Groove metal

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Groove metal (also known as post-thrash [2] or neo-thrash) is a subgenre of heavy metal music. Music journalists and fans have used groove metal to describe Pantera, [5] Exhorder and Machine Head. [6] At its core, groove metal takes the intensity and sonic qualities of thrash metal and plays them at mid-tempo, with most bands making only occasional forays into fast tempo. [7]

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

Pantera American heavy metal band

Pantera was an American heavy metal band from Arlington, Texas. The group was formed in 1981 by the Abbott brothers – drummer Vinnie Paul and guitarist Dimebag Darrell – along with lead vocalist Terry Glaze. Bassist Rex Brown joined the band the following year, replacing Tommy D. Bradford, who was the unofficial original. Having started as a glam metal band, Pantera released four albums during the 1980s. Looking for a new and heavier sound, Pantera replaced Glaze with Phil Anselmo in late 1986 and released Power Metal in 1988. With its fifth album, 1990's Cowboys from Hell, Pantera introduced the groove metal genre, while its 1992 follow-up Vulgar Display of Power exhibited an even heavier sound. Far Beyond Driven (1994) debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. In addition to their contribution to the groove metal genre, Pantera is credited for being part of the second wave of thrash metal scene in the early-to-mid 1990s.

Exhorder band

Exhorder is an American heavy metal band from New Orleans, Louisiana. They are considered progenitors of the groove-oriented thrash sound later made famous by bands such as Pantera, Lamb of God, White Zombie, and Machine Head. Their debut album Slaughter in the Vatican (1990) has been regarded as a large influence on the New Orleans metal scene. Initially active from 1985 to 1994, reformed from 2008 to 2011, they have since reformed in 2017.


Characteristics and origins

Pantera's Cowboys from Hell album from 1990 was described as "groundbreaking" and "blueprint-defining" for the groove metal genre. [8] King's X has been called the progenitors of the genre and their 1988 debut album Out of the Silent Planet is often cited as one of the major influences for groove metal, with dropped open tuning and lower, even tempos. Ian Christe credits Sepultura's Chaos A.D. and Pantera for creating the death metal–derived music of groove metal influencing later groups in the genre during the 1990s. [3] Exhorder's debut Slaughter in the Vatican is also considered one of the first groove metal albums, having been released in 1990, the same year as Cowboys. Groove metal bands have incorporated thrash metal, [1] and crossover thrash. Tommy Victor of Prong claims that the attitude of groove metal came from Bad Brains. [9]

<i>Cowboys from Hell</i> 1990 studio album by Pantera

Cowboys from Hell is the fifth studio album and major label debut by American heavy metal band Pantera, released on July 24, 1990 by Atco Records.

Kings X band

King's X is an American rock band that combines progressive metal, funk and soul with vocal arrangements influenced by gospel, blues, and British Invasion rock groups. Despite a largely underground reputation as the "musician's musicians", King's X was pivotal in the early development of progressive metal, and produced a series of early records considered essential within the genre. The band's lyrics are largely based on the members' struggles with religion and self-acceptance. King's X was ranked No. 83 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock.

<i>Out of the Silent Planet</i> (album) 1988 studio album by Kings X

Out of the Silent Planet is the debut studio by the American progressive metal band King's X, released in 1988. The title of the album comes from that of a book by C.S. Lewis, an author favored by band members Ty Tabor and Jerry Gaskill. "Out of the Silent Planet" is also the title of the first track from the follow up album Gretchen Goes to Nebraska. The cover art features the skyline of Houston with the southern outline of the state of Texas. The album received widespread acclaim from music contemporaries. Pantera Bassist Rex Brown commented of his and Dimebag Darrell's impressions, noting "Dime called me and said, ‘Dude, have you heard this? Have you checked out King’s X?'” he says. “We went on a long road trip, and we must have listened to that first record I don’t know how many times. And we couldn’t stop. … This was the sound that Dime and I were always looking for.”


