2016 Brazilian municipal elections

Last updated
2016 Brazilian municipal elections
Flag of Brazil.svg
  2012 2 October 2016 2020  

Mayors and councillors of all the 5,568 municipalities of Brazil
 Majority partyMinority partyThird party
  Foto oficial de Romero Juca.jpg Senador Aecio Neves.jpg Alfredo cotait.jpg
Leader Romero Jucá Aécio Neves Alfredo Cotait Neto
Last election1,022 mayors701 mayors490 mayors
Seats won1,038803540
Seat change+16+102+50
Popular vote15,026,09017,633,6538,085,600

 Fourth partyFifth partySixth party
  Foto oficial de Ciro Nogueira.jpg Portrait placeholder.svg Carlos Lupi.JPG
Leader Ciro Nogueira Carlos Siqueira Carlos Lupi
Last election469 mayors443 mayors314 mayors
Seats won492415335
Seat change+23-28+21
Popular vote5,747,8338,407,6566,404,512

The Brazilian municipal elections of 2016 took place on 2 October 2016 and on 30 October 2016 (for cities with more than 200,000 voters, where the second round is available). [1] Electors chose mayors, vice-mayors and city councillors of all 5,568 cities of the country. The partisan conventions took place between 20 July and 5 August. [2] The party political broadcast started on 26 August and ended on 29 September. [2] Until 2012, on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays there was the broadcast for candidates to city halls, 30 minutes long. The broadcasts for candidates for city councils were broadcast on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, also 30 minutes long. At least 97 cities had only one candidate for mayor in these elections. Besides that, 48.8% of the cities of the country didn't have more than two candidates. [3] These were the first elections in which recently registered parties Partido da Mulher Brasileira (PMB), Rede Sustentabilidade (REDE) and Partido Novo (NOVO) participated; they were recognized by the Superior Electoral Court (Portuguese : Tribunal Superior Eleitoral - TSE) in 2015. [4] Some of the most highlighted elected candidates include liberal businessman João Doria (PSDB) in São Paulo and licensed bishop Marcelo Crivella (PRB) in Rio de Janeiro. The elections also took place after the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff and during the investigations of Operation Car Wash (Portuguese : Operação Lava Jato). However, it only affected the left-wing Workers' Party, with its reduction of elected mayors, while the centre-right Brazilian Democratic Movement Party and Progressive Party, with the most of its members investigated, had an increase of elected candidates. [5]

Results in capitals

CapitalFederative unitMayorVice MayorColligation
Aracaju Sergipe Edvaldo Nogueira (PCdoB) Eliane Aquino (PT) PCdoB; PT; PMDB; PSD; PRB; PTN; PTdoB; PRP
Belém Pará Zenaldo Coutinho (PSDB) Orlando Reis (PSB) PSDB; PSB; PTdoB; DEM; PR; PTB; PTN; PSC; SD; PEN; PTC; PSL; PSDC; PMN; PRP
Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Alexandre Kalil (PHS) Paulo Lamac (REDE) PHS; REDE; PV
Boa Vista Roraima Teresa Surita (PMDB) Arthur Henrique (PSD) PMDB; PSD; PR; PSB; PPS; SD; PTdoB; PSDC; PSL; PPL
Campo Grande Mato Grosso do Sul Marquinhos Trad (PSD) Adriane Lopes (PEN) PSD; PEN; PTB; DEM; PTdoB; PMN; PHS
Cuiabá Mato Grosso Emanuel Pinheiro (PMDB) Niuan Ribeiro (PTB) PMDB; PTB; PP; PSC; PMB; PR; PROS; SD; PPL; PTdoB; PRP; PTC
Curitiba Paraná Rafael Greca (PMN) Eduardo Pimentel (PSDB) PMN; PSDB; PSB; DEM; PTdoB; PSDC; PTN
Florianópolis Santa Catarina Gean Loureiro (PMDB) João Batista (PSDB) PMDB; PSDB; PDT; PRB; PRTB; PSC; PTB; PTN; SD; PRP; PPS; PPL
Fortaleza Ceará Roberto Cláudio (PDT) Moroni Torgan (DEM) PDT; DEM; PP; PEN; PSC; PSDC; PRTB; PTC; PPS; PTN; PPL; PSL; PV; PTB; PSD; PROS; PMB; PCdoB
Goiânia Goiás Iris Rezende (PMDB) Major Araújo (PRP) PMDB; PRP; DEM; PDT; PRTB; PTC
João Pessoa Paraíba Luciano Cartaxo (PSD) Manoel Junior (PMDB) PSD; PMDB; PSDB; PP; SD; PCdoB; PSC; PRB; PSDC; PMB; PHS; PTN
Macapá Amapá Clécio Luís (REDE) Telma Nery (DEM) REDE; DEM; PSDB; PCdoB; PR; PSC; PPL; PTdoB
Maceió Alagoas Rui Palmeira (PSDB) Marcelo Palmeira (PP) PSDB; PP; PR; PPS; PDT; DEM; PROS
Manaus Amazonas Arthur Virgílio Neto (PSDB) Marcos Rotta (PMDB) PSDB; PMDB; PP; PTB; PPS; PV; PHS; PTN; PRP; PPL; PSL
Natal Rio Grande do Norte Carlos Eduardo Alves (PDT) Álvaro Dias (PMDB) PDT; PMDB; PR; DEM; PTB; PRB; PSC; PROS; PSDC
Palmas Tocantins Carlos Amastha (PSB) Cinthia Ribeiro (PSDB) PSB; PSDB; PTB; PMN; PSL; PTC; PCdoB; PRP
Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul Nelson Marchezan Júnio r (PSDB) Gustavo Paim (PP) PSDB; PP; PMB; PTC; PV
Porto Velho Rondônia Hildon Chaves (PSDB) Edgar do Boi (PSDC) PSDB; PSDC
Recife Pernambuco Geraldo Júlio (PSB) Luciano Siqueira (PCdoB) PSB; PCdoB; PMDB; PRTB; PPL; PSC; PR; PMB; PTC; PP; PPS; PSD; PDT; PRP; SD; REDE; PSDC; PROS; PHS; PEN
Rio Branco Acre Marcus Alexandre (PT) Socorro Neri (PSB) PT; PSB; PTdoB; PPL; PRB; PSL; PRP; PHS; PDT; PROS; PTN; PSDC; PSOL; PV; PSTU
Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro Marcelo Crivella (PRB) Fernando Mac Dowell (PR) PRB; PR; PTN
Salvador Bahia ACM Neto (DEM) Bruno Reis (PMDB) DEM; PMDB; PMB; PSDB; PEN; PHS; PPS; PRB; PSC; PTdoB; PSDC; PTB; PTC; PV; SD
São Luís Maranhão Edivaldo Holanda Júnior (PDT) Júlio Pinheiro (PCdoB) PDT; PCdoB; PTB; PRB; PSC; PR; DEM; PROS; PTC; PSL; PEN; PT
São Paulo São Paulo João Doria (PSDB) Bruno Covas (PSDB) PSDB; PP; PSB; DEM; PTN; PMN; PR; PPS; PHS; PV; PSL; PMB; PRP; PTC; PTdoB
Teresina Piauí Firmino Filho (PSDB) Luiz Júnior (PMDB) PSDB; PMDB; PRB; PSB; PSDC; PP; PMB; PV; PSL; SD; PRP; PRTB; PCdoB; PTdoB; PPS; DEM; PDT; PEN; PSC; REDE; PPL
Vitória Espirito Santo Luciano Rezende (PPS) Sérgio Sá (PSB) PPS; PSB; PCdoB; PRB; PP; PHS; PRP; PPL; REDE; PV; PROS; PEN

