New wave of American heavy metal

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The new wave of American heavy metal (commonly abbreviated as NWOAHM) was a heavy metal music movement that originated in the United States during the early to mid-1990s [1] [2] and expanded most in the early to mid-2000s. Some of the bands considered part of the movement had formed as early as the late 1980s, but did not become influential or reach popular standing until the following decade. [1] [2] The term itself borrows from the new wave of British heavy metal dating to 1979. [2] NWOAHM includes a wide variety of styles, including alternative metal, groove metal, industrial metal, nu metal and metalcore.

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe, which is 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

The new wave of British heavy metal was a nationwide musical movement that started in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s and achieved international attention by the early 1980s. Journalist Geoff Barton coined the term in a May 1979 issue of the British music newspaper Sounds to describe the emergence of new heavy metal bands in the mid to late 1970s, during the period of punk rock's decline and the dominance of new wave music.

Contents

Although the term is used by the media with increasing frequency, the definition has not been finished completely. [2] This is due in part to the growing addition of bands that assimilate to common styles in NWOAHM (as defined below), yet have not differentiated greatly enough as to garner a new genre moniker. [3] One description by longtime metal author Garry Sharpe-Young helps classify the NWOAHM as a "marriage of European-style riffing and throaty vocals" [3] Several of the bands within the NWOAHM are credited with bringing heavy metal back into the mainstream. [1] [4]

History

Machine Head Machine Head Live Zurich.jpg
Machine Head

The new wave of American heavy metal has its origins in a group of post-grunge acts from the 1990s that brought heavy metal "back to its core brutality" and drawing not from the traditional blues formula but from thrash metal and punk. [2] In the book The Next Generation of Rock & Punk, Joel McIver acknowledged Korn as the pioneers of the new wave of American heavy metal, and also credits them as the first band labeled as nu metal. [5] The nu metal genre was popular in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Other roots of NWOAHM are attributed to bands such as Pantera, Biohazard, and Machine Head.

Post-grunge is a rock music subgenre that emerged in the 1990s. Originally, the term was used almost pejoratively to label bands such as Bush, Candlebox and Collective Soul that emulated the original sound of grunge.

Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1870s by African Americans from roots in African musical traditions, African-American work songs, and spirituals. Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. Blue notes, usually thirds, fifths or sevenths flattened in pitch are also an essential part of the sound. Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance-like rhythm and form a repetitive effect known as the groove.

Thrash metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music characterized by its overall aggression and often fast tempo. The songs usually use fast percussive beats and low-register guitar riffs, overlaid with shredding-style lead guitar work. The lyrical subject matter often deals with criticisms of The Establishment, and at times shares a disdain for Christian dogma resembling that of their black metal counterparts. The language is typically quite direct and denunciatory, an approach borrowed from hardcore punk.

Lamb of God in 2009 Lamb of God 09.jpg
Lamb of God in 2009

The producers behind the 2005 documentary Metal: A Headbanger's Journey have written of the NWOAHM: "In essence, NWOAHM can embody the seething aggression of the 'hardcore' hormone, but play a type of acrobatic, precise, technical thrash/death metal synthesis regularly touched by the melody of traditional metal, but often just briefly. Vocally, these bands huddle around Pantera-derived roar, leaning toward a death metal bark, but often with 'clean' or 'sung' vocals as ear candy, sometimes from a member of the band who is not the front man." [6] They also reference Unearth, Shadows Fall, and Lamb of God as "leaders of the pack". [6]

<i>Metal: A Headbangers Journey</i> 2005 film by Sam Dunn

Metal: A Headbanger's Journey is a 2005 documentary film directed by Sam Dunn with Scot McFadyen and Jessica Wise. The film follows 31-year-old Dunn, a Canadian anthropologist, who has been a heavy metal fan since the age of 12. Dunn sets out across the world to uncover the various opinions on heavy metal music, including its origins, culture, controversy, and the reasons it is loved by so many people. The film made its debut at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival, and was released as a two-disc special edition DVD in the US on 19 September 2006.

Death metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music. It typically employs heavily distorted and low-tuned guitars, played with techniques such as palm muting and tremolo picking, deep growling vocals, aggressive, powerful drumming featuring double kick and blast beat techniques, minor keys or atonality, abrupt tempo, key, and time signature changes, and chromatic chord progressions. The lyrical themes of death metal may evoke slasher film-stylized violence, political conflict, religion, nature, philosophy, and science fiction.

Unearth band

Unearth is an American metalcore band from Boston, Massachusetts. Formed in 1998, the group has released seven studio albums.

In the book New Wave of American Heavy Metal, when listing the wave's most popular contributors, Garry Sharpe-Young stated: "...the groups that broke the metal scene into new territory after grunge [were] Pantera, Biohazard, and Machine Head. From there it gets really diverse, crossing the spectrum from melodic death metal to progressive metal and everything in between." [2] Sharpe-Young described bands such as Pantera, Biohazard and Machine Head as neo-metal, writing that the band Pantera started a new time period of heavy metal that involved both Biohazard and Machine Head. [3] Sharpe-Young lists the broad range of styles in the new wave of American heavy metal movement as ranging from the Christian metalcore scene, the 1970s-inspired progressive rock of Coheed and Cambria, melodic death metal, and the screamo and "sub-Gothique" emocore of Alkaline Trio and My Chemical Romance. [2] Beyond this, the genre encompasses a number of different styles including alternative metal, groove metal, hardcore punk and metalcore, [2] [4] [7] despite the fact that metalcore and hardcore punk pre-date NWOAHM by almost twenty years.

