List of heavy metal festivals

Last updated
List of heavy metal festivals
Brutal Assault 2012 main stages.jpg
General Information
Related genres Heavy metal, extreme metal, rock
Location Europe and United States (origin)
Worldwide (current)
Related events Music festival, rock festival, punk rock festival, gothic festival, electronic music festival

This is an incomplete list of heavy metal festivals. Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music [1] that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United States and the United Kingdom. [2] With roots in blues rock and psychedelic rock, the first heavy metal bands such as Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple attracted large audiences, and during the late 1960s and mid-1970s these band and others in their genre were featured at a number of historic rock festivals. [3] Judas Priest helped spur the genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence. [4] [5]

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

Music festival festival oriented towards music

A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing that is often presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday. Some festivals are focused on women’s music.

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Usually, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.


After the genre fused with other related genres such as punk rock in the late 1970s, bands in the new wave of British heavy metal such as Iron Maiden and Saxon followed in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as "metalheads" or "headbangers", and there were festivals worldwide, both touring and stationary, dedicated to heavy metal subgenres and heavy metal itself. During the 1980s, glam metal became a commercial force, while Underground scenes and extreme subgenres of metal such as death metal and black metal remained subcultural phenomena, though they have their own dedicated festivals as well. Since the mid-1990s, popular styles have further expanded the definition of the genre.

Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands typically produced short or fast-paced songs, with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produce recordings and distribute them through independent record labels and other informal channels.

The new wave of British heavy metal was a nationwide musical movement that started in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s and achieved international attention by the early 1980s. Journalist Geoff Barton coined the term in a May 1979 issue of the British music newspaper Sounds to describe the emergence of new heavy metal bands in the mid to late 1970s, during the period of punk rock's decline and the dominance of new wave music.

Iron Maiden English heavy metal band

Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band formed in Leyton, East London, in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris. The band's discography has grown to thirty-eight albums, including sixteen studio albums, twelve live albums, four EPs, and seven compilations.

Historical heavy metal festivals

Selected historically notable heavy metal festivals held since the 1960s
Festival nameLocationYearsDetails
Myponga Pop Festival Australia 1971 pop festival headlined by Black Sabbath
Monsters of Rock England 1980music festival held in Castle Donington (later it branched into other locations)
Rock in Rio Brazil 1985–present1.5 million people attended the first event.
Dynamo Open Air Netherlands 1986–2005biggest annual metal festival during the 1990s, with 118,000 visitors in 1995
Moscow Music Peace Festival Russia 1989part of an era of momentous change in the Soviet Union
Wacken Open Air Germany 1990–presentlarger heavy metal festival
Graspop Metal Meeting Belgium 1996–presentlarger heavy metal festival
Exit Festival Serbia 2000–presentExit 2006 had 22 stages.
Download Festival England 2003–presentheavy metal and alt-rock focus
Hellfest Summer Open Air France 2006–presentlarger heavy metal festival

Current heavy metal festivals



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
MetalFront Fest YerevanLast festival - 2008November


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Legion Fest [6] Australia CancelledCrowdfunded festival; was being organised by John Sankey from Devil You Know to replace Soundwave; cancelled in November 2016 due to 'business decisions'
Soundwave Festival Australia Last festival - 2015In December 2015 Soundwave was cancelled for good. [7]


Nova Rock Kaltenbach Open Air Rise up Festival



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Headbanger's Balls Fest Izegem 2012-Beginning of May
Heavy Sound Festival Poperinge 1983–1985May / June Slayer performed at this festival for the first time ever outside the US in 1985
Graspop Metal Meeting Dessel 1996-End of JuneOne of the biggest metal festivals in Europe
Alcatraz Metal Festival Deinze, Kortrijk since 20132008-Beginning of AugustStarted indoor but changed to an outdoor festival in 2013

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Overthrust Winter Metal Mania Festival [8] GhantsiMayfeaturing local and African metal bands


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Monsters of Rock variousLast festival - 2015
Rock in Rio Rio de Janeiro ActiveSeptember
Live'n'Louder São Paulo Last festival - 2013
Maximus Festival São PauloLast festival - 2017
Metal Open Air São Luis Last Festival - 2012
Zoombie Ritual Rio Negrinho Last Festival - 2014
Maniacs Metal MeetingRio NegrinhoActive


