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Monsters of Rock was an annual hard rock and heavy metal music festival held in Castle Donington, England from 1980 to 1996, taking place every year except 1989 and 1993. It later branched into other locations such as the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Germany, France, Sweden, Argentina, Brazil, the United States and the former Soviet Union.
Castle Donington is a small market town and civil parish in Leicestershire, England, on the edge of the National Forest close to East Midlands Airport.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
The Netherlands is a country located in Northwestern Europe with some overseas territories. In Europe, it consists of 12 provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba—it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.
In 1980, promoter Paul Loasby, along with Maurice Jones, planned a one-day festival dedicated specifically for bands within the hard rock and heavy metal genre. Loasby was an established and successful promoter working that year on the Rainbow UK tour and penned the festival as the final show of the tour for the band to headline. Jones knew the owner of the Donington Park race track, Tom Wheatcroft, located next to the village of Castle Donington in Leicestershire, England, and the site was chosen to host the event.
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar, drums, and often accompanied with keyboards.
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.
Donington Park is a motorsport circuit located near Castle Donington in Leicestershire, England. The circuit business is now owned by Jonathan Palmer's MotorSport Vision organisation, and the surrounding Donington Park Estate, still owned by the Wheatcroft family, is currently under lease by MotorSport Vision until 2038.
Donington Park was unknown as a major location but its location in the East Midlands next to the M1, A42 and A50 allowed for better transportation to the site from around the country. Additionally the site ground level sloped which allowed for a better viewing for the audience throughout the site.
The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It consists of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire and Rutland. The region has an area of 15,627 km2 (6,034 sq mi), with a population over 4.5 million in 2011. There are six main urban centres, Derby, Leicester, Lincoln, Mansfield, Northampton and Nottingham. Others include Boston, Chesterfield, Corby, Grantham, Hinckley, Kettering, Loughborough, Newark-on-Trent, Skegness, and Wellingborough.
The M1 motorway connects London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford, to connect to Newcastle. It was the first inter-urban motorway to be completed in the UK; the first motorway in the country was the Preston By-pass, which later became part of the M6.
The first Monsters of Rock line-up consisted of a mix of British and international bands and was a success with 35,000 heavy metal fans attending. Although only conceived as a one off event, it was mentioned on the day the idea that the festival will return the following year and the first edition birthed what would become a regular festival for the next 15 years, becoming synonymous as a Mecca for fans of the genre and further establishing the Midlands as the home of heavy metal.
Over the years, the attendance continued to grow, reaching 107,000 in 1988, when two fans died during Guns N' Roses set. Initially the blame was thought to be the size of the crowd and a rush forward during the band's set but officially the cause is laid on the weather, causing muddy and wet conditions on the sloping ground. As a result, the festival did not take place in 1989, but returned the year after with a limitation to the crowd of 75,000.
Guns N' Roses, often abbreviated as GNR, is an American hard rock band from Los Angeles, California, formed in 1985. When they signed to Geffen Records in 1986, the band comprised vocalist Axl Rose, lead guitarist Slash, rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin, bassist Duff McKagan, and drummer Steven Adler. The current lineup consists of Rose, Slash, McKagan, keyboardist Dizzy Reed, guitarist Richard Fortus, drummer Frank Ferrer and keyboardist Melissa Reese.
The festival had been held in parallel in West Germany from 1983 to 1991. In 1984 and 1986 the festival branched into Sweden. In 1988, the festival occurred for the first time in France, Italy, Spain and The Netherlands. It was held as a one-time event in 1991 in Soviet Union (one of the largest concerts of all time, with an estimated audience of over 1.6 million), Poland, Belgium, Hungary. In 1994, the festival was exported overseas to Chile, Argentina and Brazil.
In 1993 the MONSTERS OF ROCK® radio show debuted in the United States with host Harlan Hendrickson. Guests on the show include everyone from AC/DC, KISS, Van Halen, Judas Priest, Motörhead, Cinderella, Ozzy Osbourne, Bon Jovi, Cheap Trick, Mötley Crüe, Ratt, Dio, Y&T, Guns N' Roses, Slayer and Poison.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.
AC/DC are an Australian rock band formed in Sydney in 1973 by Scottish-born brothers Malcolm and Angus Young. Their music has been variously described as hard rock, blues rock, and heavy metal; however, the band themselves describe their music as simply "rock and roll".
Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973 by Paul Stanley, Gene Simmons, Peter Criss, and Ace Frehley. Well known for its members' face paint and stage outfits, the group rose to prominence in the mid-to-late 1970s with their elaborate live performances, which featured fire breathing, blood-spitting, smoking guitars, shooting rockets, levitating drum kits, and pyrotechnics. The band has gone through several lineup changes, with Stanley and Simmons the only remaining original members. The original and best-known lineup consisted of Stanley, Simmons, Frehley, and Criss.
