Metallica is an American heavy metal band, founded in 1981 by drummer Lars Ulrich and rhythm guitarist James Hetfield. Aside from Ulrich, the original lineup for some of the 1982 concerts included James Hetfield (rhythm guitar and lead vocals), Dave Mustaine (lead guitar and backing vocals) and Ron McGovney (bass guitar). Cliff Burton replaced McGovney in 1982 and played with the band until his death in 1986. After his death, bassists Jason Newsted (1986–2001), and Robert Trujillo (since 2003)were recruited in the band. While the lead guitarist role was taken by Kirk Hammett (since 1983) after Dave Mustaine got fired from the band. During the first years Metallica played in small festivals and as supporting acts on tours for bands such as Venom. Since their very first live gig at Radio City, Anaheim on March 14, 1982, Metallica has performed on all populated continents numbering live events every year (with the exception of 2001) in a total of over 1,600 shows. The majority of these were played in the United States, but numerous concerts were also played in Canada, the United Kingdom, and Germany, among other countries. The band also went on seven worldwide tours: Damage, Inc. Tour (1986–1987), Damaged Justice (1988–1989), Wherever We May Roam Tour (1991–1992), Nowhere Else to Roam (1993), Madly in Anger with the World Tour (2003–2004), Escape from the Studio '06, and World Magnetic Tour (2008–2010). During these tours, South Africa as well as several countries in Central and South America, Asia, and Oceania were visited.
Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles by vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield and drummer Lars Ulrich, and has been based in San Francisco for most of its career. The group's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members and primary songwriters Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.
Lars Ulrich is a Danish musician, songwriter, record producer and podcaster. He is best known as the drummer and co-founder of the American heavy metal band Metallica. The son of tennis player Torben Ulrich and grandson of tennis player Einer Ulrich, he also played tennis in his youth and moved to Los Angeles at age 16 to train professionally. However, rather than playing tennis, Ulrich began playing drums. After publishing an advertisement in The Recycler, Ulrich met vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield and formed Metallica. Along with Hetfield, Ulrich has songwriting credits on all of the band's songs. He was the face of the band during the Napster controversy. Later in his career Ulrich began hosting the It's Electric podcast, in which he speaks with other prominent musicians.
Metallica has played many shows at major rock festivals such as Woodstock '94, Ozzfest, Monsters of Rock, Lollapalooza, Download Festival, Reading Festival, and Days on the Green. They also held numerous concerts in stadiums, some of which featured crowds of over 100,000 people. One of the highest-attendance music concerts in history was held by Metallica on September 28, 1991 at Tushino Airfield in Moscow, where unofficially 1.6 million people attended. Some of these performances were later released as videos for special box set or DVD releases. Some performances have been held in theaters, including two April 1999 shows alongside the San Francisco Symphony that were released as the album S&M .
A rock festival is a large-scale rock music concert, featuring multiple acts performing an often diverse range of rock music including heavy metal, alternative, folk, and related genres.
Woodstock '94 was an American music festival held in 1994 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the original Woodstock festival of 1969. It was promoted as "2 More Days of Peace and Music". The poster used to promote the first concert was revised to feature two doves perched on the neck of an electric guitar, instead of the original acoustic one.
Ozzfest is an annual festival tour of the United States and sometimes Europe featuring performances by many heavy metal and hard rock musical groups. It was founded by Ozzy Osbourne and his wife Sharon Osbourne, both of whom also organise each yearly tour with their son Jack Osbourne. The Ozzfest tour has featured bands of a variety of genres within heavy metal and hard rock, including alternative metal, thrash metal, industrial metal, metalcore, hardcore punk, deathcore, nu metal, death metal, post-hardcore, gothic metal and black metal. Ozzy Osbourne and Black Sabbath have played the tour several times over the years.
