North Antrim (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 55°07′16″N6°19′44″W / 55.121°N 6.329°W / 55.121; -6.329

Contents

North Antrim
County constituency
for the House of Commons
NorthAntrimConstituency.svg
Boundary of North Antrim in Northern Ireland
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Ian Paisley Jr (DUP)
Created from Antrim
18851922
Replaced by Antrim
Created fromAntrim

North Antrim is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The current MP is Ian Paisley Jr of the DUP.

Boundaries

Giant's Causeway Giants Causeway 2.jpg
Giant's Causeway

1950–1974: The Boroughs of Ballymena and Larne, the Urban Districts of Ballycastle, Ballymoney, and Portrush, the Rural Districts of Ballycastle, Ballymena, and Ballymoney, and in the Rural District of Larne the electoral divisions of Ardclinis, Ballycor, Carncastle, Glenarm North, Glenarm South, Glencoy, and Kilwaughter.

1974–1983: The Boroughs of Ballymena, Carrickfergus, and Larne, the Urban Districts of Ballycastle, Ballymoney, Portrush, and Whitehead, the Rural Districts of Ballycastle, Ballymena, and Ballymoney, and in the Rural District of Larne the electoral divisions of Ardclinis, Ballycor, Carncastle, Eden, Glenarm North, Glenarm South, Glencoy, Glynn, Islandmagee North, Islandmagee South, Kilwaughter, Middle Division, Raloo, and Templecorran.

1983–2010: The District of Ballymena, the District of Ballymoney, and the District of Moyle.

2010–present: The District of Ballymena, the District of Ballymoney, and the District of Moyle wards of Armoy, Ballylough, Bushmills, Bonamargy and Rathlin, Carnmoon, Dalriada, Dunseverick, Glenshesk, Glentaisie, Kinbane, Knocklayd, Moss Side, and Moyarget.

North Antrim has always been a county constituency comprising the northern part of County Antrim in the north-east of Northern Ireland. It has the sea to the north and east and parts of the border with County Londonderry to the west – the County Antrim town of Portrush is included in the East Londonderry constituency (although it was in this seat until 1983).

North Antrim constituency, 1885 - 1922 Irish parliamentary constituencies 1885 - 1922 North Antrim.svg
North Antrim constituency, 1885 – 1922

From 1885, this constituency was one of four county divisions carved out of the former constituency of Antrim. It comprised the baronies of Cary, Dunluce Lower, Dunluce Upper and Kilconway and returned one Member of Parliament from 1885 until 1922, when it was merged into a new Antrim constituency.

North Antrim was re-created in 1950 when the old Antrim two MP constituency was abolished as part of the final move to single member seats.

The constituency is largely rural. Amongst the features within its boundaries are Rathlin Island and Giant's Causeway.

Rathlin Island RathlinBirdSanctuary.jpg
Rathlin Island

The Boundary Commission initially proposed alterations for the boundaries of North Antrim prior to the 2010 general election. It was proposed to transfer Ballycastle and the Glens, including Rathlin Island, in Moyle to East Antrim and rename that seat Antrim Coast & Glens. However that proposal raised many questions, with some arguing that the Glens have no natural ties to Jordanstown. Following consultation and revision, the constituency alterations were passed through the Northern Ireland Parliamentary Constituencies Order.

History

North Antrim is an overwhelmingly unionist seat. It first existed from 1885 to 1922. From 1886 to 1974 the Conservative and Unionist members of the United Kingdom House of Commons formed a single Parliamentary party.

Unusually for Ireland, the Liberal Party retained significant strength in this constituency after the split over Home Rule in 1886. The Irish Parliamentary Party never contested the seat.

In 1906 the constituency was won by a Russellite Unionist, at least somewhat linked to the Liberal Party. Although the Unionists regained the seat when the sitting MP retired, the constituency was one of very few Unionist/Liberal marginals in Ireland at both 1910 elections.

A victory for the Unionist candidate in 1918 by 9,621 votes to Sinn Féin's 2,673 votes demonstrated the strength of the unionist support in the area.

In 1922, the constituency reverted to being part of the two member Antrim seat (as it had been before 1885). North Antrim was re-created in 1950 as a larger seat than it had been in its first incarnation. County Antrim, excluding the parts in the Belfast constituencies, was split into two divisions instead of four as previously. The 1950 North Antrim was comparable to the North and Mid Antrim divisions which had existed from 1885 to 1922.

