Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Tamworth
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Tamworth2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Tamworth in Staffordshire
EnglandStaffordshire.svg
Location of Staffordshire within England
County Staffordshire
Electorate 72,544 (December 2010) [1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Christopher Pincher (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from South East Staffordshire
18851945
Number of membersOne
Type of constituency County constituency
1567–1885
Number of membersTwo
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Tamworth is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Christopher Pincher, a Conservative. [n 2]

Contents

Boundaries

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Birmingham,[ dubious ] the Sessional Divisions of Birmingham and Solihull, part of the Sessional Divisions of Atherstone and Coleshill, and part of the Municipal Borough of Tamworth.

1918–1945: The Municipal Borough of Sutton Coldfield, the Rural Districts of Meriden and Solihull, and part of the Rural District of Tamworth.

1997–2010: The Borough of Tamworth, and the District of Lichfield wards of Bourne Vale, Fazeley, Little Aston, Mease Valley, Shenstone, Stonnall, and Tame.

2010–present: The Borough of Tamworth, and the District of Lichfield wards of Bourne Vale, Fazeley, Little Aston, Mease and Tame, Shenstone, and Stonnall.

History

The present Tamworth Constituency replaced the old South East Staffordshire constituency for the 1997 general election.

A previous Tamworth constituency existed from 1563 until it was abolished for the 1945 general election. It elected two MPs until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one MP by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Political history

Since its 1997 recreation the seat has been a bellwether, reflecting the largest party in terms of seats in the House of Commons with the largest share of the vote for the candidate locally. However, the seat has heavily trended towards the Conservatives in the most recent general elections, with majorities in excess of 10,000 in both 2015 and 2017.

Prominent members

The Prime Minister and leader of the breakaway Tory group, the Peelites, Sir Robert Peel, represented the area for a long period 1830–1850, as did his father, brother and son at different periods. His father and son, also named Robert, also shared the baronetcy gained by his father, which gave them the automatic right to the style "Sir".

Constituency profile

The constituency is convenient for all of the West Midlands conurbation and has considerable local employment. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . [2]

Members of Parliament

MPs before 1660

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1275–1559No representation or records [3]
1563–1567 Michael Harcourt Robert Harcourt
1571 Edward Lewknor John Bullock
1572–1583 Lancelot Bostock John Nuttall
1584–1585 John Breton Clement Fisher
1586–1587 Walter Bagot John Ferrers
1588–1589 Sir Edward Devereux Robert Wright
1593 John Ferrers Thomas Smith
1597–1598 William Temple [4] George Hyde
1601 George Egeock Robert Burdett
1604 Sir Percival Willoughby
Chose to sit for Nottinghamshire, replaced by
Sir Thomas Beaumont
John Ferrers
1614 Sir Thomas Roe Sir Percival Willoughby
1621 Sir Thomas Puckering John Ferrar
1624–1625 John Woodford John Wightwick
1625 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Richard Skeffington
1626 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Walter Devereux
1628–1629 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Walter Devereux
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Sir Simon Archer [5] George Abbot
1640 (Nov) Ferdinando Stanhope (Royalist), killed 1643 [6] Henry Wilmot (Royalist), expelled 1641. [7]
1645 George Abbot (Parliamentarian)Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)
1648 George Abbot (Parliamentarian)Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)
1653Tamworth not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654Tamworth not represented in 1st Protectorate Parliament
1656Tamworth not represented in 2nd Protectorate Parliament
1659Maj. Gen. Tobias Bridge Edward Keeling