Metallica's first official tour was Kill 'Em All for One, which started in 1983 to promote their debut album. Their longest so far have been the Wherever We May Roam and World Magnetic Tours, which lasted 14 months and 20 months, respectively, with each having over 170 concerts. million people and a gross of over US$227 million.The band is among the most lucrative live bands, selling out half of their first 187 concerts held during the 2000s, and gaining an attendance of over 3.5
Kill 'Em All is the debut studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica, released on July 25, 1983, by the independent record label Megaforce Records. Kill 'Em All is regarded as a groundbreaking album for thrash metal because of its precise musicianship, which fuses new wave of British heavy metal riffs with hardcore punk tempos. The album's musical approach and lyrics were markedly different from rock's mainstream of the early 1980s and inspired a number of bands who followed in similar manner. The album did not enter the Billboard 200 until 1986, when it peaked at number 155, following Metallica's commercial success with its third studio album Master of Puppets; the 1988 Elektra reissue peaked at number 120. Kill 'Em All was critically praised at the time of its release and in retrospect, and was placed on a few publications' best album lists. It was certified 3× Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in 1999 for shipping three million copies in the United States. The album generated two singles, "Whiplash" and "Jump in the Fire".
|Year(s)||Title||Legs (locations) and dates||Number of|
|1983–1984||Kill 'Em All for One||US: July 27, 1983 – January 22, 1984||52||Raven, Anthrax, Exodus|
This was the first tour played as a band, and it supported their first album, Kill 'Em All .
|1984||Seven Dates of Hell||Europe: February 3 – August 29, 1984||16||Venom (headliner), Twisted Sister|
|1984||Bang That Head That Doesn't Bang||Europe: November 16 – December 20, 1984||25||Tank|
|1985||Ride the Lightning Tour||North America: January 11 – March 19, 1985|
Europe: August 13 – September 14, 1985
US: September 29, 1985 – December 31, 1985
|57||WASP (co-headliner), Armored Saint, Tank, ZZ Top, Marillion, Bon Jovi, Ratt, Magnum, Tommy Vance, Exodus|
The band went on tour to support their second album, Ride the Lightning , gaining an attendance of 60,000 at a show in Oakland, California, at the Day on the Green festival. During the tour, Metallica played for the first time at the Monsters of Rock festival. The concert was at Donington Park, England, in front of 70,000 people.
|1986–1987||Damage, Inc. Tour||North America: March 27 – August 3, 1986|
Europe: September 10–26, 1986
Japan: November 15–20, 1986
North America: November 26 – December 20, 1986
Europe: January 8 – February 13, 1987
|142||Anthrax, Metal Church|
The tour supported the band's third album Master of Puppets in which the headliner of the North American spring and summer portion was Ozzy Osbourne. It was plagued with misfortune for the band, as the guitar technician John Marshall had to fill James Hetfield's place at the rhythm guitar twice due to wrist injury. Later, during the European portion, a bus accident in Sweden killed bassist Cliff Burton. The World Tour that followed introduced the new bassist, Jason Newsted.
|1987||Monsters of Rock '87||Europe: August 20–30, 1987||4||Bon Jovi, Dio, Anthrax, WASP, Cinderella|
|1988||Monsters of Rock '88||US: May 27 – July 30, 1988||32||Van Halen (headliner), Scorpions, Dokken, Living Colour, Kingdom Come|
|1988–1989||Damaged Justice||Europe: September 11 – November 5, 1988|
North America: November 15, 1988 – April 21, 1989
Pacific Rim: May 1–27, 1989
North America: May 31 – September 23, 1989
South America: October 4–7, 1989
|222||Danzig, Queensrÿche, Faith No More, Mortal Sin, The Cult|
|Year(s)||Title||Legs (locations) and dates||Number of|
|1990||Tour 1990||Europe, North America: May 11 – September 11, 1990||12||Warrior Soul, Dio, Bonham, Aerosmith (headliner)|
The tour consisted of several European festivals and stadium shows, as well as a private gig at The Marquee under the name The Frayed Ends. It included two shows in Aerosmith's Pump Tour, along with The Black Crowes and Warrant, with crowds of 60,000 and 30,000 spectators respectively.
