Three Garden Road, Central

Last updated
Three Garden Road, Central
HK Citibank Tower.jpg
China Hong Kong location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Three Garden Road, Central
Location in Hong Kong
Former namesCitibank Plaza
General information
Address3 Garden Road
Central, Hong Kong
Coordinates 22°16′43″N114°09′39″E / 22.2787°N 114.1607°E / 22.2787; 114.1607 (Citibank Plaza) Coordinates: 22°16′43″N114°09′39″E / 22.2787°N 114.1607°E / 22.2787; 114.1607 (Citibank Plaza)
Owner Champion REIT
Roof205 m
Technical details
Floor count47
Floor area1,559,000 sq ft (144,800 m2)
Design and construction
Architect Rocco Design Architects
Main contractorSung Foo Kee
Three Garden Road, Central
Traditional Chinese 花園道三號
Simplified Chinese 花园道三号
Lobby HK Citibank Tower Lobby.jpg

Three Garden Road, Central, formerly Citibank Plaza, is an office building in Central, Hong Kong, completed in 1992 by the Great Eagle Group.

Central, Hong Kong central business district in Hong Kong

Central is the central business district of Hong Kong. It is located in Central and Western District, on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, across Victoria Harbour from Tsim Sha Tsui, the southernmost point of Kowloon Peninsula. The area was the heart of Victoria City, although that name is rarely used today.

Hong Kong East Asian city

Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and commonly abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth-most densely populated region.

Great Eagle Holdings

Great Eagle Holdings Limited is a Hong Kong real estate company listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Through its subsidiaries, it engages in property investment and owns and operates various hotels. Its head office is located at the Great Eagle Centre, Harbour Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong.


The building comprises two wings, each with its own service core, which are marketed as separate towers, namely: Champion Tower (formerly known as Citibank Tower), which has 47 storeys, and ICBC Tower, which has 37 storeys. There is also a retail podium.


The site on Garden Road was previously part of Murray Barracks. The former Building and Lands Department of the Hong Kong Government put the site up for sale in July 1989. Five tenders were received. On 26 July 1989, the winning bid of HK$2.7 billion was formally announced to have come from Shine Hill Development, a subsidiary of Great Eagle Holdings. [1] As the sale took place shortly after the Tiananmen Square massacre, this sum was considerably less than forecast. The atrocities in Beijing had severely damaged business confidence in Hong Kong's future, and property prices declined sharply. The Garden Road site, which had been expected to fetch $5 billion prior to the events in China, was reassessed at a benchmark figure of $3 billion just prior to tender. [2] [3]

Murray Barracks

Murray Barracks was a barracks for the British Army garrisoned in Admiralty, Central in Hong Kong. It was named after Sir George Murray, the Master-General of the Ordnance at the time of construction.

1989 Tiananmen Square protests PR Chinas pro-democracy movement in 1989

The 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident, were student-led demonstrations in Beijing for the establishment of basic human and press rights and against the Communist-led Chinese government in mid-1989. More broadly, it refers to the popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests during that period, sometimes called the '89 Democracy Movement. The protests were forcibly suppressed after Chinese Premier Li Peng declared martial law. In what became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre, troops with assault rifles and tanks fired at the demonstrators trying to block the military's advance towards Tiananmen Square. The number of civilian deaths was internally estimated by the Chinese government to be near or above 10,000.

Great Eagle led the development consortium and acted as both project and leasing manager. The development was designed by Hong Kong architect Rocco Yim. [4] The main contractor and construction manager was Sung Foo Kee (now called SFK Construction). [5]

The building was the first "intelligent" office building in Hong Kong with design specifications superior to other office buildings in Hong Kong at that time. It offered facilities such as raised flooring and smart entry gates and its main tenants were international financial institutions.

In 1994, the building won the Hong Kong Institute of Architects' highest award, the Silver Medal, in recognition for its outstanding architectural design. [6]

Hong Kong Institute of Architects is a professional body for architects in Hong Kong with approximately 1500 full members, 300 associates members and graduate members. It is an Allied Society of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and member of the International Union of Architects and the Commonwealth Association of Architects.

