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The Argentine heavy metal is a heavy metal music movement that originated in Argentina in the 1980s. The first popular artist was Pappo, who created the band Riff influenced by the contemporary new wave of British heavy metal. V8 was formed at that time as well, and most of its members created notable bands after their respective departures from the band: Ricardo Iorio and Walter Giardino, currently in Almafuerte and Rata Blanca, are still popular. The second half of the 1980s saw the success of hard rock bands such as Kamikaze, Alakran and Rata Blanca, with an aesthetic similar to the contemporary glam metal. Thrash metal bands, such as Hermética, Horcas and Lethal, appeared in the early 1990s.
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.
Argentina, officially named the Argentine Republic, is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, and the largest Spanish-speaking nation. The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Norberto Aníbal Napolitano, known by his stage name Pappo, was an Argentine electric guitarist, singer-songwriter and composer. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential guitarists in the history of Argentine rock.
Rata Blanca declined its popularity in the 1990s and eventually broke up. Hermética became more popular than V8 during its short existence, and broke up in a controversy between the leader Ricardo Iorio and the other members. Iorio created a new band, Almafuerte, and the former members of Hermética stayed together for some time as Malón. Rata Blanca had a revival later, and the band was rejoined.
Ricardo Iorio is an Argentine heavy metal musician of Italian and Native Argentine descent who participated in various of the most important metal bands of the nation.
Almafuerte is a Heavy metal band from Argentina, formed by bassist and lead singer Ricardo Iorio in 1995 after the dissolution of Hermética.
Malón is a thrash metal band from Argentina that was formed in 1995 by Claudio O'Connor, Antonio Romano, Claudio Strunz, and Karlos Cuadrado.
The Argentine Rock of the late 1970s included bands such as Pappo's Blues, El Reloj, Vox Dei and Pescado Rabioso. The fans of those bands would eventually create the first heavy metal bands. There was no specialized press at the time, and bands and concerts were scarce. Pappo, who was already a famous musician and had been in Europe for some time, created a band influenced by the new wave of British heavy metal, Riff. V8, a band with less popularity, mixed heavy metal and punk rock, and became notable during an incident at the "Buenos Aires Rock" concert.
Vox Dei is an Argentine rock band credited for recording the country's first concept album, The Bible. Its most prolific years were the 1970s, having recorded 10 albums.
Pescado Rabioso was a band or musical enterprise of Argentine musician Luis Alberto Spinetta from 1971 to 1973. In spite of its short life, it is still considered an important piece of Argentine rock history. It was the second major band for Spinetta, created after Almendra's break up in late 1960s and a seven-months trip through Brazil, United States and Europe.
The new wave of British heavy metal was a nationwide musical movement that started in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s and achieved international attention by the early 1980s. Journalist Geoff Barton coined the term in a May 1979 issue of the British music newspaper Sounds to describe the emergence of new heavy metal bands in the mid to late 1970s, during the period of punk rock's decline and the dominance of new wave music.
The end of the national reorganization process in 1983 allowed an increased activity. Metal was the first heavy metal magazine in Argentina, edited in 1983, and "Cuero Pesado" (Spanish : Heavy leather) the first radio program. Many bands, like V8, could release their first long plays. However, activity decreased a short time later. Riff broke up when a concert at the Ferrocarril Oeste stadium ended with huge vandalism, and V8 tried to emigrate to Brazil.
Metal was an Argentine heavy metal music magazine edited from 1983 to 1995. It was published by Magendra, which also published the magazine Pelo, devoted to rock. Metal was the first heavy metal magazine published in Argentina.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
Estadio Arquitecto Ricardo Etcheverri is a football stadium located in the Caballito district of Buenos Aires. It is the home venue of Ferro Carril Oeste. The stadium was opened in 1905, and has a current capacity of 24,442.
Riff returned in 1985, and V8 returned as well with a new line-up. The international success of Glam metal increased the interest in heavy metal music as well. A new magazine appears, Riff Raff , and the discos Halley and Cemento became important venues for concerts. The activity decreased again in 1989, during a national economic crisis caused by an hyperinflation.
Glam metal is a subgenre of heavy metal, which features pop-influenced hooks and guitar riffs, and borrows from the fashion of 1970s glam rock.
Halley was a 1980s Argentine nightclub.
Cemento was an Argentine nightclub, used for rock concerts. It was opened in 1985, and it was closed in 2004.
Glam metal itself never caught on in Argentina, but some hard rock bands used the glam visual style, such as Alakran, Kamikaze and Escocia. The most successful of those bands was Rata Blanca, who made a concert at the José Amalfitani stadium, the highest attended concert of an Argentine heavy metal band to date. Those bands appeared in Argentina in the late eighties and the initial nineties, some years after the international boom of glam metal; and so did the first thrash metal bands as well. Some of those bands were Horcas, Lethal and Nepal; the most popular one was Hermética, led by ex-V8 bass player Ricardo Iorio. The Argentine Currency Board established in 1991 eased the imports of foreign albums and the tours of international bands.
