Timeline of Quebec history (1663–1759)

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This section of the Timeline of Quebec history concerns the events relating to the Quebec portion of New France between the establishment of the Sovereign Council and the fall of Quebec.

Contents

1663-1667

1670s

1680s

1690s

1700s

1710s

1720s

1730s

1740s

1750s

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New France was the area colonized by France in North America, beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis-Joseph de Montcalm</span> French soldier

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Grozon, Marquis de Montcalm de Saint-Veran was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis de Buade de Frontenac</span> Soldier and Governor of New France

Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau was a French soldier, courtier, and Governor General of New France in North America from 1672 to 1682, and again from 1689 to his death in 1698. He established a number of forts on the Great Lakes and engaged in a series of battles against the English and the Iroquois.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1660s in Canada</span> Historic Canadian events during the 1660s

Events from the 1660s in Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antoine Lefèbvre de La Barre</span> Canadian politician

Joseph-Antoine le Fèbvre, sieur de La Barre was a French lawyer and administrator best known for his disastrous three years term as governor of the colony of New France (Quebec).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jacques-René de Brisay de Denonville, Marquis de Denonville</span> Canadian politician

Jacques-René de Brisay de Denonville, Marquis de Denonville was Governor General of New France from 1685 to 1689 and was a key figure in the Beaver Wars.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carignan-Salières Regiment</span> French military unit active in New France

The Carignan-Salières Regiment was a Piedmont French military unit formed by merging two other regiments in 1659. They were led by the new Governor, Daniel de Rémy de Courcelles, and Lieutenant-General Alexandre de Prouville, Sieur de Tracy. Approximately 1,200 men arrived in New France in the middle of 1665.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Quebec City</span> Aspect of history

The history of Quebec City extends back thousands of years, with its first inhabitants being the First Nations peoples of the region. The arrival of French explorers in the 16th century eventually led to the establishment of Quebec City, in present-day Quebec, Canada. The city is one of the oldest European settlements in North America, with the establishment of a permanent trading post in 1608.

Pierre de St. Paul, Sieur de La Motte was captain of a company of the Carignan-Salieres Regiment that was dispatched to New France (Canada) in 1665 by King Louis XIV to protect French colonists to protect French settlers aided by Algonquians against Iroquois attacks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">François Gaston de Lévis</span> Marshal of France (1917–1787)

François-Gaston de Lévis, Duke of Lévis, styled as the Chevalier de Lévis until 1785, was a nobleman and a Marshal of France. He served with distinction in the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession. During the Seven Years' War, he was second-in-command to Louis-Joseph de Montcalm in the defense of New France and then, after the surrender of New France in 1760, he served in Europe. After the war, he was appointed Governor of Artois, and in 1783 he was made a Marshal of France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry (1721–1797)</span>

Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, his first name was also sometimes written Joseph-Gaspard. He was a military engineer and a political figure in Lower Canada. During the Seven Years' War he proved himself to be an outstanding officer and was one of only a few colonial officers held in high esteem by the Marquis de Montcalm.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Military of New France</span>

The military of New France consisted of a mix of regular soldiers from the French Army and French Navy supported by small local volunteer militia units. Most early troops were sent from France, but localization after the growth of the colony meant that, by the 1690s, many were volunteers from the settlers of New France, and by the 1750s most troops were descendants of the original French inhabitants. Additionally, many of the early troops and officers who were born in France remained in the colony after their service ended, contributing to generational service and a military elite. The French built a series of forts from Newfoundland to Louisiana and others captured from the British during the 1600s to the late 1700s. Some were a mix of military posts and trading forts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fort Saint-Jean (Quebec)</span> Historic military garrison in Quebec, Canada

Fort Saint-Jean is a fort in the Canadian province of Quebec located on the Richelieu River. The fort was first built in 1666 by soldiers of the Carignan-Salières Regiment of France who had travelled to New France to assist the young colony. It was part of a series of forts built along the Richelieu River. Over the years, it was destroyed and rebuilt several times, but it is, after Quebec City, the military site that has been occupied non-stop for the longest time in Canada. The fort is designated as a National Historic Site of Canada, and it currently houses the Royal Military College Saint-Jean. The fort has been continually occupied since 1748, and is the core from which the city of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec grew around. Fort Saint-Jean played a crucial role in the British defense strategy during the 1775 American invasion of the Province of Quebec.

Jacques de Chambly was from a French military background and became a seigneur in the New World and a governor of Acadia.

Pierre de Joybert de Soulanges et de Marson was the administrator of Acadia in 1677–1678.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">François-Saturnin Lascaris d'Urfé</span>

François-Saturnin Lascaris d'Urfé, S.S. was a French nobleman and Sulpician priest who became the first resident pastor of the parish of Saint-Louis-du-Haut-de-l'Île on the Island of Montreal in New France.

Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, was Louis XV's Chief Engineer of New France. He is recognised as the father of the first truly Canadian architecture. In 2006, the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada designated him a person of national historic importance. It highlighted his contribution to the development of New France through the quality, variety, importance and scope of his work in the fields of military engineering, civil and religious architecture, and urban planning.

Thomas de Lanouguère was a soldier, seigneur and administrator in New France. He was acting governor of Montreal in 1674. His descendants adopted the surnames Lanaudière, Tarieu de Lanaudière and Tarieu de La Pérade.

Balthazard-Annibal-Alexis Flotte de La Frédière was a soldier in New France. He served as acting governor of Montreal from 1666 to 1667. His name appears as Balthazard in some sources; in some lists of the governors of Montreal, his name appears as Balthazard ou (or) Annibal-Alexis.

Augustin le Gardeur de Courtemanche was a Canadian soldier and ambassador from Labrador.

References

  1. de Repentigny, Léo-Guy, Histoire des Le Gardeur (in French), archived from the original on April 16, 2009, retrieved July 22, 2010
  2. Ville de Repentigny ::: Historique (in French), Ville de Repentigny, October 2, 2008, archived from the original on July 31, 2010, retrieved July 22, 2010

See also

Preceded by Timeline of Quebec history
1663 to 1759
Succeeded by