|1991||Monsters of Rock '91||Europe: August 10 – September 28, 1991||19||AC/DC (headliner), Pantera, Mötley Crüe, Queensrÿche, The Black Crowes|
Metallica went on the festival tour a fourth time. The last concert of the tour, held on September 28 at Tushino Airfield in Moscow, was described as "the first free outdoor Western rock concert in Soviet history" and had a crowd estimated between 500,000 and 3,500,000 people, with some unofficial estimates as high over 2,000,000.
|1991–1992||Wherever We May Roam Tour||North America: October 12, 1991 – July 5, 1992 |
Europe: October 22 – December 18, 1992
|174||Metal Church - Opened: June 19 – July 5, 1992|
The tour supported the fifth album, Metallica (also known as "The Black Album") which included a performance at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert, with the band performing a short set list and Hetfield performing with Queen and Tony Iommi. The January 13 and 14, 1992 shows in San Diego were later released in the box set Live Shit: Binge & Purge , while the tour and the album were later documented in A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica .
|1992||Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour||North America: July 17 – October 6, 1992||25||Guns N' Roses (co-headliner), Faith No More, Motörhead|
It was an overlap of Metallica's Wherever We May Roam Tour and Guns N' Roses' Use Your Illusion Tour. James Hetfield suffered serious burns during a show in Montreal; John Marshall filled the guitar for the rest of the tour.
|1993||Nowhere Else to Roam||North America: January 22 – March 13, 1993 |
World Tour: March 16 – May 8, 1993
Europe: May 19 – July 4, 1993
|77||Suicidal Tendencies, The Cult, Alice in Chains, Kyuss|
The shows in Mexico City across February and March 1993 were later released as part of the box set Live Shit: Binge & Purge . It is also the first time the band met Robert Trujillo who would join the band almost a decade later.
|1994||Shit Hits the Sheds Tour||US: May 28 – August 21, 1994||51||Danzig, Suicidal Tendencies, Candlebox, Fight|
The tour included a performance at Woodstock '94 on August 13 in front of a crowd of 350,000.
|1995||Escape from the Studio '95||UK, Canada, US: August 23 – December 14, 1995||5||Slayer, Skid Row, Slash's Snakepit, Therapy?, Warrior Soul, Machine Head, White Zombie, Corrosion of Conformity|
During the tour, a song from each of the next two albums were played ("2 × 4" and "Devil's Dance"). At the Donington Park concert, Metallica joined the Monsters of Rock for a fifth time. It was the first tour with most of songs in Eb Tuning still used today
|1996||Lollapalooza No. 6||North America: June 4 – August 4, 1996||28||Soundgarden, Cocteau Twins, Devo, Ramones, Rancid, Screaming Trees, Psychotica|
|1996–1997||Poor Touring Me||Europe: September 6 – November 27, 1996 |
North America: December 19, 1996 – May 28, 1997
|139||Corrosion of Conformity, Soundgarden, Korn|
|1997||Blitzkrieg '97||Europe: August 22–24, 1997||3|
Metallica plays at European festivals to fulfill earlier contractual obligations. They play three back-to-back shows at the Pukkelpop Festival in Belgium, Blind Man's Ball in Germany, and Reading Festival in England.
|1997||Re-Load Promo Tour||US, Europe: November 11–18, 1997||6|
The tour promoted the just-released album ReLoad . Over 120,000 fans called to request a location for the free concert held in November, later named Million Decibel March.
|1998–1999||Poor Re-Touring Me Tour||Pacific Rim: March 21 – May 8, 1998 |
North America: June 24, 1998 – April 30, 1999
|1998||Garage Inc Promo Tour||North America: November 17–24, 1998||5|
The tour supported the album Garage Inc.
