Searching for the Young Soul Rebels

Last updated
Searching for the Young Soul Rebels
Dexys Midnight Runners Searching for the Young Soul Rebels.jpg
Studio album by
Released11 July 1980
Recorded1979 ("Geno")
April 1980
Studio Chipping Norton Recording Studios, Oxfordshire
Genre New wave, blue-eyed soul
Length41:37
Label EMI
Producer Pete Wingfield
Dexys Midnight Runners chronology
Searching for the Young Soul Rebels
(1980)
Too-Rye-Ay
(1982)
Singles from Searching for the Young Soul Rebels
  1. "Geno"
    Released: 15 March 1980
  2. "There, There, My Dear"
    Released: June 1980

Searching for the Young Soul Rebels is the debut studio album by English pop group Dexys Midnight Runners, released on 11 July 1980, through EMI Records. Led by Kevin Rowland, the group formed in 1978 in Birmingham, England, and formed a strong live reputation before recording their first material. Recorded during April 1980, the album combines the aggressiveness of punk rock with soul music, particularly influenced by the Northern soul movement.

Dexys Midnight Runners band

Dexys Midnight Runners are an English pop band with soul influences, who achieved their major success in the early to mid-1980s. They are best known in the UK for their songs "Come On Eileen" and "Geno", both of which peaked at No. 1 on the UK Singles Chart, as well as six other top-20 singles. "Come On Eileen" also topped the US Billboard Hot 100, and with extensive airplay on MTV they are associated with the Second British Invasion.

EMI Records record label founded by the EMI company

EMI Records Ltd. was a British record label founded by the music company of the same name in 1972 as its flagship label, and launched in January 1973 as the successor to its Columbia and Parlophone record labels. The label was later launched worldwide. It has a branch in India called "EMI Records India", run by director Mohit Suri.

Kevin Rowland English singer-songwriter

Kevin Rowland is an English singer-songwriter of Irish descent and frontman for the pop band Dexys Midnight Runners, which had several hits in the early 1980s, the most notable being "Geno" and "Come On Eileen", both of which reached number one on the UK Singles Chart.

Contents

The album was preceded by and contains the hit-single "Geno", which topped the UK Singles Chart. It also contains two other charting singles: "Dance Stance" (re-recorded as "Burn It Down") and "There, There, My Dear" (which included the lyrics "I've been searching for the young soul rebels" that inspired the album's title). The album reached number 6 on the UK Albums Chart and is certified Silver by the British Phonographic Industry. [1] It has been widely acclaimed by music critics since its release and is included in 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die . [2]

Geno (song) 1980 song by Dexys Midnight Runners

"Geno" is a 1980 single by Dexys Midnight Runners. Written by Kevin Archer and Kevin Rowland, it was the band's second single and their first UK number one, staying at the top of the Singles Chart for two weeks. The song charted at number two in Ireland.

UK Singles Chart British singles sales chart

The UK Singles Chart is compiled by the Official Charts Company (OCC), on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV, is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15,000 retailers and digital services daily, capturing 99.9% of all singles consumed in Britain across the week, and over 98% of albums. To be eligible for the chart, a single is currently defined by the Official Charts Company (OCC) as either a 'single bundle' having no more than four tracks and not lasting longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track not longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence. The rules have changed many times as technology has developed, the most notable being the inclusion of digital downloads in 2005 and streaming in July 2014.

Dance Stance 1979 single by Dexys Midnight Runners

"Dance Stance" is the first single by Dexys Midnight Runners. It reached #40 on the UK Singles Chart in early 1980.

Background

In 1976 Kevin Rowland formed a punk band called The Killjoys, based in Birmingham, England, which gained minor success with the release of their single "Johnny Won't Get to Heaven"/"Naïve" in 1977. Kevin "Al" Archer joined in early 1978, but due to internal arguments and tension between Rowland and the rest of the group the band dissolved. On "a hot night in July 1978" [3] Rowland decided to form a new band, which would eventually become Dexys Midnight Runners, telling Archer "I'm going to do what I really want to do: form a great group. We'll wear great clothes and make soulful music." [4] Throughout July Rowland and Archer auditioned 30–40 people to join the group, [5] the eventual band consisting of 8 members. Later that summer the band would create their name, after the drug Dexedrine which was used by fans of Northern soul, and began a rigorous rehearsing and writing schedule, practicing for about 9 hours every day. [4] [5] In November 1978 the band entered the UK live circuit and gained a reputation for their strong performances, which included covers of classic soul songs and originals. [4] Rowland and Archer employed a strict code of conduct, ruling out drinking or drug use before performances, and introduced many of the band members to activities such as shoplifting expeditions and bumping trains. [5]

Punk rock is a rock music genre that emerged in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. They typically produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produce recordings and distribute them through independent record labels.

