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Atizyes was a Persian satrap of Greater Phrygia under the Achaemenids in 334 BC, when Alexander the Great began his campaign. [1] He is not mentioned in the council of Zelea where the satrap coalition was formed against the invasion, so it is not sure whether he took part in the battle of the Granicus. [2] After the battle, he appears to be in the capital of Greater Phrygia, Celaenae where he had a garrison force of 1,000 Carians and 100 Greek mercenaries. [3] [4] He himself went to Syria to join the army of Darius III and fell in the battle of Issus at 333 BC. [5] [6] [7] After Phrygia fell to Alexander, he appointed his general Antigonus Monophthalmus as its satrap. [8]

The Persians are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran. They share a common cultural system and are native speakers of the Persian language, as well as closely related languages.

Phrygia ancient kingdom in Anatolia

In classical antiquity, Phrygia was first a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Asian Turkey, centered on the Sangarios River, later a region, often part of great empires.

Alexander the Great King of Macedon

Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of 20. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.


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  1. Arrian Anabasis 1.25.3
  2. Diodorus 17.21.3
  3. Arrian Anabasis 1.29.1
  4. Curtius Rufus 3.1.6-8
  5. Arrian Anabasis 2.11.8
  6. Curtius Rufus 3.11.10
  7. Diodorus 17.34.5
  8. Arrian Anabasis 1.29.3