South Antrim (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Coordinates: 54°43′16″N6°14′28″W / 54.721°N 6.241°W / 54.721; -6.241

Contents

South Antrim
County constituency
for the House of Commons
SouthAntrimConstituency.svg
Boundary of South Antrim in Northern Ireland
Districts of Northern Ireland Antrim and Newtownabbey
Current constituency
Created1885, 1950
Member of Parliament Paul Girvan (DUP)
Created from Antrim
18851922
Replaced by Antrim
Created from Antrim, Lisburn

South Antrim (Irish : Aontroim Theas) is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Paul Girvan of the Democratic Unionist Party.

Boundaries

From 1885, this constituency was one of four county divisions of the former Antrim constituency. It comprised the baronies of Massereene Upper, Massereene Lower, that part of the barony Antrim Upper in the parish of Antrim, that part of the barony of Toome Upper not in the constituency of Mid Antrim, that part of the barony of Belfast Upper not in the constituency of East Antrim, and so much of the Parliamentary Borough of Belfast as was in the County of Antrim.

It returned one Member of Parliament. In 1922, it was merged into a new Antrim constituency.

The seat was re-created in 1950 when the old Antrim two MP constituency was abolished as part of the final move to single member seats. The seat was reduced in size for the 1974 general election, with the town of Carrickfergus and the areas between it and Larne town transferred to North Antrim. Additionally some territory was transferred to Belfast West. [1] Despite these changes, the seat had become the largest in the entire United Kingdom by the time of the Northern Ireland Assembly elections of 1982, by which time its electorate had passed the 131,000 mark. [2] For the 1983 general election Northern Ireland received new seats. Consequently, South Antrim was significantly reduced, losing a lot of territory to the new seats of East Antrim and Lagan Valley as well as minor sections to Belfast West, Belfast North and Upper Bann. The new South Antrim which was fought for the 1983 election contained only 43% of the previous seat. [3] In 1995 there were minor changes around the borders with North Belfast and West Belfast. The seat fought at the 2005 election encompassed the entirety of the district of Antrim and part of the district of Newtownabbey.

Following consultation of boundary changes across Northern Ireland, the altered South Antrim constituency fought at the 2010 general election is made up as follows: [4]

History

South Antrim is an overwhelmingly unionist constituency which once had the strongest vote for the Ulster Unionist Party anywhere in the province. From 1886 to 1974 the Conservative and Unionist members of the United Kingdom House of Commons formed a single Parliamentary party, and they continuously represented South Antrim

In 1951, it was one of the last four seats to be uncontested in a British General Election. In the 1979 general election James Molyneaux had the largest majority of any MP in the entire of the United Kingdom, helped also by having one of the largest electorates.

The boundary changes in 1983 reduced the Ulster Unionist vote somewhat, with a significant portion now contained in the new Lagan Valley (which Molyneaux then contested) but the constituency still gave strong results for the party.

However, in April 2000 the Ulster Unionist incumbent, Clifford Forsythe, died suddenly. The ensuing by-election took place amidst a fierce political struggle between the Ulster Unionist Party and the Democratic Unionist Party over the Good Friday Agreement, an agreement that the UUP were themselves split over. The DUP had not contested the seat at the previous general election but on this occasion stood William McCrea, the former MP for Mid Ulster, who campaigned strongly on the DUP's refusal to co-operate with Sinn Féin in the absence of arms decommissioning by the IRA. The local UUP branch selected David Burnside to contest the seat who declared that he had supported the Good Friday Agreement at the time that it was signed but had since become disillusioned with its implementation. As a result many commentators predicted that whatever the outcome of the election it was a severe blow for the UUP's leader David Trimble. On a low turnout amidst a fierce contest McCrea narrowly won the seat.

Burnside was nominated again to contest the seat in the 2001 general election in which he overturned McCrea's majority, aided by tactical voting by SDLP and Alliance voters. However the DUP were eager to regain the seat and in the 2003 Assembly election they outpolled the UUP by 298 votes. In the 2005 general election McCrea defeated Burnside in their third contest, but with a noticeably lower swing than those garnered by other DUP candidates who ousted UUP MPs. McCrea held the seat in the 2010 general election with a reduced majority. The seat was won by the UUP at the 2015 general election following the defeat of McCrea by Danny Kinahan. The DUP regained the seat following the 2017 general election with the defeat of Kinahan by Paul Girvan.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMemberParty
1885 William Ellison-Macartney Conservative
1886 Irish Unionist
1903 by-election Charles Craig Irish Unionist
1921 Ulster Unionist
1922 constituency abolished
1950 constituency recreated
1950 Douglas Lloyd Savory Ulster Unionist
1955 Knox Cunningham Ulster Unionist
1970 James Molyneaux Ulster Unionist
1983 Clifford Forsythe Ulster Unionist
2000 by-election William McCrea Democratic Unionist
2001 David Burnside Ulster Unionist
2003 Independent Unionist
2004 Ulster Unionist Party
2005 William McCrea Democratic Unionist
2015 Danny Kinahan Ulster Unionist
2017 Paul Girvan Democratic Unionist

