Electoral history of Margaret Thatcher

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This is a summary of the electoral history of Margaret Thatcher , who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Finchley from 1959 to 1992.

Contents

Parliamentary elections

1950 general election, Dartford

General election 1950: Dartford [1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Co-op Norman Dodds 38,12856.38
Conservative Margaret Roberts 24,49036.21
Liberal Anthony H. Giles5,0117.41new
Majority13,63820.17
Turnout 67,62985.51
Labour Co-op hold Swing

1951 general election, Dartford

General election 1951: Dartford [2]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Co-op Norman Dodds 40,09459.09
Conservative Margaret Roberts 27,76040.91
Majority12,33418.18
Turnout 67,85485.22
Labour Co-op hold Swing +3.71

1959 general election, Finchley

General election 1959: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 29,69753.19-1.37
Labour Eric Deakins 13,43724.07-7.34
Liberal Henry Ivan Spence12,70122.74+8.71
Majority16,26029.12+5.97
Turnout 55,83580.78+2.46
Conservative hold Swing +2.98

1964 general election, Finchley

General election 1964: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 24,591 46.6 −6.6
Liberal John Pardoe 15,78929.9+7.2
Labour Albert Edward Tomlinson12,40823.5-0.6
Majority8,80216.7−12.7
Turnout 52,78878.2−2.6
Conservative hold Swing −6.9

1966 general election, Finchley

General election 1966: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 23,968 46.5 −0.1
Labour Yvonne Sieve14,50428.1+4.6
Liberal Frank Davis13,07025.4−4.5
Majority9,46418.4+1.7
Turnout 51,54275.3−2.9
Conservative hold Swing −2.4

1970 general election, Finchley

General election 1970: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 25,480 53.8 +7.3
Labour Michael Freeman14,29530.2+2.1
Liberal Graham Mitchell7,61416.1−9.3
Majority11,18523.6+5.2
Turnout 47,38965.6−9.7
Conservative hold Swing +2.6

February 1974 general election, Finchley

General election February 1974: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 18,180 43.7 −8.6
Labour Martin O'Connor12,20229.3−2.3
Liberal Laurence Brass11,22127.0+10.9
Majority5,97814.4
Turnout 41,60378.0
Conservative hold Swing −3.1

October 1974 general election, Finchley

General election October 1974: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 16,498 44.0 +0.3
Labour Martin O'Connor12,58733.6+4.3
Liberal Laurence Brass7,38419.7−7.3
National Front Janet Godfrey9932.7New
Majority3,91110.4−4.0
Turnout 37,46269.5−8.5
Conservative hold Swing −2.0

1979 general election, Finchley

General election 1979: Finchley
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 20,918 52.5 +8.5
Labour Richard May 13,04032.7−0.9
Liberal Anthony Paterson5,25413.2−6.5
National Front William Verity5341.3−1.4
Independent DemocratElizabeth Lloyd860.2New
Majority7,87819.8+9.4
Turnout 39,83272.5+3.0
Conservative hold Swing +4.7

1983 general election, Finchley

General election 1983: Finchley [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 19,616 51.1 −1.4
Labour Laurence Spigel10,30226.8−5.9
Liberal Margaret Joachim 7,76320.2+7.0
Ecology Simone Wilkinson2790.7New
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 2350.6New
Ban Every Licensing Law SocietyAnthony Noonan750.2New
Rail Not MotorwayHelen Anscomb420.1New
Law and Order in Gotham CityAnthony Whitehead370.1New
Anti-CensorshipDavid Webb280.1New
Party of Associates with Licensees Brian Wareham270.1New
Belgrano Blood-HungerBenjamin Wedmore130.0New
Majority9,31424.2+4.4
Turnout 38,41769.0−3.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.2

1987 general election, Finchley

General election 1987: Finchley [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Margaret Thatcher 21,603 53.9 +2.8
Labour John Davies12,69031.7+4.9
Liberal David Howarth5,58013.9−7.3
Gremloid Party Lord Buckethead 1310.3New
Gold PartyMichaelle St Vincent590.2New
Majority8,91322.2−2.0
Turnout 40,06369.4+0.4
Conservative hold Swing −1.0

Conservative Party leadership elections

1975 leadership election

First ballot: 4 February 1975
CandidateVotes%
Margaret Thatcher 13047.1
Edward Heath 11943.1
Hugh Fraser 165.8
Second ballot required
Second ballot: 11 February 1975
CandidateVotes%
Margaret Thatcher 14652.9
William Whitelaw 7928.6
Geoffrey Howe 196.9
Jim Prior 196.9
John Peyton 114
Margaret Thatcher elected

