|Elevation||469 ft (143 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1555816|
Tomahawk is an unincorporated community on Back Creek in Berkeley County, West Virginia.The community is named for a nearby series of springs in the shape of a tomahawk. The community includes the historic Tomahawk Presbyterian Church, established c. 1745, and its adjacent community cemetery, which has gravestones dating to the late 18th century.
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.
Back Creek is a 59.5-mile-long (95.8 km) tributary of the Potomac River that flows north from Frederick County, Virginia, to Berkeley County in West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle. Back Creek originates along Frederick County's border with Hampshire County, West Virginia, at Farmer's Gap in the Great North Mountain. Its name reflects its location to the west of North Mountain. The perspective of colonists from the east in the 18th century led them to call it "Back Creek", because it lay to the back of North Mountain.
Berkeley County is located in the Shenandoah Valley in the Eastern Panhandle region of West Virginia in the United States. The county is part of the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Tomahawk Spring and the Park's Gap Bridge were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994.
Tomahawk Spring is a historic spring house located near Martinsburg, at Tomahawk, Berkeley County, West Virginia. It was built about 1860 on the stone foundation of a previous building. It is a one-story, wood-frame structure atop a three-feet-tall stone foundation in two sections. The first section is atop the spring and is approximately 16 by 12 feet, surrounded by a lattice enclosure. The second section contains a pool and is 13 by 12 feet.
Park's Gap Bridge is a historic Howe Truss bridge located near Martinsburg, at Tomahawk, Berkeley County, West Virginia. It was built in 1892, and has a span 93 feet (28 m) long and 12 feet (3.7 m) wide over Back Creek. It is a simple span pony truss supported on stone abutments.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
Huntersville is a census-designated place (CDP) located in Pocahontas County, West Virginia in the Alleghany Mountains. As of the 2010 census, its population was 73. It is located six miles east of Marlinton and four miles west of Minnehaha Springs. Huntersville received its name because it was a rendezvous for trappers and hunters who came to trade pelts for supplies. It served as the county seat of Pocahontas County until 1891 when the county's residents voted to move the seat to Marlinton. A local newspaper called "The Pocahontas Times" is distributed in the area.
French Creek is an unincorporated community in Upshur County, West Virginia, United States.
Brownsburg is an unincorporated community in Rockbridge County, Virginia, United States.
Semora is an unincorporated community in Caswell County, North Carolina. It lies just northwest of Hyco Lake and has some presence in Person County. Semora is home to one of the oldest churches in North Carolina, the Red House Presbyterian Church.
A spring house, or springhouse, is a small building, usually of a single room, constructed over a spring. While the original purpose of a springhouse was to keep the spring water clean by excluding fallen leaves, animals, etc., the enclosing structure was also used for refrigeration before the advent of ice delivery and, later, electric refrigeration. The water of the spring maintains a constant cool temperature inside the spring house throughout the year. Food that would otherwise spoil, such as meat, fruit, or dairy products, could be kept there, safe from animal depredations as well. Springhouses thus often also served as pumphouses, milkhouses, and root cellars.
Fork Union is an unincorporated community in southern Fluvanna County, Virginia, along U.S. Highway 15. Its ZIP code is 23055; the population within that ZIP code was 1148 according to the 2000 Census. It is known mainly as the home of Fork Union Military Academy, Fork Union Animal Clinic and formerly had one of the few surviving drive-in theatres in Virginia. Fork Union is also home to a post office, a bank, a small grocery store, an IGA, and a Dollar General. The town also includes two independently-owned restaurants: Sal's Pizza and The Village Restaurant. The Village of Fork Union is the location of Fluvanna County's only Presbyterian congregation, Fork Union Presbyterian Church. The James River is just a few miles from Fork Union.
Hartwood is an unincorporated community in Stafford County in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a U.S. state. Hartwood is located fifteen miles to the west of Fredericksburg.
Churchtown, Pennsylvania is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Caernarvon Township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Churchtown is located along Pennsylvania Route 23. The population was 470 residents as of the 2010 census.
Willis is an unincorporated community in southwestern Floyd County, Virginia, United States. It lies along U.S. Route 221 southwest of the town of Floyd, the county seat of Floyd County. It has an elevation of 2,723 feet (830 m). Although Willis is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 24380.
Covesville is an unincorporated community in Albemarle County, Virginia, United States. Covesville is located 15.7 miles (25.3 km) southwest of Charlottesville, Virginia and has a post office with ZIP code 22931.
Spring Mills Historic District is a national historic district located near Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia. It encompasses five contributing buildings, constructed between about 1790 and 1922, and two contributing sites. They include the Falling Waters Presbyterian Church (1834) and Manse (1922) and Stephen Hammond Mill, Miller's House, and Spring House. The buildings are of masonry construction. The sites are the Falling Waters Presbyterian Church Cemetery and the site of Dr. Allen Hammonds House.
Isaac Pursell was a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-based architect.
West Liberty Presbyterian Church, also known as West Liberty Federated Church, is a historic Presbyterian church located at West Liberty, Ohio County, West Virginia. It was built in 1873 to a design by Wheeling architect Stanton M. Howard. It is a simple rectangle in form with a projecting vestibule, in the Late Victorian Gothic style. It is constructed of brick and stone, with steeply pitched roofs, parapet gables, and an open belfry. The church was active in founding West Liberty Academy in 1838, which is now West Liberty University.
Gum Spring is an unincorporated community in Louisa County, Virginia, United States. Gum Spring is located at the intersection of U.S. Route 250 and U.S. Route 522 18 miles (29 km) south-southeast of Louisa. Gum Spring has a post office with ZIP code 23065.
Callaway is an unincorporated community in Franklin County, Virginia, United States. Callaway is 8.8 miles (14.2 km) west of Rocky Mount. Callaway has a post office with ZIP code 24067, which opened on July 14, 1871.
Falling Spring Presbyterian Church Manse, also known as The Old Manse, is a historic Presbyterian manse located at 650 Falling Spring Road in Glasgow, Rockbridge County, Virginia. It was built in 1857, and is a 1 1/2-story, five bay, "L"-shaped, Gothic Revival style brick dwelling. It has a side gable roof and a central-passage, double-pile plan.
Providence Presbyterian Church is a historic Presbyterian church located near Gum Spring, Louisa County, Virginia. It was built in 1747, and is a two-story, three bay, wood frame building measuring 50 feet, 3 inches, by 26 feet, 4 inches. It is one of the few frame churches in Virginia remaining from colonial times and was one of the first Presbyterian churches to be built in the central part of the state. Samuel Davies served as its first minister until 1759, when he assumed the presidency of Princeton University. A distinguished son of the church was Robert Lewis Dabney, noted mid-19th century Presbyterian minister and church architect.
The Tinkling Spring Presbyterian Church, is a Presbyterian church founded in 1740, and is the second-oldest Presbyterian congregation in the Valley of Virginia. Its historic building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
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