Elections

South Antrim election results South Antrim election results.png
South Antrim election results

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Paul Girvan 15,149 35.3 –2.9
UUP Danny Kinahan 12,46029.0–1.8
Alliance John Blair 8,19019.1+11.7
Sinn Féin Declan Kearney 4,88711.4–6.7
SDLP Roisin Lynch2,2885.3–0.2
Majority2,6896.3−1.1
Turnout 42,97459.9−3.4
Registered electors 71,743
DUP hold Swing –0.6
General election 2017: South Antrim [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Paul Girvan 16,508 38.2 +8.1
UUP Danny Kinahan 13,30030.8−1.9
Sinn Féin Declan Kearney 7,79718.1+5.2
Alliance Neil Kelly3,2037.4−2.4
SDLP Roisin Lynch2,3625.5−2.7
Majority3,2087.4N/A
Turnout 43,29263.3+9.1
Registered electors 68,244
DUP gain from UUP Swing +5.0
General election 2015: South Antrim [6] [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Danny Kinahan 11,942 32.7 +2.3
DUP William McCrea 10,99330.1−3.8
Sinn Féin Declan Kearney 4,69912.9-1.0
Alliance Neil Kelly3,5769.8+2.1
SDLP Roisin Lynch2,9908.2−0.5
TUV Rick Cairns1,9085.2−0.2
NI Conservatives Alan Dunlop4151.1New
Majority9492.6N/A
Turnout 36,52354.2+0.3
Registered electors 67,425
UUP gain from DUP Swing +3.1
General election 2010: South Antrim [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP William McCrea 11,536 33.9 −4.3
UCU-NF Reg Empey 10,35330.4+1.3
Sinn Féin Mitchel McLaughlin [9] 4,72913.9+2.3
SDLP Michelle Byrne [10] 2,9558.7−3.7
Alliance Alan Lawther2,6077.7−0.9
TUV Mel Lucas1,8295.4New
Majority1,1833.5−5.6
Turnout 34,00953.9−3.4
Registered electors 63,054
DUP hold Swing −2.8

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: South Antrim [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP William McCrea 14,507 38.2 +3.4
UUP David Burnside 11,05929.1-8.0
SDLP Noreen McClelland 4,70612.4+0.3
Sinn Féin Henry Cushinan4,40711.6+2.2
Alliance David Ford 3,2788.6+4.1
Majority3,4489.1N/A
Turnout 37,95756.7-5.8
Registered electors 66,580
DUP gain from UUP Swing +5.7
General election 2001: South Antrim [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP David Burnside 16,366 37.1 −20.4
DUP William McCrea 15,35534.8New
SDLP Sean A. McKee5,33612.1−4.1
Sinn Féin Martin Meehan 4,1609.4+3.9
Alliance David Ford 1,9694.5−7.1
NI Unionist Norman Boyd 9722.2New
Majority1,0112.3-39.0
Turnout 44,15862.5+4.7
Registered electors 70,651
UUP hold Swing -10.2
2000 South Antrim by-election [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP William McCrea 11,601 38.0 New
UUP David Burnside 10,77935.3−22.2
SDLP Donovan McClelland 3,49611.4−4.8
Sinn Féin Martin Meehan 2,6118.5+3.0
Alliance David Ford 2,0316.6−5.0
Natural Law David H. Collins490.2−0.3
Majority8222.7N/A
Turnout 30,56743.0-14.8
Registered electors 71,047
DUP gain from UUP Swing -5.7

