Perth, Western Australia
|Population||3,785 (2006 census).|
|LGA(s)||City of Rockingham|
Golden Bay is an outer southern suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, located within the City of Rockingham. The city is located between Secret Harbour and Singleton, and just off the Mandurah Rd highway. Originally known as Peelhurst, the locality name was officially changed in 1985.
Golden Bay shore is a segment of the Swan Coastal Plain, that runs along the coast of the Indian Ocean.
The Golden Bay community areas are jointly owned and operated by both the Department of Communities WA and Peet Limited and is home to almost 2,200 local dwellings.There are 3 local precincts in the Golden Bay suburb: the Seaside Precinct, Walk Precinct; Near the Golden Bay Primary and Comet Bay College and the Reserve Precinct, between natural bushland and the coastal zone of Golden Bay.
There are several public leisure spaces including Shipwreck Cove: a shipwreck inspired playground and leisure area, themed play equipment and sporting and outdoor facilities including courts and BBQ / picnic spaces. Golden Bay is also home to two large football and cricket leisure and sporting grounds, known as The Rhonda Scarrott Reserve, and the Daniel Kelly memorial skate park. Recreational facilities include the Secret Harbour Shopping Centre, Secret Harbour Dockers Sporting Association and Golf Course, Golden Bay Beach and Secret Harbour Surf Lifesaving Club.
The Golden Bay shoreline is also part of the Perth to Peel coastal walk, that starts at Siracusa Court, Secret Harbour, and ends at the carpark at the end of Crystaluna Drive.
The Golden Bay community is brought together through a multitude of local events, such as the Golden Bay Coast Care Tree Planting Day and the Car Park Café, as well as the Golden Bay Progress Association (GBPA), Golden Bay Baptist Church, local playgroups and Golden Bay Primary School P&C.
The Golden Bay community is in close proximity to educational institutions, including the Golden Bay public school, Secret Harbour Primary School, Singleton Primary School,St Bernadette’s Catholic Primary School and Comet Bay College, located on the boarder of Golden Bay and Secret Harbour.
The Western Australian state government, as part of the 'Building for Tomorrow' initiative, has proposed the development of Karnup Train Station, delivered as part of the Lakelands Station project.
Cape Bouvard Investments (CBI), an Australian residential investment company, currently manages the project 'Peelhurst Park', which is the second stage of land released at Golden Bay by CBI, following the success of Peelhurst Estate.
Thomas Peel, an early settler of Western Australia, attempted settlement, known as ‘Clarence’, on the south coast of Western Australia, giving shape to the Peelhurst Ruins. These were abandoned by the early 1830s,and are now managed by the Heritage Council of Western Australia, under the Heritage Act of 2018.
The Peelhurst Ruins, otherwise known as the Thomas Peel Juniors Homestead or the Thomas Peel Reserve, were constructed around 1860, yet never saw completion, even though it was occupied by Peel and his housekeeper, Mrs Spencer, until approximately 1882.It was around this time that the property was sold to the Petersons, with the intention of providing a coastal run for their livestock, directed from their property in Pinjarra. However, around 1949, the land was subdivided by the Paterson’s and eventually absorbed by the City of Rockingham in 1991, where the site remains as a heritage reserve.
The ruins are an example of early settlement in the Rockingham region, demonstrating early stone construction and representative of the form and scale of housing in the mid 19th century.The ruins are also surrounded by the presence of early farming practices in Western Australia and are representative of introduced flora for decorative purposes.
The city of Golden Bay is located within the Whadjuk Region, Whadjuk being the name of the Noongar dialectal group from the Perth area, km.who continue to hold their connection to the land. Whadjuk is situated south of Yued and north of the Pinjarup dialectal groups, spanning 5,580
Golden Bay is located approximately 64 km from Perth’s central business district, via the Kwinana Freeway/State route, and is a 20-minute drive to the city of Rockingham and a 15-minute drive to Mandurah City Centre.