Birmingham Major city in the English Midlands, 2nd highest population of UK cities

Birmingham is a major city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. Birmingham is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom and the most populous city in the English Midlands. It is also the most populous metropolitan district in the United Kingdom, with an estimated 1,137,123 inhabitants, and is considered the social, cultural, financial, and commercial centre of the Midlands. It is situated within the larger West Midlands conurbation, which is the third most populated urban area in the United Kingdom, with a population of 2,897,303 in 2017. The wider Birmingham metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom with a population of over 3.8 million. It is frequently referred to as both England and the United Kingdom's "second city".

Kevin "Al" Archer is an English guitarist and songwriter.

In 1979 Rowland turned down an offer to join Jerry Dammers' 2 Tone Records after supporting his band The Specials and signed to Oddball Records instead. In November that year the band adopted their signature look for their early recordings, consisting of donkey jackets and watch caps. It was inspired by New York dockworkers, such as in the film On The Waterfront . [4] [5] After the release of their first single "Dance Stance" in December, which entered the charts and led to the band signing to EMI Records, the band underwent a nationwide tour titled Straight To The Heart in 1980. [4] Their lineup would change slightly at this point, with John Jay being replaced by Bobby Ward who was later replaced by Andy "Stoker" Growcott on drums and Pete Saunders being replaced by Andy Leek on organ. [4] The band released their next single, "Geno", on March 15, 1980, which peaked at number 1 on the UK Singles Chart. [6]

Jeremy David Hounsell Dammers is a British musician who is a founder, keyboard player and primary songwriter of the Coventry, England, based ska revival band The Specials, The Special A.K.A. and The Spatial AKA Orchestra. He also founded 2 Tone Records.

2 Tone Records record label

2 Tone Records was an English record label that mostly released ska and reggae-influenced music with a punk rock and pop music overtone. It was founded by Jerry Dammers of the Specials and backed by Chrysalis Records.

The Specials British 2-Tone Ska Band

The Specials, also known as The Special AKA, are an English 2 Tone and ska revival band formed in 1977 in Coventry. After some early changes, the first stable lineup of the group consisted of Terry Hall and Neville Staple on vocals, Lynval Golding and Roddy Radiation on guitars, Horace Panter on bass, Jerry Dammers on keyboards, John Bradbury on drums, and Dick Cuthell and Rico Rodriguez on horns. Their music combines a "danceable ska and rocksteady beat with punk's energy and attitude". Lyrically, they present a "more focused and informed political and social stance".

Recording

The band recorded Searching for the Young Soul Rebels over 12 days at Chipping Norton Recording Studios in Oxfordshire, England. [7] It was produced by Pete Wingfield, who had previously recorded the hit single "Eighteen with a Bullet", of which Rowland was a fan. [7] Organist Andy Leek left the group during the sessions, only appearing on two songs ("Geno", which was previously recorded, and "Thankfully Not Living in Yorkshire It Doesn't Apply"), leading to the return of Pete Saunders. [4] "There, There, My Dear" features Rowland singing the main chorus of Lee Dorsey's "Everything I Do Gonh Be Funky (From Now On)" at the end of the track.

Chipping Norton Recording Studios grade II listed building in the United kingdom

Chipping Norton Recording Studios was a residential recording studio in Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England, which operated from 1971 until its closure in October 1999.

Oxfordshire County of England

Oxfordshire is a county in South East England. The ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buckinghamshire to the east, Berkshire to the south, Wiltshire to the south-west and Gloucestershire to the west.

William Peter Wingfield is an English record producer, keyboard player, songwriter, singer and music journalist.

Theft

I sort of dived in the back of this car and just took off with police cars chasing us ... Being chased by police cars up the A40 at 90 miles per hour is not my idea of fun.

