|Tour by Megadeth, Slayer, Testament, Suicidal Tendencies, Anthrax, Alice in Chains|
A promotional poster for a European show
|Associated album|| Rust in Peace |
Seasons in the Abyss
Souls of Black
Persistence of Time
|Start date||September 22, 1990|
|End date||July 14, 1991|
|No. of shows||18 in Europe|
49 in North America
67 in total
Clash of the Titans was a concert tour co-headlined by American thrash metal bands Megadeth and Slayer, which took place in September and October 1990 and again from May to July 1991. Launched in support of their respective albums Rust in Peace and Seasons in the Abyss , the tour had two legs, first in Europe (supported by Testament and Suicidal Tendencies) and second in the United States (tri-headlined by Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax and supported by Alice in Chains). Clash of the Titans is considered one of the most successful tours in heavy metal history, and bridged the gap between the popularity of thrash metal and rise of the alternative rock and grunge scene.
A concert tour is a series of concerts by an artist or group of artists in different cities, countries or locations. Often concert tours are named to differentiate different tours by the same artist and to associate a specific tour with a particular album or product. Especially in the popular music world, such tours can become large-scale enterprises that last for several months or even years, are seen by hundreds of thousands or millions of people, and bring in millions of dollars in ticket revenues. A performer who embarks on a concert tour is called a touring artist.
Thrash metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music characterized by its overall aggression and often fast tempo. The songs usually use fast percussive beats and low-register guitar riffs, overlaid with shredding-style lead work. The lyrics often deal with social issues and criticism of The Establishment, using direct and denunciatory language, an approach borrowed from hardcore punk.
Megadeth is an American heavy metal band from Los Angeles, California. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassist David Ellefson formed the band in 1983 shortly after Mustaine's dismissal from Metallica. Along with Metallica, Anthrax, and Slayer, Megadeth is one of the "Big Four" of American thrash metal, responsible for its development and popularization. Their music features complex arrangements and fast rhythm sections, and lyrical themes of death, war, politics, and religion.
The tour began in the fall of 1990 with a three-week European leg featuring Megadeth, Slayer, Testament and Suicidal Tendencies, promoting their then-current albums Rust in Peace , Seasons in the Abyss , Souls of Black and Lights...Camera...Revolution! respectively.
Slayer is an American thrash metal band from Huntington Park, California. The band was formed in 1981 by vocalist and bassist Tom Araya and guitarists Kerry King and Jeff Hanneman. Slayer's fast and aggressive musical style made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Metallica, Megadeth and Anthrax. Slayer's current lineup comprises King, Araya, drummer Paul Bostaph and guitarist Gary Holt. Hanneman and drummers Dave Lombardo and Jon Dette are former members of the band.
Testament is an American thrash metal band from Berkeley, California. Formed in 1982 under the name Legacy, the band's current lineup comprises guitarists Eric Peterson and Alex Skolnick, lead vocalist Chuck Billy, drummer Gene Hoglan, and bassist Steve Di Giorgio. Since its inception, Testament has had numerous lineup changes, leaving Peterson as the only constant member. Billy replaced original singer Steve "Zetro" Souza in 1986, prior to the recording of their first studio album, The Legacy, and has been a member of the band since. Peterson and Billy are the only members to appear on all of Testament's studio albums.
Suicidal Tendencies is an American crossover thrash band formed in 1980 in Venice, California by vocalist Mike Muir, who is the only remaining original member of the band. Along with D.R.I., Corrosion of Conformity, and Stormtroopers of Death, they are often credited as one of "the fathers of crossover thrash". Their current lineup includes Muir, guitarists Dean Pleasants and Ben Weinman, bassist Ra Díaz and drummer Dave Lombardo. Notable musicians who have contributed to the band's studio or live activities include guitarists Rocky George and Mike Clark, bassists Louiche Mayorga, Robert Trujillo, Josh Paul and Stephen "Thundercat" Bruner, and drummers Amery Smith, Jimmy DeGrasso, Brooks Wackerman, David Hidalgo Jr., Thomas Pridgen and session musician Josh Freese.
A second leg in 1991 in the United States and Canada had a slightly different lineup: Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax headlined, and Alice in Chains supported; while Megadeth and Slayer were still promoting their respective albums Rust in Peace and Seasons in the Abyss, Anthrax was supporting their fifth studio album Persistence of Time and Alice in Chains was touring behind their debut album Facelift . Testament was the opening act for the May 26, 1991 show at the Cow Palace in Daly City, effectively reuniting three-fourths of the European lineup.
