Wawasan 2020

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Wawasan 2020: logo and theme of the 1991 Merdeka Day. Wawasan 2020.jpg
Wawasan 2020: logo and theme of the 1991 Merdeka Day.

Wawasan 2020 (Jawi: واوسن ٢٠٢٠) or Vision 2020 is a Malaysian ideal introduced by the fourth (now seventh) Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad during the tabling of the Sixth Malaysia Plan in 1991. [2] The vision calls for the nation to achieve a self-sufficient industrialised nation by the year 2020, encompasses all aspects of life, from economic prosperity, social well-being, educational worldclass, political stability, as well as psychological balance. To achieve Vision 2020, Mahathir lamented that the nation required an annual growth of 7% (in real terms) over the thirty-year period 1990–2020, so that the economy would be eightfold stronger than its 1990 GDP of RM115 billion. This would translate to a GDP of RM920 billion (in 1990 Ringgit terms) in 2020. [3] [4] . Under Vision 2020 from 1991 to 2020, there are 3 sub 10 year development policy namely National development Policy 1991-2000 with OPP2, National Vision Policy 2001-2010 with OPP3 and New Economic Model 2011-2020 with National Transformation Programme NTP.

Jawi alphabet Arabic alphabet for writing the Malay language, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausug and several other languages

Jawi is an Arabic script for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.

Malaysia Federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species.

An ideal is a principle or value that one actively pursues as a goal, usually in the context of ethics, and one's prioritization of ideals can serve to indicate the extent of one's dedication to each. For example, someone who espouses the ideal of honesty, but is willing to lie to protect a friend, demonstrates not only devotion to friendship, but also belief in its supersedence of honesty in importance.

Contents

Wawasan 2020 is also the title of an article by William Greider about globalisation in Malaysia. [5]

William Harold Greider is an American journalist and author who writes primarily about economics.

Challenges

Mahathir outlined nine strategic challenges that Malaysia must overcome to achieve Vision 2020. [3] [4] [6]

Song

Wawasan 2020 is also a patriotic song on the same idea sung in Malay. The song was composed by Akbar Nawab. [7]

Malay language Austronesian language

Malay is an Austronesian language spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, as well as parts of Thailand. A language of the Malays, it is spoken by 290 million people across the Strait of Malacca, including the coasts of the Malay Peninsula of Malaysia and the eastern coast of Sumatra in Indonesia and has been established as a native language of part of western coastal Sarawak and West Kalimantan in Borneo. It is also used as a trading language in the southern Philippines, including the southern parts of the Zamboanga Peninsula, the Sulu Archipelago and the southern predominantly Muslim-inhabited municipalities of Bataraza and Balabac in Palawan.

Revisions to the vision

In view of changing global conditions amid the financial crisis of 2007–2010, Prime Minister of the then ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) government, Najib Razak had in August 2009, said that there was now a need to redefine and recalibrate the vision in terms of how to achieve it, as well as its timeline. Najib, who said that it was necessary for Malaysia to undertake bold economic reforms, had tasked the National Economic Advisory Council (NEAC) to carry out a review of the vision. The NEAC is expected to publish its report by end 2009, with a second report on implementation 6 months after that. Najib also said that in order for Malaysia to achieve a developed nation status by 2020, the country has to grow at an annual rate of 8% over the next 10 years. He cited that a lower hypothetical growth of 6% per annum would delay Malaysia's vision to become a developed country by 10 years to 2030. Malaysia’s GDP growth rate averaged 7.2% per annum in the 1990s, and slowed to 5.4% per annum in the following decade. [8] [9] [10] [11]

Barisan Nasional right-wing political coalition founded in 1973

The National Front is a political coalition in Malaysia that was founded in 1973 as a coalition of right-wing and centre parties. They are currently the largest opposition coalition in the country's Dewan Rakyat.

Najib Razak Malaysian politician

Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is a Malaysian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 to 2018. He was the former President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the leading party in Malaysia's Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, which maintained control of Malaysia's government as a parliamentary majority for more than sixty years until the coalition's defeat in the 2018 general election.

Developed country country with a developed industry and infrastructure

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or more economically developed country (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations. Most commonly, the criteria for evaluating the degree of economic development are gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), the per capita income, level of industrialization, amount of widespread infrastructure and general standard of living. Which criteria are to be used and which countries can be classified as being developed are subjects of debate.

