Handbook of the Mammals of the World

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Handbook of the Mammals of the World (HMW) is a book series from the publisher Lynx Edicions. The nine volumes were published from 2009 to 2019. Each mammal family is assessed in a full text introduction with photographs and each species has a text account with a distribution map and illustrations on a plate. This is the second major project by Lynx Edicions since the release of the Handbook of the Birds of the World in 1992. The chief editors are Russell Mittermeier and Don E. Wilson in association with Conservation International, the Texas A&M University and the IUCN. Don E. Wilson is also editor of the reference work Mammal Species of the World .

Contents

Published volumes

Volume 1: Carnivores (published in May 2009)

With an introduction to the class Mammalia by Don E. Wilson

The first volume is devoted to Carnivora. It covers 13 families and the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behavior, and conservation status of 245 species. It has more than 400 colour photographs and 257 distribution maps. The 33 colour plates are created by Catalan artist Toni Llobet. This book mentioned the olinguito or Andean olingo for the first time, a species from Ecuador and Colombia, which was officially described in 2013.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 728 pp.  ISBN   978-84-96553-49-1

Volume 2: Hoofed Mammals (published in August 2011)

The second volume is devoted to the ungulates (hoofed mammals). It covers 107 genera, 17 families in six orders and the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behaviour, and conservation status of 413 species. It has 664 colour photographs and 433 distribution maps. The 56 colour plates are created by Catalan artist Toni Llobet.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 886 pp.  ISBN   978-84-96553-77-4

Volume 3: Primates (published in April 2013)

The third volume is devoted to the primates. It covers 17 families and the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behaviour, and conservation status of 470 species. The 57 colour plates are created by English wildlife artist Stephen D. Nash. Edited by Russell A. Mittermeier, Anthony B. Rylands, Don E. Wilson.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 951 pp. ISBN   978-84-96553-89-7

Volume 4: Sea Mammals (published in July 2014)

The fourth volume is devoted to marine mammals, which include the largest mammals on earth, the whales, as well as dolphins, ear seals, walrus, earless seals, dugongs, and manatees. It covers 19 families and the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behavior, and conservation status of 147 species. The 30 colour plates are created by Toni Llobet.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 614 pp. ISBN   978-84-96553-93-4

Volume 5: Marsupials (published in June 2015)

The fifth volume is devoted to the marsupials, echidnas, platypus, and opossums. The 44 colour plates are created by Toni Llobet. It covers the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behaviour, and conservation status of 375 species from 21 families in eight orders. The introductory chapter by Kristofer Helgen is about recently extinct marsupials like the thylacine.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 800 pp. ISBN   978-84-96553-99-6

Volume 6: Lagomorphs and Rodents I (published in July 2016)

Initially it was intended to publish only one volume on lagomorphs and rodents. But due to the large number of described rodents Lynx Edicions organized a survey from summer to autumn 2015 in which a majority of customers decided in favor of two volumes. The sixth volume is devoted to the lagomorphs and 25 families of rodents, including the hares, pikas, chinchillas, the Laotian rock rat (a living fossil), the capybara (the largest extant rodent), and the diverse group of squirrels. The 60 colour plates are created by Toni Llobet. It covers the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behaviour, and conservation status of 798 species from 27 families in two orders. It includes a special chapter on the overview of rodents, on morphology, taxonomy, and evolutionary history; why rodents are studied; and tools for studying them. Edited by Don E. Wilson, Thomas E. Lacher Jr, and Russell A. Mittermeier.

Groups covered in this volume are:

  • Ochotonidae (pikas). One genus and 29 species.
  • Leporidae (hares and rabbits). Eleven genera and 63 species.
  • Castoridae (beavers). One genus and two species.
  • Heteromyidae (kangaroo rats, kangaroo mice, and pocket mice). Five genera and 66 species.
  • Geomyidae (pocket gophers). Seven genera and 41 species.
  • Anomaluridae (anomalures). Three genera and seven species.
  • Pedetidae (springhares). One genus and two species.
  • Ctenodactylidae (gundis). Four genera and five species.
  • Diatomyidae (Laotian rock rat or kha-nyou) One genus and one species.
  • Hystricidae (Old World porcupines). Three genera and eleven species.
  • Thryonomyidae (cane rats). One genus and two species.
  • Petromuridae (dassie rat or noki). One genus and one species.
  • Heterocephalidae (naked mole-rat). One genus and one species.
  • Bathyergidae (African mole-rats). Five genera and 17 species.
  • Erethizontidae (New World porcupines). Three genera and 17 species.
  • Cuniculidae (pacas). One genus and two species.
  • Caviidae (cavies, capybaras, and maras). Six genera and 20 species.
  • Dasyproctidae (agoutis and acouchis). Two genera and 15 species.
  • Chinchillidae (chinchillas and viscachas). Three genera and six species.
  • Dinomyidae (pacarana). One genus and one species.
  • Abrocomidae (chinchilla rats and Inka rats). Two genera and ten species.
  • Ctenomyidae (tuco-tucos). One genus and 69 species.
  • Octodontidae (viscacha rats, degus, rock rats and coruro). Eight genera and 14 species.
  • Echimyidae (hutias, coypu, spiny-rats). 27 genera and 99 species.
  • Aplodontiidae (mountain beaver). One genus and one species.
  • Sciuridae (tree squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, flying squirrels, and ground squirrels). 60 genera and 292 species.
  • Gliridae (dormice). Nine genera and 29 species.

