La Prairie||Jean Dubuc 15,805||Serge Geoffrion 14,868||Yves-André Ferland 6,478||Marc Bissonnette (BP) 547|
Danielle Maire (UFP) 229
Sylvain Lesage (DCQ) 84
|Marguerite-D'Youville||Pierre Moreau 16,368||François Beaulne 15,501||Luc Pommainville 6,596||Yan Lacombe (BP) 550|
Maxime Babeu (UFP) 536
|Marie-Victorin||Jean-Marc Pelletier 9,799||Cécile Vermette 12,736||Michel Lalonde 4,374||Pierre Losier-Côté (BP) 462|
Marc Lambert (UFP) 452
Daniel Tavéra (Ind.) 134
|Richelieu||Benoît Lefebvre 10,927||Sylvain Simard 13,286||Micheline Ulrich 3,756||Marie-Hélène Charbonneau (BP) 407|
Nidal Joad (Ind.) 109
Steve Ritter (Ind.) 100
Florette Villemure-Larochelle (DCQ) 74
|Saint-Jean||Jean-Pierre Paquin 14,758||Roger Paquin 13,423||Marc-André Legault 6,856|| Alexandre Boulerice (UFP) 535|
Eric Bédard (BP) 462
Jean Robert (Ind.) 112
Raymond Martin (Ind.) 73
|Saint-Hyacinthe||Pierre Solis 13,137||Léandre Dion 13,870||Bernard Barré 7,855||François Choquette (UFP) 401||Léandre Dion|
|Shefford||Bernard Brodeur 16,391||Jean-François de la Chevrotière 10,073||Sylvain Barré 8,114||Dominic Thibeault (BP) 502 |
Gilles Dumoulin (UFP) 334
|Soulanges||Lucie Charlebois 13,473||Gaëtane Legault 8,753||Pierre Éloi Talbot 3,549||Gloria Sawyer (BP) 327|
Sandra Stephenson (Green) 320
|Taillon||Annie Evrard 13,120||Pauline Marois 17,603||Katrine Simard 6,353||David Fiset (BP) 556|
Gabriel Landry (UFP) 545
Xavier Rochon (Ind.) 216
|Vachon||Brigitte Mercier 12,741||Camil Bouchard 12,960||Joëlle Lescop 5,540||Denis Durand (BP) 519|
Richard St-Onge (UFP) 279
|Vaudreuil||Yvon Marcoux 18,490||Carole Cardinal 9,474||Luc Tison 3,487||Kathleen Mary Mangin (BP) 488|
Ernest Semple (Equ.) 120
|Verchères||Mario Lebrun 8,720||Bernard Landry 16,963||François Pratte 4,585||Sébastien Drouin (BP) 505|
Marc-André Morvan (UFP) 195
|Anjou||Lise Thériault 17,572||France Bachand 10,573||Martin Janson 4,319||Hélène Héroux (M-L) 266||Lise Thériault|
|Bourassa-Sauvé||Line Beauchamp 20,175||Kettly Beauregard 8,243||Michelle Allaire 3,771||Francis Mallette (Green) 327 |
Sylvain Archambault (Ind.) 261
Denis Gagné (DCQ) 119
Claude Brunelle (M-L) 94
Boris Mospan (Equ.) 44
|Michèle Lamquin-Éthier |
|Bourget||Claude Paquette 11,290||Diane Lemieux 15,074||Pierre Bourque 5,747||Steve Boudrias (BP) 469 |
Rosanne Labelle (UFP) 418
Claudette Deschamps (DCQ) 193
|Crémazie||Michèle Lamquin-Éthier 15,498||Hugues Cormier 13,979||Manon St-Louis 4,057||Jocelyne Desautels (UFP) 686 |
Claude Trudel (Green) 399
Phillippe Beauvais (BP) 306
Marsha Fine (M-L) 90
|Gouin||William Aguilar 8,996||André Boisclair 15,890||Stéphane Deschênes 2,456||Colette Provost (UFP) 1,397 |
Pierrette Chevalier (Green) 584
Hugô St-Onge (BP) 465
|Hochelaga-Maisonneuve||Richer Dompierre 6,210||Louise Harel 13,138||Louise Blackburn 2,449||Lise Alarie (UFP) 788 |
Alex Néron (BP) 476
Daniel Breton (Green) 367
Christine Dandenault (M-L) 79
Mario Richard (DCQ) 52
|Jeanne-Mance–Viger||Michel Bissonnet 26,801||Robert La Rose 4,303||Carole Giroux 2,080||Eddy Guarino (BP) 365||Michel Bissonnet |