|1999||Garage Remains the Same Tour||Mexico, South America: April 30 – May 14, 1999 |
Europe, US: May 21 – December 8, 1999
The tour supported the album Garage Inc. During the tour, Metallica played two live concerts similar to the one released in S&M , one in Germany with Babelsberger Filmorchester on November 19; and one at the Madison Square Garden, New York City, with the Orchestra of St. Luke's on November 23.
|1999–2000||M2K Mini Tour||US: December 28, 1999 – January 10, 2000||10||Ted Nugent, Sevendust, Kid Rock, Black Sabbath, Creed|
The New Year's Eve show in Pontiac, Michigan was in front of 50,000 people.
|Year(s)||Title||Legs (locations) and dates||Number of|
|2000||Summer Sanitarium Tour||US: June 23 – August 9, 2000||21||Korn, Kid Rock, Powerman 5000, System of a Down|
|2003||Summer Sanitarium 2003 Tour||Europe: June 4–28, 2003 |
Europe, North America: July 4 – August 29, 2003
|36||Limp Bizkit, Deftones, Mudvayne, Linkin Park, Lostprophets, The Darkness|
|2003–2004||Madly in Anger with the World Tour||World Tour: November 6, 2003 – November 28, 2004||137||Godsmack, Lostprophets, Slipknot, In Flames|
Another tour supporting album St. Anger , in which most shows were made available later for purchase as a digital download. Before the show in Download Festival, Lars Ulrich was hospitalized, and Metallica played in that gig with guest drummers Dave Lombardo and Joey Jordison, and Ulrich's drum technician Flemming Larsen.
|2006||Escape from the Studio '06||World Tour: March 13 – August 15, 2006||16||Avenged Sevenfold, Bullet for My Valentine, Trivium, Tool|
Two untitled new songs were played, and some portions ended up being featured on the next released album. Tour also featured the album Master of Puppets played in its entirety in its proper sequence for the first time.
|2007||Sick of the Studio '07||Europe: June 28 – July 18, 2007||14||Mastodon, Him, Joe Satriani, Stone Sour, Incubus, Faithless, Interpol, The Kooks, My Dying Bride, Heaven and Hell, Oomph!, Machine Head, Turbonegro, Volbeat, Mnemic, Diablo|
|2008||2008 European Vacation Tour||North America, Europe: May 14 – August 24, 2008||26||The Sword, Ozzy Osbourne, Serj Tankian, Hellyeah, Jonathan Davis, Cavalera conspiracy, Shadows Fall, Apocalyptica, In This Moment|
|2008–2010||World Magnetic Tour||Europe, Israel: September 12, 2008 – June 27, 2010 |
US, Canada: October 17, 2008 – December 12, 2009
Latin America: June 4, 2009 – March 14, 2010
Australia, Japan, New Zealand: September 15, 2010 – November 21, 2010
|187||Lamb of God, The Sword, Volbeat, Machine Head, Down, Mastodon, Baroness, Avenged Sevenfold, Resorte, Mass Hysteria, Alice in Chains, Glyder, Fear Factory, Gojira, Horcas, Mad, Hibria, Sepultura, High on Fire, Orphaned Land, Criminal|
Tour supporting the album Death Magnetic . The tour was the 16th highest-grossing concert tour ever. The shows on June 4, 6 and 7 at Mexico City, on July 7, 2009 at Nîmes, France and on October 31 and November 1 at Quebec City were released on the DVDs Orgullo, Pasión y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México , Français Pour Une Nuit and Quebec Magnetic respectively. The tour ended with concerts in Australia and in New Zealand in November 2010.
|Year(s)||Title||Legs (locations) and dates||Number of|
|2011||2011 Vacation Tour||North America, Europe, South America, Asia: April 23 – October 30, 2011||17||Slayer, Megadeth, Anthrax, Biffy Clyro|
|2012||2012 European Black Album Tour||Europe: May 7 – June 10, 2012||16||Gojira, Machine Head, The Kills, Soundgarden, Channel Zero, Mastodon, Ghost|
Tour headlining European festivals, such as Sonisphere Festival, Download Festival, Nova Rock Festival, Rock in Rio Lisboa, Werchter Boutique, Rock am Ring and Rock im Park. As a late celebration for The Black Album's 20th anniversary, it was played in its enterity in reverse.
