|Former County constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Truro, St Austell|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Truro & St Austell|
|Created from||Penryn and Falmouth and Camborne|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Penryn and Falmouth, St Ives and Camborne|
|Created from||Helston, Truro and West Cornwall|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
Truro was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Cornwall represented in the House of Commons of England and later of Great Britain from 1295 until 1800, then in the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918 and finally from 1950 to 1997. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, electing two members of parliament (MPs) by the plurality-at-large system of election; the name was then transferred to the surrounding county constituency, which elected a single Member by the first past the post system. In 1997, although there had been no changes to its boundaries, it was renamed as Truro and St Austell, reflecting the fact that St Austell by then had a larger population than Truro.
1950–1974: The Borough of Truro, the Urban District of St Austell, the Rural District of Truro except the parish of Gwennap, and in the Rural District of St Austell the parishes of Creed, Grampound, Roche, St Dennis, St Ewe, St Goran, St Mewan, St Michael Caerhays, and St Stephen-in-Brannel.
1974–1983: The Boroughs of Truro, and St Austell with Fowey, the Rural District of Truro except the parish of Gwennap, and in the Rural District of St Austell the parishes of Creed, Grampound, Roche, St Dennis, St Ewe, St Goran, St Mewan, St Michael Caerhays, and St Stephen-in-Brannel.
1983–1997: The District of Carrick wards of Boscawen, Chacewater, Feock, Kea, Kenwyn, Moresk, Newlyn, Perranzabuloe, Probus, Roseland, St Agnes, St Clement, Tregolls, and Trehaverne, and the Borough of Restormel wards of Crinnis, Mevagissey, Poltair, Rock, St Ewe, St Mewan, St Stephen-in-Brannel, Trevarna, and Treverbyn.
The constituency has existed in a number of different forms. The constituency of Truro, up until 1885 elected two members to parliament; this was reduced to one. In 1918 the constituency was abolished but it was recreated again in 1950.
The seat became a safe Lib Dem bet thanks to the popularity and eloquence of its former MP, David Penhaligon. His death in a car crash, aged only 42, robbed the House of Commons of one of its most independent-minded and pragmatic members. His successor, Matthew Taylor, held the seat comfortably from a by-election in 1987, and remained its MP after the name change in 1997.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1386||John Tregoose||Robert Clerk|
|1388 (Feb)||Henry Gourlyn||John Tremayne|
|1388 (Sep)||John Tr...uran||John Trebernet|
|1390 (Jan)||John Coke||Walter Bloyowe|
|1391||John Urban||Roger Juyl|
|1393||Ralph Trenewith I||Walter Bloyowe|
|1395||Richard Respryn||Andrew Borlase|
|1397 (Jan)||John Trereise||John Megre|
|1397 (Sep)||Nicholas Trenewith||John Lawhire|
|1399||Richard Carhorta||Pascoe Polruddan|
|1402||Ralph Kayl||John Trereise|
|1406||Ralph Cardrewe||Thomas Brunsham|
|1411||Thomas Paderda||William Colyn|
|1413 (May)||John Chinals||William Chamberlain|
|1414 (Nov)||John Trereise||William Trethake I|
|1416 (Mar)||Peter Hayme||William Moun|
|1417||John Megre||Andrew Hirnans|
|1419||John Trewint||John Langedon|
|1420||William Panter||Robert Trenerth|
|1421 (May)||William Trethake II||William Richard|
|1421 (Dec)||Robert Treage||William Richard|
|1510–1523||No names known|
|1529||Roger Corbet||John Thomas|
|1545||Francis Smith||Robert Trencreke|
|1547||Robert Trencreke||Nicholas Randall|
|First Parliament of 1553||Nicholas Randall||Thomas Roydon|
|Second Parliament of 1553||John Methnes|
|Parliament of 1554||William Iseham||Thomas Duppa|
|Parliament of 1554–1555||John Melhuish||Thomas Roydon|
|Parliament of 1555||Nicholas Randall||Thomas Randall|
|Parliament of 1558||Thomas Roydon|
|Parliament of 1563–1567||John Carminow||John Mitchell|