|LaFontaine||Tony Tomassi 18,164||Line Pelletier 4,939||Josée Anello 2,697||Patrick Forcier (BP) 323||Jean-Claude Gobé|
|Laurier-Dorion||Christos Sirros 16,052||Tomas Arbieto 9,775||Mario Spina 1,996||William Sloan (UFP) 922 |
Phillippe Morlighem (Green) 595
Sylvain Mainville (BP) 375
Peter Macrisopoulos (M-L) 165
Charles Robidoux (Ind.) 131
Sylvie Charbin (Ind.) 117
Yang Zhang (Equ.) 78
|Mercier||Nathalie Rochefort 8,414||Daniel Turp 13,334||Vivian Goulder 1,855|| Amir Khadir (UFP) 5,278 |
Lyne Rivard (BP) 579
|Pointe-aux-Trembles||Daniel Fournier 9,427||Nicole Léger 14,261||André Cordeau 4,050||Xavier Daxhelet (Green) 457 |
Julien Ferron (DCQ) 137
Geneviève Royer (M-L) 80
|Rosemont||Marylin Thomas 14,721||Rita Dionne-Marsolais 16,143||Denise Larouche 4,248||Omar Aktouf (UFP) 1,132 |
Huguette Plourde (BP) 493
Suzelle Gill (DCQ) 147
|Sainte-Marie–Saint-Jacques||Richard Brosseau 7,989||André Boulerice 13,066||Annick Brousseau 2,183||Gaétan Breton (UFP) 1,699 |
Robert Ruffo (Green) 690
Antoine Théorêt-Poupart (BP) 444
Ginette Boutet (M-L) 87
Maria da Luz dos Santos Inacio (DCQ) 59
|Viau||William Cusano 17,703||Maka Kotto 6,142||Paolo Tamburello 2,406||Guillaume Blouin-Beaudoin (BP) 426 |
Jocelyne Dupuis (UFP) 324
Yannick Duguay (Ind.) 121
|Acadie||Yvan Bordeleau 23,211||Maria Mourani 6,702||Jean-Pierre Chamoun 2,253||Johnathan Bérubé (BP) 440 |
André Parizeau (Ind.) 161
Linda Sullivan (M-L) 111
Marina Paümann (Equ.) 95
|D'Arcy-McGee||Lawrence Bergman 23,968||Mathieu Breault 1,087||Sylvain James Bowes 520||William Shaw (Equ.) 406 |
Blair Longley (BP) 274
|Jacques-Cartier||Geoffrey Kelley 30,035||Guy Amyot 1,894||Jeffrey Penney 1,253||Ryan Young (Green) 727 |
Keith Henderson (Equ.) 650
Daniel Cormier-Roach (Ind.) 49
|Marguerite-Bourgeoys||Monique Jérôme-Forget 22,807||Suzanne Groulx 6,327||Brigitte De Laroche 2,524||Adam Jastrzebski (Green) 415 |
Paul Domagala (Equ.) 142
Marc Veilleux (DCQ) 94
Yves le Seigle (M-L) 68
|Marquette||François Ouimet 21,232||Yves Beauregard 7,672||Denise Décoste 3,260||Bruce Hulley (Equ.) 289 |
Garnet Colly (M-L) 179
|Mont-Royal||Philippe Couillard 21,021||Vincent Gagnon 3,465||Nour-Eddine Hajibi 1,240||Frank Kiss (Equ.) 256||André Tranchemontagne|
|Nelligan||Russell Williams 27,934||Micaël Poirier 4,611||Sabrina Duguay 2,680||Peter Graham (Green) 541 |
Giuliana Pendenza (Equ.) 233
|Notre-Dame-de-Grâce||Russell Copeman 18,911||Laurent Malépart 3,460||Allan Patrick 1,225||Jessica Gal (Green) 1,084 |
Helene Jutras (BP) 261
Peter Sauvé (Equ.) 246
Thomas Kernan (DCQ) 96
Rachel Hoffman (M-L) 71
|Outremont||Yves Séguin 14,278||Marilyse Lapierre 8,218||Christian de Serres 1,712||Jill Hanley (UFP) 1,818 |
Maryève Daigle (BP) 345
Louise Charron (M-L) 119
|Robert-Baldwin||Pierre Marsan 28,892||Alphonse Boisrond 2,637||Alladin Abou Sharbin 1,705||Jimmy Kalafatidis (Equ.) 411||Pierre Marsan|
|Saint-Henri–Sainte-Anne||Nicole Loiselle 16,004||Raymond Munger 9,830||Claudette Marullo 2,645||Marc-André Payette (UFP) 595 |