— "Big" Jim Paterson [5]

During their time with EMI Records the band consistently experienced troubles with their contract: upon their initial negotiations only three members of the group (Rowland, Archer and Geoffrey "Jeff" Blythe), [3] called the "nucleus", were signed to the label, which caused a stir within the group. [5] They were also only being paid 6% of the royalties, whereas most bands receive 10–12%. [7] This led to Rowland threatening to steal the album from the studio and hold it ransom until their pay was increased, which EMI laughed at. [5] However, on the last day of mixing the record, while Wingfield was out of the studio to get a cup of coffee, the members of the group locked the door to the studio, each taking a carton of magnetic tape and ran through the building to their getaway vehicle, a Morris Minor which belonged to Saunders' girlfriend, [5] and drove to Rowland's parents' house in Birmingham. [7] EMI demanded the tapes back but the band had already set off on their sell-out UK tour. [7] The band gave the tapes back when EMI raised their pay to 9%, but they almost destroyed them by travelling through the London Underground, which could have demagnetized them and wiped everything. [7]

Morris Minor car model

The Morris Minor is a British car that made its debut at the Earls Court Motor Show, London, on 20 September 1948. Designed under the leadership of Alec Issigonis, more than 1.6 million were manufactured between 1948 and 1972 in three series: the MM, the Series II, and the 1000 series.

London Underground rapid transit system in London, United Kingdom

The London Underground is a public rapid transit system serving London, England and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.

Composition

Searching for the Young Soul Rebels opens with the sound of radio static, from which snippets of "Smoke on the Water" by Deep Purple, "Holidays in the Sun" by Sex Pistols and "Rat Race" by The Specials can be heard. [8] [9] This is then cut off by shouts by Rowland and "Big" Jim Paterson, which are followed by "Burn It Down", a re-working of the band's earlier song "Dance Stance".

Mojo summed up the sound of the album as "an energetic mix of pop, Northern soul and punkish attitude." [10] The band intended to create a brassy sound mixed with the aggression and intensity of punk rock. [5] The music mainly consists of up-beat soul music ("Tell Me When My Light Turns Green", "Geno", "Seven Days Too Long") inspired by labels such as Motown and Stax, [11] and downbeat blues-jazz tunes ("I'm Just Looking", "I Couldn't Help It If I Tried", "Keep It"). [9] "Seven Days Too Long" is a cover of the "Northern soul classic", [3] originally recorded by Chuck Wood. Rowland's lyrics have been described as "a mixture of punchy bravado, deep disgust and a rather heroic flaunting of his insecurities, sobbed rather than sung," [11] and concern subjects such as ignorance towards Irish people ("Burn It Down"), an open letter to the dishonest music scene ("There, There, My Dear") [8] and a tribute to the soul singer Geno Washington ("Geno").

Release

The album was released on 11 July 1980. It reached number 6 on the UK Albums Chart. [6] It also charted on the New Zealand Music Chart for 21 weeks, peaking at number 11, [12] and the Swedish Albums Chart for 4 weeks, peaking at number 31. [13] Two weeks after its release the album was certified Silver by the British Phonographic Industry. [1] Three singles were released prior to the album: "Dance Stance" (originally through Oddball Records, re-recorded for the album as "Burn It Down") was released in November 1979 and reached number 40 on the UK Singles Chart. [6] "Geno" was released on March 15, 1980, and reached number 1 on the UK charts and number 2 on the Irish Singles Chart. [6] [14] "There, There, My Dear" was released in June 1980 and reached number 7 on the UK chart. [6]

Just before the release of the album the band underwent a sell-out UK tour titled Intense Emotions Review, with support from comedian Keith Allen. [4] After the album's release, a new Dexys single titled "Keep It Part Two (Inferiority Part One)", which was a reworking of the album track "Keep It" with new lyrics written by Rowland, was released in October 1980 but didn't chart.

Reissues

Searching for the Young Soul Rebels has been reissued with bonus tracks three times. First, in 1996, the eleven tracks plus seven tracks from singles that Dexys had released on EMI were issued as part of an 18-song collection entitled It Was Like This; however, the two sides of Dexys' first single ("Dance Stance" b/w "I'm Just Looking") were included in the original, Bernie Rhodes-produced versions (with Bobby Ward on drums), not the re-recorded Wingfield-produced versions on the album. Then, a remastered edition of the album was released in 2000 for its 20th Anniversary, including two additional tracks: the music videos for "Geno" and "There, There, My Dear". Most recently, a deluxe 30th Anniversary Special Edition was released in 2010 including a bonus disc of outtakes and demos, which includes all of the bonus tracks issued with It Was Like This (tracks 3–8 and 19 on the bonus disk) as well as additional BBC live and demo recordings.

