Cerro Gordo Mines

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Cerro Gordo Mines and ghost town CerroGordo CA.jpg
Cerro Gordo Mines and ghost town

The Cerro Gordo Mines are a collection of abandoned mines located in the Inyo Mountains, near Lone Pine, California in Inyo County, California. Mining operations were undertaken from 1866 until 1957, producing high grade silver, lead, and zinc ore. Some ore was smelted on site, but larger capacity smelters were eventually constructed along the shore of nearby Owens Lake.

Contents

These smelting operations were the beginnings of the towns of Swansea and Keeler. Most of the metal ingots produced here were transported to Los Angeles, but transportation difficulties hindered the success of the mines. Mining of silver and lead peaked in the early 1880s, with a second mining boom producing zinc in the 1910s. [1]

History

Discovery of the silver ore is credited to Pablo Flores, who began mining and smelting operations near the summit of Buena Vista Peak in 1865[1]. Increasing white migration to the area was met with resistance from the Native Americans, which limited early mining efforts. The establishment of Fort Independence allowed for the expulsion of native populations, facilitating the expansion of the mining town.

These early miners employed relatively primitive techniques of open pits and trenches and used adobe ovens to smelt the ore. Businessman Victor Beaudry of nearby Independence, California, became impressed by the quality of silver mined at Cerro Gordo and opened a store nearby. He soon acquired several mining claims to settle unpaid debts and proceeded to have two modern smelters built. Beaudry continued acquiring mining rights from debtors until he soon owned a majority of the richest and most productive mines in the area, including partial interest in the Union Mine.

In 1868, Mortimer Belshaw arrived in Cerro Gordo (Rich Hill), attracted by the rich deposits of galena ore. After establishing a partnership with another stakeholder in the Union Mine, he brought the first wagon load of silver from Cerro Gordo to Los Angeles. In Los Angeles he was able to secure financing to build his own smelter that was superior to all other smelters at Cerro Gordo, as well as to build the first wagon road up the mountain. This road became known as the Yellow Road from the colour of the rock that it had been cut through. By operating the Yellow Road as a toll road, Belshaw was able to earn income and control the shipments of silver from the mountain.

Present day

Cerro Gordo is privately owned and currently a ghost town and tourist attraction. It still has several buildings, including the general store and the American Hotel. Permission to visit must be obtained. [2] The town was put up for sale in June 2018 [3] [4] [5] and sold the following month to Los Angeles entrepreneurs, who planned to keep it open to the public. [6] The buyers, Brent Underwood and partner Jon Bier, purchased the property with additional investment from a collection of Los Angeles-based creatives. [7] Early morning on June 15, 2020, the American Hotel burnt down along with a neighboring building. The owners plan to rebuild the American Hotel. [8]

Books

Remi Nadeau, a descendant of the family involved with the transport of ingots from Cerro Gordo across Owens Lake and by mule train to Los Angeles, has written books and articles on the period. [9]

Television

Cerro Gordo, along with the Inya Mine and the Belshaw House, located in the town, were featured on the season 19 episode of Ghost Adventures titled "Cerro Gordo Ghost Town", which aired in 2019 on the Travel Channel. [10]

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References

  1. Rasmussen, Cecilia "Old Ghost Town Is Getting a New Lease on Life: The mining site high above Owens Valley went bust in 1888. Now its owner is restoring it to a state of `arrested decay' for visitors", Los Angeles Times , October 8, 2006; accessed June 29, 2018.
  2. "About Cerro Gordo Mines". Cerro Gordo Mine. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
  3. "Buyer of this authentic "ghost town" can own piece of the Wild West". CBS News. 2018-06-14.
  4. Park, Madison (2018-06-14). "This California ghost town is for sale". CNN.
  5. "Entire California ghost town for sale for under $1 million". Fox News. June 28, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  6. Graff, Amy (July 16, 2018). "Historic California ghost town sells for $1.4 million on Friday the 13th". San Francisco Chronicle.
  7. "California ghost town sells for $1.4 million; buyers plan to develop it as a tourist attraction". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  8. "Cerro Gordo fire | The Inyo Register". www.inyoregister.com. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  9. "Finding Aid for the Remi A. Nadeau Papers, 1948-1993". Online Archive of California. University of California. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  10. "Cerro Gordo Ghost Town". Travel Channel. Retrieved 2020-07-01.

Further reading

Coordinates: 36°32.2626′N117°47.70186′W / 36.5377100°N 117.79503100°W / 36.5377100; -117.79503100 (Cerro Gordo Mines)