Just before the downfall of BN federal government in the 2018 general election (GE14), Najib had launched the National Transformation 2050 or Transformasi Nasional 2050 (TN50) initiative, where by 2050 Malaysia will be "a nation of calibre, with a new mindset". [12] [13] [14] The TN50 which was alleged initiated by Najib to undermined Mahathir Mohamad's Wawasan 2020 legacy. [15] [16] [17] [18] The TN50 had somehow fallen through and was officially dismantled with some aspirations maintained by the Pakatan Harapan (PH)'s Malaysia Baharu government after the GE14. [19]

2018 Malaysian general election 14th election of the Dewan Rakyat and state legislative assemblies of Malaysia

The 2018 Malaysian general election, formally known as the 14th Malaysian general election, was held on Wednesday, 9 May 2018 for members of the 14th Parliament of Malaysia. At stake were all 222 seats in the Dewan Rakyat and 505 seats in 12 out of the 13 State Legislative Assemblies of Malaysia. The 13th Parliament of Malaysia was dissolved by the then Prime Minister Najib Razak on 7 April 2018. It would have been automatically dissolved on 24 June 2018, five years after the first meeting of the first session of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia on 24 June 2013.

Transformasi Nasional 2050

Transformasi Nasional 2050 ; is an initiative of national development that is spans 2020 to 2050. It was launched by the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak. The initiative planned to be driven by information and targets for 30 years developed through a consultative process from 2017 until 2019.

Pakatan Harapan Malaysian political coalition

The Alliance of Hope is a political coalition in Malaysia. It is a successor to Pakatan Rakyat. It was established in 2015 as an opposition to the former-ruling Barisan Nasional coalition that ruled the country since independence. It is the largest bloc in the Dewan Rakyat and is the current ruling party of Malaysia. The coalition is allied with the Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN) and the United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) in the state of Sabah. At the state level, the coalition is the largest party in 8 of 13 state legislative assemblies and forms the government in the states of Kedah, Penang, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Malacca, Johor and Sabah. Pakatan Harapan also form a government with two-thirds majority in the states of Penang, Selangor and Johor.

See also

References and sources

  1. Yassin Sulai Aap (31 August 2013). "Koleksi Tema dan Logo Hari Kemerdekaan: 1991 - Wawasan 2020" (in Malay). Aku Anak Pahang Blogspot. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  2. "Wawasan 2020 Dibentangkan" (in Malay). Pekhabar. 28 February 1991. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  3. 1 2 Mahathir Mohamad (17 November 2008). "The Way Forward". Prime Minister’s Office. Archived from the original on 3 December 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  4. 1 2 Jeong Chun Hai @ Ibrahim, & Nor Fadzlina Nawi. (2007). Principles of Public Administration. Kuala Lumpur: Karisma Publications. Also see, Jeong Chun Hai. (2007). Fundamental of Development Administration. Selangor: Scholar Press. Also see, Mohamed Jawhar Hassan. (1995). 'Malaysia in 1994: Staying in Course.' Asian Survey, Vol.35, No.2, A Survey of Asia in 1994: Part II (Feb. 1995), 186–193.
  5. Frank J. Lechner; John Boli (8 December 2003). The Globalization Reader. Wiley. pp. 1–. ISBN   978-1-4051-0280-3.
  6. "Vision 2020, 1991-2020". Economic Planning Unit. 14 January 2008. Archived from the original on 8 July 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  7. Akbar Nawab. "Wawasan 2020 Song Lyrics". Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  8. Adeline Paul Raj (29 August 2009). "8pc yearly growth vital to achieve developed nation status: Najib". Business Times. Archived from the original on 29 August 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  9. Ranjeetha Pakiam; Shamim Adam (28 August 2009). "Malaysia Must Expand Faster to Be Developed Nation, Najib Says". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  10. "Malaysia Must Grow 8 Percent Annually To Achieve Developed Nation Status, Says PM". Bernama. 28 August 2009. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  11. Adip Zalkapli (28 August 2009). "PM: Grow by 8pc or Malaysia will not achieve Vision 2020". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 29 August 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  12. "TN50: What youths want for Malaysia". The Malay Mail. 28 February 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  13. "TN50 Is Malaysia's Dream". New Straits Times. Malaysian Digest. 28 February 2018. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  14. "PM Najib announces TN50, a new 30-year vision for Malaysia". New Straits Times. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  15. "'Ada orang cakap TN50 tolak Wawasan 2020, kita tidak tolak' – Najib" [‘There is someone says NT50 rejects Vision 2020, we don't reject’ – Najib] (in Malay). The Malaysian Times. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  16. Azril Annuar (3 January 2018). "Dr M claims TN50 due to failure to achieve his Vision 2020". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  17. Hambali Abdul Latiff (22 October 2016). "TN50 cubaan pinggirkan legasi Wawasan 2020?" [NT50 attempt to break the legacy of Vision 2020?] (in Malay). Malaysiakini. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  18. Anne Edwards (5 January 2018). "Khairy criticises "sad and petty" Mahathir". Anne Edwards TV. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  19. P Prem Kumar; Alifah Zainuddin (24 December 2018). "TN50 officially dismantled but some aspirations remain alive". The Malaysian Reserve. Retrieved 24 December 2018.

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