Last updated
Triscuit brand logo.png
2020-07-01 18 53 28 An individual Original Triscuit in the Franklin Farm section of Oak Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia.jpg
Product type Cracker
Owner Mondelez International
Introduced1903;119 years ago (1903)
Previous owners

Triscuit is a brand name of snack crackers which take the form of square baked whole wheat wafers. Invented in 1900, a patent was granted in 1902 [1] and the Shredded Wheat Company began production the next year [2] in Niagara Falls, New York.



The Shredded Wheat Company began producing Triscuit in 1903 in Niagara Falls, New York. [2] The name Triscuit is believed by some to have come from a combination of the words "electricity" and "biscuit". [3] At least one early advertisement boasted that Triscuits were "Baked by Electricity,” claiming they were "the only food on the market prepared by this 1903 process." [4] Each wafer measured 2.25 by 4 inches (5.7 cm × 10.2 cm), and remained that size for nearly twenty-one years. The ovens were then altered and the cracker size changed to 2-inch (51 mm) squares. [2]

In 1928, the Shredded Wheat Company was purchased by Nabisco. [5]

In 1935, producers began spraying the crackers with oil and adding salt. In 1984, additional flavor choices were introduced and the crackers were made crispier. [2]


1903 advertisement Triscuit 1903 Advertisement.jpg
1903 advertisement
Nutritional info
Nutritional value per around 6 crackers
Energy 502 kJ (120 kcal)
29 g
Sugars 0 g
Dietary fiber 3 g
3.5 g
Saturated 0 g
Trans 0 g
Monounsaturated 1 g
Polyunsaturated 2 g
3 g
Minerals Quantity
10 mg
1.4 mg
116 mg
160 mg
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.

Triscuits are made from wheat, which is first cooked in water until it reaches about fifty percent moisture content, then tempered to allow the moisture to diffuse evenly in the grain. Slotted rollers form the grain into shredded wheat strands, which are then formed into webs. Several webs are stacked together and the still-moist stack is crimped to produce individual crackers. Oven baking then reduces the moisture content to five percent. [2] The product is currently a 1.75-inch square.

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Cookie Small, flat and sweetened baked food (biscuit)

A cookie is a baked or cooked snack or dessert that is typically small, flat and sweet. It usually contains flour, sugar, egg, and some type of oil, fat, or butter. It may include other ingredients such as raisins, oats, chocolate chips, nuts, etc.

Flour Cereal grains ground into powder

Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains, roots, beans, nuts, or seeds. Flours are used to make many different foods. Cereal flour, particularly wheat flour, is the main ingredient of bread, which is a staple food for many cultures. Corn flour has been important in Mesoamerican cuisine since ancient times and remains a staple in the Americas. Rye flour is a constituent of bread in central and northern Europe.

Cracker (food) Flat, dry baked food

A cracker is a flat, dry baked food typically made with flour. Flavorings or seasonings, such as salt, herbs, seeds, or cheese, may be added to the dough or sprinkled on top before baking. Crackers are often branded as a nutritious and convenient way to consume a staple food or cereal grain.

Graham cracker Cracker confectionery usually sweetened with honey

A graham cracker is a sweet flavored cracker made with graham flour that originated in the United States in the mid-19th century, with commercial development from about 1880. It is eaten as a snack food, usually honey- or cinnamon-flavored, and is used as an ingredient in some foods.

Nabisco American snack company

Nabisco is an American manufacturer of cookies and snacks headquartered in East Hanover, New Jersey. The company is a subsidiary of Illinois-based Mondelēz International.

Ritz Crackers Brand of snack cracker

Ritz Crackers is a brand of snack cracker introduced by Nabisco in 1934. The original style crackers are disc-shaped, lightly salted, and approximately 46 millimetres (1.8 in) in diameter.. Each cracker has seven perforations and a finely scalloped edge. Today, the Ritz cracker brand is owned by Mondelēz International.

Biscuit Sweet baked product

A biscuit is a flour-based baked and shaped food product. In most countries biscuits are typically hard, flat, and unleavened. They are usually sweet and may be made with sugar, chocolate, icing, jam, ginger, or cinnamon. They can also be savoury, similar to crackers. Biscuit may also refer to hard flour-based baked animal feed, as with dog biscuit.