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Hills of Rock


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Heavy MTL Montreal, QCAugustfeaturing popular metal, thrash metal, metalcore, nu-metal, hard rock
Heavy T.O. Toronto, ONLast festival - 2012run by promoters of Heavy MTL
Noctis Valkyries Metal Festival Calgary, ABSeptemberfeaturing death, black, thrash metal
Montabello Rockfest Montabello, QCJunefeaturing different genres of metal and punk


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Monsters of Rock



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Rock al Parque BogotáAugustrock festival with death, thrash metal

Costa Rica

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Festival Siembra y Lucha


GoatHell Metal Fest


Czech Republic

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Brutal Assault JaroměřActiveAugustextreme metal, heavy metal, hardcore punk, experimental music
Fluff Fest RokycanyActiveJulyhardcore punk, grindcore, crust punk, sludge metal, metalcore, post-metal
Masters of Rock (festival) VizoviceActiveJulyheavy metal, power metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Copenhell CopenhagenActiveJunefeaturing death, thrash, black, doom, heavy, power metal and hard rock
Roskilde Festival RoskildeJunelarge music festival with only few metal bands


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Quito Fest


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Hard Rock LaagerVana-VigalaActiveJuneall subgenres of metal, rock
Howls of WinterTallinnActiveFebruaryblack metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Finnish Death Metal ManiacsPoriLast festival - 2017Junedeath metal
Jalometalli Metal Music Festival OuluLast Festival 2016all subgenres of metal
John Smith Rock FestivalLaukaaActiveJulyheavy metal, rock
NummirockNummijärviActiveJuneall subgenres of metal
SaarihelvettiTampereActiveAugustall subgenres of metal
Sauna Open Air TampereLast festival - 2013Junemetal
SteelchaosHelsinkiActiveNovemberblack metal
Steelfest Open AirHyvinkääActiveMayblack and death metal
Turku SaatanalleTurkuActiveMarchblack metal
Tuska Open Air HelsinkiActiveJulyall subgenres of metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Hellfest Summer Open Air ClissonActiveJunelarge festival, metal of all types
Motocultor Festival BrittanyAugustdeath, black, thrash metal
Sylak Open AirSaint-Maurice-de-GourdansActiveAugustmetal of all types, hardcore


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Bang Your Head!!! BalingenActiveJulyheavy, thrash, death metal
Dong Open Air Neukirchen-VluynActiveJulyall styles of metal
Doom Shall Rise GöppingenLast festival - 2013Aprildoom metal
Elbriot HamburgAugustone-day festival featuring rock, heavy metal and hardcore punk
Euroblast Festival CologneActiveOctoberprogressive rock/metal
Force Attack SüderholzLast festival - 2012Julypunk, ska, oi!, hardcore, psychobilly and metal
Metal Frenzy Gardelegen, Saxony-AnhaltActiveJuneVarious
Monsters of Rock variousLast festival - 2006Summer1980–1996, and 2006
Ragnarök Festival Lichtenfels, Bavaria ActiveAprilpagan, Viking, black, death, metal
Rock Hard Festival GelsenkirchenActiveJuneheavy metal
Summer Breeze Open Air DinkelsbühlActiveAugustdeath, black, thrash metal
United Metal Maniacs BitterfeldLast festival - 2010month
Wacken Open Air WackenActiveAugustlargest metal festival in Germany
Winternoise Festival GeorgsmarienhütteLast festival - 2009January
With Full Force LöbnitzActiveJulyhardcore, metalcore, punk, and metal
Rock, um zu helfen! Freiberg, SaxonyActiveOctobermetal and rock, all income will be donated to a good cause


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Rockwave Festival Lamia, AthensActiveAugust


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Rockmaraton DunaújvárosActiveJuly

Mostly Hungarian bands(Black,Thrash,Metalcore,Deathcore,Rock,Punk,)


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Eistnaflug NeskaupstaðurActiveJulyfeaturing death, black, thrash metal and other rock music


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Bangalore Open Air
NH7 Weekender


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Bandung Berisik
Hammersonic Festival JakartaActiveMarch–Aprilall heavy music
Hellprint BandungActiveNovember–MarchAll heavy music
Rock in Solo SurakartaActiveOctober–Novemberheritage metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Day of Darkness BallylinanLast festival - 2008July


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Agglutination Metal Festival ChiaromonteActiveAugust
Gods of Metal MonzaJunehard rock, heavy metal, metalcore
Monsters of Rock ComoLast festival - 2004Julyhard rock, heavy metal
Play It Loud! Festival OrzinuoviLast festival - 2009February