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: South Antrim [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Clifford Forsythe 23,108 57.5 −13.9
SDLP Donovan McClelland 6,49716.2+3.4
Alliance David Ford 4,66811.6+0.7
PUP Hugh Smyth 3,4909.0New
Sinn Féin Henry Cushinan2,2295.5+2.5
Natural Law Barbara A. Briggs2030.5New
Majority16,61141.3-16.8
Turnout 40,19557.8-5.1
Registered electors 69,512
UUP hold Swing −8.2
General election 1992: South Antrim [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Clifford Forsythe 29,956 70.9 +1.1
SDLP Donovan McClelland 5,39712.8+2.9
Alliance John K. Blair5,24412.4−3.6
Sinn Féin Henry Cushinan1,2202.9−1.5
Independent Denis Martin4421.1New
Majority24,55958.1+4.3
Turnout 42,25962.9+0.0
Registered electors 67,192
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: South Antrim [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Clifford Forsythe 25,395 69.8 +24.1
Alliance Gordon Mawhinney 5,80816.0+4.1
SDLP Donovan McClelland 3,6119.9+1.2
Sinn Féin Henry Cushinan1,5924.4+0.2
Majority19,58753.8+36.3
Turnout 36,40662.9−2.6
Registered electors 61,649
UUP hold Swing
By-election 1986: South Antrim [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Clifford Forsythe 30,087 94.1 +48.4
"For the Anglo-Irish Agreement""Peter Barry" (Wesley Robert Williamson) [18] 1,8705.9New
Majority28,21788.2+70.7
Turnout 31,95753.5−12.0
Registered electors 60,780
UUP hold Swing
General election 1983: South Antrim [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Clifford Forsythe 17,727 45.7 −23.3
DUP Roy Thompson 10,93528.2New
Alliance Gordon Mawhinney 4,61211.9−4.3
SDLP Alban Maginness 3,3778.7−1.4
Sinn Féin Sean H. Laverty1,6294.2New
Workers' Party Kevin Smyth5491.4New
Majority6,79217.5−35.3
Turnout 38,82965.5+7.3
Registered electors 59,233
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP James Molyneaux 50,782 69.0 −2.5
Alliance Charles Kinahan 11,91416.2+0.9
SDLP Patrick Rowan7,43210.1−3.1
United Labour Bob Kidd1,8952.6New
Republican Clubs Kevin Smyth1,6152.2New
Majority38,86852.8−3.4
Turnout 73,63858.2+0.1
Registered electors 126,444
UUP hold Swing
General election October 1974: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP James Molyneaux 48,892 71.5 +3.9
Alliance Charles Kinahan 10,46015.3−2.3
SDLP Patrick Rowan9,06113.2+0.9
Majority38,43256.2+6.2
Turnout 68,41358.1−3.0
Registered electors 117,834
UUP hold Swing
General election February 1974: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP James Molyneaux 48,203 67.6 +6.4
Alliance Charles Kinahan 12,55917.6New
SDLP Patrick John Rowan8,76912.3New
Independent Bob Kidd1,8012.5New
Majority35,64450.0+9.3
Turnout 71,33261.1−6.9
Registered electors 118,483
UUP hold Swing
General election 1970: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP James Molyneaux 59,589 61.2 −3.1
NI Labour Robert Johnston19,97120.5−15.2
Independent Unionist Tom Caldwell 10,93811.2New
National Democratic Daniel MacAllister6,0376.2New
Ulster Liberal Rodney Smith9130.9New
Majority39,61840.7+12.1
Turnout 97,44868.0+12.1
Registered electors 143,274
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Knox Cunningham 40,840 64.3 −5.6
NI Labour Sydney Stewart22,67235.7+11.3
Majority18,16828.6−16.9
Turnout 63,51255.9−8.4
Registered electors 113,645
UUP hold Swing
General election 1964: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Knox Cunningham 47,325 69.9 −25.2
NI Labour Sydney Stewart16,53124.4New
Independent Republican Leo Wilson3,8305.7New
Majority30,79445.5−13.7
Turnout 67,68664.3+5.0
Registered electors 105,304
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Knox Cunningham 52,786 95.1 +4.4
Sinn Féin Michael Traynor 2,7454.9−4.4
Majority50,04190.2+8.8
Turnout 55,53159.3−6.0
Registered electors 93,634
UUP hold Swing
General election 1955: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Knox Cunningham 50,347 90.7 N/A
Sinn Féin Michael Traynor 5,1559.3New
Majority45,19281.4N/A
Turnout 55,50265.3N/A
Registered electors 84,939
UUP hold Swing
General election 1951: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Douglas Savory Unopposed
Registered electors 79,533
UUP hold
General election 1950: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Douglas Savory 41,023 83.6
NI Labour Edward Brown8,06816.4
Majority32,95567.2
Turnout 49,09163.3
Registered electors 77,499
UUP win (new seat)