Suzanne Moussette (Green) 439
Nicky Tanguay (BP) 424
Andrzej Jastrzebski (DCQ) 142
Jean-Paul Bédard (M-L) 116
Larry Vitas (Equ.) 52
|Saint-Laurent||Jacques Dupuis 24,745||William Fayad 4,556||Sophie Theoharopoulos 1,834||Alain Pérusse (UFP) 325 |
Fernand Deschamps (M-L) 206
Louis Ottoni (Equ.) 199
|Verdun||Henri-François Gautrin 15,185||Denis Martel 8,782||Sébastien Guérin 3,269||Claude Genest (Green) 658 |
Pascal Durand (UFP) 368
Vincent Aubry (BP) 357
Gilles Noël (DCQ) 104
Normand Chouinard (M-L) 71
Bernard King (Equ.) 63
Robert Lindblad (Ind.) 54
|Westmount–Saint-Louis||Jacques Chagnon 18,330||Denise Laroche 2,372||Nathalie Beaupré 959|| David Fennario (UFP) 718 |
David John Proctor (BP) 223
Don Donderi (Equ.) 182
Diane Johnston (M-L) 64
|Chomedey||Thomas Mulcair 25,363||Coline Chhay 6,568||Vicken Darakdijian 3,384||Polyvios Tsakanikas (M-L) 210 |
Robert Tamilia (Equ.) 148
|Fabre||Michelle Courchesne 18,689||Nathalie Saint-Pierre 14,428||Claude Dugas 6,370||Pierre Bibeau (Ind.) 402||Joseph Facal|
|Laval-des-Rapides||Alain Paquet 15,190||Serge Ménard 13,209||Philippe Laurin 4,693||Louis-Philippe Verenka (Green) 366 |
Vincent Pelletier (BP) 339
Michelle Marleau (DCQ) 162
|Mille-Îles||Maurice Clermont 19,924||Maude Delangis 14,333||Gerry La Rocca 5,093||Christian Lajoie (Ind.) 244 |
Régent Millette (DCQ) 113
|Vimont||Vincent Auclair 17,908||Normand Dupont 12,865||François Gaudreau 7,227||Serge Légaré (Green) 403 |
André Pigeon (UFP) 269
|Argenteuil||David Whissell 12,645||Georges Lapointe 5,906||Sylvain Demers 4,372||Claude Sabourin (Green) 496 |
Yannick Charpentier (BP) 292
|Bertrand||Michelle Montpetit 13,502||Claude Cousineau 14,704||Danielle Tremblay 4,834||Richard Savignac (Green) 664 |
Serge Haroun (DCQ) 490
David Rovins (Ind.) 41
|Blainville||Jocelyne Roch 12,689||Richard Legendre 15,288||Diane Bellemare 7,407||Thérèse Hamel (UFP) 394||Richard Legendre|
|Deux-Montagnes||Marc Lauzon 12,099||Hélène Robert 12,432||Éric Duhaime 6,907||Julien Demers (UFP) 408||Hélène Robert|
|Groulx||Pierre Descoteaux 13,763||Robert Kieffer 13,460||Sophie Cardinal 6,746||Denis Letourneux (UFP) 436 |
Julien Boisvert (BP) 402
|Labelle||Jean-Pierre Miljours 10,501||Sylvain Pagé 13,530||Pascal De Bellefeuille 4,283||Anne Léger (Green) 468 |
André Haché (BP) 274
|Mirabel||Réal Proulx 7,529||Denise Beaudoin 10,577||Hubert Meilleur 9,486||new district|
|Prévost||Marie-Josée Gouin 11,855||Lucie Papineau 16,159||Martin Camirand 7,087||Alexandre Émond (BP) 499 |
Reine Dubeau (DCQ) 179
|Berthier||Carole Majeau 10,828||Alexandre Bourdeau 12,101||Marie Grégoire 11,014||Pierre Gravel (UFP) 632||Marie Grégoire|
|Joliette||Robert Groulx 11,161||Jonathan Valois 13,103||Sylvie Lespérance 7,114||Mathieu Lessard (UFP) 1,149 |
Marco Geoffroy (BP) 667
|L'Assomption||Sylvie Thouin 14,111||Jean-Claude St-André 16,965||Daniel Labrecque 7,053||Bob Aubin (Green) 602 |
Gilbert Morin (UFP) 356
|Masson||Richard Marcotte 11,371||Luc Thériault 15,445||Nathalie Filion 7,637||Gilles Labbé|