1989 leadership election

Only ballot: 5 December 1989
CandidateVotes%
Margaret Thatcher 31484.0
Sir Anthony Meyer 338.8
Abstentions30.8
Spoilt 246.4
Majority28175.1
Turnout374N/A
Margaret Thatcher re-elected

1990 leadership election

First ballot: 20 November 1990
CandidateVotes [5] %
Margaret Thatcher 20454.8
Michael Heseltine 15240.9
Abstentions164.3
Majority5214.0
Turnout372100
Second ballot required

United Kingdom general elections

1979 general election

UK General Election 1979
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative Margaret Thatcher 62233963 1 +6253.443.913,697,923+8.1
  Labour James Callaghan 623269454−5042.436.911,532,218−2.3
  Liberal David Steel 57711 1 3−21.713.84,313,804−4.5
  SNP William Wolfe 71209−90.311.6504,259−1.3
  UUP Harry West 115 1 2−10.790.8254,578−0.1
  National Front John Tyndall 3030000N/A0.6191,719+0.2
  Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Evans 3620 1 −10.310.4132,544−0.2
  SDLP Gerry Fitt 9 1 0000.160.4126,325−0.2
  Alliance Oliver Napier 120000N/A0.382,892+0.1
  DUP Ian Paisley 5320+20.470.270,795−0.1
  Ecology Jonathan Tyler 530000N/A0.139,918+0.1
  UUUP Ernest Baird 2 1 1 0+10.160.139,856N/A
  Ulster Popular Unionist James Kilfedder 1 1 1 0+10.160.136,989+0.1
  Independent Labour N/A110000N/A0.126,058−0.1
  Irish Independence Fergus McAteer and Frank McManus 40000N/A0.123,086N/A
  Independent Republican N/A 1 1 000N/A0.122,398−0.1
  Independent N/A620000N/A0.119,531+0.1
  Communist Gordon McLennan 380000N/A0.116,8580.0
  SLP Jim Sillars 30000N/A0.113,737N/A
  Workers Revolutionary Michael Banda 600000N/A0.112,631+0.1
  Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 70000N/A0.112,0980.0
  Independent SDLP N/A 1 0000N/A0.010,785N/A
  Unionist Party NI Anne Dickson 30000N/A0.08,021−0.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A70000N/A0.04,8410.0
  NI Labour Alan Carr 30000N/A0.04,4410.0
  Mebyon Kernow Richard Jenkin 30000N/A0.04,1640.0
  Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 20000N/A0.03,785−0.1
  Wessex Regionalist Viscount Weymouth 70000N/A0.03,090N/A
  Socialist Unity N/A100000N/A0.02,834N/A
  United Labour Paddy Devlin 1 0000N/A0.01,895N/A
 Independent DemocraticN/A50000N/A0.01,087N/A
  United Country Edmund Iremonger20000N/A0.01,033N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A20000N/A0.01,0230.0
 Independent SocialistN/A20000N/A0.07700.0
  Workers (Leninist) Royston Bull20000N/A0.07670.0
  New Britain Dennis Delderfield20000N/A0.07170.0
  Fellowship Ronald Mallone20000N/A0.05310.0
  More Prosperous Britain Tom Keen60000N/A0.05180.0
  United English National John Kynaston20000N/A0.02380.0
  Cornish Nationalist James Whetter 1 0000N/A0.0227N/A
  Social Democrat Donald Kean 1 0000N/A0.01440.0
  English National Frank Hansford-Miller 1 0000N/A0.01420.0
 The Dog Lovers' Party Auberon Waugh 1 0000N/A0.0790.0
  Socialist (GB) N/A 1 0000N/A0.0780.0
All parties shown. [lower-alpha 1] [lower-alpha 2]
Government's new majority43
Total votes cast31,221,362
Turnout76%