Hardtack Biscuit often for naval and military use

Hardtack is a simple type of dense biscuit or cracker made from flour, water, and sometimes salt. Hardtack is inexpensive and long-lasting. It is used for sustenance in the absence of perishable foods, commonly during long sea voyages, land migrations, and military campaigns. Along with salt pork, hardtack was a standard ration for many militaries and navies from the 17th through the early 20th centuries.

Wheat flour is a powder made from the grinding of wheat used for human consumption. Wheat varieties are called "soft" or "weak" if gluten content is low, and are called "hard" or "strong" if they have high gluten content. Hard flour, or bread flour, is high in gluten, with 12% to 14% gluten content, and its dough has elastic toughness that holds its shape well once baked. Soft flour is comparatively low in gluten and thus results in a loaf with a finer, crumbly texture. Soft flour is usually divided into cake flour, which is the lowest in gluten, and pastry flour, which has slightly more gluten than cake flour.

Cheez-It Baked cheese crackers

Cheez-It is a brand of cheese cracker manufactured by the Kellogg Company through its Sunshine Biscuits division. Approximately 26 by 24 millimetres, the rectangular crackers are made with wheat flour, vegetable oil, cheese made with skim milk, salt, and spices.

Sunshine Biscuits American baker of cookies, crackers, and cereals

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Shredded wheat Breakfast cereal made from whole wheat

Shredded wheat is a nontrademarked breakfast cereal made from whole wheat formed into pillow-shaped biscuits. It is commonly available in three sizes: original, bite-sized and miniature. Both smaller sizes are available in a frosted variety, which has one side coated with sugar and usually gelatin. Some manufacturers have produced "filled" versions of the bite-size cereal containing a raisin at the center, or apricot, blueberry, raspberry, cherry, cranberry or golden syrup filling.

Saltine cracker American salted square cracker

A saltine or soda cracker is a thin, usually square cracker usually made from white flour, sometimes yeast, and baking soda, with most varieties lightly sprinkled with coarse salt. It has perforations over its surface, as well as a distinctively dry and crisp texture.

Henry Perky 19th-century American businessman, lawyer, and inventor

Henry Drushel Perky was a lawyer, businessman, promoter and inventor. Perky is the inventor of shredded wheat.

Animal cracker

An animal cracker is a particular type of cookie, baked in the shape of an animal, usually an animal either at a zoo or circus, such as a lion, a tiger, a bear, or an elephant. The most common variety is light-colored and slightly sweet, but darker chocolate-flavored and colorful frosted varieties are also sold. Although animal crackers tend to be sweet in flavor like cookies, they are made with a layered dough like crackers and are marketed as crackers and not as cookies.

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Icebox cake Dessert

An icebox cake (American) or chocolate ripple cake or log (Australian) is a dessert typically made with cream, fruits, nuts, and wafers and set in the refrigerator. The term can refer to a general category of dishes that involve the same process, and one particularly well-known version is the back-of-the-box recipe on thin and dark Nabisco Famous Chocolate Wafers.

Arnotts Biscuits Australian snack food manufacturer

Arnott's Biscuits Limited is Australia's largest producer of biscuits and the second-largest supplier of snack food. American private equity firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR) bought Arnott's from the Campbell Soup Company in 2019.

Cheese cracker Type of cracker

The cheese cracker is a type of cracker prepared using cheese as a main ingredient. Additional common cracker ingredients are typically used, such as grain, flour, shortening, leavening, salt and various seasonings. The ingredients are formed into a dough, and the individual crackers are then prepared. Some cheese crackers are prepared using fermented dough. Cheese crackers are typically baked. Another method of preparing cheese crackers involves placing cheese atop warm crackers. Cheese crackers have been described as a "high-calorie snack", which is due to a higher fat content compared to other types of crackers.


  1. Perky, Henry. "Filamentous Cracker - Patent No. 713,795" . Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Hughes, Nancy. "HowStuffWorks - How Triscuits Work" . Retrieved 2008-02-02.
  3. "It's pretty obvious that the Triscuit name is a play on the word biscuit, but it turns out the 'tri' at the beginning doesn't stand for 'three' — it's short for 'electricity'". Business Insider. 2020-03-26.
  4. "Triscuit: Baked by Electricity". The Montgomery Advertiser. 27 Sep 1903. Retrieved 2019-07-31.
  5. Smith, Andrew F. (2013-10-28). Food and Drink in American History: A "Full Course" Encyclopedia [3 Volumes]: A "Full Course" Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN   978-1-61069-233-5.