The Monsters of Rock festival continued on as the premier hard rock and heavy metal event in Great Britain in the 1990s but started to fall upon hard times as heavy metal became less popular, with another cancellation in 1993 due to being unable to find a strong enough headliner. In 1995 the festival found itself in a similar situation until Metallica agreed to play with the condition of the band having control over the event and naming it "Escape from the Studio". In 1996 Ozzy Osbourne and KISS co-headlined the festival and although there were plans to extend the festival into a two-day event in 1997, the promoters once again found themselves in a struggle for headliners and the event was cancelled and discontinued.
Donington Park remained event-less until 2001 when the Rock and Blues Festival and Stereophonics held events at the site. In 2002 the Ozzfest tour returned to the UK using Donington Park as their only British event and the following year Live Nation picked up the reins as Monsters of Rock's successor in the name of Download Festival. An outstanding success from the offset, the festival continues to this day having increased to a three-day event with five stages, though as of 2008 the event has been relegated outside of the track.
In 2006, the Monsters of Rock name was revived and held at the National Bowl in Milton Keynes, England, for a one off event headlined by Deep Purple and with Alice Cooper as a special guest.
In 2012 Harlan Hendrickson & Monsters of Rock Worldwide partnered with Larry Morand and Mike London to launch the inaugural Monsters Of Rock Cruise.
(Note: Line-ups are listed with the headlining band first, followed by the reverse order of appearance by the other bands)
16 August 1980
22 August 1981
21 August 1982
20 August 1983
18 August 1984
17 August 1985
16 August 1986
22 August 1987
20 August 1988
18 August 1990
The entire 1990 festival was simultaneously broadcast live on BBC Radio 1, which had previously recorded many festivals for later broadcast.
17 August 1991
22 August 1992 (this was also broadcast live on Radio 1)
4 June 1994 (another festival broadcast live; highlights were transmitted in 1995 and 1996)
This was the first year that two stages were used. Readers of Kerrang! magazine were invited to vote on bands to appear at the festival, and Extreme easily won the right to appear second on the bill.
26 August 1995
1995 was not officially billed as 'Monsters Of Rock' but as 'Escape from the Studio' due to Metallica's decision to headline while recording the Load album.
17 August 1996. Ozzy Osbourne and Kiss co-headlined with Kiss being the final band on stage.
3 June 2006 – Milton Keynes Bowl
Germany: Dortmund, Westfalenhallen – 2 September 1983 Kaiserslautern, Waldstadion am Erbsenberg – 3 September 1983 Nürnberg, Zeppelinfeld – 4 September 1983
Sweden: Stockholm, Råsunda Stadium – 25 August 1984
Germany: Karlsruhe, Wildparkstadion – 1 September 1984
Germany: Nuremberg, Zeppelinfeld – 2 September 1984
Sweden Stockholm, Råsunda Stadium – 23 August 1986
Germany: Nuremberg, Zeppelinfeld – 30 August 1986
Germany: Mannheim, Maimarktgelände – 31 August 1986
Italy: Reggio Emilia, Aeroporto di Reggio Emilia – 26 August 1987
Germany: Nuremberg, Messegelände – 29 August 1987
Germany: Pforzheim, Stadion im Brötzinger Tal – 30 August 1987
USA: 23 May – 30 July
Germany: Schweinfurt, Mainwiesen Gelände – 27 August 1988
Germany: Bochum, Ruhrland Stadion – 28 August 1988
The Netherlands: Tilburg, Willem II Stadion – 4 September 1988
Italy: Modena, Festa de l'Unità – 10 September 1988
Spain: Pamplona, Plaza de Toros – 17 September 1988
Spain: Madrid, Casa de Campo – 18 September 1988
Spain: Barcelona, Plaza de Toros – 22 September 1988
France: Paris, Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy – 24 & 25 September 1988
Sweden: Stockholm, Stockholm Globe Arena – 21 August 1990
Germany: Berlin, Waldbühne – 23 August 1990
Germany: Dortmund, Westfalenhallen – 25 August 1990
The Netherlands: Utrecht, Stadion Galgenwaard – 26 August 1990
Italy: Bologna, Arena Parco Nord – 30 August 1990
Germany: Mannheim, Maimarktgelände – 1 September 1990
Note: This particular show was promoted as "Super Rock 1990".
France: Paris, Hippodrome de Vincennes – 3 September 1990
Note: Face to Face was a French band related to Trust. Faith No More was not on the ticket list but was present to the show.
