Amyntas II (son of Bubares)

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Alabanda
Location of Alabanda in Asia Minor, received from Xerxes by Amyntas II.

Amyntas II was the son of the Persian official Bubares by his Macedonian wife Gygaea. [1] He was named after his maternal grandfather, Amyntas I of Macedon, who ruled Macedon as a Persian subject since 512/511 BC. [2] [3] Later, king Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BC) gave him the Carian city of Alabanda. [4] [2] Amyntas was possibly the direct successor of the tyrant Aridolis. [5]

Achaemenid Empire first Persian Empire founded by Cyrus the Great

The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia founded by Cyrus the Great. Ranging at its greatest extent from the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west to the Indus Valley in the east, it was larger than any previous empire in history, spanning 5.5 million square kilometers. Incorporating various peoples of different origins and faiths, it is notable for its successful model of a centralised, bureaucratic administration, for building infrastructure such as road systems and a postal system, the use of an official language across its territories, and the development of civil services and a large professional army. The empire's successes inspired similar systems in later empires.

Bubares Ancient Persian nobleman

Bubares was a Persian nobleman and engineer in the service of the Achaemenid Empire of the 5th century BC. He was one of the sons of Megabazus, and a second-degree cousin of Xerxes I.

Macedonia (ancient kingdom) ancient kingdom

Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Home to the ancient Macedonians, the earliest kingdom was centered on the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, and bordered by Epirus to the west, Paeonia to the north, Thrace to the east and Thessaly to the south.

"Bubares, a Persian, had taken to wife Gygaea, Alexander's sister and Amyntas' daughter, who had borne to him that Amyntas of Asia who was called by the name of his mother's father, and to whom the king gave Alabanda, a great city in Phrygia, for his dwelling."

Phrygia ancient kingdom in Anatolia

In classical antiquity, Phrygia was first a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Asian Turkey, centered on the Sangarios River, later a region, often part of great empires.

Herodotus VIII.136 [6]

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"They took in one of these ships Aridolis, the despot of Alabanda in Caria, and in another the Paphian captain Penthylus son of Demonous; of twelve ships that he had brought from Paphos he had lost eleven in the storm off the Sepiad headland, and was in the one that remained when he was taken as he bore down on Artemisium. Having questioned these men and learnt what they desired to know of Xerxes' armament, the Greeks sent them away to the isthmus of Corinth in bonds."

References

  1. Roisman & Worthington 2010, p. 343.
  2. 1 2 Briant 2002, p. 350.
  3. Roisman & Worthington 2010, pp. 136, 343.
  4. Roisman & Worthington 2010, p. 136.
  5. McNicoll, Milner; McNicoll, Anthony; Milner, N. P. (1997). Hellenistic Fortifications from the Aegean to the Euphrates. Oxford monographs on classical archaeology. Clarendon Press. p. 31. ISBN   9780198132288 . Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  6. LacusCurtius • Herodotus — Book VIII: Chapters 97‑144.

Sources

Pierre Briant is a French Iranologist, Professor of History and Civilisation of the Achaemenid World and the Empire of Alexander the Great at the Collège de France, Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Chicago, and founder of the website achemenet.com.

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