Waubun, Minnesota

Last updated
Waubun
Waubun, Minnesota.jpg
Downtown Waubun
Mahnomen County Minnesota Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Waubun Highlighted.svg
Location of Waubun, Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°11′3″N95°56′29″W / 47.18417°N 95.94139°W / 47.18417; -95.94139
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Mahnomen
Area
[1]
  Total0.51 sq mi (1.33 km2)
  Land0.51 sq mi (1.33 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,240 ft (378 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total400
  Estimate 
(2017) [3]
410
  Density797.67/sq mi (307.80/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-68674 [4]
GNIS feature ID0653849 [5]

Waubun is a city in Mahnomen County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 400 at the 2010 census. [6]

Mahnomen County, Minnesota County in the United States

Mahnomen County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,413. Its county seat is Mahnomen.

Minnesota U.S. state in the United States

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest, Great Lakes, and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has many lakes, and is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

U.S. Route 59 and Minnesota State Highway 113 are two of the main routes in the community.

U.S. Route 59 US highway that runs from Canada to Mexico

U.S. Route 59 is a north–south United States highway. A latecomer to the U.S. numbered route system, US 59 is now a border-to-border route, part of NAFTA Corridor Highway System. It parallels U.S. Route 75 for nearly its entire route, never much more than 100 miles (160 km) away, until it veers southwest in Houston, Texas. Its number is out of place since US 59 is either concurrent with or entirely west of U.S. Route 71.

Minnesota State Highway 113 is a 54.592-mile-long (87.857 km) highway in northwest Minnesota, which runs from its intersection with State Highway 32 in Syre and continues east to its eastern terminus at its intersection with U.S. Highway 71 in Clover Township.

History

The city was incorporated as a village on December 18, 1907. When the Soo Line built through the county in 1903-4, the general manager, Pennington, and his chief engineer, Thomas Green, named the stations as they moved the line north; all towns on the reservation had to have Native American names. The post office for this community was established in 1905 as Bement, changing to Waubun in 1906. [7] The name Waubun comes from the Ojibwe word which means "the east," "the morning," "the twilight of dawn" [7] , and "dawn of day." [8]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.51 square miles (1.32 km2), all of it land. [9]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 230
1920 34650.4%
1930 337−2.6%
1940 43830.0%
1950 426−2.7%
1960 350−17.8%
1970 345−1.4%
1980 39013.0%
1990 330−15.4%
2000 40322.1%
2010 400−0.7%
Est. 2017410 [3] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 400 people, 160 households, and 108 families residing in the city. The population density was 784.3 inhabitants per square mile (302.8/km2). There were 182 housing units at an average density of 356.9 per square mile (137.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 46.0% White, 0.3% African American, 33.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 20.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 160 households of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 23.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.5% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world, not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion. Over time, it has expanded and also constricted who and what is encompassed. Typically, it is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 31.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.2% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 43.0% male and 57.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 403 people, 179 households, and 100 families residing in the city. The population density was 788.2 people per square mile (305.1/km²). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 357.9 per square mile (138.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.75% White, 17.12% Native American, and 16.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population (1 person).

There were 179 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,042, and the median income for a family was $35,625. Males had a median income of $23,906 versus $22,292 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,968. About 2.8% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over.

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References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  7. 1 2 Upham, Warren. "History, Mahnomen County, Minnesota". Mahnomen County History. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  8. Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 324.
  9. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

Coordinates: 47°10′50″N95°56′21″W / 47.18056°N 95.93917°W / 47.18056; -95.93917