Denmark: Copenhagen, Gentofte Stadion – 10 August 1991
Poland: Chorzów, Śląski Stadion – 13 August 1991
Hungary: Budapest, Népstadion – 22 August 1991
Germany: München, Galopprennbahn München Riem, 24 August 1991
Belgium:Hasselt, Belgium, Domein Kiewit – 30 August 1991
The Netherlands: Nijmegen, Goffert Stadion – 1 September 1991
Germany: Mainz, Finthen Army Airfield – 7 September 1991
Austria: Graz, Liebenauer Stadion – 11 September 1991
Italy: Modena, Festa dell'Unità – 14 September 1991
Spain: Barcelona, Estadio Olímpico Lluís Companys – 25 September 1991
Soviet Union: Moscow, Tushino Airfield – 28 September 1991
Metallica's performances of "Harvester of Sorrow" and "Creeping Death" from this show were used as B-sides for the "Sad but True" single in different regional editions. Pantera's "Cowboys from Hell" performance is featured as a playable song in the games Guitar Hero Smash Hits and Rock Band 4. The Airfield itself was recreated as a virtual venue in Guitar Hero Metallica.
Italy: Reggio Emilia, Arena Festa Nazionale Dell'Unita' – 12 September 1992
The bands Danzig and Gun both canceled their appearances at the festival. They are featured on the poster for the event.
Spain: Barcelona, Plaza de Toros – 14 September 1992
Spain: San Sebastián, Velódromo de Anoeta – 17 September 1992
Spain: Madrid, Las Arenas Plaza de Toros – 18 September 1992
Spain: Madrid, Municipal Tent – 19 September 1992
Brazil: São Paulo, Estádio do Pacaembu – 27 August 1994
Chile: Santiago, Estación Mapocho – 1 September 1994
Argentina: Buenos Aires, River Plate Stadium – 3 September 1994
Brazil: São Paulo, Estádio do Pacaembu – September 1995
Chile: Santiago, Teatro Caupolican – September 1995
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Ferro Carril Oeste Stadium – September 1995
Brazil: São Paulo, Estádio do Pacaembu – 24 August 1996
This marks the last performance of the original lineup of Skid Row before parting with singer Sebastian Bach and drummer Rob Affuso.
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Ferro Carril Oeste Stadium – 13 December 1997
Brazil:São Paulo, Ibirapuera – 26 September 1998
Chile: Santiago, Velódromo Estadio Nacional – 10 September 1998
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Vélez Sársfield Stadium – 12 December 1998
Argentina: Buenos Aires, River Plate Stadium – 14 May 1999
Italy: Como, Stadio Sinigaglia – 13 July 2004
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Ferro Carril Oeste Stadium – 11 September 2005
Chile: Santiago, Pista Atlética Estadio Nacional – 13 September 2005
Spain: Zaragoza, Feria de Zaragoza – 18 June 2006
Spain: Zaragoza, Feria de Zaragoza – June 2007
Chile: Santiago, Pista Atlética Estadio Nacional – 1 April 2008
Spain: Zaragoza, Feria de Zaragoza – July 2008
Brazil: São Paulo, Anhembi Convention Center – October 2013
Brazil: São Paulo, Anhembi Convention Center – April 2015
Brazil: Curitiba, Pedreira Paulo Leminski – 28 April 2015
Brazil: Porto Alegre, Estádio Passo d'Areia – 30 April 2015
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Ciudad del Rock – 2 May 2015
Germany: Sankt Goarshausen, Loreley Freilichtbühne – 17 June 2016
Bietigheim-Bissingen, Festplatz am Viadukt - 18 June 2016
Saxon wrote the song "And the Bands Played On" about their appearance at the 1980 festival.
The 1986 appearance by Bad News was featured in the TV mockumentary More Bad News.
In 1993, the MONSTERS OF ROCK radio show debuts. Harlan Hendrickson, host and creator of the Monsters of Rock, broadcasts from the legendary rock radio station WRIF in Detroit. The Monsters of Rock is currently syndicated nationally/internationally through United Stations Radio Networks where it currently airs in over 60 markets in the United States alone. The program currently holds the number-one or number-two slots among males 25–54 on the majority of stations that carry it. Guests on the show have included of AC/DC, KISS, Van Halen, Motörhead, Cinderella, Ozzy Osbourne, Bon Jovi, Cheap Trick, Mötley Crüe, Ratt, Slayer and Poison.
In 1994 Beavis and Butt-head episode "Take A Number", Beavis and Butt-head attempt to get tickets to Creatures of Rock which is a parody of Monsters of Rock
In the 2005 Half Man Half Biscuit song "Mate of the Bloke" on their album Achtung Bono, the protagonist sings of legal action taken against him by More O'Ferrall for spraying the legend "in church hall if wet" onto a billboard for Monsters of Rock.