|Parliament of 1571||Henry Killigrew||Vincent Skinner|
|Parliament of 1572–1581||Oliver Carminow|
|Parliament of 1584–1585||Edward Darcy||Michael Hicks|
|Parliament of 1586–1587||John Stanhope||Roland Lytton|
|Parliament of 1588–1589||Hannibal Vyvyan||John Woolton|
|Parliament of 1593||John Parker||Nicholas Smyth|
|Parliament of 1597–1598||Maurice Berkeley||Reade Stafford|
|Parliament of 1601||William Daniel||Thomas Harris|
|Parliament of 1604–1611||Henry Cossen||Thomas Burgess|
|Addled Parliament (1614)||Thomas Russell||Thomas Burgess, junior|
|Parliament of 1621–1622|| Barnaby Gough, sat for Cambridge Univ. |
and replaced by Sir John Catcher
|Happy Parliament (1624)||Richard Daniel||Thomas Burgess|
|Useless Parliament (1625)||William Rous||Henry Rolle|
|Parliament of 1626||Francis Rous|
|Parliament of 1628||Richard Daniel|
|No Parliament summoned 1629–1640|
|Election||1st member||1st party||2nd member||2nd party|
|April 1640||Francis Rous||Parliamentarian||John Rolle||Parliamentarian|
|November 1648||Rolle died – seat left vacant|
|1653||Truro was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Francis Rous||Truro had only one seat in the First and |
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
|January 1659||Charles Boscawen|
|May 1659||Not represented in the restored Rump|
|April 1660||Walter Vincent||Edward Boscawen|
|1685||John Arundell||Henry Vincent|
|1689||Sir Henry Ashurst, Bt|
|March 1701||Sir John Hawles||Whig|
|December 1701||Sir William Scawen sat for Grampound|
|February 1702||Sir Robert Cotton||Tory|
|July 1702||Thomas Powys|
|November 1702||Sir Philip Meadowes|
|May 1705||Hugh Boscawen||Whig|
|November 1705||Peregrine Bertie||Whig|
|May 1708||James Brydges|
|December 1708||Robert Furnese||Whig|
|1713||Thomas Hare||William Collier|
|1715||John Selwyn||Spencer Cowper||Whig|
|1727||Hugh Boscawen||Sidney Meadows|
|1734||Kelland Courtenay||Robert Trefusis|
|1741||Charles Hamilton||James Hammond|
|1742||Admiral the Hon. Edward Boscawen||Tory|
|1747||Hon. John Boscawen||Tory|
|1761||Lt General the Hon. George Boscawen||Tory|
|1767||Edward Hugh Boscawen||Tory|
|1774||George Boscawen||Tory||Bamber Gascoyne||Whig|
|1783||John Pollexfen Bastard||Tory|
|February 1784||Sir John St Aubyn, Bt||Whig|
|April 1784||William Macarmick||Tory||William Augustus Spencer Boscawen||Tory|
|1787||John Hiley Addington||Tory|
|1792||Charles Ingoldsby Paulet||Tory|
|1796||Lt Colonel John Leveson-Gower||Tory||John Lemon||Whig|
|1802||Captain Edward Leveson-Gower||Tory|
|1808||Charles Powlett Townshend||Tory|
|1810||William John Bankes||Tory|
|1812||Sir George Warrender, Bt||Tory|
|1818||Lord FitzRoy Somerset||Tory||William Edward Tomline||Tory|
|1820||Sir Hussey Vivian||Whig||William Gossett||Whig|
|1826||Lord FitzRoy Somerset||Tory||William Edward Tomline||Tory|
|1829||Viscount Encombe||Tory||Nathaniel William Peach||Tory|
|1832||Sir Hussey Vivian||Whig||William Tooke||Whig|
|1835||John Ennis Vivian||Conservative|
|1852||Sir Henry Vivian||Whig|
|1857||Augustus Smith||Whig||Edward Brydges Willyams||Whig|
|1859||Liberal||Montague Edward Smith||Conservative|
|February 1865||Sir Frederick Williams, Bt||Conservative|
|July 1865||Hon. John Vivian||Liberal|
|1871||Sir James McGarel-Hogg, Bt||Conservative|
|1880||Edward Brydges Willyams||Liberal|
|1885||Borough constituency abolished – name transferred to single-member county constituency|
|1885||William Bickford-Smith||Liberal later Liberal Unionist|
|1892||John Charles Williams||Liberal Unionist|
|1895||Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence||Liberal Unionist|
|1906||George Hay Morgan||Liberal|
|Oct 1974||David Penhaligon||Liberal|
|1987 by-election||Matthew Taylor||Liberal|
|1997||name changed to Truro & St. Austell|
|Tory||Nathaniel William Peach||14||46.7|
|Turnout||c. 15||c. 62.5|
178 free burgesses polled for Lubbock and Tooke, and one for Scott and Peach, but their votes were rejected.
|Tory||Nathaniel William Peach||10||45.5||−1.2|
|Turnout||c. 11||c. 45.8||c. −16.7|
24 votes were tendered by inhabitant householders for Tooke and Willyams, but these were rejected.