Related Research Articles

Liberal Party (Brazil, 2006)

The Liberal Party, formerly known as Party of the Republic, is a Brazilian centre to centre-right political party.

Brazilian Labour Renewal Party Political party in Brazil

The Brazilian Labour Renewal Party is a conservative Brazilian political party. It was founded in 1994 and its electoral number is 28. According to the party's official website, PRTB's main ideology is "to establish an economic system based on participatory decision making as the primary economic mechanism for allocation in society".

Espumoso is a municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. It belongs to the mesoregion "Nordeste Rio Grandense" and the microregion of "Cruz Alta" along with other 13 municipalities (Alto Alegre, Boa Vista do Cadeado, Boa Vista do Incra, Campos Borges, Cruz Alta, Fortaleza dos Valos, Ibirubá, Jacuizinho, Joia, Quinze de Novembro, Saldanha Marinho, Salto do Jacuí and Santa Bárbara do Sul. The estimated population in 2015 was 15,809 inhabitants, and its total area corresponds to 783.065 km².

The Brazilian municipal elections of 2012 took place on October 7 and on October 28. Over 138 million voters chose mayors, deputy mayors and city councillors for the 5,568 municipalities of Brazil. These were the first elections in which the recently registered parties Partido Pátria Livre (PPL) and Partido Social Democrático (PSD) participated; they were both recognized by the Superior Electoral Court in 2011. Political parties whose candidates wished to run for the 2012 elections had to be registered at the TSE for at least one year before the election date, while candidates also had to be affiliated to a party for the same period of time. Conventions for the selection of candidates within the parties occurred between 10 and 30 June, while the registry of candidates and alliances with the Regional Electoral Courts took place until July 5. Electoral campaign was authorized from the moment a candidacy had been registered. The free electoral program – two daily slots on free-to-air TV and radio for political advertising paid by the Electoral Justice fund – ran weekdays from 21 August until 4 October. According to the current Brazilian electoral law, the two-round system – should the leading candidate receive less than 50% +1 of the votes – is only available for cities with more than 200,000 voters. This includes all state capitals, with the exception of Boa Vista, Roraima and Palmas, Tocantins, plus 59 other municipalities. The free electoral program for the second round ran from 13 October until 26 October.

