|Former County constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Hereford and South Herefordshire, North Herefordshire|
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
Hereford was, until 2010, a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Since 1918, it had elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.
Previously, Hereford had been a parliamentary borough which from 1295 to 1885 had elected two MPs, using the bloc vote system in contested elections. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the borough's representation had been reduced to one seat at the 1885 general election, and for the 1918 general election the borough was abolished and replaced with a county division which carried the same name but covered a wider geographical area.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2010)
Hereford sent two representatives to Parliament from the beginning of the reign of Edward I. Although a county town, the early elections were always held at a different location from those of the shire, the former taking place at the Guildhall, the latter in the castle.
In 1885, representation was reduced to one Member.
Journalist Robin Day stood as the Liberal candidate in the 1959 general election.
From 1931 until 1997, Hereford was held by the Conservative Party, before being taken by Paul Keetch of the Liberal Democrats at the 1997 general election. Keetch served as the Liberal Democrats' spokesman for defence from October 1999 until May 2005, and announced on 17 November 2006 that he would not be standing at the next election.
Following the review by the Boundary Commission for England of parliamentary representation in Herefordshire, taking effect at the 2010 general election, two parliamentary constituencies were allocated to the county. The Hereford seat was abolished and replaced by the Hereford and South Herefordshire seat, while the remainder of the county is covered by the North Herefordshire seat.
1918–1950: The Borough of Hereford, the Urban Districts of Ledbury and Ross-on-Wye, the Rural Districts of Dore, Ross, and Whitchurch, and parts of the Rural Districts of Hereford and Ledbury.
1950–1983: The Borough of Hereford, the Urban District of Ross-on-Wye, the Rural Districts of Dore and Bredwardine, and Ross and Whitchurch, and part of the Rural District of Hereford.
1983–1997: The City of Hereford, and the District of South Herefordshire wards of Backbury, Broad Oak, Dinedor Hill, Doward, Fownhope, Garron, Golden Valley, Gorsley, Gorsty, Harewood End, Hollington, Kingsthorne, Merbach, Olchon, Old Gore, Penyard, Pontrilas, Ross-on-Wye East, Ross-on-Wye West, Stoney Street, Tram Inn, Walford, Whitfield, and Wilton.
1997–2010: The City of Hereford, and the District of South Herefordshire wards of Broad Oak, Clehonger East, Clehonger West, Dinedor Hill, Doward, Fownhope, Garron, Golden Valley, Gorsley, Harewood End, Hollington, Kingsthorne, Merbach, Olchon, Old Gore, Penyard, Pontrilas, Ross-on-Wye East, Ross-on-Wye West, Stoney Street, Tram Inn, Walford, Whitfield, and Wilton.
In its final form, the Hereford constituency contained the city of Hereford and most of South Herefordshire, including Ross-on-Wye, but excluding Ledbury and Much Marcle, both of which were in the Leominster constituency.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|Jan. 1377||Richard Nash|
|Oct. 1383||Richard Nash|
|1386||John Wych||Henry Catchpole I|
|1388 (Feb)||William Jonet||Thomas Chippenham I|
|1388 (Sep)||William Jonet||William Breinton|
|1390 (Jan)||John Wych||James Nash|
|1390 (Nov)||Henry Catchpole II||James Nash|
|1391||Thomas Buryton||John Prophet|
|1393||Thomas Buryton||John Wych|
|1395||Hugh Wigan||William Speed|
|1397 (Jan)||Hugh Wigan||James Nash|
|1397 (Sep)||Hugh Wigan||Thomas Buryton|
|1399||James Nash||Thomas Buryton|
|1401||Hugh Wigan||Thomas Whitefield|
|1402||Thomas Chippenham I||John Troney|
|1406||Henry Chippenham||Hugh Wigan|
|1407||Hugh Wigan||Roger ...feld or Roger ...felde|
|1413 (May)||Henry Chippenham||George Breinton|
|1414 (Apr)||John Wilton||Richard Strange|
|1414 (Nov)||Henry Chippenham||George Breinton|
|1416 (Mar)||Henry Chippenham||George Breinton|
|1417||John Wilton||John Orchard|
|1419||Richard Strange||John Abrahall|
|1420||Thomas Chippenham II||John Falk|
|1421 (May)||William Buryton||Richard Strange|
|1421 (Dec)||Henry Chippenham||Nicholas Chippenham|
|1429||Thomas Chippenham||William Buryton|
|1431||Thomas Chippenham||William Buryton|
|1512||Roland Brydges||Reginald Mynors|
|1515||Roland Brydges||Reginald Mynors|
|1529||Richard Warnecombe||Thomas Havard|
|1542||Richard Warnecombe||Thomas Havard|
|1547||Thomas Havard|| William Berkeley, died |
and replaced Jan 1552 by John Warnecombe
|1553 (Mar)||Hugh Welshe||?|
|1553 (Oct)||Sir John Price||Thomas Havard|
|1554 (Apr)||Thomas Havard||Thomas Bromwich|
|1554 (Nov)||William Smothye||Leonard Boldyng|
|1555||Hugh Gebons||Morgan Owgan|
|1558||Henry Dudeston||John Gibbs|
|1558–1559||John Kerry||Thomas Church|
|1562–1563|| Thomas Webbe, died |
and replaced 1566 by John Hyde
|1571||James Warnecombe||Thomas Church|
|1572 (Apr)||James Warnecombe||Gregory Price|
|1584||Gregory Price||James Boyle|
|1586 (Sep)||Gregory Price||Thomas Jones|
|1588||Gregory Price||Nicholas Garnons|
|1593||Gregory Price||Thomas Mallard|
|1597||Gregory Price||Anthony Pembridge|
|1601||Walter Hurdman||Thomas Jones|
|1604||Walter Hurdman||John Hoskins|
|1614||John Hoskins||John Warden|
|1621–1622||James Rodd||Richard Weaver|
|1624||Sir James Clerke||Richard Weaver|
|1625||Sir James Clerke||Richard Weaver|