In 2001, the Chinese name of the building changed from 萬國寶通廣場 to 花旗銀行廣場.

The building was spun off from Great Eagle and included in the newly formed Champion REIT in 2006. It was renamed "Three Garden Road, Central" on 28 June 2016. Citibank Tower was also renamed as Champion Tower whereas the name of ICBC Tower remained unchanged.

Architectural details

Besides its two characteristic curved reflective facades, the complex contains many distinct architectural features, such as the flexibility to join 26 floors of both towers to provide an enlarged floor plate of up to 34,000 sq ft (3,200 m2). Two ten-storey tall frameless glass panels provide the main lobby with natural lighting.

The property offers office space with a lettable floor area of more than 1.22 million square feet, approximately 42,500 square feet of retail space, as well as a three level basement car park capable of accommodating 558 vehicles.

With a gross floor area of almost 1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2), Three Garden Road, Central is one of the biggest office complexes in Hong Kong. At 205 metres tall, Champion Tower reaches up to the 47th floor. The highest floor on ICBC Tower is the 37th.

See also

Related Research Articles

Bank of China Tower (Hong Kong) skyscraper in Hong Kong

The Bank of China Tower is one of the most recognisable skyscrapers in Central, Hong Kong. Located at 1 Garden Road, the tower houses the headquarters of the Bank of China Limited.

Central Plaza (Hong Kong) skyscraper in Hong Kong

Central Plaza is a 78-storey, 374 m (1,227 ft) skyscraper completed in August 1992 at 18 Harbour Road, in Wan Chai on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is the third tallest tower in the city after 2 International Finance Centre in Central and the ICC in West Kowloon. It was the tallest building in Asia from 1992 to 1996, until the Shun Hing Square was built in Shenzhen, a neighbouring city. Central Plaza surpassed the Bank of China Tower as the tallest building in Hong Kong until the completion of 2 IFC.

Hopewell Centre (Hong Kong) building in Hopewell Centre, China

Hopewell Centre is a 222-metre (728-foot), 64-storey skyscraper at 183 Queen's Road East, in Wan Chai, Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The tower is the first circular skyscraper in Hong Kong. It is named after Hong Kong-listed property firm Hopewell Holdings Limited, which constructed the building. Hopewell Holdings Limited's headquarters are in the building and its Chief executive officer, Gordon Wu, has his office on the top floor.

The Center is the fifth tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong, after International Commerce Centre, Two International Finance Centre, Central Plaza and Bank of China Tower. With a height of 346 m (1,135 ft), it comprises 73 storeys. The Center is one of the few skyscrapers in Hong Kong that is entirely steel-structured with no reinforced concrete core. It is located on 99 Queen's Road Central in the Central, roughly halfway between the MTR Island Line's Sheung Wan and Central stations.

Exchange Square (Hong Kong)

Exchange Square is a building complex located in Central, Hong Kong. It houses offices and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. It is served by the Central and Hong Kong stations of the MTR metro system.

Hong Kong Club Building building in Hong Kong, China

The Hong Kong Club Building is 25-storey office building located in between Chater Road and Connaught Road Central at the junction of Jackson Road, in Central, Hong Kong, China. The Hong Kong Club Building is currently in its third generation, in its second location. It is owned by the Hong Kong Club, which occupies 8 levels, while the other floors are leased for office use.

Taikoo Place

Taikoo Place is a commercial building complex located in Quarry Bay, east Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It comprises grade A office towers, car parking, clubs, office apartment, parks, and shops to meet the needs from business people worldwide. Island Line (MTR) are available alongside Taikoo Place, Cityplaza and Taikoo Shing. These three complexes are all managed by Swire Properties since the beginning from Taikoo Sugar Refinery, the subsequent Taikoo Dockyard and the recent demolitions of the industrial buildings.

Times Square (Hong Kong) shopping mall

Times Square is a shopping centre and office tower complex in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong. The complex, owned by Wharf Properties, part of The Wharf (Holdings) Limited group, opened in April 1994.