2012 Goiânia mayoral election

The Goiânia mayoral election of 2012 was held on 7 October as part of the municipal elections in Brazil. Then incumbent mayor, Paulo Garcia, elected as the running mate of Iris Rezende in the previous election, ran against seven other candidates and was re-elected with more than 57% of the valid votes. On the same date, voters also chose their 35 representatives for the Municipal Chamber. The elected mayor, deputy-mayor and aldermen will serve from 1 January 2013 until 31 December 2016, when their terms will officially expire.

Republican Party of the Social Order Political party in Brazil

The Republican Party of the Social Order is a political party in Brazil, founded in 2010, and officially recognized in 2013.

2018 Brazilian general election Election in Brazil

The 2018 Brazilian presidential election were held in 2018 with two rounds of balloting in conjunction with elections to the National Congress, state governorships. As no candidate in the presidential election received more than 50% of the vote in the first round on 7 October 2018, a second-round runoff was held on 28 October 2018.

The Sustainability Network is a Brazilian political party founded in 2013 by Marina Silva, a Brazilian politician from Acre.

Bruno Covas

Bruno Covas Lopes, most commonly known as Bruno Covas, is a Brazilian lawyer, economist and politician, member of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB), and the current Mayor of São Paulo. He is the grandson of former Governor of the State of São Paulo, Mário Covas, and had previously served as State Secretary of the Environment and president of Youth of PSDB.

2016 São Paulo mayoral election

The 2016 São Paulo municipal election took place in the city of São Paulo on the 2 October 2016. Voters voted to elect the Mayor, the Vice Mayor and 55 City Councillors for the administration of the city. The result was a 1st round victory for João Doria of the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB), winning 3,085,187 votes and a share of 53,28% of the popular vote, defeating incumbent mayor Fernando Haddad of the Workers' Party (PT), who took 967,190 votes and a share of 16,70% of the popular vote. Although Haddad came in second place on the popular vote, he did not win any electoral zone, while Marta Suplicy (PMDB), who came in fourth place, managed to win a plurality of the votes in 2 electoral zones.

Wilson Witzel Brazilian politician

Wilson José Witzel is a Brazilian politician and lawyer who is the 63rd and suspended Governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro. A member of the Social Christian Party, Witzel is a former federal judge and is an ex-marine. On 28 October 2018, he was elected Governor of the State of Rio de Janeiro with a four-year term beginning in January 2019, replacing Luiz Fernando Pezão.

2020 São Paulo mayoral election

The 2020 São Paulo municipal election took place in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, with the first round taking place on 15 November 2020 and the second round taking place on 29 November 2020. Voters voted to elect the Mayor, the Vice Mayor and 55 city councillors for the administration of the city. The result was a 2nd round victory for incumbent Mayor Bruno Covas of the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB), winning 3,169,121 votes and a share of 59,38% of the popular vote, defeating political activist Guilherme Boulos of the Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL), who took 2,168,109 votes and a share of 40.62% of the popular vote.

2020 Rio de Janeiro mayoral election

The 2020 Rio de Janeiro municipal election took place in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in November 2020 to elect a mayor, a vice mayor, and 51 city councillors for the administration of the city. On the 29 November 2020 run-off election, former mayor Eduardo Paes, of the Democrats (DEM), defeated incumbent mayor Marcelo Crivella of the Republicans (REP), who lost his bid for re-election.

Orleir Messias Camel was a Brazilian politician and businessman who held the office Governor of Acre from 1995 to 1999.

2022 Brazilian general election

General elections are scheduled to be held in Brazil on 2 October 2022 to elect the President, Vice President and the National Congress. Elections for state Governors and Vice Governors, State Legislative Assemblies and the Federal District Legislative Chamber will be held at the same time.

Admar Gonzaga

Admar Gonzaga Neto is a Brazilian politician, attorney, jurist and current General Secretary of Alliance for Brazil (APB). He was Justice of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), nominated by Michel Temer to the seat destinated to attorneys. With electoral career since 1993, Admar was member of the Jurists Special Committee created to propose changes to the Electoral Code.

2020 Brazilian municipal elections

The 2020 Brazilian municipal elections will take place on 15 and 29 November 2020. Electors chose Mayors, Vice-Mayors and City Councillors of all 5,568 cities of the country. The partisan conventions will take place between 31 August and 16 September. These will be the first elections since Bolsonaro's election as President.

Popular Unity (Brazil)

Popular Unity, or Popular Unity for Socialism, is a Brazilian political party founded on 16 June 2016, which had its right to launch candidacies recognized by the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) on 10 December 2019.


  1. "Plenário do TSE aprova Calendário Eleitoral das Eleições de 2016" (in Portuguese). Tribunal Superior Eleitoral. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Confira as principais datas previstas no calendário eleitoral do pleito deste ano" (in Portuguese). Tribual Superior Eleitoral. 7 January 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  3. Lopes, Nathan (13 September 2016). "Ele é candidato a prefeito e só precisa ter um voto para se eleger" (in Portuguese). Uol. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  4. Dantas, Humberto; Rezende, Monica (23 January 2017). "Partidos que debutaram nas eleições 2016" (in Portuguese). Estadão. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  5. Junqueira, Diego (6 October 2016). "Partido com mais investigados na Lava Jato tem alta no número de prefeitos" (in Portuguese). R7. Retrieved 30 November 2017.