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Loud Park Festival Saitama City2006-2017Octoberactive since 2006, featuring heavy, thrash, power, death, metalcore, nu metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Metal ShowJekabpilsActiveAugustAll metal sub-genres; 2-3 days festival
Zobens un LemessBauskaActiveJuneFolk, pagan, metal genres; 3 days festival


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Beirut Rock Festival BeirutUnknownJulyfeaturing rock and metal; does not occur every year; last festival was 2013
Summer Fusion Open Air JouniehUnknownAugustfeaturing rock and metal; does not occur every year; last festival was 2010; next festival was scheduled for August 2015


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Devilstone AnykščiaiActiveJuly (mid)rock, metal
Kilkim Žaibu VarniaiActiveJune (end)black, Viking metal, and folk music



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
SinFest Metal FestivalPaolaActiveMay3 Day Open-Air Metal Festival


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Hell & Heaven Metal Fest Mexico CityActiveMay 4 & 5, 2018Since 2010
Force Fest TeotihuacánActiveOctober 6 & 7, 2018Since 2013
Knotfest TolucaActiveTBASince 2015
Northside MonterreyInactiveTBASince 2016
México Metal Fest MonterreyActiveOctober 6, 2018Since 2016
Mother of All MonterreyActiveNovember 3, 2018Since 2017
FestEvil Mexico CityActiveDecember 8, 2018Since 2018



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Windhoek Metal Fest WindhoekLast festival - 2014Junefeaturing local and international metal bands



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Amsterdam Metalfest AmsterdamApril & Octoberone-day festival
Arnhem Metal Meeting ArnhemLast festival - 2007December
Dynamo Open Air Eindhoven1986 - 2005May
Dynamo Metalfest Eindhoven2015 - PresentJuly
Into the Grave Leeuwarden2010 -
Fields of Rock NijmegenLast festival - 2007June
Neurotic Deathfest TilburgLast festival - 2015May
ProgPower Europe BaarloOctoberfeaturing power, progressive metal
Roadburn Festival TilburgActiveAprillarge festival featuring doom, stoner, death, black metal
Fortarock NijmegenActiveJune/julylarge festival featuring al kinds of metal

New Zealand


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Hole in the Sky BergenLast festival - 2011Augustactive 2000–2011
Inferno Metal Festival Oslo ActiveAprilfeaturing black, death, thrash, doom metal
Karmøygeddon Metal Festival Kopervik ActiveMaywide range of metal genres



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Kaguluhan Music Festival CaviteLast festival - 2013November
Pulp Summer Slam Quezon CityActiveAprillarge festival featuring metalcore, hardcore, thrash, death metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Metalmania KatowicetiveccMarchactivated in 2017
Sonisphere Poland WarsawLast festival - 2014Julypart of a touring rock music festival, occurred in Poland in 2010 to 2014


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Paredes de Coura Festival Paredes de CouraAugustlarge rock festival featuring rock, pop, and few metal bands
Rock in Rio Lisboa LisboaMaylarge rock festival featuring rock, pop, and few metal bands
Vagos Metal Fest Calvão ActiveAugustfeaturing power, death, black, thrash, doom metal
VOA LisboaActiveJunefeaturing power, death, black, thrash, doom metal
SWR Barroselas Metalfest BarroselasActiveAprilfeaturing power, death, black, thrash, doom metal
Mangualde HMF MangualdeActiveJanuaryfeaturing power, death, black, thrash, doom metal
Laurus Nobilis FamalicãoActiveAugustfeaturing power, death, black, thrash, doom metal

Puerto Rico

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Festival de Metal Boricua CayeyLast festival - 2006November


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Artmania Festival SibiuActiveAugustart festival featuring gothic, doom, folk, heavy metal, progressive
Metalhead Meeting BucharestActiveJune/Julydeath metal, black metal, heavy metal
Rockstadt Extreme Festival RasnovActiveAugustdeath metal, black metal, heavy metal
Metal Gates Festival BucharestActiveNovemberdeath metal, black metal, doom metal
Posada Rock Fest Campulung MuscelActiveLate AugustGothic Metal, Heavy Metal, Death metal
Psychosounds Fest BucharestActiveOctoberBlack metal, Death metall, Ghotic Metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Moscow Music Peace Festival MoscowLast festival - 1989Augustone-time festival featuring heavy and glam metal


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Exit Festival Novi SadActiveJulynot strictly a metal festival; features pop, rock, electronic, hip hop, but has some death, black, thrash, doom metal



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Metaldays TolminActiveJulypreviously known as Metalcamp, featuring death, black, folk, thrash metal