Since 1950 the Westminster elections have been relatively uncompetitive. In 1951, it was one of the last four seats to be uncontested in a UK general election. More recently, one man repeatedly won by a large majority: the Reverend Ian Paisley was first elected as a Protestant Unionist Party candidate in the 1970 general election after narrowly defeating sitting member Henry Clark. The following year that party changed to the Democratic Unionist Party and Paisley easily held the seat for 40 years until his retirement in 2010. This is the longest continuous period for which the current holding party has held any Northern Irish seat. In elections at all levels, the DUP have frequently had their highest share of the vote in North Antrim and have rarely been seriously challenged.

In March 2010 Ian Paisley announced that he would step down at the 2010 general election. His son Ian Paisley Jr was selected by the DUP to replace him as candidate. [1] Former DUP MEP Jim Allister announced that he would contest the constituency for the Traditional Unionist Voice. [2] He was elected with a significantly reduced majority.

In July 2018 a recall petition was launched following a critical report into Paisley Jr's conduct in respect to an undeclared trip to Sri Lanka. The petition narrowly failed.

Members of Parliament

The Member of Parliament since the 2010 general election is Ian Paisley Jr of the DUP. He succeeded his father, the Rev. Dr. Ian Paisley, who was initially elected in the 1970 general election as a member of the Protestant Unionist Party, which became the DUP the following year.

North Antrim has had comparatively few MPs in its lifetime compared to other parliamentary constituencies. Sir Hugh O'Neill had sat for one of the predecessor seats of Mid Antrim between 1915 and 1922 and Antrim between 1922 until 1950, making this one of the few seats where four individuals between them represented the seat continuously over a period of ninety years.

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Edward Macnaghten Conservative
1886 Irish Unionist
1887 by-election Sir Charles Lewis Bt
1892 Charles Connor
1895 Colonel Hugh McCalmont
1899 by-election William Moore
1906 Robert Glendinning Russellite Unionist
1910 (Jan) Peter Kerr-Smiley Irish Unionist
1922 Constituency abolished. See Antrim
1950 Constituency recreated
1950 Sir Hugh O'Neill Ulster Unionist
1952 by-election Phelim O'Neill
1959 Henry Clark
1970 Ian Paisley Protestant Unionist
1971 Democratic Unionist
2010 Ian Paisley Jr
2018 Independent
2018 Democratic Unionist

Elections

North Antrim election history North Antrim election history.png
North Antrim election history

Elections in the 1880s

1885 general election: North Antrim [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Conservative Edward MacNaghten 3,233 44.3 N/A
Liberal William Pirrie Sinclair2,14929.5N/A
Independent John Pinkerton 1,91526.2N/A
Majority1,08414.8N/A
Turnout 7,29781.5N/A
Registered electors 8,948
Irish Conservative win (new seat)
1886 general election: North Antrim [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Edward MacNaghten 4,429 69.9 +25.6
Liberal Samuel Craig McElroy1,91030.1+0.6
Majority2,51939.8+25.0
Turnout 6,33970.8-10.7
Registered electors 8,948
Irish Unionist hold Swing +12.4
1887 North Antrim by-election [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Lewis 3,858 56.7 -13.2
Liberal Samuel Craig McElroy2,52637.1+7.0
Independent Unionist William Atcheson Traill 4246.2New
Majority1,33219.6-20.2
Turnout 6,80871.6+0.8
Registered electors 9,505
Irish Unionist hold Swing -10.1

Elections in the 1890s

1892 general election: North Antrim [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Charles Connor 4,666 69.7 -0.2
Liberal William Huston Dodd2,02730.3+0.2
Majority2,63939.4-0.4
Turnout 6,69374.1+3.3
Registered electors 9,035
Irish Unionist hold Swing -0.2
1899 North Antrim by-election [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist William Moore Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
1895 general election: North Antrim [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Hugh McCalmont Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1900s

1900 general election: North Antrim [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist William Moore Unopposed
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold
1906 general election: North Antrim [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Russellite Unionist Robert Glendinning 3,757 55.9 New
Irish Unionist William Moore 2,96944.1N/A
Majority78811.8N/A
Turnout 6,72685.9N/A
Registered electors 7,829
Russellite Unionist gain from Irish Unionist Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

January 1910 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Peter Kerr-Smiley 3,519 52.9 -8.8
Liberal William James Baxter3,13547.1New
Majority3845.8N/A
Turnout 7,51688.5+2.6
Registered electors
Irish Unionist gain from Russellite Unionist Swing N/A
December 1910 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Peter Kerr-Smiley 3,557 54.5 +1.6
Liberal William Macafee2,97445.5-1.6
Majority5839.0+3.2
Turnout 7,51686.9-1.6
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold Swing
1918 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Irish Unionist Peter Kerr-Smiley 9,621 78.3 +23.8
Sinn Féin Patrick McCarry 2,67321.7New
Majority6,94856.6+47.6
Turnout 12,29464.3-22.6
Registered electors
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1950s

