Anarchism in the Czech Republic

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Anarchism in the Czech Republic peaked in the early 20th century.



Christian leader Petr Chelčický opposed the existence of states and Catholic nobility. As an early pacifist, he was a forerunner of Christian anarchism and an influence on Leo Tolstoy. [1] The Hussites, who advocated for no law besides that of God, too were essentially anarcho-communist in nature. [2]

Petr Chelčický 15th century Bohemian Christian radical

Petr Chelčický was a Czech Christian spiritual leader and author in the 15th century Bohemia. He was one of the most influential thinkers of the Bohemian Reformation.

Christian anarchism Belief that anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels

Christian anarchism is a movement in political theology that claims anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels. It is grounded in the belief that there is only one source of authority to which Christians are ultimately answerable—the authority of God as embodied in the teachings of Jesus. It therefore rejects the idea that human governments have ultimate authority over human societies. Christian anarchists denounce the state, believing it is violent, deceitful and, when glorified, idolatrous. Christian anarchists hold that the "Reign of God" is the proper expression of the relationship between God and humanity. Under the "Reign of God", human relationships would be characterized by divided authority, servant leadership, and universal compassion—not by the hierarchical, authoritarian structures that are normally attributed to religious social order. Most Christian anarchists are pacifists—they reject war and the use of violence.

Leo Tolstoy Russian writer, author of War and Peace and Anna Karenina

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. He received multiple nominations for Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906, and nominations for Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902 and 1910, and his miss of the prize is a major Nobel prize controversy.

20th century

Anarchists formed federations throughout the early 1900s. [3] By the mid-1920s, Czech anarchism had lost its momentum, owing to the influx of Russian authoritarian socialism. [4]

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