South Africa

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
RAMFest Cape Town/JohannesburgLast festival - 2014Marchfeaturing rock, pop, metal, metal core


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Resurrection Fest ViveiroActiveJulyfeaturing hardcore, metalcore, thrash, death, black metal, punk,
Sonisphere Madrid/BarcelonaLast festival - 2013May/Junepart of a touring rock music festival, last occurred in Spain in 2013
Via de la Plata Festival MéridaLast festival - 2008Julyonly active in 2008

Sri Lanka


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Gefle Metal FestivalGävleActiveJulyall subgenres of metal
House of Metal UmeåActiveFebruary or Marchall subgenres of metal, rock
Metaltown Festival GothenburgLast festival 2013June or Julyfeaturing various metal bands including nu metal, metalcore, groove metal
Sabaton Open Air FalunActiveAugustorganized by Swedish heavy metal band Sabaton, featuring bands from all subgenres
Sweden Rock Festival SölvesborgActiveJunefeaturing popular metal and rock bands worldwide


Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Greenfield Festival InterlakenLast festival - 2018Juneall rock and metal genres
Ice Rock WasenLast festival - 2018January
Meh Suff! Metal-Festival Hüttikon ZHLast festival - 2018Septembermostly extreme genres
Meh Suff! Winter-Festival ZürichLast festival - 2018Januarymostly extreme genres
MTV Headbanger's Ball ----
Sonisphere Yverdon-les-BainsLast festival - 2012Maypart of a touring rock music festival, last occurred in Switzerland in 2012



Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Rock'n Coke IstanbulLast festival - 2013Septemberfeaturing rock, indie rock, with some metal
RockIstanbul IstanbulLast festival - 2005June
Sonisphere IstanbulLast festival - 2011Junepart of a touring rock music festival, last occurred in Turkey in 2011
Unirock Open Air Festival IstanbulLast festival - 2011August


United Arab Emirates

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Dubai Desert Rock Festival DubaiLast festival - 2014Mayactive until 2009, but continued on as Dubai Rock Festival

United Kingdom

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
Bloodstock Open Air Catton Hall, Walton-on-TrentActiveAugustoutdoor festival featuring death, black, thrash, folk metal, with attendance of 13,000 (2013)
Butserfest Waterlooville, HampshireSeptembersmall alcohol/drug-free festival, targeted at people aged 14–20
Damnation Festival Leeds, EnglandNovemberone-day festival featuring death, black, thrash, doom metal
Download Festival Donington Park, LeicestershireActiveJunelarge rock festival featuring hard rock, nu-metal, metalcore, death, black meta and pro wrestling from NXT UK l
Hammerfest Prestatyn, WalesActiveMarch
Hard Rock Hell Gwynedd, North WalesActiveNovemberfeaturing heavy metal, hard/heavy rock, rock
Hellfire Festival Birmingham, EnglandLast festival - 2009Novemberactive 2008–2009
In-Fest LondonLast festival - 2010Augustsmall indoor festival which featured metal, punk, and rock
Monsters of Rock Castle Donington, EnglandLast festival - 2006Summeractive 1980–1996, and 2006
ProgPower UK The Centaur, Cheltenham UKLast festival - 2007March