Langham Place (Hong Kong) commercial skyscraper complex and shopping mall in Hong Kong

Langham Place is a commercial complex and shopping centre in Mong Kok, Kowloon, Hong Kong. The official opening was on 25 January 2005. The complex occupies two blocks defined by Argyle Street, Portland Street, Shantung Street and Reclamation Street. Shanghai Street separates the two portions of the complex, which are connected via two overhead walkways. A hotel is on one side of the development while the commercial elements are located on the other side.

Nina Tower skyscraper

Nina Tower is a twin tower of 80-storey and 42-storey high-rise buildings in Tsuen Wan, New Territories, Hong Kong. The tower was designed to be the tallest tower in the world at 518 m (1,699 ft). However, due to its location near Chek Lap Kok Airport, the height was restricted to the current 319.8 m (1,049 ft).

Champion REIT is a Hong Kong real estate investment trust that owns office and commercial properties, primarily in Asia.

Standard Chartered Bank Building building in Hong Kong, China

The Standard Chartered Bank Building is a skyscraper located in Central, Hong Kong. The tower rises 42 storeys and 191 metres (627 ft) in height. The building was completed in 1990. It was designed by architectural firm P & T Architects & Engineers Ltd..

Immigration Tower building in Hong Kong

The Immigration Tower is a skyscraper located in the Wan Chai District of Hong Kong completed in 1990. The tower rises 49 floors and 181 metres (594 ft) in height. The Immigration Tower, which stands as the 93rd-tallest building in Hong Kong, is composed entirely of office space. The building houses government offices, principally those of the Immigration Department.

Revenue Tower building in Revenue Tower, China

The Revenue Tower is a skyscraper located in Wan Chai, Hong Kong. The tower rises 49 floors and 181 metres (594 ft) in height. The building was completed in 1990. The Revenue Tower, which stands as the 93rd-tallest building in Hong Kong, is composed entirely of office space. The building, along with its twin tower, the Immigration Tower, house government offices. The building is unique in that it houses a sky lobby on the 38th floor; this is designed to ease vertical transportation in the tower.

Ho Tung Gardens villa on The Peak, Hong Kong

Ho Tung Gardens, also known by its Cantonese name 'Hiu Kok Yuen', was a villa on the Peak, Hong Kong. It was built by Robert Hotung and his wife Clara in 1927. They referred to it as "The Falls", but it later became known as Ho Tung Gardens.

Hysan Place building in Hysan Place, China

Hysan Place is a shopping mall and office building at 500 Hennessy Road, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong. It was developed by Hysan Development Company Limited at the former site of Hennessy Centre and was designed by international architecture firm Kohn Pedersen Fox. It was opened on 10 August 2012.

LHT Tower building built on the site of the former Luk Hoi Tong Building

LHT Tower or Luk Hoi Tong Building is an office building and shopping mall at 31 Queen's Road Central, Central, Hong Kong. It is directly adjacent to MTR Central Station. It was opened in November 2011.

Tsuen Wan Transport Complex

Tsuen Wan Transport Complex was a large transport hub in Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong. There was a bus terminus and taxi stand on the ground floor; on top sat a multi-storey car park.

Murray Road Multi-storey Car Park Building

The Murray Road Multi-storey Car Park Building was a building, mostly occupied by a public multi-storey car park in Central, Hong Kong. Built in 1973, the building was sold in 2017 and the land plot will be redeveloped. The building was located along Murray Road, after which it was named. Murray Road was named after Sir George Murray, a soldier and politician from Scotland.

Windsor House (Hong Kong) shopping mall in Hong Kong, China

Windsor House is a commercial development in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong, comprising a shopping centre with an office tower above.


  1. Thompson, Nick (27 July 1989). "Great Eagle's $2.7b captures prime site". South China Morning Post.
  2. McDade, Wesley (23 July 1989). "Tender casts long shadow". South China Morning Post.
  3. Symonds, Mark (26 July 1989). "Great Eagle bid reveals big decline". South China Morning Post.
  4. Bandara, Kapila (8 March 1995). "Towers proved tall challenge". South China Morning Post.
  5. Kerr, Judith (9 March 1995). "How SFK won battle with clock". South China Morning Post.
  6. Bandara, Kapila (8 March 1995). "Top award recognises innovation". South China Morning Post.