1950 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Hugh O'Neill Unopposed
Registered electors 68,759
UUP win (new seat)
1951 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Hugh O'Neill Unopposed
Registered electors 68,448
UUP hold
1952 North Antrim by-election [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Phelim O'Neill Unopposed
Registered electors
UUP hold
1955 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Phelim O'Neill 41,763 86.0 N/A
Sinn Féin John Dougan6,80914.0N/A
Majority34,95472.0N/A
Turnout 48,57272.2N/A
Registered electors 67,315
UUP hold Swing N/A
1959 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Henry Clark 42,807 94.9 +8.9
Sinn Féin John Dougan2,2805.1–8.9
Majority40,52789.9+17.9
Turnout 45,08764.5–7.7
Registered electors 69,880
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

1964 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Henry Clark 40,372 90.1 −4.8
Independent Republican Seán Caughey 4,4249.9New
Majority35,94880.2−9.7
Turnout 44,79663.3−1.2
Registered electors 70,762
UUP hold Swing
1966 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
UUP Henry Clark 31,927 78.1 –12.0
Ulster Liberal Richard Moore 8,94121.9New
Majority22,98656.2–24.0
Turnout 40,86856.7–6.4
Registered electors 72,039
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

1970 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Protestant Unionist Ian Paisley 24,130 41.2 New
UUP Henry Clark 21,45136.6−41.5
NI Labour Patrick McHugh6,47611.0New
National Democratic Alasdair McDonnell 4,3127.4New
Ulster Liberal Richard Moore 2,2693.9−18.0
Majority2,6794.6N/A
Turnout 58,63873.4+16.7
Registered electors 79,930
Protestant Unionist gain from UUP Swing
February 1974 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 41,282 63.5 +22.1
Pro-Assembly Unionist T. E. Utley 13,65121.0New
SDLP Mary McAlister10,05615.5New
Majority27,63142.5+37.9
Turnout 64,98963.1–10.3
Registered electors 104,168
DUP hold Swing
October 1974 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 43,186 72.6 +9.1
Alliance Hugh Wilson 8,68914.6New
SDLP Mary McAlister7,61612.8−2.7
Majority34,49758.0+15.5
Turnout 59,49157.3−5.8
Registered electors 103,737
DUP hold Swing
1979 general election: North Antrim
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 33,941 51.7 −20.9
UUP Jeremy Burchill 15,39823.4New
Alliance Hugh Wilson 7,79711.9-2.7
SDLP Sean Farren 4,8677.4−5.4
Irish Independence John Turnley 3,6895.6New
Majority18,54328.2−29.2
Turnout 65,69264.3+7.0
Registered electors 102,202
DUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s

1983 general election: North Antrim [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 23,922 54.2 +2.5
UUP Robert Coulter 10,74924.3+0.9
SDLP Sean Farren 6,19314.0+6.6
Sinn Féin Pearse McMahon2,8606.5New
Ecology Malcolm Samuel4511.0New
Majority13,17329.8+1.6
Turnout 44,17569.8+5.5
Registered electors 63,228
DUP hold Swing
By-election 1986: North Antrim [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 33,937 97.4 +43.2
"For the Anglo-Irish Agreement""Peter Barry" (Wesley Williamson) [7] 5152.6New
Majority33,02494.8+65.0
Turnout 34,45253.5−16.3
Registered electors 65,157
DUP hold Swing N/A
1987 general election: North Antrim [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 28,283 68.7 +14.5
SDLP Sean Farren 5,14912.5−1.5
Alliance John Williams5,14012.4New
Sinn Féin Sean Reagan2,6336.4-0.1
Majority23,23456.3+26.5
Turnout 41,20562.8−7.0
Registered electors 65,733
DUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

1992 general election: North Antrim [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 23,152 50.9 −17.8
UUP Joe Gaston 8,21618.1New
SDLP Sean Farren 6,51214.3−1.8
Alliance John Williams3,4427.6−4.8
NI Conservatives Thomas Sowler2,2635.0New
Sinn Féin James McGarry1,9164.2−2.2
Majority14,93632.8-23.5
Turnout 45,50165.8+3.0
Registered electors 69,114
DUP hold Swing
1997 general election: North Antrim [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 21,495 46.5 -4.4
UUP James Leslie 10,92123.6+5.5
SDLP Sean Farren 7,33315.9+1.6
Sinn Féin James McGarry2,8966.3+2.1
Alliance David Alderdice 2,8456.2-1.4
NI Women's Coalition Bronagh Hinds 5801.3New
Natural Law John Wright1160.3New
Majority10,57422.9-9.9
Turnout 46,18663.8-2.0
Registered electors 72,491
DUP hold Swing -5.0