Grunge is a rock music genre and subculture that emerged during the mid-1980s in the Pacific Northwest U.S. state of Washington, particularly in Seattle and nearby towns. The early grunge movement revolved around Seattle's independent record label Sub Pop and the region's underground music scene. The owners of Sub Pop marketed Northwestern punk rock shrewdly and the media was encouraged to describe it as "grunge", which came to mean a punk and metal hybrid style of music. By the early 1990s its popularity had spread, with grunge bands appearing in California, then emerging in other parts of the United States and in Australia, building strong followings and signing major record deals.

Pantera American heavy metal band

Pantera was an American heavy metal band from Arlington, Texas. The group was formed in 1981 by the Abbott brothers—drummer Vinnie Paul and guitarist Dimebag Darrell—along with lead vocalist Terry Glaze. Bassist Rex Brown joined the band the following year, replacing Tommy D. Bradford, who was the unofficial original. Having started as a glam metal band, Pantera released four albums independently during the 1980s. Looking for a new and heavier sound, Pantera replaced Glaze with Phil Anselmo in late 1986 and released Power Metal in 1988. In 1989, the band secured a record deal with the major laber Atco. With its fifth album, 1990's Cowboys from Hell, Pantera introduced the groove metal genre, while its 1992 follow-up Vulgar Display of Power exhibited an even heavier sound. Far Beyond Driven (1994) debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. In addition to their contribution to the groove metal genre, Pantera is credited for being part of the second wave of thrash metal scene in the early-to-mid 1990s.

Biohazard (band) American band

Biohazard is an American band formed in Brooklyn, New York, in 1987. They are acknowledged as one of the earliest bands to fuse hardcore punk and heavy metal with elements of hip hop. The earliest lineup consisted of bassist-vocalist Evan Seinfeld, guitarist Bobby Hambel, and drummer Anthony Meo. Guitarist-vocalist Billy Graziadei would join the band soon after, changing the band to a four-piece. Since February 2016, the lineup has consisted of Graziadei, Hambel, and Danny Schuler.

List of key artists

A list of notable bands who emerged during the NWOAHM era of music:

0–9

10 Years (band) American alternative metal band

10 Years is an American alternative metal band, formed in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States, in 1999. The band consists of lead vocalist Jesse Hasek, lead guitarist Brian Vodinh, bassist Chad Grennor, rhythm guitarist Matt Wantland, and drummer Luke Narey. The group has gone through multiple line-up changes since their inception, with Vodinh and Wantland being the only remaining founding members. To date, they have released eight studio albums, their most recent being (How to Live) As Ghosts, released on October 27, 2017.

100 Demons is an American five-piece metalcore band from Waterbury, Connecticut. Being fans of tattoos, the band derived their name from a book of traditional Japanese tattoo artwork by Horiyoshi III. The band usually incorporates their Agnostic beliefs into their lyrics.

108 is an American hardcore band founded in 1991. Their music reflects the Hare Krishna faith of the band members. Their name comes from the number of beads on the Japa mala, or mantra counting beads.

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Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 James Edward. "The Ghosts of Glam Metal Past". Lamentations of the Flame Princess. Archived from the original on February 16, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 Sharpe-Young, Garry (1 November 2005). New Wave of American Heavy Metal. New Plymouth, New Zealand: Zonda Books Limited. ISBN   978-0958268400 . Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Sharpe-Young, Garry (2007). "Metal: A Definitive Guide". New Plymouth: Jawbone. ISBN   1-906002-01-0.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. 1 2 3 Adrien Begrand. "BLOOD AND THUNDER: Regeneration". PopMatters . Retrieved 2008-05-14.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  5. 1 2 McIver, Joel (2002). "How Did We Get to Nu-Metal From Old Metal?". Nu-Metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. pp. 10, 12. ISBN   0-7119-9209-6.
  6. 1 2 Metal: A Headbanger's Journey (2005, Director: Sam Dunn), Disc Two: "Metal Genealogy Chart"
  7. "NWOAHM - New Frontier Or Well Worn Path?". Maximum Metal. Retrieved 2008-05-18.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  8. Terry, Nick. "The Fall of Ideals review". Decibelmagazine.com. Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2015.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  9. 1 2 SHOEGAZER ROSS. "LAMB OF GOD - Burn The Priest". Metal Express Radio. Retrieved 2008-05-06.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  10. Bansal, Vik. "The Impossibility Of Reason review". MusicOMH . Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  11. 1 2 3 4 Fong, Erik. "Rock of Lamb". Metroactive.com. Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  12. Williams, Robert (February 20, 2010). "Interview with Andrew Laurenson" Archived 2012-10-25 at the Wayback Machine . Metal Rules. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
  13. Terry, Nick (October 2010). "IV: Constitution of Treason review". Decibelmagazine.link. Archived from the original on 2006-10-20.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  14. Terry, Nick. "As Daylight Dies review". Decibelmagazine.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2006. Retrieved November 13, 2015.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  15. Bansal, Vik. "Killswitch Engage - Metal To The Core". MusicOMH . Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  16. 1 2 3 Lee, Cosmo. "Sacrament review". Stylusmagazine.com. Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  17. Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Killswitch Engage [2000]". AllMusic . Retrieved 2011-02-19.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  18. "MTVNews.com: The Greatest Metal Bands of All Time: Pantera". MTV . Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  19. Bansal, Vik. "The War Within review". MusicOMH . Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  20. Terry, Nick. "The War Within review". Decibelmagazine.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  21. Bansal, Vik. "Ascendancy review". MusicOMH . Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)
  22. Terry, Nick. "Ascendancy review". Decibelmagazine.com. Archived from the original on October 20, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2008.Cite web requires |website= (help)

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