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 988 pp. ISBN   978-84-941892-3-4

Volume 7: Rodents II (published in December 2017)

The seventh volume is devoted to the nine families of mouse-like rodents (Myomorpha), including the true mice, rats, birch mice, tree mice, jerboas, hamsters, and voles. In contrast to other systematics (e.g. Wilson/Reeder: Mammal Species of the World, 2005) the family Dipodidae was split into Dipodidae, Zapodidae and Sminthidae, a new name proposed for the former subfamily Sicistinae. The 58 colour plates are created by Toni Llobet. It covers the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behaviour, and conservation status of 1,744 species from 345 genera and 9 families in one suborder. It includes a special chapter entitled Priorities for Conserving the World’s Rodents. Edited by Don E. Wilson, Thomas E. Lacher Jr, and Russell A. Mittermeier.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 1008. ISBN   978-84-16728-04-6

Volume 8: Insectivores, Sloths and Colugos (published in July 2018)

The eighth volume is devoted to the orders Cingulata, Pilosa, Afrosoricida, Macroscelidea, Scandentia, Dermoptera, and Eulipotyphla. The 28 color plates are created by Toni Llobet. There is a special chapter titled Conservation Priorities and Actions for the Orders Cingulata, Pilosa, Afrosoricida, Macroscelidea, Eulipotyphla, Dermoptera, and Scandentia by Rosalind Kennerley, Thomas Lacher, Jr., Victor Mason, Shelby McCay, Nicolette Roach, P. J. Stephenson, Mariella Superina and Richard Young. The most species covered in this volume have various insectivorous diets with the exception of the colugos and sloths that are either frugivorous or folivorous.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 710. ISBN   978-84-16728-08-4

Volume 9: Bats (published in October 2019)

The ninth volume is devoted to the bats. It covers the details to the taxonomy, range, habitat, reproduction, behaviour, and conservation status of 1402 species from 21 families in the order Chiroptera. Unlike previous volumes, where all the illustrations were created by a single person in each one, the 73 plates of this volume contain illustrations from six artists, namely Ilian Velikov, Blanca Martí de Ahumada, Alex Mascarell Llosa, Faansie Peacock, Jesús Rodríguez-Osorio Martín and Lluís Sogorb.

Groups covered in this volume are:

Other details: Size: 31 × 24 cm. Pages: 1008. ISBN   978-84-16728-19-0

Opinions

The handbook has had a mixed reception. In particular, the taxonomic system that has been used for the prominent family Bovidae (Volume 2) is not generally accepted. Heller et al. have argued that the revised bovid species list, which doubled the amount of recognized bovid species, is based only on one primary source. This increase was mainly due to an expanded species concept (PSC concept), not on newly available data sets. For example, the handbook distinguishes 11 species of klipspringer, but the morphological variations within each of these proposed species are often greater than between them. In addition, the taxonomy is criticised as inconsistent, since many taxa, such as the different giraffe forms, are treated as subspecies of a single species, despite the fact that some are clearly distinguishable. Heller et al. warn that taxonomic inflation of species could impede conservation efforts. [1]

Illustrated Checklist of the Mammals of the World Volume 1 and 2

This illustrated checklist incorporates all the species from Handbook of the Mammals of the World (HMW), along with updates in taxonomy, conservation status and distributions maps when needed. Each species account is shorter, with the accounts including common names in English, French, German, and Spanish, the IUCN Red List Conservation Category, Taxonomic notes, and a list of recognised subspecies, in a very similar format to HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Split into two volumes, these books contain all known mammal species, split into 27 orders, 167 families, 1,343 genera, 6,554 species, with 104 being extinct and 19 domesticated. They also feature more than 7,250 illustrations, including 800 new ones of primates and more than 100 of other groups. It is due to be released in late September of 2020.

Volume 1

Volumes 2

Related Research Articles

Mammal classification

Mammalia is a class of animal within the phylum Chordata. Mammal classification has been through several iterations since Carl Linnaeus initially defined the class. No classification system is universally accepted; McKenna & Bell (1997) and Wilson & Reader (2005) provide useful recent compendiums. Many earlier ideas from Linnaeus et al. have been completely abandoned by modern taxonomists, among these are the idea that bats are related to birds or that humans represent a group outside of other living things. Competing ideas about the relationships of mammal orders do persist and are currently in development. Most significantly in recent years, cladistic thinking has led to an effort to ensure that all taxonomic designations represent monophyletic groups. The field has also seen a recent surge in interest and modification due to the results of molecular phylogenetics.

The mammals of Australia have a rich fossil history, as well as a variety of extant mammalian species, dominated by the marsupials, but also including monotremes and placentals. The marsupials evolved to fill specific ecological niches, and in many cases they are physically similar to the placental mammals in Eurasia and North America that occupy similar niches, a phenomenon known as convergent evolution. For example, the top mammalian predators in Australia, the Tasmanian tiger and the marsupual lion, bore a striking resemblance to large canids such as the gray wolf and large cats respectively; gliding possums and flying squirrels have similar adaptations enabling their arboreal lifestyle; and the numbat and anteaters are both digging insectivores. Most of Australia's mammals are herbivores or omnivores.

References

  1. Heller, R.; Frandsen, P.; Lorenzen, E. D.; Siegismund, H. R. (2013). "Are there really twice as many bovid species as we thought?". Systematic Biology. 62 (3): 490–493. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syt004 . PMID   23362112.