MPs 1660–1885

Year1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party [8]
1660 Richard Newdigate Thomas Fox
1661 Amos Walrond John Swinfen
1669 John Ferrers
1670 John Boyle, Lord Clifford
Feb 1679 Sir Thomas Thynne, Bt
Aug 1679Sir Andrew Hacket
1681 John Swinfen
1685 Richard Howe Sir Henry Gough
Jan 1689 Henry Sidney
May 1689 Henry Boyle
1690 Michael Biddulph
1695 Thomas Guy
1698 John Chetwynd
1699Sir Henry Gough
1701 Henry Thynne
1702 Joseph Girdler
1708 Richard Swinfen
1710 Samuel Bracebridge
1715 William Inge
1722 Francis Willoughby
1723 Richard Swinfen
Jan 1727 Hon. George Compton
Aug 1727 William O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin Whig Hon. Thomas Willoughby Tory
1734 Lord John Sackville Hon. George Compton
1735 Charles Cotes
1741 John Floyer
1742 Charles Cotes
1747 Hon. Thomas Villiers Sir Henry Harpur
1748 Sir Robert Burdett
1756 Viscount Villiers
1765 Edward Thurlow
Mar 1768 William de Grey
Nov 1768 Charles Vernon
1774 Thomas de Grey
1778 Anthony Chamier
Sep 1780 John Courtenay
Nov 1780 John Calvert
1784 John Calvert II
1790 Sir Robert Peel Tory [9]
1796 Thomas Carter
1802 William Loftus
1812 Lord Charles Townshend Whig [9]
1818 William Yates Peel Tory [9]
1820 Lord Charles Townshend Whig [9]
1830 Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Bt Tory [9]
1834 Conservative [9]
1835 William Yates Peel Conservative [9]
1837 Edward Henry A'Court Conservative [9]
1846 Peelite [10]
Jul 1847 William Yates Peel Conservative [9]
Dec 1847 John Townshend Whig [11]
1850 Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Bt Peelite [12]
1856 John Townshend Whig [13] [14]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1863 John Peel Liberal
1868 Sir Henry Bulwer Liberal
1871 John Peel Liberal
1872 Robert William Hanbury Conservative
1878 Hamar Alfred Bass Liberal
1880 Jabez Balfour Liberal

1885–1945

Tamworth was reduced to having one member in 1885.

YearMemberWhip
1885 Philip Muntz Conservative
1909 Sir Francis Newdegate Conservative
1917 Henry Wilson-Fox Unionist
1922 Sir Percy Newson Unionist
1923 Sir Edward Iliffe Unionist
1929 Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland Unionist
1935 Sir John Mellor Conservative

The seat was abolished in 1945.

MPs 1997–present

ElectionMember [8] Party
1997 Brian Jenkins Labour
2010 Christopher Pincher Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Tamworth [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Christopher Pincher 30,542 66.3 Increase2.svg5.3
Labour Co-op Chris Bain10,90823.7Decrease2.svg11.1
Liberal Democrats Rob Wheway2,4265.3Increase2.svg1.1
Green Andrew Tilley9352.0Increase2.svg2.0
UKIP Robert Bilcliff8141.8Increase2.svg1.8
Independent John Wright4310.9N/A
Majority19,63442.6Increase2.svg 16.4
Turnout 46,05664.3Decrease2.svg 1.8
Conservative hold Swing Increase2.svg 8.2
General election 2017: Tamworth [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Christopher Pincher 28,748 61.0 Increase2.svg 11.0
Labour Andrew Hammond16,40134.8Increase2.svg 8.7
Liberal Democrats Jennifer Pinkett1,9614.2Increase2.svg 1.2
Majority12,34726.2Increase2.svg 2.2
Turnout 47,11066.1Increase2.svg 0.5
Conservative hold Swing Increase2.svg 1.1
General election 2015: Tamworth [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Christopher Pincher [18] 23,606 50.0 Increase2.svg 4.3
Labour Carol Dean [18] 12,30426.1Decrease2.svg 6.6
UKIP Janet Higgins [18] 8,72718.5Increase2.svg 13.6
Liberal Democrats Jennifer Pinkett [18] 1,4273.0Decrease2.svg 13.2
Green Nicola Holmes [18] 1,1102.4Increase2.svg 2.4
Majority11,30224.0Increase2.svg 10.9
Turnout 47,17465.6Increase2.svg 1.8
Conservative hold Swing Increase2.svg 5.4
General election 2010: Tamworth [19] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Christopher Pincher 21,238 45.8 Increase2.svg 8.7
Labour Brian Jenkins 15,14832.7Decrease2.svg 10.3
Liberal Democrats Jennifer Pinkett [21] 7,51616.2Increase2.svg 2.1
UKIP Steven Fowler2,2534.9Increase2.svg 2.1
Christian Charlene Detheridge2350.5N/A
Majority6,09013.1Increase2.svg 7.2
Turnout 46,39063.8Increase2.svg 2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing Increase2.svg 9.5