Elections in the 1910s

General Election 1918: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Craig 13,270 85.1 N/A
Sinn Féin Kevin O'Shiel 2,31814.9New
Majority10,95270.2N/A
Turnout 15,55867.1N/A
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election Dec 1910: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Craig Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
General election January 1910: South Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Craig 5,310 69.41 N/A
Liberal William Moffat Clow2,34030.59New
Majority2,97038.82N/A
Turnout 9,90077.27N/A
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1906: South Antrim [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Craig Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
1903 South Antrim by-election [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Craig 4,464 55.25 +0.86
Russellite Unionist Samuel Robert Keightley3,61544.75New
Majority84910.50+1.72
Turnout 8,07978.93+13.86
Registered electors 10,236
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: South Antrim [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist William Ellison-Macartney 3,674 54.39 N/A
Independent Unionist Samuel Lawther3,08145.61New
Majority5938.78N/A
Turnout 6,75565.07N/A
Registered electors 10,381
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: South Antrim [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist William Ellison-Macartney Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
General election 1892: South Antrim [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist William Ellison-Macartney Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: South Antrim [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist William Ellison-Macartney Unopposed
Registered electors 10,824
Irish Unionist hold
General election 1885: South Antrim [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Conservative William Ellison-Macartney 5,047 57.8
Liberal John Dougherty Barbour 3,68042.2
Majority1,36715.6
Turnout 8,72780.6
Registered electors 10,824
Irish Conservative win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. Whyte, Dr Nicholas. "Westminster elections in NI since 1920". www.ark.ac.uk.
  2. Whyte, Nicholas. "South Antrim 1973-82". www.ark.ac.uk.
  3. Almanac of British Politics, 3rd ed, Robert Waller
  4. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (Northern Ireland) Order 2008". www.opsi.gov.uk.
  5. "Election of a Member of Parliament for the SOUTH ANTRIM Constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Electoral Office of Northern Ireland. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  6. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  7. "The Electoral Office of Northern Ireland - EONI". www.eoni.org.uk.
  8. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. Candidates Archived 18 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine , Sinn Féin
  10. Byrne: It's time for real change in South Antrim, SDLP
  11. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1997-2002 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  14. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. Results of Byelections in the 1983-87 Parliament in the United Kingdom Election Results website maintained by David Boothroyd
  18. Nicholas Whyte (13 May 2003). "Westminster by-elections, 23 January 1986". Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive . Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  19. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN   0901714127.

Related Research Articles

James Molyneaux, Baron Molyneaux of Killead British politician

James Henry Molyneaux, Baron Molyneaux of Killead, KBE, PC, often known as Jim Molyneaux, was a Northern Irish unionist politician, and leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) from 1979 to 1995. He was a leading member and sometime Vice-President of the Conservative Monday Club. An Orangeman, he was also Sovereign Grand Master of the Royal Black Institution from 1971 to 1995.

West Tyrone (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

West Tyrone is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP for the constituency is Órfhlaith Begley of Sinn Féin.

East Londonderry (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

East Londonderry is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Gregory Campbell of the DUP.

Mid Ulster (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Mid Ulster is a parliamentary constituency in the UK House of Commons. The current MP is Francie Molloy of Sinn Féin.

Fermanagh and South Tyrone (UK Parliament constituency)

Fermanagh and South Tyrone is a parliamentary constituency in the British House of Commons. The current MP is Michelle Gildernew of Sinn Féin.

North Antrim (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

North Antrim is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Ian Paisley Jr of the DUP.

East Antrim (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

East Antrim is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Sammy Wilson of the DUP.

Belfast North (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1922 onwards

Belfast North is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is John Finucane of Sinn Féin.

Belfast South (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1922 onwards

Belfast South is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Claire Hanna of the SDLP.

Belfast East (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1922 onwards

Belfast East is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Gavin Robinson of the DUP.

Upper Bann (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Upper Bann is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Carla Lockhart of the DUP.

Lagan Valley (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Lagan Valley is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Sir Jeffrey Donaldson of the DUP. The constituency has always returned unionist MPs.

Strangford (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983 onwards

Strangford is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Jim Shannon of the DUP.

North Down (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

North Down is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Stephen Farry of the Alliance Party. Farry was elected to the position in the 2019 General Election, replacing the incumbent Sylvia Hermon, who had held the position since being elected to it in the 2001 general election, but chose not to contest in the 2019 election.

1982 Belfast South by-election

The Belfast South by-election was held on 4 March 1982 following the death of Robert Bradford, Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) Member of Parliament for Belfast South.

2010 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland

The 2010 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland occurred on 6 May 2010 and all 18 seats in Northern Ireland were contested. 1,169,184 people were eligible to vote, up 29,191 from the 2005 general election. 57.99% of eligible voters turned out, down 5.5 percentage points from the last general election.

2005 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland

The 2005 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland was held on 5 May 2005 and all 18 seats in Northern Ireland were contested. 1,139,993 people were eligible to vote, down 51,016 from the 2001 general election. 63.49% of eligible voters turned out, down 5.1 percentage points from the last general election.

2015 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland

The 2015 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland was held on 7 May 2015 and all 18 seats were contested. 1,236,765 people were eligible to vote, up 67,581 from the 2010 general election. 58.45% of eligible voters turned out, an increase of half a percentage point from the last general election.This election saw the return of Ulster Unionists to the House of Commons, after they targeted 4 seats but secured 2.

2017 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland

The 2017 United Kingdom general election in Northern Ireland was held on 8 June 2017. All 18 seats in Northern Ireland were contested. 1,242,698 people were eligible to vote, up 5,933 from the 2015 general election. 65.6% of eligible voters turned out, an increase of 7.2 percentage points from the last general election.

References