|Rousseau||Michel F. Brunet 9,127||François Legault 14,079||François Girouard 5,645||Alex Boisdequin-Lefort (UFP) 324|
Gérard Gauthier (DCQ) 249
|Terrebonne||Marcel Théorêt 11,353||Jocelyne Caron 17,327||Jean-Pierre Parrot 6,463||Marco Legrand (UFP) 440||Jocelyne Caron|
|Chapleau||Benoît Pelletier 18,774||Sylvie Simard 6,512||Berthe Miron 3,949||Daniel Leblanc-Poirier (BP) 402 |
Jean Marois (UFP) 331
Gabriel Girard-Bernier (M-L) 122
|Gatineau||Réjean Lafrenière 16,481||Dominique Bedwell 6,663||Brian Gibb 3,494||Julie Mercier (UFP) 423 |
Françoise Roy (M-L) 95
|Hull||Roch Cholette 16,262||Raphaël Déry 7,234||Jean-François LaRue 3,663||Denise Veilleux (UFP) 677 |
Stéphane Salko (BP) 305
Maxime Gauld (Ind.) 155
Benoit Legros (M-L) 72
Gheorghe Irimia (Ind.) 37
|Papineau||Norman MacMillan 17,933||Gilles Hébert 8,279||Serge Charette 3,833||Nathalie Gratton (Green) 576 |
Dominique Marceau (UFP) 286
|Pontiac||Charlotte L'Écuyer 17,885||Luc Côté 3,133||Victor Bilodeau 1,830||Serge Tanguay (UFP) 392 |
Louis Lang (M-L) 132
|Abitibi-Est||Pierre Corbeil 9,056||Lorraine Morissette 7,110||Serge Allard 4,477||Guy Cloutier (BP) 286 |
Samuel Dupras-Doroftei (Ind.) 202
|Abitibi-Ouest||Jean-Louis Carignan 7,960||François Gendron 9,677||Claude Morin 3,661||François Gendron|
|Rouyn-Noranda–Témiscamingue||Daniel Bernard 10,347||Rémy Trudel 9,673||Pierre Brien 7,849||Patrick Rancourt (UFP) 507||Rémy Trudel|
|Ungava||Don Bubar 4,258||Michel Létourneau 5,744||Gloria Trudeau 1,460||Michel Létourneau|
The Parti Québécois is a sovereignist and social democratic provincial political party in Quebec, Canada. The PQ advocates national sovereignty for Quebec involving independence of the province of Quebec from Canada and establishing a sovereign state. The PQ has also promoted the possibility of maintaining a loose political and economic sovereignty-association between Quebec and Canada. The party traditionally has support from the labour movement, but unlike most other social democratic parties, its ties with organized labour are informal. Members and supporters of the PQ are called "péquistes", a French word derived from the pronunciation of the party's initials.
The Quebec Liberal Party is a federalist provincial political party in Quebec, Canada. It has been independent of the federal Liberal Party of Canada since 1955.
Jacques Parizeau was a French-Canadian economist and politician who was a noted Quebec sovereigntist and the 26th Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec from September 26, 1994, to January 29, 1996.
The Quebec sovereignty movement is a political movement as well as an ideology of values, concepts and ideas that advocates independence for the Canadian province of Quebec.
The politics of Quebec are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces, namely a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital of Quebec is Quebec City, where the Lieutenant Governor, Premier, the legislature, and cabinet reside.