1983 general election

1983 UK general election
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative Margaret Thatcher 6333974710+3761.142.413,012,316−1.5
  Labour Michael Foot 633209455−5132.227.68,456,934−9.3
  Alliance David Steel & Roy Jenkins 636 [lower-alpha 3] 23120+124.525.47,794,770+11.6
  SNP Gordon Wilson 7220000.31.1331,975−0.5
  UUP James Molyneaux 161131+21.70.8259,9520.0
  DUP Ian Paisley 1432 1 +10.50.5152,749+0.3
  SDLP John Hume 17 1 0 1 −10.20.4137,0120.0
  Plaid Cymru Dafydd Wigley 3820000.30.4125,3090.0
  Sinn Féin Ruairí Ó Brádaigh 14 1 1 1 00.20.3102,701N/A
  Alliance Oliver Napier 1200000.00.261,275−0.1
  Ecology Jonathon Porritt 10900000.00.254,299+0.1
  Independent N/A7300000.00.130,422N/A
  National Front Andrew Brons 6000000.00.127,065−0.5
  UPUP James Kilfedder 1 1 1 0+10.20.122,861N/A
  Independent Labour N/A800000.00.116,4470.0
  Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 1400000.00.014,650−0.1
  BNP John Tyndall 5400000.00.014,621N/A
  Communist Gordon McLennan 3500000.00.011,606−0.1
  Independent Socialist N/A 1 00000.00.010,326N/A
  Ind. Conservative N/A1000000.00.09,4420.0
 Independent CommunistN/A200000.00.04,760N/A
  Workers Revolutionary Michael Banda 2100000.00.03,798−0.1
  Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 1100000.00.03,015N/A
  Wessex Regionalist N/A1000000.00.01,7500.0
  Mebyon Kernow Richard Jenkin 200000.00.01,151N/A
  Independent DUP N/A 1 00000.00.01,134N/A
  Licensees N/A400000.00.0934N/A
  Nationalist Party N/A500000.00.0874N/A
  Labour and Trade Union Peter Hadden 1 00000.00.0584N/A
  Revolutionary Communist Frank Furedi 400000.00.0581N/A
  Freedom Party N/A100000.00.0508N/A
All parties with more than 500 votes shown. [lower-alpha 4] [lower-alpha 5] [lower-alpha 6] [lower-alpha 7]
Government's new majority144
Total votes cast30,671,137
Turnout72.7%

1987 general election

UK general election 1987
CandidatesVotes
PartyLeaderStoodElectedGainedUnseatedNet % of total %No.Net %
  Conservative Margaret Thatcher 6333769302157.8542.213,760,5830.2
  Labour Neil Kinnock 633229266+2035.2330.810,029,807+3.2
  Alliance David Owen & David Steel 633225613.3822.67,341,6332.8
  SNP Gordon Wilson 72332+10.461.3416,473+0.2
  UUP James Molyneaux 1290221.380.8276,2300.0
  SDLP John Hume 13320+20.460.5154,067+0.1
  Plaid Cymru Dafydd Elis-Thomas 383 1 0+10.460.4123,5990.0
  Green N/A13300000.389,753+0.1
  DUP Ian Paisley 430000.460.385,6420.2
  Sinn Féin Gerry Adams 14 1 0000.150.383,3890.0
  Alliance John Alderdice 1600000.272,6710.0
  Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 1400000.119,294+0.1
  UPUP James Kilfedder 1 1 0000.150.118,4200.0
  Real Unionist Robert McCartney 1 00000.114,467N/A
  Communist Gordon McLennan 1900000.06,0780.0
  Protestant Unionist George Seawright 1 00000.05,671N/A
  Red Front N/A1400000.03,177N/A
  Orkney and Shetland Movement John Goodlad 1 00000.03,095N/A
  Moderate Labour Brian Marshall200000.02,269N/A
  Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 500000.01,9510.0
  Workers Revolutionary Sheila Torrance1000000.01,7210.0
  Independent Liberal N/A 1 00000.06860.0
  BNP John Tyndall 200000.05530.0
 Spare the EarthN/A 1 00000.0522N/A
All parties gaining over 500 votes listed.
Government's new majority102
Total votes cast32,529,578
Turnout75.3%

Notes

  1. The Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party had folded in 1978. Of its three MPs, two joined the Ulster Unionist Party (one held his seat, the other lost to the Democratic Unionist Party) and the third defended and held his seat for the United Ulster Unionist Party.
  2. James Kilfedder had been previously elected as an Ulster Unionist MP, but left the party, defending and holding his seat as an Independent Ulster Unionist. He subsequently founded the Ulster Popular Unionist Party but did not use that label in this election.
  3. Includes official Liberal candidates who were not given national Alliance endorsement in three constituencies: Liverpool Broadgreen, Hackney South and Shoreditch, and Hammersmith.
  4. The SDP–Liberal Alliance vote is compared with the Liberal Party vote in the 1979 election.
  5. The Independent Unionist elected in the 1979 election defended and held his seat for the Ulster Popular Unionist Party. The United Ulster Unionist Party dissolved and its sole MP did not re-stand.
  6. The Independent Republican elected in the 1979 election died in 1981. In the ensuring by-election the seat was won by Bobby Sands, an Anti-H-Block/Armagh Political Prisoner who then died and was succeeded by an Anti-H-Block Proxy Political Prisoner candidate Owen Carron. He defended and lost his seat standing for Sinn Féin who contested seats in Northern Ireland for the first time since 1959.
  7. This election was fought under revised boundaries. The changes reflect those comparing to the notional results on the new boundaries. One significant change was the increase in the number of seats allocated to Northern Ireland from 12 to 17.

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References

  1. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  2. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  3. "1990: Thatcher fails to win party mandate". On This Day. BBC News. Retrieved 13 July 2011.