|2012||The Full Arsenal Tour||North America: July 28 – August 29, 2012||13||Jim Breuer|
Few of the shows were recorded for the band's movie Metallica: Through the Never , was the first tour that the band had two songs for the encore rather than three, and included stage antics like the stage falling apart, the Death Magnetic Coffins, and much more.
|2013||Summer Tour 2013||North America, Asia, Europe, South America, Antarctica: June 8 – September 21, 2013||14||Anvil|
At the second Orion Music + More festival held in Detroit, the band played under the fake-name "Dehaan" - "Dehaan" being a reference to actor Dane DeHaan, who starred in Metallica: Through the Never - and played Kill 'Em All in its entirety, celebrating the 30th anniversary of the release. Following the tour, Metallica played a show called "Freeze 'Em All" in Antarctica's Carlini Base, becoming the first band to play on all seven continents.
|2014||By Request Tour||Europe, South America and Montreal in North America: March 16, 2014 – August 9, 2014||26||De La Tierra, Raven, Slayer, Mastodon, Ghost, Gojira, Avenged Sevenfold, Alter Bridge, In Extremo, Biffy Clyro, Rob Zombie, Jack White, Robert Plant, Alice in Chains, Volbeat, Placebo, Skrillex, Airbourne, Children of Bodom, Kvelertak, Anthrax, Dropkick Murphys, Apocalyptica|
An interactive tour, concertgoers could vote, via internet, which songs Metallica would include on each night's setlist and, at the concert, via SMS, to a song in the encore. Metallica debuted a new song, called "Lords of Summer". Metallica's only stop in North America was in Montreal for the Heavy Montreal festival.
|2015||Lords of Summer Tour||North America, South America and Europe: May 9, 2015 – September 19, 2015||16||Linkin Park, Faith No More, Tame Impala, Meshuggah, Bring Me the Horizon, Gojira, Baroness, Mötley Crüe|
|Back-to-back gigs in Quebec City marked both the last concert held at Colisée Pepsi and the first musical performance held at Centre Videotron.|
|2016–2019||WorldWired Tour||North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Oceania : September 27, 2016 – October 26, 2019||170||Cage the Elephant, Babymetal, Lang Lang, Hatesphere, Iggy Pop, Avenged Sevenfold, Volbeat, Gojira, Kvelertak, Jim Breuer, Ghost, Bokassa, Slipknot|
An ongoing tour in support of their new album, Hardwired... to Self-Destruct .
|Year(s)||Locations and dates||Number of|
|1982–1983||US: March 14, 1982 – May 7, 1983||36|
First gig was at Radio City, Anaheim on March 14, 1982, other gigs during 1982 and early 1983 as a band were not played as a tour, as the new band released several demos and went through a couple of line-up changes, as Dave Mustaine lead guitarist and backing vocalist was replaced by Kirk Hammett, and Ron McGovney was replaced by Cliff Burton as bassist.
|2000–2003||California/England: November 30, 2000 – June 1, 2003||10|
Without a bass player, the band played few shows as they auditioned for a bassist. The year 2001 was the first since the band's formation when Metallica played no shows at all. During their only performance of 2002, the band introduced themselves as Bob's Band (after Bob Rock who helped on bass).
|2005||Rolling Stones Gigs 2005||2||The Rolling Stones (headliner), Everclear|
|2017||Band Together Bay Area||1||Rancid, Dave Matthews, Raphael Saadiq, Dead & Company, G-Eazy|
|Metallica played this charity concert to raise money for the North Bay fires.|
Linkin Park is an American rock band from Agoura Hills, California. The band's current lineup comprises vocalist/keyboardist/rhythm guitarist Mike Shinoda, lead guitarist Brad Delson, bassist Dave Farrell, DJ/keyboardist Joe Hahn, and drummer Rob Bourdon, all of whom are founding members. Vocalists Mark Wakefield and Chester Bennington and bassist Kyle Christner are former members of the band.