In 2012 Harlan Hendrickson teamed up with Larry Morand and Mike London to launch the "Monsters Of Rock Cruise" which is a multi day music cruise celebrating the Castle Donnington festival. Artists such as Saxon, UFO, Cinderella, Tesla, The Quireboys and others from the original festival have been featured on the cruise.[ citation needed ]
Download Festival is a British rock festival, held annually at Donington Park in Leicestershire, England, since 2003, in Paris, France since 2016 and Parramatta Park, Sydney since 2019 & Flemington Racecourse Melbourne Australia since 2018. It is the most popular British summer rock and heavy metal festival and has hosted some of the genre's biggest names, including Saxon, Black Sabbath, Slipknot, Metallica, Iron Maiden, Korn, Soundgarden, Motörhead, Aerosmith, AC/DC, Def Leppard, Kiss, Judas Priest, Status Quo, Mötley Crüe, Journey, ZZ Top, Whitesnake, Thin Lizzy, Faith No More and Guns N' Roses. The 2015 festival featured massive technological surveillance by police in conjunction with festival organisers Live Nation UK. RFID wristbands and facial recognition technology were used to compare visual scans of attendees against a European criminal database.
Ozzy's Boneyard is a channel featuring a classic rock themed hard rock format on Sirius XM Radio channel 38 and Dish Network 6019.
Fields of Rock is a Dutch rock music festival. It was first conceived in 2002. Metallica's agent called, announcing that the band was planning to tour the Netherlands, and Metallica wanted to do a festival. At that point in time there really was not a suitable festival. And so Fields Of Rock was created. The location selected was the Goffertpark in Nijmegen.
Metal: A Headbanger's Journey is a 2005 documentary film directed by Sam Dunn with Scot McFadyen and Jessica Wise. The film follows 31-year-old Dunn, a Canadian anthropologist, who has been a heavy metal fan since the age of 12. Dunn sets out across the world to uncover the various opinions on heavy metal music, including its origins, culture, controversy, and the reasons it is loved by so many people. The film made its debut at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival, and was released as a two-disc special edition DVD in the US on 19 September 2006.
Ross William Halfin is a British rock and roll photographer. He began his career working for Sounds magazine in the 1970s, shooting various artists on the punk scene including The Clash, The Jam, The Sex Pistols, 999 and The Adverts. After linking up with writers Geoff Barton and Peter Makowski, Halfin moved on to working mainly in the US with bands such as AC/DC, UFO, Rush, Journey, Aerosmith and Black Sabbath.
This is a timeline documenting the events of heavy metal in the year 1981.
This is a timeline documenting the events of heavy metal in 1983.
This is an article about the events of heavy metal in the year 1988.
The Top 500 Heavy Metal Songs of All Time is a book by Martin Popoff who is the editor in chief and writer of the Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles magazine as well as the senior editor of bravewords.com. He also wrote The Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time.
The Monsters of Rock Tour 1984 was a festival tour of Europe in 1984. The lineup for the then-annual Monsters of Rock festival in Donington, England took the festival out on tour. For a short portion of the tour, hard rock band Van Halen played on the bill as the brief European leg of their 1984 Tour supporting the album of the same name. It was the second portion of the tour after a large North American one and featured the final performances by David Lee Roth with the band until he rejoined in 2007. Raised tensions may explain why they left the bill before the tour's end.
Terra Vibe is a park in Attica, Greece, which is used as a venue for large-scale outdoor events, such as concerts and festivals.
Hard Rock Treasures is a documentary film about Don "The Indiana Jones of Rock 'n' Roll" Bernstine from Hard Rock Cafe, when he visits musicians to try to get memorabilia from them.
Over the years, a variety of bands have made up the yearly lineups of Ozzfest, a yearly heavy metal music festival that usually tours the United States in summer.
This is a timeline of heavy metal and hard rock, from its beginning in the early 1960s to the present time.
The Sonisphere Festival was a touring rock music festival which took place across Europe between the months of June and August. The festival is owned by John Jackson and Kilimanjaro Live. It is jointly promoted by K2 and Kilimanjaro Live. It has hosted heavy metal bands such as Iron Maiden, Metallica, Mötley Crüe, Slayer, Judas Priest, Megadeth and Avenged Sevenfold.
The Flick of the Switch/Monsters of Rock Tour was a concert tour by the Australian rock band AC/DC in support of their released album Flick of the Switch in 1983.
Metal Evolution is a 2011 documentary series directed by anthropologist and film-maker Sam Dunn and director, producer and music supervisor Scot McFadyen about heavy metal subgenres, with new episodes airing every Friday at 10pm EST on MuchMore and Saturday at 10pm EST on VH1 Classic. Its origins come from Dunn's first documentary Metal: A Headbanger's Journey, which included the acclaimed "Heavy Metal Family Tree."
Horns Up Radio is a heavy metal program airing from 9 PM until 12 midnight Saturday nights on the Los Angeles radio station KLOS. Launched in February 2016, Horns Up is hosted by KLOS and former KNAC DJ Stew Herrera, and plays a variety of hard rock, heavy metal and classic rock music. The show usually begins with Cheap Trick's "Hello There".
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