Capalaba, Queensland

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Capalaba
Redland City,  Queensland
Capalaba 2018.jpg
Intersection opposite Capalaba Park, 2018
Australia Queensland location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Capalaba
Coordinates 27°31′22.78″S153°11′33.72″E / 27.5229944°S 153.1927000°E / -27.5229944; 153.1927000 Coordinates: 27°31′22.78″S153°11′33.72″E / 27.5229944°S 153.1927000°E / -27.5229944; 153.1927000
Population17,333 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 4157
Location19 km (12 mi) from Brisbane GPO
LGA(s) Redland City
State electorate(s) Capalaba
Federal Division(s) Bowman
Suburbs around Capalaba:
Chandler Birkdale Alexandra Hills
Burbank Capalaba Alexandra Hills
Burbank Sheldon Thornlands

Capalaba /kəˈpæləbɑː/ is an urban locality in the City of Redland, Queensland, Australia. [2] In the 2016 census, Capalaba had a population of 17,333 people. [3]

Contents

Geography

The suburb has large shopping and commercial centres with two malls and a major bus station, as well as light industrial zones surrounded by bushland and residential streets, making it the second most populous suburb in the Redlands. [4] Surrounding suburbs include Alexandra Hills, Birkdale, and Sheldon, also in Redland City, along with Burbank and Chandler (and formerly Capalaba West), which lie within Brisbane.

Tingalpa Creek marks the border between Capalaba in the east and the City of Brisbane in the west, [5] making the suburb a gateway to the coastal Redlands region for urban Brisbanites. [4]

History

An early bridge across the Tingalpa Creek, connecting the City of Brisbane and Shire of Redland, circa 1936. StateLibQld 1 107908 Bridge over Tingalpa Creek, Brisbane, 1936.jpg
An early bridge across the Tingalpa Creek, connecting the City of Brisbane and Shire of Redland, circa 1936.

The name of Capalaba is believed to be derived from the Indigenous Yugarabul word for the ringtail possum, a marsupial native to the area. [6] [7]

European settlement began in the 1850s, led by farmers, lumberjacks, and sawmill operators. [6] [8] The town became important in the overland trade link between the settlements of Brisbane and Cleveland. Crossings and bridges over Tingalpa Creek were established to facilitate such transport. [5] [8]

The town was originally officially known as Tingalpa, presumably taking its name from the creek, this caused confusion due to the existence of another area of the same name and so in 1927 the town's name was officially changed to Capalaba (a name in common use). [9]

The town grew into the 20th century, becoming a major source of freshwater for the then Redland Shire in the 1960s, due to the construction of the Leslie Harrison Dam. [5] This prompted and the introduction of commercial and industrial areas still present today. [8] Continued population growth led to Capalaba ceasing to be a separate town and becoming a suburb within a larger conurbation.

Capalaba West was a related suburb located on the opposite side of Tingalpa Creek, rendering it part of Brisbane rather than the Redlands. [7] It retained the Capalaba name until 2010, when it became incorporated into the Brisbane suburb of Chandler. [10]

Demographics

In the 2016 census, the population of Capalaba was 17,333, an increase from 16,644 in the 2011 census, [11] of whom 50.4% were female and 49.6% were male. The median age of the Capalaba population was 37 years old, 1 year below the national median of 37.

74.4% of people living in Capalaba were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand (6.6%), England (4.4%), South Africa (1.0%), the Philippines (1.0%), and India (0.9%). 87.7% of people speak English as their first language; the next most common languages were Mandarin Chinese (0.6%), Hindi, Tagalog, Italian, and Greek (all 0.5%). [12]

Tingalpa Reservoir, formed by Leslie Harrison Dam, viewed from a residential street of Capalaba. Mount Petrie can be seen in the background. Leslie Harrison Dam from Allambee Crescent.jpg
Tingalpa Reservoir, formed by Leslie Harrison Dam, viewed from a residential street of Capalaba. Mount Petrie can be seen in the background.

Features

Capalaba Park Shopping Centre Main Entrance Capalaba Park 2016 (cropped).jpg
Capalaba Park Shopping Centre Main Entrance
The entrance to the Capalaba Library, located between the Capalaba Park and Capalaba Central shopping centres, adjacent to the Capalaba bus station. Capalaba Library.jpg
The entrance to the Capalaba Library, located between the Capalaba Park and Capalaba Central shopping centres, adjacent to the Capalaba bus station.

Major commercial and educational features of Capalaba include:

Transport

The Capalaba bus station [24] connects the suburb to much of the Redlands and Eastern Brisbane. Services to Garden City bus station and the adjacent Upper Mount Gravatt busway station are operated by Mt Gravatt Bus Service, on behalf of TransLink. The suburb is also connected west to Carindale bus station and the Brisbane central business district, north to the Cleveland railway line, and east to Victoria Point bus station, through bus routes operated by Transdev Queensland on behalf of TransLink. [24]

TransLink's Eastern Busway is planned to extend from UQ Lakes to Capalaba, but currently only reaches Langlands Park busway station in Coorparoo. [25] [26]

Capalaba is also the terminus for major roads crossing Tingalpa Creek from the City of Brisbane, including Old Cleveland Road and Mount Gravatt-Capalaba Road/Mount Cotton Road, both connecting directly to the Gateway Motorway. [27] [28]

Sporting clubs

Related Research Articles

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Old Cleveland Road, Brisbane road in Brisbane

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References

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  12. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Capalaba (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
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  24. 1 2 "Capalaba station". TransLink. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  25. "Eastern Busway". TransLink. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
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