|Three Garden Road, Central|
|Former names||Citibank Plaza|
|Address||3 Garden Road|
Central, Hong Kong
|Floor area||1,559,000 sq ft (144,800 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Rocco Design Architects|
|Main contractor||Sung Foo Kee|
|Three Garden Road, Central|
Three Garden Road, Central, formerly Citibank Plaza, is an office building in Central, Hong Kong, completed in 1992 by the Great Eagle Group.
Central is the central business district of Hong Kong. It is located in Central and Western District, on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, across Victoria Harbour from Tsim Sha Tsui, the southernmost point of Kowloon Peninsula. The area was the heart of Victoria City, although that name is rarely used today.
Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and commonly abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth-most densely populated region.
Great Eagle Holdings Limited is a Hong Kong real estate company listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Through its subsidiaries, it engages in property investment and owns and operates various hotels. Its head office is located at the Great Eagle Centre, Harbour Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong.
The building comprises two wings, each with its own service core, which are marketed as separate towers, namely: Champion Tower (formerly known as Citibank Tower), which has 47 storeys, and ICBC Tower, which has 37 storeys. There is also a retail podium.
The site on Garden Road was previously part of Murray Barracks. The former Building and Lands Department of the Hong Kong Government put the site up for sale in July 1989. Five tenders were received. On 26 July 1989, the winning bid of HK$2.7 billion was formally announced to have come from Shine Hill Development, a subsidiary of Great Eagle Holdings.As the sale took place shortly after the Tiananmen Square massacre, this sum was considerably less than forecast. The atrocities in Beijing had severely damaged business confidence in Hong Kong's future, and property prices declined sharply. The Garden Road site, which had been expected to fetch $5 billion prior to the events in China, was reassessed at a benchmark figure of $3 billion just prior to tender.
Murray Barracks was a barracks for the British Army garrisoned in Admiralty, Central in Hong Kong. It was named after Sir George Murray, the Master-General of the Ordnance at the time of construction.
The 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident, were student-led demonstrations in Beijing for the establishment of basic human and press rights and against the Communist-led Chinese government in mid-1989. More broadly, it refers to the popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests during that period, sometimes called the '89 Democracy Movement. The protests were forcibly suppressed after Chinese Premier Li Peng declared martial law. In what became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre, troops with assault rifles and tanks fired at the demonstrators trying to block the military's advance towards Tiananmen Square. The number of civilian deaths was internally estimated by the Chinese government to be near or above 10,000.
Great Eagle led the development consortium and acted as both project and leasing manager. The development was designed by Hong Kong architect Rocco Yim.The main contractor and construction manager was Sung Foo Kee (now called SFK Construction).
The building was the first "intelligent" office building in Hong Kong with design specifications superior to other office buildings in Hong Kong at that time. It offered facilities such as raised flooring and smart entry gates and its main tenants were international financial institutions.
In 1994, the building won the Hong Kong Institute of Architects' highest award, the Silver Medal, in recognition for its outstanding architectural design.
Hong Kong Institute of Architects is a professional body for architects in Hong Kong with approximately 1500 full members, 300 associates members and graduate members. It is an Allied Society of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and member of the International Union of Architects and the Commonwealth Association of Architects.
In 2001, the Chinese name of the building changed from 萬國寶通廣場 to 花旗銀行廣場.
The building was spun off from Great Eagle and included in the newly formed Champion REIT in 2006. It was renamed "Three Garden Road, Central" on 28 June 2016. Citibank Tower was also renamed as Champion Tower whereas the name of ICBC Tower remained unchanged.
Besides its two characteristic curved reflective facades, the complex contains many distinct architectural features, such as the flexibility to join 26 floors of both towers to provide an enlarged floor plate of up to 34,000 sq ft (3,200 m2). Two ten-storey tall frameless glass panels provide the main lobby with natural lighting.
The property offers office space with a lettable floor area of more than 1.22 million square feet, approximately 42,500 square feet of retail space, as well as a three level basement car park capable of accommodating 558 vehicles.
With a gross floor area of almost 1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2), Three Garden Road, Central is one of the biggest office complexes in Hong Kong. At 205 metres tall, Champion Tower reaches up to the 47th floor. The highest floor on ICBC Tower is the 37th.
The Bank of China Tower is one of the most recognisable skyscrapers in Central, Hong Kong. Located at 1 Garden Road, the tower houses the headquarters of the Bank of China Limited.
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The Center is the fifth tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong, after International Commerce Centre, Two International Finance Centre, Central Plaza and Bank of China Tower. With a height of 346 m (1,135 ft), it comprises 73 storeys. The Center is one of the few skyscrapers in Hong Kong that is entirely steel-structured with no reinforced concrete core. It is located on 99 Queen's Road Central in the Central, roughly halfway between the MTR Island Line's Sheung Wan and Central stations.
Exchange Square is a building complex located in Central, Hong Kong. It houses offices and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. It is served by the Central and Hong Kong stations of the MTR metro system.
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