Elections in the 2000s

2001 general election: North Antrim [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 24,539 49.9 +3.4
UUP Lexie Scott10,31521.0-2.6
SDLP Sean Farren 8,28316.8+0.9
Sinn Féin John Kelly 4,8229.8+3.5
Alliance Jayne Dunlop1,2582.6-3.6
Majority14,22428.9-3.9
Turnout 49,21766.1+2.3
Registered electors 74,451
DUP hold Swing +3.0
2005 general election: North Antrim [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley 25,156 54.8 +4.9
Sinn Féin Philip McGuigan 7,19115.7+5.9
UUP Rodney McCune6,63714.5-6.5
SDLP Sean Farren 5,58512.2-4.6
Alliance Jayne Dunlop1,3573.0+0.4
Majority17,96539.1-10.2
Turnout 45,92661.7-4.4
Registered electors 73,938
DUP hold Swing -0.5

Elections in the 2010s

2010 general election: North Antrim [13] [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley Jr 19,672 46.4 −10.4
TUV Jim Allister 7,11416.8New
Sinn Féin Daithí McKay 5,26512.4−1.8
UCU-NF Irwin Armstrong4,63410.9−4.1
SDLP Declan O'Loan 3,7388.8−2.2
Alliance Jayne Dunlop1,3683.2+0.2
Independent Lyle Cubitt6061.4New
Majority12,55829.6−9.5
Turnout 42,39757.8−7.3
Registered electors 73,338
DUP hold Swing
2015 general election: North Antrim [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley Jr 18,107 43.2 −3.2
TUV Timothy Gaston [17] 6,56115.7−1.2
Sinn Féin Daithí McKay 5,14312.3-0.1
UUP Robin Swann 5,05412.1+1.1
SDLP Declan O'Loan 2,9257.0-1.8
Alliance Jayne Dunlop2,3515.6+2.4
UKIP Robert Hill1,3413.2New
NI Conservatives Carol Freeman3680.9New
Independent Thomas Palmer570.1New
Majority11,54627.5-2.1
Turnout 41,90755.2-2.6
Registered electors 75,876
DUP hold Swing -1.0
2017 general election: North Antrim [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley Jr 28,521 58.9 +15.7
Sinn Féin Cara McShane7,87816.3+4.0
UUP Jackson Minford3,4827.2−4.9
TUV Timothy Gaston3,2826.8−8.9
Alliance Patricia O'Lynn2,7235.60.0
SDLP Declan O'Loan 2,5745.3−1.7
Majority20,64342.6+15.1
Turnout 48,46064.1+8.9
Registered electors 75,657
DUP hold Swing +5.8
2019 general election: North Antrim [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
DUP Ian Paisley Jr 20,860 47.4 −11.5
UUP Robin Swann 8,13918.5+11.3
Alliance Patricia O'Lynn6,23114.1+8.5
Sinn Féin Cara McShane5,63212.8−3.5
SDLP Margaret McKillop2,9436.7+1.4
Independent Stephen Palmer2460.6New
Majority12,72128.9-13.7
Turnout 44,05157.1−7.0
Registered electors 77,147
DUP hold Swing −11.4

See also

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References

  1. "BBC News - Ian Paisley jnr picked to fight father's seat". news.bbc.co.uk.
  2. "Allister calls for election power-sharing test". Belfast Telegraph. 5 July 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN   0901714127.
  4. "1952 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  5. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  6. Results of Byelections in the 1983-87 Parliament in the United Kingdom Election Results website maintained by David Boothroyd
  7. Nicholas Whyte (13 May 2003). "Westminster by-elections, 23 January 1986". Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive . Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  8. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  9. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  10. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  11. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
  15. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. "The Electoral Office of Northern Ireland - EONI". www.eoni.org.uk.
  17. "TUV poll surprise by choosing Gaston as North Antrim candidate". www.newsletter.co.uk.
  18. "Election of a Member of Parliament for the NORTH ANTRIM Constituency - Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Electoral Office of Northern Ireland. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  19. "North Antrim Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2019.

Further reading

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Horsham
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1951–1952
Succeeded by
Gower