United States

Festival nameLocationStatusApprox. time of yearNotes
70000 Tons of Metal (cruise ship)Miami, FL to CaribbeanActiveJanuaryactive since 2011, featuring thrash, power, folk, death, black metal, with about 2,000 attendees on a cruise ship
Aftershock Festival Sacramento, CAActiveOctoberactive since 2012, featuring Heavy metal, Hard rock, Post-Hardcore, Thrash metal, Death metal, Nu metal, Alternative Rock
Carolina Rebellion Concord, NCActiveearly Mayactive since 2011
Chicago Open Air Bridgeview, IL (suburb of Chicago)ActiveJulyinaugural year was 2016 attracted 160,000 people over its first two years; features many genres of metal
Emissions from the Monolith OH/IL/TXLast festival - 2007late Mayactive 2000–2007 featured doom, stoner, sludge metal
Flight of the Valkyries St. Paul, MN/Baltimore, MDActiveJanuaryactive since 2007, featuring classic, power, folk, and death metal, female lead vocalists
Knotfest OzzfestSan Bernardino, CASeptember-October2014–present, all different metal genres
Maryland Deathfest Baltimore, MDActiveend of Mayactive since 2003, featuring death, black, doom, grind with attendance of 2,000-3,000
Mass Destruction Metal Fest Atlanta, GAActiveNovemberactive since 2017, featuring black and death metal
Milwaukee Metal Fest Milwaukee, WILast festival - 2007July/Augustactive 1987–2007, one of the first metal festivals in the United States to have international metal bands [9]
New England Metal and Hardcore Festival Worcester, MAActiveApril/Mayactive since 1999, featuring metalcore, hardcore, death metal
ProgPower USA Atlanta, GAActiveearly Septemberfeaturing power, progressive, traditional metal
Robot Mosh Fest Milwaukee, WILast festival - 2008Juneactive 2001–2008, featured metalcore, hardcore, metal
Rock on the Range Columbus, OHActiveMayfeaturing heavy metal, hard rock, post-hardcore, thrash metal, death metal, nu metal, alternative rock, hair bands, and classic metal; attendance of 120,000
Rocklahoma Pryor, OKActiveMemorial Day weekend - late Mayactive since 2006, featuring heavy metal, hard rock, post-hardcore, thrash metal, death metal, nu metal, alternative rock, hair bands, classic metal
Saints & Sinners Festival Asbury Park, NJLast festival - 2007Novemberactive 2006–2007, featuring nu metal, metalcore
Scion Rock Fest Pomona, CA/variousActiveMarch/Junefeaturing death metal, grindcore, doom metal, metalcore
Welcome to Rockville Jacksonville, FLActiveApril/Mayactive since 2011, featuring heavy metal, hard rock, death metal, nu metal, alternative rock, punk rock, metalcore


The following is an incomplete list of traveling metal festivals, both active and defunct:

Clash of the Titans (tour)

Clash of the Titans was a concert tour co-headlined by American thrash metal bands Megadeth and Slayer, which took place in September and October 1990 and again from May to July 1991. Launched in support of their respective albums Rust in Peace and Seasons in the Abyss, the tour had two legs, first in Europe and second in the United States. Clash of the Titans is considered one of the most successful tours in heavy metal history, and bridged the gap between the popularity of thrash metal and rise of the alternative rock and grunge scene.

Crüe Fest was a summer 2008 tour by Mötley Crüe, which commenced on July 1, 2008 and concluded on August 31, 2008. It featured Mötley Crüe themselves, Buckcherry, Papa Roach, Sixx:A.M., and Trapt. Crüe Fest was said to be "the Loudest Show on Earth". The tour earned around $40 million and was the most successful, most popular festival of the summer.

The Family Values Tour was created by the American nu metal band Korn in 1998 to be an annual rock and hip hop tour. It was announced in 2013 that the tour would come back as a one-day music festival instead of the traditional tour.

See also

Related Research Articles

Speed metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music that originated in the late 1970s from new wave of British heavy metal (NWOBHM) roots. It is described by AllMusic as "extremely fast, abrasive, and technically demanding" music.

Progressive metal is a fusion genre melding heavy metal and progressive rock that combines the loud "aggression" and amplified guitar-driven sound of the former with the more experimental, cerebral or "pseudo-classical" compositions of the latter.

Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar, drums, and often accompanied with keyboards.

Judas Priest British heavy metal band

Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969. The band has sold over 50 million copies of their albums to date. They are frequently ranked as one of the greatest metal bands of all time. Despite an innovative and pioneering body of work in the latter half of the 1970s, the band struggled with indifferent record production and lack of major commercial success or attention until 1980, when they adopted a more simplified sound on the album British Steel, which helped shoot them to rock superstar status.

Christian metal, also known as white metal, Jesus metal or heavenly metal, is a form of heavy metal music usually defined by its message using song lyrics as well as the dedication of the band members to Christianity. Christian metal is typically performed by professed Christians principally for Christians who listen to heavy metal music and often produced and distributed through various Christian networks.

Popular music of the United Kingdom in the 1970s built upon the new forms of music developed from blues rock towards the end of the 1960s, including folk rock and psychedelic rock. Several important and influential subgenres were created in Britain in this period, by pursuing the limitations of rock music, including British folk rock and glam rock, a process that reached its apogee in the development of progressive rock and one of the most enduring subgenres in heavy metal music. Britain also began to be increasingly influenced by aspects of World music, including Jamaican and Indian music, resulting in new music scenes and subgenres. In the middle years of the decade the influence of the pub rock and American punk rock movements led to the British intensification of punk, which swept away much of the existing landscape of popular music, replacing it with much more diverse new wave and post punk bands who mixed different forms of music and influences to dominate rock and pop music into the 1980s.