The style has been associated with bands such as Machine Head [10] , Pantera, [11] Exhorder [6] , White Zombie, Fear Factory,[ citation needed ] King's X,[ citation needed ] Lamb of God, [12] Sepultura, [13] [14] Soulfly, [15] Cavalera Conspiracy,[ citation needed ] Gojira, [11] [16] Throwdown,[ citation needed ] Slipknot,[ citation needed ] Nevermore, [17] Byzantine, [18] late-period John Bush-era Anthrax, [12] Spiritual Beggars, [19] Texas Hippie Coalition,[ citation needed ] and Five Finger Death Punch. [20] Veteran thrash metal band Annihilator were let go by Roadrunner Records in 1993 when the groove metal trend began being promoted by the label. [21] During the 1990s, the term was occasionally used to describe funk-influenced alternative metal acts such as Primus [22] and Jane's Addiction. [23]

Machine Head (band) American metal band

Machine Head is an American heavy metal band from Oakland, California. The band was formed in 1991 by vocalist/guitarist Robb Flynn and bassist Adam Duce. The band's aggressive musicianship made it one of the pioneering bands in the new wave of American heavy metal, and it is also considered to be part of the second wave of thrash metal bands from the 1990s. Machine Head's current lineup comprises Flynn and bassist Jared MacEachern. Duce, guitarists Logan Mader, Ahrue Luster and Phil Demmel and drummers Tony Costanza, Chris Kontos and Dave McClain are former members of the band; Mader and Kontos are currently touring with the band as part of the 25th anniversary tour for its first album, Burn My Eyes (1994).

White Zombie (band) American heavy metal band

White Zombie was an American heavy metal band that formed in 1985. Based in New York City, White Zombie was originally a noise rock band, and was known for its later heavy metal-oriented sound. Their best-known songs are "Thunder Kiss '65", "Black Sunshine" and "More Human than Human". The group officially disbanded in 1998. In 2000, White Zombie was included on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock, ranking at No. 56.

Fear Factory American metal band

Fear Factory is an American heavy metal band that was formed in 1989. Throughout the band's career, they have released nine full-length albums and have evolved through a succession of styles, including nu metal, death metal, groove metal, and thrash metal. Fear Factory was enormously influential on the heavy metal scene in the mid-to-late 1990s.

Influence on other genres

Pioneering groove metal bands such as Pantera (originally a glam metal and speed metal band [7] [8] in the 1980s) and Sepultura (originally playing thrash metal and death metal [13] ) laid the foundations for nu metal in the 1990s and some development of metalcore in the 2000s. [24] [25] [26] Nu metal is an alternative metal subgenre [24] which utilizes downtuned riffs, a more hip hop influenced beat accessible to rapping and turntablism [27] and groove metal rhythms, [4] while frequently lacking guitar solos and complex picking. [28] Metalcore emphasizes general heavy metal characteristics as well as breakdowns, [29] which are slower, intense passages that are conducive to moshing. [30]

Glam metal is a subgenre of heavy metal, which features pop-influenced hooks and guitar riffs, and borrows from the fashion of 1970s glam rock.

Speed metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music that originated in the late 1970s from new wave of British heavy metal (NWOBHM) roots. It is described by AllMusic as "extremely fast, abrasive, and technically demanding" music.

Sepultura Brazilian metal band

Sepultura is a Brazilian heavy metal band from Belo Horizonte. Formed in 1984 by brothers Max and Igor Cavalera, the band was a major force in the groove metal, thrash metal, and death metal genres during the late 1980s and early 1990s, with their later experiments drawing influence from alternative metal, world music, nu metal, hardcore punk, and industrial metal. Sepultura has also been credited as one of the second wave of thrash metal acts from the late 1980s and early-to-mid 1990s.

See also

Funk metal is a fusion genre of funk rock and alternative metal which infuses heavy metal music with elements of funk and punk rock. It was prevalent in the mainstream during the late 1980s and early 1990s, as part of the alternative metal movement. The genre has been described as a "brief but extremely media-hyped stylistic fad".

Nu metal is a subgenre of alternative metal that combines elements of heavy metal music with elements of other music genres such as hip hop, alternative rock, funk, industrial, and grunge. Nu metal bands have drawn elements and influences from a variety of musical styles, including multiple genres of heavy metal. Nu metal rarely features guitar solos; the genre is heavily syncopated and based on guitar riffs. Many nu metal guitarists use seven-string guitars that are down-tuned to play a heavier sound. DJs are occasionally featured in nu metal to provide instrumentation such as sampling, turntable scratching and electronic backgrounds. Vocal styles in nu metal include singing, rapping, screaming and growling. Nu metal is one of the key genres of the new wave of American heavy metal.