Much of the suburbs geographical significance comes from the Gold Bay high dunes and noteworthy vegetation, currently authorised and managed by the City of Rockingham legislative council. The sequential parabolic dune landforms along the Golden Bay coastline, are of significant importance to the geographical area and its geological history. The Golden Bay dunes are part of the longshore drink of sediment known as the ‘sedimentary sink’ within the Bunbury / Leschenault Peninsula area, delivering an annual average of 100,000m3 of sand.This accumulation of sand constitutes the Rockingham-Becher Twin Cuspate Foreland and is the largest in both Western Australia and Australia.
The Golden Bay dunes system is part of the Swan Coastal Plains that runs for 30 km along the Indian Ocean coast. The immediate coastal area of the Golden Bay dunes consists of small foredunes, sand cliffs and blowouts, however, as you move further inland, the dune terrain is dominated by inland-ingressing high parabolic dunes, creating conical hill residuals and chaot terrain, this area is further blanketed by coastal vegetation. The coastal geomorphology also houses buried limestone reefs and partially exhumed limestone reefs, dating back to 5000-3000 B.C., and is considered an important Geoheritage feature to the Golden Bay region.
The Golden Bay region has a moderate Mediterranean climate, characterised by mild, wet winters and dry summers. Majority of the region’s rain falls during winter and relatively little rain during the summer periods. According to Elders Limited, Golden Bay has recorded an average rainfall of 626.5mm annually, the mean maximum temperature is 23.3 degrees, and the recorded average minimum temperature is 14.8 degrees.
The Golden Bay community, as of the 2016 Census, is home to 3,785 people, 49.7% of which were male and 50.3% were female, with a median age of 31 years. 26% of residents are children between 0–14 years, approximately 67% between 15 and 64 years and 7% of 65 years and older. In this census, 1,956 people were reported to be in the labour force: 54.4% full-time, 30.3% part-time and 9.3% unemployed.
Of those 15 years and older, the variable considering registered marital status showed that 45.5% of the community are married and 39.2% were never married and around 15% were separated, divorced or widowed,very similar to the averages of both Western Australia and Australia as a whole.
The community’s educational institution attendee status reflected a 35.6% rate in attendance. Of these, 33.2% were in primary school, 24.7% in secondary school and 15.9% in tertiary education. Additionally, 11.2% of the population recorded a bachelor’s degree level or above, and 16.7% completed year 12 as the highest level of educational attainment.
The Golden Bay population is home to a multitude of ancestries, including English, with 34.9%, noticeably higher than the Australian national average of 25%, Australian, with a recorded rate of 25.6%, Scottish at 7.9%, Irish at 6.5% and 2.5% recorded their ancestry as Italian;however, the 2016 Census allowed residents to record up to two ancestries.
The Golden Bay coastal region is home to a multitude of flora and fauna, that thrive in the dense wetlands of the Swan Coastal Plains and high dune area.
The Golden Bay coastal region has an abundant population of Isoodon obesulus, the Quenda or otherwise known as the southern brown bandicoot, due to the dense vegetation. The Department of Parks and Wildlife continually monitor the population, as predators such as foxes and domestic dogs as well as natural disasters, such as the fire in the Foreshore Reserve in 2016, cause disruption of the quenda’s natural environment and threats to the population size and health.The Quenda population thrives in a habitat that is scrubby, often swampy and has dense vegetation cover often up to 1m high. Their feeding grounds are characterised by burnt bushland and cropland, adjacent to surrounding forest. They are usually nocturnal animals, though are commonly active in winter during the day. The Quenda population is omnivorous, with their diet mostly consisting of invertebrates, including earthworms, adult beetles and their larvae. They also occasionally feed on underground fungi, subterranean plant material and small vertebrates, however their diet changes seasonally depending on the availability of food.
The conservation of the Quenda population in Western Australia is managed by the Department of Environment and Conservation, under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The management actions currently being implemented include introduced predator control measures, protection of remnant bushland along the Swan Coastal Plain, swamp protection from fire and the re-introduction of Quenda to suitable conservation sites.
The Foreshore Reserve area is also a passageway for a nomadic population of Western Grey Kangaroos; however, their presence poses threats to areas of regeneration and disruption of dense sedgelands. The Golden Bay dune region is also inhabited by the Macropus Irma, or Western brush wallaby, where their optimum habitat is seasonally wet flats with low grasses and open scrubby thickets.
