Thysanotus

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Thysanotus
Jarrahdale Flower 6.jpg
Thysanothus manglesianus
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Thysanotus close-up
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Lomandroideae
Genus: Thysanotus
R.Br.
Synonyms [1]
  • Chlamyspermum F.Muell.
  • Chlamysporum Salisb.
  • Isandra F.Muell.
  • Thysanella Salisb.
  • Thysanothus Poir.

Thysanotus is a genus of perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae. [2] They are mostly native to Australia with 45 of the 50 known species occurring in Western Australia alone, although a few species range northward into New Guinea and Southeast Asia as far north as southern China. [1] [3]

Species include:

  1. Thysanotus acerosifolius Brittan - Western Australia
  2. Thysanotus anceps Lindl. - Fringe-Lily - Western Australia
  3. Thysanotus arbuscula Baker - Western Australia
  4. Thysanotus arenarius Brittan - Western Australia
  5. Thysanotus asper Lindl. - Hairy Fringe-lily - Western Australia
  6. Thysanotus banksii R.Br. - Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New Guinea
  7. Thysanotus baueri R.Br. - Mallee Fringe-lily. - Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales
  8. Thysanotus brachiatus Brittan - Western Australia
  9. Thysanotus brachyantherus Brittan - Western Australia
  10. Thysanotus brevifolius Brittan - Western Australia
  11. Thysanotus chinensis Benth. - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, New Guinea, Western Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory
  12. Thysanotus cymosus Brittan - Western Australia
  13. Thysanotus dichotomus (Labill.) R.Br. - Branching Fringe-lily - Western Australia
  14. Thysanotus exiliflorus F.Muell. - Western Australia, South Australia, Northern Territory
  15. Thysanotus fastigiatus Brittan - Western Australia
  16. Thysanotus formosus Brittan - Western Australia
  17. Thysanotus fractiflexus Brittan South Australia (including Kangaroo Island)
  18. Thysanotus gageoides Diels - Western Australia
  19. Thysanotus glaucifolius Brittan - Western Australia
  20. Thysanotus glaucus Endl. - Western Australia
  21. Thysanotus gracilis R.Br. - Western Australia
  22. Thysanotus isantherus R.Br. - Western Australia
  23. Thysanotus juncifolius (Salisb.) J.H.Willis & Court - South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland
  24. Thysanotus lavanduliflorus Brittan - Western Australia
  25. Thysanotus manglesianus Kunth - Fringed Lily - Western Australia
  26. Thysanotus multiflorus R.Br. - Many-flowered Fringe-lily - Western Australia
  27. Thysanotus newbeyi Brittan - Western Australia
  28. Thysanotus nudicaulis Brittan - Western Australia, South Australia
  29. Thysanotus parviflorus Brittan - Western Australia
  30. Thysanotus patersonii R.Br. - Twining Fringe-lily - Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales
  31. Thysanotus pauciflorus R.Br.- Few-lowered Fringe-lily - Western Australia
  32. Thysanotus pseudojunceus Brittan - Western Australia
  33. Thysanotus pyramidalis Brittan - Western Australia
  34. Thysanotus ramulosus Brittan - Western Australia
  35. Thysanotus rectantherus Brittan - Western Australia
  36. Thysanotus sabulosus Brittan - Western Australia
  37. Thysanotus scaber Endl. - Western Australia
  38. Thysanotus sparteus R.Br. - Western Australia
  39. Thysanotus speckii Brittan - Western Australia
  40. Thysanotus spiniger Brittan - Western Australia
  41. Thysanotus tenellus Endl. in J.G.C.Lehmann - Western Australia, South Australia
  42. Thysanotus tenuis Lindl. - Western Australia
  43. Thysanotus teretifolius Brittan - Western Australia
  44. Thysanotus thyrsoideus Baker - Western Australia
  45. Thysanotus triandrus (Labill.) R.Br. - Western Australia
  46. Thysanotus tuberosus R.Br. - Common Fringe-lily - New Guinea, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria
  47. Thysanotus unicupensis Sirisena, T.D.Macfarl. & Conran - Western Australia
  48. Thysanotus vernalis Brittan - Western Australia
  49. Thysanotus virgatus Brittan - New South Wales
  50. Thysanotus wangariensis Brittan - South Australia

Related Research Articles

<i>Cordyline</i> genus of plants

Cordyline is a genus of about 15 species of woody monocotyledonous flowering plants in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae. The subfamily has previously been treated as a separate family Laxmanniaceae, or Lomandraceae. Other authors have placed the genus in the Agavaceae. Cordyline is native to the western Pacific Ocean region, from New Zealand, eastern Australia, southeastern Asia and Polynesia, with one species found in southeastern South America.

<i>Arthropodium</i> genus of plants

Arthropodium is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants in the subfamily Lomandroideae of the family Asparagaceae. It is native to Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia and Madagascar.

<i>Patersonia</i> genus of plants

Patersonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae commonly known as native iris or native flag. It was first described as a genus in 1807 by Robert Brown. It is native to Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, and insular Southeast Asia. The genus name is a tribute to the first Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales in Australia, William Paterson.