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Tamworth [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Brian Jenkins 18,801 43.0 Decrease2.svg 6.0
Conservative Christopher Pincher 16,23237.1Decrease2.svg 0.5
Liberal Democrats Phillip Bennion 6,17514.1Increase2.svg 2.4
Veritas Patrick Eston 1,3203.0N/A
UKIP Tom Simpson1,2122.8Increase2.svg 1.1
Majority2,5695.9Decrease2.svg 6.5
Turnout 43,74061.0Increase2.svg 3.2
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 2.8
General election 2001: Tamworth [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Brian Jenkins 19,722 49.0 Decrease2.svg 2.8
Conservative Luise Gunter15,12437.6Increase2.svg 0.8
Liberal Democrats Jennifer Pinkett4,72111.7Increase2.svg 3.7
UKIP Paul Sootheran6831.7Increase2.svg 1.0
Majority4,59811.4Decrease2.svg 3.6
Turnout 40,25057.8Decrease2.svg 16.3
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg 1.8

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Tamworth [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Brian Jenkins 25,808 51.8 N/A
Conservative Lady Lightbown18,31236.7N/A
Liberal Democrats Jennifer Pinkett4,0258.1N/A
Referendum Dianne Livesey1,1632.3N/A
UKIP Christopher A. Lamb3690.7N/A
Liberal Catherine Twelvetrees1770.4N/A
Majority7,49615.0N/A
Turnout 49,85474.2N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections 1918–1945

Elections in the 1930s

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected:

General election 1935: Tamworth
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Mellor 42,67579.47
Labour John Yates11,02620.53
Majority31,64958.94
Turnout 64.72
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Tamworth
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Arthur Steel-Maitland 41,57184.67
Labour Joseph Willbery7,52515.33
Majority34,04669.35
Turnout 73.92
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s

1929 Tamworth by-election [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Arthur Steel-Maitland 23,49564.82.6
Labour George Horwill12,75935.2+2.6
Majority10,73629.65.2
Turnout 36,25460.313.3
Registered electors 60,087
Unionist hold Swing 2.6
General election 1929: Tamworth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Edward Iliffe 29,80767.4
Labour George Horwill14,40232.6
Majority15,40534.8
Turnout 73.6
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1924: Tamworth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Edward Iliffe unopposedn/an/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1923: Tamworth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Edward Iliffe unopposedn/an/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1922: Tamworth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Percy Newson unopposedn/an/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
1922 Tamworth by-election [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist Percy Newson 14,73268.8n/a
Labour George Henry Jones 6,67131.2n/a
Majority8,06117.6n/a
Turnout 60.0n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918 Tamworth [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist Henry Wilson-Fox Unopposed
Unionist hold
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections 1885–1918

Elections in the 1910s

1917 Tamworth by-election [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Henry Wilson-Fox Unopposed
Unionist hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected:

General election December 1910: Tamworth [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Francis Newdegate Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election January 1910: Tamworth [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Francis Newdegate 10,31368.2+7.2
Liberal Charles Henry Brampton4,79931.87.2
Majority5,51436.4+14.4
Turnout 15,11282.9+2.8
Registered electors 18,228
Conservative hold Swing +7.2

Elections in the 1900s

1909 Tamworth by-election [28] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Francis Newdegate Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1906: Tamworth [28] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Philip Muntz 7,56161.0N/A
Liberal John Seymour Keay 4,84239.0N/A
Majority2,71922.0N/A
Turnout 12,40380.1N/A
Registered electors 15,491
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Tamworth [28] [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Philip Muntz Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1895: Tamworth [28] [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Philip Muntz Unopposed
Conservative hold
Johnson William Johnson 1905.JPG
Johnson
General election 1892: Tamworth [28] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Philip Muntz 5,12865.5N/A
Lib-Lab William Johnson 2,70234.5N/A
Majority2,42631.0N/A
Turnout 7,83078.6N/A
Registered electors 9,968
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Tamworth [28] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Philip Muntz Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1885: Tamworth [28] [30] [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Philip Muntz 4,33852.9+25.9
Liberal William Beale 3,85847.125.9
Majority4805.8N/A
Turnout 8,19681.616.8 (est)
Registered electors 10,046
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +25.9

Elections 1868–1885

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Tamworth (2 seats) [33] [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Hamar Alfred Bass 1,40941.4+2.9
Liberal Jabez Balfour 1,07431.6+24.2
Conservative William Henry Worthington92027.0-11.3
Majority1544.5+4.4
Turnout 2,329 (est)98.4 (est)+21.9
Registered electors 2,368
Liberal hold Swing +4.3
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +14.9

