|The House That Shadows Built|
|Produced by|| Adolph Zukor |
Jesse L. Lasky
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
The House That Shadows Built (1931) is a feature compilation film from Paramount Pictures, made to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the studio's founding in 1912. The film was a promotional film for exhibitors and never had a regular theatrical release.
The film includes a brief history of Paramount, interviews with various actors, and clips from upcoming projects (some of which never came to fruition). The title comes from a biography of Paramount founder Adolph Zukor, The House That Shadows Built (1928), by William Henry Irwin.
The film is best known for a six-minute segment starring the Marx Brothers (Groucho Marx, Harpo Marx, Chico Marx and Zeppo Marx), with Ben Taggart playing Mr. Lee, Theatrical Producer, which was intended to promote their forthcoming 1931 film Monkey Business
The segment, containing material which was never included in any other Marx Brothers film, is a re-working of the first scene of their first successful Broadway revue I'll Say She Is (1924),  which Groucho considered to have been the funniest work in the Brothers' career.
Except for some name changes and a few additional gags, the scene is nearly the same as the script used for the stage production. A few of the gags from I'll Say She Is were worked into the lobby scene in The Cocoanuts (1929), and a bit involving a series of Maurice Chevalier imitations was incorporated into the script of Monkey Business.
The Marx Brothers' segment is currently available as a special feature on the direct-to-DVD documentary film Inside the Marx Brothers, albeit in poor condition. Marx Brothers fans sometimes refer to their segment simply as I'll Say She Is, in light of its source material.
Several films presented are now considered lost. The clips presented represent the only known surviving footage.
|1912||Queen Elizabeth||Sarah Bernhardt||Produced in France|||
|1913||The Prisoner of Zenda||J. K. Hackett, playing a dual role|||
|1914||The Squaw Man||Dustin Farnum|||
|1914||A Good Little Devil||Mary Pickford||One reel survives|||
|1914||The Call of the North||Robert Edeson and Theodore Roberts|||
|1915||The Captive||Blanche Sweet|||
|1917||Giving Becky a Chance||Vivian Martin and Jack Holt||Lost film|||
|1917||The Undying Flame||Olga Petrova and Mahlon Hamilton||Lost film|||
|1918||Huck and Tom||Jack Pickford and Robert Gordon|||
|1915||The Cheat||Sessue Hayakawa, Fannie Ward, and Jack Dean|||
|1916||The Heart of Nora Flynn||Marie Doro|||
|1918||The Whispering Chorus||Elliott Dexter, Kathlyn Williams, and Raymond Hatton|||
|1918||Battling Jane||Dorothy Gish||Lost film|||
|1918||Headin' South||Douglas Fairbanks||Lost film|||
|1917||The Little American||Mary Pickford|||
|1918||The Squaw Man||Elliott Dexter||Survives incomplete|||
|1919||For Better, for Worse||Gloria Swanson and Elliott Dexter|||
|1920||Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde||John Barrymore|||
|1920||Homer Comes Home||Charles Ray|||
|1919||The Miracle Man||Lon Chaney, Betty Compson, Thomas Meighan and J. M. Dumont||Lost film|||
|1919||True Heart Susie||Lillian Gish|||
|1919||Male and Female||Gloria Swanson and Thomas Meighan|||
|1921||The Little Minister||Betty Compson|||
|1919||The Roaring Road||Wallace Reid and Theodore Roberts|||
|1920||On With the Dance||Mae Murray|||
|1921||Sentimental Tommy||Gareth Hughes and May McAvoy||Lost film|||
|1921||The Sheik||Rudolph Valentino and Agnes Ayres|||
|1922||Nice People||Conrad Nagel, Bebe Daniels, William Boyd, and Wallace Reid||Lost film|||
|1923||The Covered Wagon|||
|1924||Peter Pan||Betty Bronson and Mary Brian|||
|1923||Wild Bill Hickok||William S. Hart and Kathleen O'Connor|||
|1926||The Grand Duchess and the Waiter||Adolphe Menjou and Florence Vidor|||
|1925||The Light of Western Stars||Noah Beery, Billie Dove, and Jack Holt||Lost film|||
|1923||The Ten Commandments|||
|1926||Behind the Front||Wallace Beery and Raymond Hatton|||
|1924||Forbidden Paradise||Pola Negri and Rod La Rocque|||
|1925||The Vanishing American||Richard Dix|||
|1925||Varieté||Emil Jannings and Lya De Putti||Produced in Germany|||
|1926||Beau Geste||Ronald Colman, Ralph Forbes, and Noah Beery|||
|1927||The Kid Brother||Harold Lloyd and Constantine Romanoff|||
|1927||Wings||Gary Cooper, Charles "Buddy" Rogers, and Richard Arlen|||
|*Sorts in order presented in the film|
The Lon Chaney Sr. segment is one of only two short sequences which survive from The Miracle Man (1919). The other clip is featured in one of Paramount's Movie Milestone series, Movie Memories (1935), showcasing the studios' greatest achievements. This latter clip shows both a segment from the conclave in Chinatown as well as the healing scene which is in The House That Shadows Built. A nitrate print of Movie Memories is reportedly at the UCLA Film and Television Archive but has not yet been preserved. 