  1. 1 2 Jaffer, Dave (September 9, 2017). "Threat Signal, Vigilance". Hour . Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  2. 1 2 Coyle, Doc. "Hidden Gems: Rediscovering The '90s Post-Thrash Groove Metal Scene". VH1 . Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  3. 1 2 Christe (2003), Sound of the Beast , p. 264, As close to death metal as any other gold-selling record before it, Chaos A.D. stripped down Sepultura's sound into a coarse metallic loop. The CD sold half a million copies, and alongside Pantera the band forged a streetwise, death-derived groove metal that inspired an upcoming generation of mavens in the 1990s.
  4. 1 2 Tompkins, Joseph (2009). "What's the Deal with Soundtrack Albums? Metal Music and the Customized Aesthetics of Contemporary Horror". Cinema Journal. 49 (1). doi:10.1353/cj.0.0155.
  5. Birchmeier, Jason. "Pantera biography". Allmusic . Retrieved February 11, 2009.
  6. 1 2 Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars: Heroin, Handguns, and Ham Sandwiches. Chicago Review Press. p. 535. ISBN   978-1-55652-754-8.
  7. 1 2 "Best Pantera Albums". . Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  8. 1 2 Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Projects in the Jungle review". Allmusic . Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  9. Ramirez, Carlos. "Rediscovered Steel - Prong's 'Beg to Differ' - Noisecreep". Noisecreep . Retrieved July 10, 2010.
  10. Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Face Down biography". Allmusic . Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  11. 1 2 Freeman, Phil. "Terra Incognita review". Allmusic . Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  12. 1 2 Freeman, Phil. "Black Rivers Flow review". Allmusic . Retrieved December 23, 2011.
  13. 1 2 Marsicano, Dan. "Best Sepultura CDs - Best Sepultura Albums - Best Albums by Sepultura -". . Retrieved May 2, 2012.
  14. Cooper, Lana. "Ankla: Steep Trails < PopMatters". PopMatters . Retrieved May 2, 2012.
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  16. Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Gojira biography". Allmusic . Retrieved June 16, 2010.
  17. "Nevermore - Encyclopaedia Metallum: The Metal Archives".
  18. Lee, Cosmo. "Oblivion Beckons review". Allmusic . Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  19. Jurek, Thom. "Mantra III review". Allmusic . Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  20. Mihai, Andrei. "Five Finger Death Punch – 'American Capitalist' review" . Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  21. Sciarretto, Ami. "Annihilator Haven't Played North America Since 1993". Noisecreep. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
  22. "Primus To Tour U.S. In November". October 21, 1999. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  23. Mullen, Brendan (2005). Whores: An Oral Biography Of Perry Farrell And Jane's Addiction. Da Capo Press. p. 88. ISBN   9780306813474 . Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  24. 1 2 "Alternative Metal". Allmusic . Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  25. " The Greatest Metal Bands of All Time: Pantera". MTV . Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  26. " The Greatest Metal Bands of All Time". MTV . Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  27. "Heavy Metal Genres". . Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  28. Pieslak, Jonathan (2008). "Sound, text and identity in Korn's 'Hey Daddy'". Popular Music. 27: 35–52. doi:10.1017/S0261143008001451.
  29. Breihan, Tom (October 11, 2006). "Live: Trivium, the Jackson 5 of Underground Metal". Village Voice. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. The best part of every metalcore song is the breakdown, the part where the drums drop out and the guitars slow their frantic gallop to a devastating, precise crunch-riff and everyone in the moshpit goes extra nuts.
  30. Blush (2006), American Hardcore , p. 193, Howie Abrams (NYHC scene): Mosh style was slower, very tribal – like a Reggae beat adapted to Hardcore. (...) It was an outbreak of dancing with a mid-tempo beat driven by floor tom and snare.

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<i>Metal Magic</i> 1983 studio album by Pantera

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<i>Slaughter in the Vatican</i> 1990 studio album by Exhorder

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