Packaging

The album cover features a photograph of a 13-year-old Irish Catholic boy carrying his belongings after being forced from his home in Belfast, Northern Ireland because of civil unrest in 1971. The photo was included in the Evening Standard the next day and was picked up by the band nine years later. The boy later identified himself as Anthony O'Shaughnessy. He stated that "There were tensions simmering for about three days. People did not know what was going to happen. I thought it was a dream and in the morning everything would be okay, I don't even remember the photographer doing the picture." [15] Upon the choice of the image Rowland explained "I wanted a picture of unrest. It could have been from anywhere but I was secretly glad that it was from Ireland." [16] The original sleeve also contained an account of the band's history along with various phrases printed with the song titles, including quotes from Brendan Behan's book Borstal Boy and the Book of Psalms. [3]

The figure on the left-hand side (with the long hair) is reputed to be Robert Bates, [17] a member of the Shankill Butchers. [18]

Reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [19]
Christgau's Record Guide B [20]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [21]
The Irish Times Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [22]
Melody Maker Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [23]
Mojo Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [10]
Pitchfork 8.9/10 [24]
Record Collector Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [25]
Select 5/5 [26]
Uncut Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [11]

Searching for the Young Soul Rebels was released to positive reviews from music critics. Melody Maker named it one of the best albums of 1980 in its year-end list, [27] while NME named it the tenth best album of the year. [28] David Hepworth, however, reviewing the album in Smash Hits , was dismissive and felt that "potentially good songs are dragged down by mannered vocals and would-be epic arrangements". [29] Calling it "a weird record", Robert Christgau wrote: "Never have soul horns sounded remotely as sour, and Kevin Rowland can't carry a tune to the next note. There are horn interjections that make me laugh out loud at their perfectly timed wrong rightness, and with Kevin Rowland quavering through his deeply felt poesy and everybody else blaring away, I enjoy it in much the same way I enjoy a no wave band on a good night". [20]

In the years following its release, Searching for the Young Soul Rebels has been widely acclaimed by critics. AllMusic critic Ned Raggett remarked that on the album, Rowland "takes a role that Morrissey would have in 1985 and Jarvis Cocker in 1995 – the unexpected but perfect voice to capture a time and moment in the U.K – the return of 'soul' to English rock music at the dawn of Thatcherism." [19] Daryl Eslea of BBC Music wrote that "Young Soul Rebels – fierce, raging and passionate – remains one of the greatest debut albums of all time". [30] In a retrospective review following the album's 2010 re-issue, Graeme Thomson of Uncut concluded that "ultimately, the myth-making around Kevin Rowland tends to obscure the fact that he's been responsible for some truly soul-scorching music", and that "at 30 years of age, Young Soul Rebels continues to burn." [11] Tom Ewing, writing in Pitchfork , called it Dexys Midnight Runners' most coherent and consistent record, [24] as did Drowned in Sound 's Neil Ashman, who added that "it's damned near perfect." [9] Mojo called Searching for the Young Soul Rebels "the most incandescent and refreshing record" of 1980. [31]

Searching for the Young Soul Rebels has since been included on numerous critics' lists and reference books, [32] including The Guardian's list of the 100 Best Albums Ever (#93), [33] Melody Maker's list of the All Time Top 100 Albums (#42), [34] NME's list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever (#16) [35] and a place in 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die . [2]

Track listing

Side One
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Burn It Down" Kevin Rowland 4:21
2."Tell Me When My Light Turns Green"Rowland3:46
3."The Teams That Meet in Caffs" Kevin Archer 4:08
4."I'm Just Looking"Rowland, Geoffrey Blythe, Peter Saunders 4:41
5."Geno"Rowland, Archer3:31
Side Two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
6."Seven Days Too Long" J.R. Bailey, Vernon Harrell 2:43
7."I Couldn't Help It If I Tried"Rowland, Jim Paterson4:14
8."Thankfully Not Living in Yorkshire It Doesn't Apply"Rowland, Saunders2:59
9."Keep It"Archer, Blythe3:59
10."Love Part One"Rowland1:12
11."There, There, My Dear"Rowland, Archer3:31

Personnel

Dexys Midnight Runners [3]
Production

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