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar, drums, and often accompanied with keyboards.
Kamikaze is an Argentine heavy metal band. Their first LP, No me detendrán!, was released in 1988. Their second work had low sales because of the hyperinflation that plagued the country, and the band broke up after the third CD. They had a brief reunion in 2003 for a pair of concerts, and a stable reunion in 2011.
Rata Blanca is a heavy metal band from Argentina, formed in 1986. It is considered the most famous metal band in its country.
As of 1995, the popularity of Rata Blanca had declined, and Hermética broke up, with their members starting the rival bands Almafuerte (with Iorio) and Malón (the rest of the band). A.N.I.M.A.L. was popular among the fans of 1990s heavy metal, and Horcas increased their popularity with singer Walter Meza. The number of thrash metal bands declined, and the number of power metal bands increased; with Imperio being the most popular in the genre. Malón broke up years later, and Almafuerte regained and increased the popularity of Hermética.
The genre had a huge drawback in the early 2000s, first with the 2001 economic crisis, which forced many small bands to break up. The República Cromañón nightclub fire forced most nightclubs to increase their security; most of them had to close and the remaining ones became too expensive for heavy metal bands. The genre had a slow recovery since then. As of 2014, the most popular bands are Rata Blanca and Almafuerte.
Hermética was an Argentine thrash metal band from San Martín, Buenos Aires. It was formed by bassist Ricardo Iorio in 1987 after his previous band V8 disbanded. Hermética was signed to the independent record label Radio Trípoli Discos throughout their career. The band's initial lineup consisted of Iorio, vocalist Claudio O'Connor, drummer Fabián Spataro and guitarist Antonio Romano. Spataro left the band in 1988 and was replaced by Antonio Scotto. This lineup recorded their eponymous album, the first thrash metal album recorded in Argentina. At this point of their career, Hermética performed mainly in Argentina, except for one concert held in Uruguay. In 1990, they released Intérpretes—an extended play which included covers of Argentine rock and tango songs. Both albums were released by Radio Trípoli Discos as a single CD when digital technology became available.
Víctimas del Vaciamiento is a heavy metal album by Argentine band Hermética, produced in 1994 by Trípoli Discos. It was the best selling album of the band.
V8 was an Argentine heavy metal band created in 1979, one of the first notable Argentine and Latin America bands of that genre. After its dissolution former members have continued their careers starting other heavy metal bands, Hermética, Horcas, Rata Blanca, Logos and Almafuerte.
Luchando por el Metal is the first studio album by Argentine heavy metal band V8, released in March 1983 . At the time the album was released, the genre was very popular, and this album became second in popularity, only behind Riff.
Homenaje is a 1996 live album, recorded during the "Metal Rock Festival" at Obras Sanitarias. The concert was a reunion of the first line-up of the Argentine heavy metal band V8, with the exception of its original bass player Ricardo Iorio.
Latin metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music with Latin origins, influences, and instrumentation, such as Spanish vocals, Latin percussion and rhythm such as Salsa rhythm. Some South American bands also add influences and instrumentations borrowed from world music and ethnic music, relating to musical traditions of the indigenous people of America.
Hermética is the debut album by Argentine thrash metal band Hermética.
Mundo guanaco is the first album released by the Argentine heavy metal band Almafuerte. This is the first album by Ricardo Iorio after the dissolution of Hermética.
Almafuerte is the third studio album by heavy metal band Almafuerte released in 1998. The album contains several covers of Ricardo Iorio former band Hermética.
Gustavo Nestor Rowek is a heavy metal drummer known for being one of the founders of heavy metal movement in Argentina through its participation in: Surmenage, WC, V8 and Rata Blanca. Currently he works in his own project Rowek.
Ayer deseo, hoy realidad is the first solo album by the Argentine musician Ricardo Iorio known for leading Argentine metal clusters as notable V8, Hermética and Almafuerte. The album contains emblematic songs of Argentine rock in the early years versioned by Iorio. The disc name Ayer deseo, hoy realidad is the name of a song written by Iorio to "Victimas del Vacimiento" in which he speaks of the dream of being a musician and touring during his childhood. While Iorio recorded the solo album with his band and musicians Almafuerte latter were the interpreters of the album and the musical arrangements were fully carried out by Claudio Marciello, guitarist of the band.
Claudio Alberto Castro, also known as Claudio O'Connor is a thrash metal, groove metal and hard rock vocalist from Argentina. Nowadays he's lead singer of his own band O'Connor and Malón. He was also formerly the lead singer of Hermética.
Antonio Romano is an Argentine thrash metal guitarist. He has worked in Cerbero, Hermética, Malón, Visceral and Razones Concientes.
Claudio Strunz is an Argentine thrash metal drummer. He has worked in Heinkel, Hermética, Malón and Simbiosis.
Osvaldo Daniel Civile was an Argentine heavy metal guitarist. He was the guitarist for the bands V8 and Horcas.
Walter Meza is an Argentinian singer of thrash metal and heavy metal, known for being the singer from Horcas, from 1997 to the present.