Korn is an American nu metal band from Bakersfield, California, formed in 1993. The band is notable for pioneering the nu metal genre and bringing it into the mainstream.
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Jason Curtis Newsted is an American metal musician, known for being the bass guitarist with the band Metallica from October 1986 until his sudden departure in January 2001.
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Machine Head is an American heavy metal band from Oakland, California. The band was formed in 1991 by vocalist/guitarist Robb Flynn and bassist Adam Duce. The band's aggressive musicianship made it one of the pioneering bands in the new wave of American heavy metal, and it is also considered to be part of the second wave of thrash metal bands from the 1990s. Machine Head's current lineup comprises Flynn and bassist Jared MacEachern. Duce, guitarists Logan Mader, Ahrue Luster and Phil Demmel and drummers Tony Costanza, Chris Kontos and Dave McClain are former members of the band; Mader and Kontos are currently touring with the band as part of the 25th anniversary tour for its first album, Burn My Eyes (1994).
This is a timeline of Australian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Australia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Australia. See also the list of Prime Ministers of Australia.
Avenged Sevenfold is an American heavy metal band from Huntington Beach, California, formed in 1999. The band's current lineup consists of lead vocalist M. Shadows, rhythm guitarist and backing vocalist Zacky Vengeance, lead guitarist and backing vocalist Synyster Gates, bassist and backing vocalist Johnny Christ, and drummer Brooks Wackerman.
Bullet for My Valentine, often abbreviated as BFMV, are a Welsh heavy metal band from Bridgend, Wales, formed in 1998. The band is currently composed of Matthew Tuck, Michael Paget, Jason Bowld (drums) and Jamie Mathias. Former members include Michael Thomas, Jason James and Nick Crandle; the latter were on bass. They were formed under the name Jeff Killed John and started their music career by covering songs by Metallica and Nirvana. Jeff Killed John recorded six songs which were not released; two of these tracks were reworked later in their career as Bullet for My Valentine. A change of style from Jeff Killed John's style, led the band to change their name. In 2002, the band secured a five-album deal with Sony BMG. The band has stated that their music is influenced by classic metal acts such as Metallica, Iron Maiden and Slayer. The band is part of the Cardiff music scene.
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The discography of Metallica includes 10 studio albums, four live albums, three extended plays, 39 singles, 10 video albums, 41 music videos, one soundtrack album, one collaboration album, and three box sets. They are a San Francisco-based metal band formed in 1981 by James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich (drums). After several bassist and lead guitarist changes, the band settled on Cliff Burton and Kirk Hammett, respectively. Metallica started playing locally, releasing their first widely circulated demo, No Life 'til Leather, in 1982. The demo caught the attention of Johny Zazula, who signed Metallica to Megaforce Records. The band released Kill 'Em All in 1983, and the following year they released Ride the Lightning. After Ride the Lightning was released, Metallica left Megaforce and signed to Elektra Records. In March 1986, the band released its third studio album, Master of Puppets, which was Metallica's first album to be certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). While promoting the album, Burton was killed in a bus accident. Jason Newsted was hired as a replacement. The band's first release to feature the new member was The $5.98 E.P.: Garage Days Re-Revisited, and then followed by ...And Justice for All in August 1988, which peaked at number six on the Billboard 200.
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The Summer Sanitarium Tour was a music event led by American heavy metal band, Metallica. The first edition took place during the summer of 2000, with 20 shows in the United States. A second edition was held during the summer of 2003, with 21 shows in North America. The tour was sponsored by MTV and Mars Music and promoted by SFX Concerts.
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The following is a list of events that affected American television in 2010, a year marked by the usual debuts, cancellations, and continuations of shows; the launches, closures, or rebrandings of channels; but also significant cable/satellite carriage disputes.