The Action démocratique du Québec, commonly referred to as the ADQ was a right-wing populist and conservative provincial political party in Quebec, Canada. On the sovereignty question, it defined itself as autonomist, and had support from nationalists and federalists. Its members were referred to as adéquistes, a name derived from the French pronunciation of the initials 'ADQ'.
This section of the Timeline of Quebec history concerns the events between patriation of the British North America Act and the present day.
The 1995 Quebec independence referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian French-speaking province of Quebec whether Quebec should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country, with the condition precedent of offering a political and economic agreement to Canada.
The Quebec general election of 1998 was held on November 30, 1998, to elect members of the National Assembly of the Province of Quebec, Canada. The incumbent Parti Québécois, led by Premier Lucien Bouchard, won re-election, defeating the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Jean Charest.
À Hauteur d'homme is a 2003 Canadian political documentary directed in 2003 by Jean-Claude Labrecque about Bernard Landry and the 2003 general election in Quebec, Canada. It won a Jutra Award for Best Documentary (tie) in 2004. Its style belongs to the Quebec cinéma direct school of filmmaking.
The Parizeau Affair was a political controversy that occurred in Quebec during the 2003 Quebec general election campaign.
André Boisclair is a politician in Quebec, Canada. He was the leader of the Parti Québécois, a social democratic and sovereigntist party in Quebec.
Pauline Marois served as the 30th Premier of Quebec (2012–2014) and was leader of the Parti Québécois (2007–2014). On September 4, 2012, Marois led her party to minority victory in the Quebec general election, thus becoming the first female premier in the province's history. However, her party was defeated 19 months later in the 2014 Quebec general election, an election that she herself had called. Marois was personally defeated in the riding of Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré and announced her resignation as PQ leader. Her electoral defeat marked the shortest stay of any Quebec provincial government since the Canadian Confederation and the lowest showing for the PQ since its first general election in 1970.
The Quebec general election of 2007 was held in the Canadian province of Quebec on March 26, 2007 to elect members of the 38th National Assembly of Quebec. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Premier Jean Charest managed to win a plurality of seats, but were reduced to a minority government, Quebec's first in 129 years, since the 1878 general election. The Action démocratique du Québec, in a major breakthrough, became the official opposition. The Parti Québécois was relegated to third-party status for the first time since the 1973 election. The Liberals won their lowest share of the popular vote since Confederation, and the PQ with their 28.35% of the votes cast won their lowest share since 1973 and their second lowest ever. Each of the three major parties won nearly one-third of the popular vote, the closest three-way split in Quebec electoral history until the 2012 election. Voter turnout among those eligible was 71.23%, a marginal difference from the previous general election in 2003.
The Quebec general election of 2008 was held in the Canadian province of Quebec on December 8, 2008. The Quebec Liberal Party, under incumbent Premier Jean Charest, was re-elected with a majority government, marking the first time since the 1950s that a party or leader was elected to a third consecutive mandate, and the first time for the Liberals since the 1930s, when Louis-Alexandre Taschereau was Premier.
The Quebec general election of 2012 took place in the Canadian province of Quebec on September 4, 2012. Lieutenant Governor Pierre Duchesne dissolved the National Assembly on August 1, 2012, following Premier Jean Charest's request. The Parti Québécois were elected to a minority government, with Pauline Marois becoming the first woman to be Premier of Quebec. The Quebec Liberal Party took second place, with Premier Jean Charest losing his seat. The newly formed party Coalition Avenir Québec led by François Legault took third place, while Québec solidaire took 2 seats out of the 125.
The Act Respecting the Future of Quebec was a bill proposed to the Quebec National Assembly by Premier Jacques Parizeau and his Parti Québécois government in 1995. It proposed to give the National Assembly the power to declare Quebec "sovereign", with the "exclusive power to pass all its laws, levy all its taxes and conclude all its treaties". It received a first reading in the National Assembly but the final version of the bill was never voted on following the defeat of the sovereignty option in the 1995 Quebec referendum. Had it become law, it would have served as the legal basis for the Quebec government to declare Quebec a sovereign country.
The Action démocratique du Québec (ADQ) party fielded eighty candidates in the 1994 Quebec provincial election. One candidate, party leader Mario Dumont, was elected. Information about the party's other candidates may be found on this page.