The film moves on to show segments with Paramount players of the 1931–32 season, including George Bancroft, Nancy Carroll, the Four Marx Brothers, Charles "Buddy" Rogers, Clive Brook, Phillips Holmes, Sylvia Sidney, Eleanor Boardman, Frances Dee, Jackie Searl, Kay Francis, Judith Wood, Regis Toomey, Peggy Shannon, Jackie Coogan, Lilyan Tashman, Eugene Pallette, Anna May Wong, Juliette Compton, Stuart Erwin, William Boyd, Miriam Hopkins, Wynne Gibson, Jack Oakie, Ginger Rogers, Robert Coogan, Carmen Barnes, Charlie Ruggles, Richard "Skeets" Gallagher, Mitzi Green, Richard Arlen, Carole Lombard, Fredric March, Claudette Colbert, Paul Lukas, Tallulah Bankhead, Gary Cooper, Ruth Chatterton, Marlene Dietrich, and Maurice Chevalier.
These stars are announced as appearing in upcoming films, including some never produced or released by Paramount:
Scenes are shown that were shot for the following films:
Claudette Colbert was an American actress. Colbert began her career in Broadway productions during the late 1920s and progressed to films with the advent of talking pictures. Initially associated with Paramount Pictures, she gradually shifted to working as an actress free of the studio system. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress for It Happened One Night (1934), and received two other Academy Award nominations during her career. Colbert's other notable films include Cleopatra (1934) and The Palm Beach Story (1942).
The Kid is a 1921 American silent comedy-drama film written, produced, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin, and features Jackie Coogan as his foundling baby, adopted son and sidekick. This was Chaplin's first full-length film as a director. It was a huge success and was the second-highest-grossing film in 1921. Now considered one of the greatest films of the silent era, in 2011 it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress.
Lilyan Tashman was an American silent film actress.
Travis Banton was an American costume designer. He is perhaps best known for his long collaboration with actress Marlene Dietrich and director Josef von Sternberg. He is generally considered one of the most important Hollywood costume designers of the golden age.
The Wiser Sex is a 1932 American pre-Code crime drama film directed by Berthold Viertel and Victor Viertel and starring Claudette Colbert, Melvyn Douglas, Lilyan Tashman, William "Stage" Boyd and Ross Alexander. Made by Paramount Pictures, its working title was The Weaker Sex.
Manslaughter is a 1930 American pre-Code drama film directed by George Abbott, and starring Claudette Colbert and Fredric March. An original print of the film is saved in the UCLA Film and Television Archive. This film is a sound remake of Cecil B. DeMille's 1922 silent classic Manslaughter. Paramount also released a French-language version of this 1930 film as The Indictment, directed by Dimitri Buchowetzki.
For the Love of Mike is a 1927 American silent romantic drama film. Directed by Frank Capra, it starred Claudette Colbert and Ben Lyon. It is now considered to be a lost film.
Hollywood on Parade (1932–1934) is a series of short subjects released by Paramount Pictures.
Paramount on Parade is a 1930 all-star American pre-Code revue released by Paramount Pictures, directed by several directors including Edmund Goulding, Dorothy Arzner, Ernst Lubitsch, Rowland V. Lee, A. Edward Sutherland, Lothar Mendes, Otto Brower, Edwin H. Knopf, Frank Tuttle, and Victor Schertzinger—all supervised by the production supervisor, singer, actress, and songwriter Elsie Janis.
Bright Lights is a 1925 American silent romantic comedy film directed by Robert Z. Leonard. The film is based on the story "A Little Bit of Broadway" by Richard Connell, and stars Charles Ray, who achieved stardom by playing ingenious country boys.
Experience is a 1921 American silent morality drama film produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The allegorical film was directed by George Fitzmaurice and starred Richard Barthelmess. It was based on George V. Hobart's successful 1914 Broadway play of the same name. It was the film debut of Lilyan Tashman.
Huckleberry Finn is a 1931 American pre-Code adventure comedy film directed by Norman Taurog, and written by Grover Jones and William Slavens McNutt, based on Mark Twain's 1884 novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. It stars Jackie Coogan as Tom Sawyer, Mitzi Green as Becky Thatcher, Junior Durkin as Huckleberry Finn, and Jackie Searl as Sid Sawyer.
Manhandled is a 1924 American silent drama film directed by Allan Dwan and starring Gloria Swanson. The film was produced by Famous Players-Lasky at their East Coast Astoria Studios facility and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The supporting cast includes Frank Morgan. A young woman goes out partying when her hard-working boyfriend neglects her.
Zaza is a 1923 American silent romantic drama film directed and produced by Allan Dwan, and starring Gloria Swanson. This film is based on the 1899 French play of the same name produced on Broadway by David Belasco and starring Mrs. Leslie Carter. The film was shot at Paramount's Astoria Studios in New York City.
Take Me Home is a 1928 silent comedy produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The film was directed by Marshall Neilan and starred Bebe Daniels and Neil Hamilton.
French Dressing is a 1927 silent film romantic comedy directed by Allan Dwan and starring H. B. Warner. It was produced and distributed by First National Pictures.
A Broadway Butterfly is a 1925 American silent comedy film directed by William Beaudine.
The Marriage Playground is a 1929 American pre-Code drama film directed by Lothar Mendes, and written by Doris Anderson, J. Walter Ruben, and Edith Wharton. The film stars Mary Brian, Fredric March, Lilyan Tashman, Huntley Gordon, Kay Francis, William Austin, and Seena Owen. The film was released on December 21, 1929, by Paramount Pictures.
Happiness Ahead is a lost 1928 silent film drama directed by William A. Seiter and starring Colleen Moore and then husband and wife Edmund Lowe and Lilyan Tashman. It was produced by First National before it acquired by Warner Brothers. Moore was married to the producer John McCormick who frequently produced her films and they held rights to their films. Moore donated copies of her films to the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) and over the years the archive allowed the films to decay including Happiness Ahead.
Rocking Moon is a 1926 American silent drama film directed by George Melford and starring Lilyan Tashman and John Bowers. It was released by Producers Distributing Corporation.