|Tory||John Ennis Vivian||196||28.4||−62.6|
|Whig gain from Tory||Swing||+34.5|
|Whig gain from Tory||Swing||+28.1|
|Conservative||John Ennis Vivian||316||41.3||+12.9|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+12.9|
|Conservative||John Ennis Vivian||254||29.1||−12.2|
|Conservative||John Ennis Vivian||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Ennis Vivian||Unopposed|
Turner's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||Montague Edward Smith||224||48.3||N/A|
|Conservative||John Ennis Vivian||263||25.9||N/A|
|Conservative||Montague Edward Smith||229||22.6||N/A|
|Turnout||507 (est)||83.5 (est)||N/A|
|Whig||Edward Brydges Willyams||Unopposed|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
|Conservative||Montague Edward Smith||303||40.9||New|
|Turnout||522 (est)||80.7 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Montague Edward Smith resigned after being appointed a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, causing a by-election.
|Liberal||John Passmore Edwards||406||22.3||N/A|
|Turnout||1,276 (est)||88.9 (est)||N/A|
Vivian was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, causing a by-election.
Vivian resigned after being appointed Under-Secretary of State for War.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Liberal||Henry Riversdale Grenfell||565||22.2||-15.3|
|Turnout||1,271 (est)||80.3 (est)||-8.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Williams' death caused a by-election.
|Liberal||Edward Brydges Willyams||611||48.2||+8.1|
|Turnout||1,158 (est)||75.1 (est)||−5.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.5|
|Conservative||William Molesworth-St Aubyn||2,883||43.0||−13.0|
|Liberal Unionist||William Bickford-Smith||3,522||69.5||+26.5|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+26.5|
|Liberal Unionist||John Williams||4,029||61.5||-8.0|
|Liberal||John Henry Lile||2,518||38.5||+8.0|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||-8.0|
|Liberal Unionist||Edwin Lawrence||3,282||52.1||-9.4|
|Liberal||Henry Turner Waddy||3,012||47.9||+9.4|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||-9.4|
|Liberal Unionist||Edwin Durning-Lawrence||3,869||55.9||+3.8|
|Liberal||Charles W. Thornton||3,051||44.1||-3.8|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||+3.8|
|Liberal||George Hay Morgan||4,187||53.2||+9.1|
|Liberal Unionist||Edwin Durning-Lawrence||3,683||46.8||-9.1|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+9.1|
|Liberal||George Hay Morgan||4,874||53.4||+0.2|
|Liberal Unionist||Edwin Durning-Lawrence||4,261||46.6||-0.2|
|Liberal||George Hay Morgan||4,573||52.3||-1.1|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||Gerald Edward Leaman Whitmarsh||10,746||23.7|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Labour||John N. Newby||19,752||44.2||+9.7|
|Labour||John N. Newby||15,183||35.2||-9.0|
|Labour||Ronald James Rae Blindell||15,057||34.0||-1.2|
|Labour||Douglas W. J. Grazier||14,224||31.5||-2.5|
|Liberal||William Rowse Hosking||12,575||27.9||+8.1|
|Labour||Reginald Cyril J. Scott||17,093||37.0||+5.5|
|Liberal||William Rowse Hosking||10,450||22.6||-5.3|
|Labour||Raymond Charles Cuss||16,684||33.0||−4.0|
|Labour||M. W. White||12,945||22.2||-10.8|
|Mebyon Kernow||James Whetter||850||1.5||New|
|Labour||A. F. Long||11,606||20.5||-1.7|
|Mebyon Kernow||James Whetter||384||0.7||-0.8|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.6|
|Conservative||R. A. Brown||24,863||39.1||+0.1|
|Labour||Bruce Malcolm Tidy||4,689||7.4||-13.1|
|Cornish Nationalist||James Whetter||227||0.4||-0.3|
|National Front||N. F. Hedger||182||0.3||New|
|Alliance (Liberal)||David Penhaligon||31,279||57.3||+4.5|
|Conservative||Philip Darren Buddell||20,799||38.1||-1.0|
|Labour||Janet Mary Beecroft||2,479||4.6||-2.8|
|Alliance (Liberal)||Matthew Owen John Taylor||30,599||60.4||+3.1|
|Conservative||Nick St. Aubyn||15,982||31.5||−6.6|
|Death off Road: Freight on Rail||Helen Anscomb||75||0.1||New|
|Alliance (Liberal)||Matthew Owen John Taylor||28,368||49.0||-8.3|
|Conservative||Nick St Aubyn||23,615||40.8||+2.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Matthew Taylor||31,230||50.5||+1.5|
|Conservative||Nick St Aubyn||23,660||38.3||−2.5|
|Labour||James H. Geach||6,078||9.8||−0.4|
|Natural Law||Margot Hartley||108||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+2.0|
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