The Golden Bay dunes are also a prime habitat for Bobtail lizards and birds, including blue wrens and black shouldered kites.
The name of Golden Bay comes from the proliferation of Golden Wattle, which blooms throughout the warmer months.In 2017, Golden Bay Coastcare, Perth NRM Coastcare and the City of Rockingham, organised for 500 local and native seedlings to be planted, including beach spinifex, basket bush, beach saltbush, dune moses and red-eyed wattle. This initiative was planned as an attempt to restore the sand dunes and continue preservation of the coastal region, at the north end of Marillana Drive.
Cape Arid National Park is a national park located in Western Australia, 731 kilometres (454 mi) southeast of Perth. The park is situated 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Esperance and lies on the shore of the south coast from the eastern end of the Recherche Archipelago. The bay at its eastern side is Israelite Bay, a locality often mentioned in Bureau of Meteorology weather reports as a geographical marker. The western end is known as Duke of Orleans Bay.
Fitzgerald River National Park is a national park in the Shires of Ravensthorpe and the Jerramungup in Western Australia, 419 kilometres (260 mi) southeast of Perth.
Mandurah is a coastal city in the Australian state of Western Australia, situated approximately 72 kilometres (45 mi) south of the state capital, Perth. It is the state's second-largest city, with a population of approximately 97,000, ahead of that of nearby Bunbury.
The Division of Brand is an Australian electoral division in the state of Western Australia. The division was named after Sir David Brand, the longest-serving Premier of Western Australia.
Western Australia (WA) is divided into regions according to a number of systems.
The Peel region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. It is located on the west coast of Western Australia, about 75 km (47 mi) south of the state capital, Perth. It consists of the City of Mandurah, and the Shires of Boddington, Murray, Serpentine-Jarrahdale and Waroona.
Sorrento is a northern coastal suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia in the local government area of the City of Joondalup. At its northwestern corner is the Hillarys Boat Harbour, built in the late 1980s.
Atwell is a suburb within the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia, situated 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Perth City, and located in the City of Cockburn local government area.
Safety Bay is an outer southern suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, located on the coast within the City of Rockingham.
Secret Harbour is an outer southern suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, located within the City of Rockingham on the Indian Ocean coast at Comet Bay. Despite its name, Secret Harbour does not have a harbour. The name results from a failed marina development and was approved in 1984.
Shoalwater is an outer southern suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, located within the City of Rockingham.
The Swan Coastal Plain in Western Australia is the geographic feature which contains the Swan River as it travels west to the Indian Ocean. The coastal plain continues well beyond the boundaries of the Swan River and its tributaries, as a geological and biological zone, one of Western Australia's Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA) regions. It is also one of the distinct physiographic provinces of the larger West Australian Shield division.
Mandurah is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.
The City of Mandurah is a local government area of Western Australia, covering both Mandurah proper and an additional area reaching down as far south as Lake Clifton. The city has a total area of approximately 174 square kilometres (67 sq mi).
The City of Rockingham is a local government area in the far southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth.
Mandurah Road is the name given to two roads in the cities of Perth and Mandurah, Western Australia, which link together at Stakehill Road, Karnup.
Leschenault Estuary is an estuarine lagoon that lies to the north of Bunbury, Western Australia. It had in the past met the Indian Ocean at the Leschenault Inlet, but that has been altered by harbour works for Bunbury, and the creation of The Cut north of the historical inlet location.
Western Australia has the longest coastline of any state or territory in Australia, at 10,194 km or 12,889 km. It is a significant portion of the coastline of Australia, which is 35,877 km.
The Becher Point Wetlands site is a wetland nature reserve in Port Kennedy on the Swan Coastal Plain of south-western Western Australia. The 677-hectare (1,670-acre) coastal site lies in the City of Rockingham, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of the state capital,, and is largely surrounded on the landward side by residential suburbs. It comprises about 200 very small wetlands among sand ridges between Becher Point the Perth-Mandurah Road.
Beeliar Regional Park is a conservation park approximately 10 kilometers south of the central business district in Perth, Western Australia, located within the Citys of Cockburn, Kwinana and Melville. The regional park is named after the indigenous Beeliar people of the area.