Banahaw Broadcasting Corporation

Last updated

Banahaw Broadcasting Corporation
(City 2 Television)
Type Broadcast radio and television network
Country
AvailabilityDefunct
Owner Roberto Benedicto
Key people
Roberto Benedicto, Salvador Tan
Launch date
November 4, 1973;47 years ago (1973-11-04)
DissolvedMarch 20, 1986;35 years ago (1986-03-20)
Replaced ABS-CBN
Replaced byABS-CBN

The Banahaw Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was a Philippine television network that began operations on November 4, 1973 and ceased transmission on March 20, 1986.

Contents

The network was well-remembered for its theme song, "Big Beautiful Country", composed by José Mari Chan and sung by Chan with Basil Valdez, Tillie Moreno, Alice Bell and Nonong Pedero.

History

Following the declaration of Martial Law in September 1972, ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation's frequencies and facilities were seized by the government.

In June 1973, Roberto Benedicto, a crony of then-President Ferdinand Marcos and owner of the Kanlaon Broadcasting System (KBS), took over the ABS-CBN frequencies and facilities in Quezon City. Banahaw Broadcasting Corporation was established to take over DZAQ-TV 2. Upon commencement of operations, the callsign DZAQ-TV 2 was changed to DWWX-TV 2 (BBC-2), complementing its new sister radio stations DWWK 101.9 FM and DWWA 1160 AM. DZXL-TV 4 was appropriated to the Philippine government to become GTV-4 in 1974. Both stations as well as KBS' DZKB-TV 9 (later RPN-9) shared the use of the ABS-CBN Broadcast Center (renamed Broadcast Plaza during the Martial Law era).

By December 1973, the network also operated DYCB-TV 3 in Cebu and DYXL-TV 4 in Bacolod, both originally owned by ABS-CBN. Their call signs were also changed to DYCW-TV and DYBW-TV, respectively. The Cebu and Bacolod stations switched affiliations to GTV (Government Television; later the Maharlika Broadcasting System) in 1978 and reverted to their former call letters.

In 1978, BBC-2 and RPN-9 would relocate from Broadcast Plaza to Benedicto's new Broadcast City complex, along with IBC-13 (Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation) (originally from San Juan) which was also controlled by Benedicto. GTV-4 would remain in Broadcast Plaza and became MBS-4 (Maharlika Broadcasting System) in 1980.

BBC-2 was rebranded as City 2 Television from 1980 to 1984 when it reverted back to BBC-2. City 2 was the first in the Philippines to incorporate computer-generated graphics using the Scanimate system for its station identity and promo spots, followed only by RPN in 1981.

At the height of the People Power Revolution in 1986, the operations of the Benedicto networks were halted after reformist soldiers disabled the transmitter that was broadcasting Marcos' inauguration from Malacañang Palace. [1] Upon Corazón C. Aquino's subsequent accession to the presidency, BBC, RPN, IBC and the Broadcast City complex were sequestered by the new government and placed under the management of a Board of Administrators tasked to operate and manage its business and affairs subject to the control and supervision of Presidential Commission on Good Government. [2]

BBC ended its operations on March 20, 1986. [3] [4] The Presidential Commission on Good Government approved the return of the network's flagship station Channel 2 and a portion of the ABS-CBN Broadcast Center to the Lopezes in June 1986. [5] The Lopez family continued to own the ABS-CBN corporation itself during the Marcos regime and all lease arrangements it entered into with the Philippine government and the Benedicto group for the use of its frequencies and facilities were never entirely recovered. [6] Despite the handover of ownership, DWWX-TV is still used as the callsign of the network's flagship station in Metro Manila. In 1992, ABS-CBN fully recovered the remaining portion of the ABS-CBN Broadcast Center which was used by the People's Television Network (PTV) since 1974.

Programming

Radio stations

See also

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References

  1. http://stuartxchange.com/DayFour.html
  2. "Executive Order No. 11, series 1986". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. April 8, 1986. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  3. http://elibrary.judiciary.gov.ph/decisions.php?doctype=Decisions%20/%20Signed%20Resolutions&docid=1311062211772857320
  4. http://www.lawphil.net/executive/execord/eo1986/eo_11_1986.html
  5. https://lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1989/oct1989/gr_78389_1989.html
  6. https://news.abs-cbn.com/ancx/culture/spotlight/06/18/20/ruthless-people-how-marcos-and-his-cronies-took-abs-cbn-from-the-lopezes

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