<i>Sin After Sin</i> album

Sin After Sin is the third studio album by English heavy metal group Judas Priest, released in 1977. It was remastered in 2001 with two bonus tracks added.

Indian rock

Indian rock is a music genre in India that incorporates elements of Indian music with rock music, and is often topically India-centric. While India is more often known for its classical music, filmi Bollywood music, Indi-pop, and Bhangra, the Indian rock scene has also produced numerous bands and artists.

<i>Metal: A Headbangers Journey</i> 2005 film by Sam Dunn

Metal: A Headbanger's Journey is a 2005 documentary film directed by Sam Dunn with Scot McFadyen and Jessica Wise. The film follows 31-year-old Dunn, a Canadian anthropologist, who has been a heavy metal fan since the age of 12. Dunn sets out across the world to uncover the various opinions on heavy metal music, including its origins, culture, controversy, and the reasons it is loved by so many people. The film made its debut at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival, and was released as a two-disc special edition DVD in the US on September 19, 2006.

This is a timeline documenting the formative events in heavy metal music before 1970.

Heavy: The Story of Metal is a four-part documentary special that aired on VH1 in 2006.

<i>Sound of the Beast</i> book by Ian Christe

Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal is a 2004 book by Ian Christe, documenting the history of heavy metal music and its origins.

Stoner rock, also known as stoner metal or stoner doom, is a rock music fusion genre that combines elements of heavy metal and/or doom metal with psychedelic rock and acid rock. The name references cannabis consumption. The term desert rock is often used interchangeably with the term "stoner rock" to describe this genre; however, not all stoner rock bands would fall under the descriptor of "desert rock". Stoner rock is typically slow-to-mid tempo and features a heavily distorted, groove-laden bass-heavy sound, melodic vocals, and "retro" production. The genre emerged during the early 1990s and was pioneered foremost by Monster Magnet and the California bands Fu Manchu, Kyuss and Sleep.

Heavy metal lyrics

Heavy metal lyrics are the words used in songs by heavy metal artists. Given that there are many genres of heavy metal, it is difficult to make generalizations about the lyrics and lyrical themes. In 1989, two metal scholars wrote that heavy metal lyrics concentrate "on dark and depressing subject matter to an extent hitherto unprecedented" in any form of popular music. Jeffrey Arnett states that metal songs are "overwhelmingly dominated" by "ugly and unhappy" themes which express "no hope" for the future. Deena Weinstein has proposed one way to analyze metal song themes is loosely grouping them into two categories: the Dionysian theme, which celebrates "sex, drugs and rock and roll", partying, and enjoyment of life and the Chaotic theme, which involves dark subjects such as Hell, injustice, mayhem, carnage and death. Not all metal genres fall into Weinstein's two theme model; for example power metal's lyrical themes often focus on fantasy and mythology, camaraderie and hope, personal struggles and emotions, among other themes. Another exception is pop metal bands, which replaced "gloom and doom" themes with "positive, upbeat" songs about romantic love and relationships, part of their goal of appealing more to female listeners. In metal overall, the small number of metal songs about relationships are typically about unions that have "gone sour" long ago.

Heavy metal drumming

Heavy metal drumming is a style of rock music drum kit playing that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom and the United States. With roots in blues rock and psychedelic/acid rock drum playing, heavy metal drummers play with emphatic beats, and overall loudness using an aggressive performing style. Heavy metal drumming is traditionally characterized by emphatic rhythms and dense bass guitar-and-drum sound. The essence of metal drumming is creating a loud, constant beat for the band using the "trifecta of speed, power, and precision".

Occult rock is a subgenre of rock music that originated in the late 1960s to early 1970s, pioneered by bands such as Coven and Black Widow. The genre is influenced by hard rock, proto-metal, psychedelic rock, progressive rock and blues, as well as commonly incorporating lyrics referencing the occult. Despite the common perception, it has been noted that occult rock is not inherently gloomy nor dark, however many bands have ventured down that path.


  1. Du Noyer (2003), p. 96; Weinstein (2000), pp. 11–13.
  2. Weinstein (2000), pp. 14, 118.
  3. Fast (2005), pp. 89–91; Weinstein (2000), pp. 7, 8, 23, 36, 103, 104.
  4. Walser (1993), p. 6.
  5. "As much as Sabbath started it, Priest were the ones who took it out of the blues and straight into metal." Bowe, Brian J. Judas Priest: Metal Gods. ISBN   0-7660-3621-9.
  8. "African Heavy Metal Bands Give Back to their Communities". BORGEN. 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2016-05-21.