Lomandroideae subfamily of plants

Lomandroideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, order Asparagales, according to the APG III system of 2009. The subfamily name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Lomandra. The group has previously been treated as a separate family Laxmanniaceae. In the Kubitzki system, it is treated as Lomandraceae Lotsy.

<i>Centrolepis</i> genus of plants

Centrolepis is a genus of small herbaceous plants in the family Restionaceae known as thorn grass scales, with about 25 species native to Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and south-east Asia as far north as Hainan Dao.

<i>Stenocarpus</i> genus of plants

Stenocarpus is a genus of about 25 species of woody trees or shrubs, constituting part of the plant family Proteaceae.

<i>Dianella</i> (plant) genus of plants

Dianella is a monocot genus of flowering plants. They are commonly called flax lilies.

<i>Calytrix</i> genus of plants

Calytrix is a genus of shrubs in the family Myrtaceae described as a genus in 1806. They are commonly known as starflowers. Calytrix are endemic to Australia, occurring in the.

<i>Sowerbaea</i> genus of plants

Sowerbaea is a small genus of perennial herbs which are endemic to Australia.

<i>Dipodium</i> genus of plants

Dipodium, commonly known as hyacinth orchids, is a genus of about forty species of orchids native to tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of south-east Asia, New Guinea, the Pacific Islands and Australia. It includes both terrestrial and climbing species, some with leaves and some leafless, but all with large, often colourful flowers on tall flowering stems. It is the only genus of its alliance, Dipodium.

<i>Gahnia</i> genus of plants

Gahnia is a genus of sedges native to China, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand and a number of Pacific Islands. The common name is due to the toothed margins. It often forms tussocks.

<i>Thysanotus patersonii</i> Species of plant

Thysanotus patersonii, the twining fringe-lily, is a climbing perennial herb which is endemic to Australia.

<i>Dichopogon</i> genus of plants

Dichopogon is a genus of perennial herbs, native to Australia and New Guinea. It is included in the genus Arthropodium by some authorities, although recognized as a distinct genus by others. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae.

<i>Tricoryne</i> genus of plants

Tricoryne is a genus of perennial herbs in the family Asphodelaceae, subfamily Hemerocallidoideae. All species are native to Australia with two species extending to New Guinea; within Australia they occur in all 6 states and the Northern Territory.

  1. Tricoryne ancepsR.Br. - New Guinea, Queensland
  2. Tricoryne corynothecoidesKeighery - Western Australia
  3. Tricoryne elatiorR.Br. - Yellow Rush-lily - all 6 states plus Northern Territory
  4. Tricoryne humilisEndl. - Western Australia
  5. Tricoryne muricataBaker - Queensland
  6. Tricoryne platypteraRchb.f - New Guinea, Queensland
  7. Tricoryne simplexR.Br. - New South Wales
  8. Tricoryne tenellaR.Br. - Mallee Rush-lily - Western Australia, South Australia
<i>Caesia</i> genus of plants

Caesia is a genus of herbs in the family Asphodelaceae, subfamily Hemerocallidoideae, native to Australia, New Guinea, Madagascar and Southern Africa. The mostly 3-lobed seed capsules contain rounded black seeds. The genus was named in honour of Federico Cesi (1585-1630), an Italian scientist.

  1. Caesia alpina Hook.f. - alpine grass-lily - New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria
  2. Caesia calliantha R.J.F.Hend. - blue grass-lily - New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia
  3. Caesia capensis(Bolus) Oberm. - Cape Province of South Africa
  4. Caesia chlorantha F.Muell. - New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia
  5. Caesia micrantha Lindl. - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  6. Caesia occidentalis R.Br. - Western Australia
  7. Caesia parviflora R.Br. - pale grass-lily - Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia
  8. Caesia rigidifolia F.Muell. - Queen Victoria Springs in Western Australia but extinct. Last recorded near Zanthus in 1875.
  9. Caesia sabulosaBoatwr. & J.C.Manning - Cape Province
  10. Caesia setifera Baker - Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory, New Guinea
  11. Caesia subulataBaker - Madagascar
  12. Caesia viscida Keighery - Western Australia
<i>Eriochilus</i> genus of plants

Eriochilus, commonly known as bunny orchids, is a genus of flowering plants in the orchid family, Orchidaceae that is endemic to Australia. Orchids in this genus are distinguished from those in the similar Caladenia by having a glabrous leaf and a densely woolly labellum. Species occur in south-west Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, and Tasmania. Their common name alludes to their prominent ear-like lateral sepals.

<i>Laxmannia</i> genus of plants

Laxmannia is a genus of tufted perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae, that are endemic to Australia.

Borya is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boryaceae, endemic to Australia.

<i>Thysanotus multiflorus</i> species of plant

Thysanotus multiflorus, is a monoecious perennial flowering plant with long stems accompanied with a cluster of foliage underneath. This plant is endemic to the Southwest Australia. The flowers of the plant are bright mauve and there are 3 petals, each decorated with fringed edges.

<i>Haemodorum</i> genus of plants

Haemodorum is a genus of herbs in the family Haemodoraceae, first described as a genus in 1798. It is native to New Guinea and Australia. The type species is Haemodorum corymbosum Vahl.

References

  1. 1 2 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  3. Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 203, 异蕊草属 yi rui cao shu, Thysanotus R. Brown, Prodr. 282. 1810.