Elections in the 1870s

1878 Tamworth by-election (1 seat) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Hamar Alfred Bass 1,18666.1+20.2
Conservative Francis Charles Bridgeman 60733.9-4.4
Majority57932.3+32.2
Turnout 1,79385.5+9.0
Registered electors 2,096
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.3
General election 1874: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Robert Peel (3rd) 1,08938.52.6
Conservative Robert William Hanbury 1,08638.3N/A
Lib-Lab Henry Hawkes [35] [36] 44815.8N/A
Liberal Charles Parker Butt [37] 2097.4N/A
Turnout 1,416 (est)76.5 (est)2.3
Registered electors 1,850
Majority30.11.0
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Majority63822.5N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
By-election, 16 Apr 1872: Tamworth (1 seat) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Robert William Hanbury 94674.5N/A
Liberal Robert Spencer Robinson [38] 32325.5N/A
Majority62349.1N/A
Turnout 1,26972.66.2
Registered electors 1,747
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
By-election, 28 Mar 1871: Tamworth (1 seat) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal John Peel Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Robert Peel (3rd) 1,13641.110.5
Liberal Henry Bulwer 82730.0N/A
Liberal John Peel 79828.96.7
Majority291.121.7
Turnout 1,381 (est)78.8 (est)6.6
Registered electors 1,753
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections 1832–1868

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Robert Peel (3rd) 41651.6+3.3
Liberal John Peel 28735.64.8
Conservative William Thomas Shave Daniel 10312.8+1.5
Majority18422.87.2
Turnout 455 (est)85.4 (est)+0.9
Registered electors 532
Liberal hold Swing +1.3
Liberal hold Swing 2.8
By-election, 12 October 1863: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal John Peel 22457.331.4
Liberal Henry Cowper [39] 16742.7+31.4
Majority5714.614.4
Turnout 39184.40.1
Registered electors 463
Liberal hold Swing 31.4

Caused by Townshend's succession to the peerage, becoming 5th Marquess Townshend.

By-election, 31 July 1861: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Robert Peel (3rd) Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Robert Peel (3rd) 34148.3N/A
Liberal John Townshend 28540.4N/A
Conservative William Thomas Shave Daniel 8011.3N/A
Majority20529.0N/A
Turnout 393 (est)84.5 (est)N/A
Registered electors 465
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Robert Peel (3rd) Unopposed
Whig John Townshend jnr. Unopposed
Registered electors 419
Peelite hold
Whig hold
By-election, 7 February 1856: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig John Townshend jnr. Unopposed
Whig hold
By-election, 14 March 1855: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Robert Peel (3rd) Unopposed
Peelite hold
General election 1852: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Robert Peel (3rd) Unopposed
Whig John Townshend snr. Unopposed
Registered electors 382
Peelite hold
Whig gain from Conservative
By-election, 19 July 1850: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Robert Peel (3rd) Unopposed
Peelite hold

Elections in the 1840s

By-election, 18 December 1847: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig John Townshend snr. Unopposed
Whig gain from Conservative
General election 1847: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Peelite Robert Peel (2nd) Unopposed
Conservative William Yates Peel Unopposed
Registered electors 393
Peelite gain from Conservative
Conservative hold
By-election, 13 September 1841: Tamworth [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Robert Peel (2nd) Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1841: Tamworth (2 seats) [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Robert Peel (2nd) 36548.5
Conservative Edward Henry A'Court 24132.0
Whig John Townshend snr. 14719.5
Majority9412.5
Turnout 377 (est)77.6 (est)
Registered electors 485
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing

See also

Notes

  1. A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

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References

  1. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. "Tamworth Parliamentary Borough 1275–1832". The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  4. "Temple, William (1555–1627)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. Cust, Richard (2004). "Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/626.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. Brydges, Sir Egerton (1812). "Earl of Chesterfield". Collin's Peerage of England. III (nine volumes ed.). p. 423.
  7. Oswald Barron, 'The Wild Wilmots', The Ancestor XI (1904), 5.
  8. 1 2 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
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  32. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886 p. [ page needed ]
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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Vacant
since 1827
Title last held by
Seaford
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1834–1835
Vacant
until 1841
Title next held by
Tamworth
Vacant
Title last held by
Tamworth
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1841–1846
Succeeded by
City of London