|1626||Sir James Clerke||Richard Weaver|
|1628||The Viscount Scudamore||John Hoskins|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|Event||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|April 1640||Richard Weaver||Richard Seaborne|
|November 1640||Richard Weaver||Parliamentarian||Richard Seaborne||Royalist|
|May 1643||Scudamore disabled from sitting – seat vacant|
|January 1644||Seaborne disabled from sitting – seat vacant|
|1646||Bennet Hoskyns||Edmund Weaver|
|December 1648||Hoskyns excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant|
|1653||Hereford was unrepresented in Barebone's Parliament|
|1654||Bennet Hoskyns||Hereford had only one seat in the First and |
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
|1656||Colonel Wroth Rogers|
|January 1659||Nathan Rogers||Roger Bosworth|
|May 1659||Not represented in the restored Rump|
|April 1660||Herbert Westfaling||Roger Bosworth|
|November 1660||Sir Henry Lingen|
|April 1661||Sir Edward Hopton|
|September 1661||Herbert Westfaling|
|1673||The Viscount Scudamore|
|1679||Bridstock Harford||Paul Foley||Country Whig|
|January 1689||Sir William Gregory||Paul Foley||Country Whig|
|June 1689||Henry Cornewall|
|1698||Hon. James Brydges|
|1715||The Viscount Scudamore|
|1717||Herbert Rudhale Westfaling|
|1727||Marquess of Carnarvon||Thomas Geers|
|1734||Thomas Foley||Sir John Morgan|
|1741||Edward Cope Hopton||Thomas Geers Winford|
|1747||Lieutenant General Henry Cornewall||Daniel Leighton|
|1754||Charles Fitzroy Scudamore||John Symons||Tory|
|1768||(Sir) Richard Symons||Tory|
|April 1784||Earl of Surrey||Whig|
|July 1784||Robert Philipps||Whig|
|1796||John Scudamore, junior||Whig|
|1800||Thomas Powell Symonds||Whig|
|1805||Richard Philip Scudamore||Whig|
|1819||Richard Philip Scudamore||Whig|
|1837||Daniel Higford Davall Burr||Conservative|
|July 1841||Henry William Hobhouse||Whig|
|October 1841||Robert Pulsford||Whig|
|1845||Sir Robert Price, Bt||Whig|
|1869||Edward Clive||Liberal||Chandos Wren-Hoskyns||Liberal|
|1874||Evan Pateshall||Conservative||George Clive||Liberal|
|1880||Joseph Pulley||Liberal||Robert Reid||Liberal|
|1885||Representation reduced to one member|
|1886||Sir Joseph Bailey||Conservative|
|1997||Paul Keetch||Liberal Democrat|
|Registered electors||c. 1,110|
|Registered electors||c. 1,110|
|Whig gain from Tory|
|Conservative||Daniel Higford Davall Burr||430||33.2||+0.9|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+0.9|
|Whig||Henry William Hobhouse||500||37.3||+4.8|
|Conservative||Daniel Higford Davall Burr||308||23.0||−10.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.0|
Hobhouse resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
Clive's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||Augustus William Henry Meyrick||292||24.3||New|
|Turnout||747 (est)||73.7 (est)||N/A|
Price resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||William Kevill Davies||230||36.6||12.3|
|Turnout||1,001 (est)||82.4 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Turnout||1,963 (est)||82.5 (est)||0.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||7.2|
The election was declared void on petition, after the Liberal agent was found to have "given breakfast to Liberal electors", and therefore was guilty of treating.
|Turnout||1,897 (est)||79.7 (est)||2.8|
Clive resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||11.1|
|Turnout||1,852 (est)||79.1 (est)||3.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||1.5|
Pateshall resigned, causing a by-election.
|Turnout||2,483 (est)||87.5 (est)||8.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||2.8|
|Conservative||William Henry Barneby||1,296||48.8||5.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||6.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||7.4|
Grenfell resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||2.9|
|Liberal||Robert Pearce Edgcumbe||1,356||44.8||7.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||7.4|
|Liberal||Evan Lewis Thomas||1,533||39.8||6.9|
|Liberal Unionist||William Hewins||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
General Election 1914–15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal||Ernest Wilfred Langford||7,411||43.4||New|
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Labour||James Jonas Dodd||4,094||23.8||0.4|
|Liberal||J. Howard Whitehouse||8,280||40.0||New|
|Liberal||J. Howard Whitehouse||8,604||39.4||0.6|
|Unionist||Frederic Carnegie Romilly||13,087||44.8||15.8|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||12.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
General Election 1939–40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Liberal||Albert Edward Farr||5,965||16.8||6.6|
|Labour||E.L. Patricia Seers||8,154||23.4||-15.3|
|Labour||John W Wardle||8,097||22.4||-1.0|
|Labour||Thomas J. H. Bishop||12,020||30.72|
|Labour||Gerard D Purnell||14,410||34.83|
|Liberal||Thomas R Crowther||4,953||11.97|
|Liberal||CB Tannant Nash||15,238||33.70|
|Liberal||CB Tannant Nash||15,948||36.4||+2.7|
|Labour||Michael K Prendergast||10,820||24.7||-0.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Gwynoro Jones||23,314||41.2||3.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Keetch||25,198||47.9|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Keetch||18,244||40.9||7.0|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||5.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Paul Keetch||20,285||43.3||2.4|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||0.06|
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