Anthrax is an American heavy metal band from New York City, formed in 1981 by rhythm guitarist Scott Ian and bassist Dan Lilker. The group is considered one of the leaders of the thrash metal scene from the 1980s and is one of the "Big Four" thrash metal bands with Metallica, Megadeth, and Slayer; Anthrax is the only one of the four from the East Coast, and often credited as one of the early thrash metal bands to emerge from there, along with Overkill and Nuclear Assault. As of April 2017, the band has released 11 studio albums, several other albums, and 26 singles, including collaborating on a single with American hip hop group Public Enemy. According to Nielsen SoundScan, Anthrax sold 2.5 million records in the United States from 1991 to 2004, with worldwide sales of 10 million.
Alice in Chains is an American rock band from Seattle, Washington, formed in 1987 by guitarist and vocalist Jerry Cantrell and drummer Sean Kinney, who later recruited bassist Mike Starr and lead vocalist Layne Staley. Starr was replaced by Mike Inez in 1993. William DuVall joined the band in 2006 as co-lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist, replacing Staley, who died in 2002. The band took its name from Staley's previous group, the glam metal band Alice N' Chains.
Persistence of Time is the fifth studio album by the American thrash metal band Anthrax. It was released on August 21, 1990 through Megaforce Worldwide/Island Records and was nominated in 1991 for a Grammy Award in the Best Metal Performance category.
Alice in Chains was not originally on the bill for the U.S. tour. According to the documentary Get Thrashed , Death Angel was to be the supporting act – however, after a near-fatal tour bus crash, they were forced to bow out.Sepultura was also mooted for the tour, but, according to then-frontman Max Cavalera, "got kicked out", and instead embarked on the New Titans on the Block tour with Sacred Reich, Napalm Death and Sick of It All. Anthrax guitarist Scott Ian stated in an interview with Guitar World that they wanted Pantera as the opening act of the Clash of the Titans tour. Other bands, such as Exodus, Vio-lence, Kreator and Obituary, also reportedly declined to take part in the tour as the opening act.
Get Thrashed is a 2006 American documentary directed by Rick Ernst and starring Lars Ulrich, Sully Erna, Frank Bello, Death Angel, Dave Mustaine and many others.
Death Angel is an American thrash metal band from Daly City, California, initially active from 1982 to 1991 and again since 2001. Death Angel has released eight studio albums, two demo tapes, one box set and two live albums. The band has gone through several line-up changes, leaving guitarist Rob Cavestany as the only constant member; he and vocalist Mark Osegueda are the only members of Death Angel to appear on all of their studio albums.
Sepultura is a Brazilian heavy metal band from Belo Horizonte. Formed in 1984 by brothers Max and Igor Cavalera, the band was a major force in the groove metal, thrash metal, and death metal genres during the late 1980s and early 1990s, with their later experiments drawing influence from alternative metal, world music, nu metal, hardcore punk, and industrial metal. Sepultura has also been credited as one of the leaders of the second wave of thrash metal in the late 1980s and early-to-mid-1990s.
"We didn't start making any money until 1991, on the Clash of the Titans tour in the States – not even a dime," recalled Ian. "I got home from that tour to receive a cheque for a sizeable amount and called my accountant, saying, 'There must be a mistake.' We were of Iron Maiden's style of mindset, where we had to have these huge stage sets, and everything went straight back into the band."
Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band formed in Leyton, East London, in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris. The band's discography has grown to thirty-eight albums, including sixteen studio albums, twelve live albums, four EPs, and seven compilations.
Interesting to note is that Metallica was the only "big four" of thrash metal act that did not take part in the Clash of the Titans tour. Slayer guitarist Kerry King told Guitar World that, "There might have even been talk of a 'Big Four' tour back then, but we probably couldn't get Metallica onboard. But we had three pieces of it, and that was all the management and promoters needed."Anthrax drummer Charlie Benante and Megadeth bassist David Ellefson have indicated that one of the reasons Metallica was not part of the Clash of the Titans tour was due to their ascension to popularity, specifically with their self-titled "black album", which was not released until five weeks after the tour's conclusion. King added, "I knew Metallica wouldn't be a part of it 'cause they didn't need us."
Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California by drummer Lars Ulrich and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield, and has been based in San Francisco, California for most of its career. The group's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.
Kerry Ray King is an American musician, best known as a guitarist and songwriter for the American thrash metal band Slayer. He co-founded the band with Jeff Hanneman in 1981 and has been a member ever since.
Charles Lee Benante is an American musician best known as the drummer for thrash metal band Anthrax, as well as crossover thrash band Stormtroopers of Death. Alongside rhythm guitarist and band leader Scott Ian he has composed the majority of the music throughout Anthrax's discography.
On November 16, 2009, it was announced that the European Clash of the Titans lineup would be reunited after nineteen years on the American Carnage Tour, featuring Megadeth, Slayer and Testament. On July 13, 2010, a second leg of the American Carnage Tour was announced that would feature the American Clash of the Titans lineup: Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax. Neither Suicidal Tendencies nor Alice in Chains featured in either lineup.
On December 9, 2017, Ultimate-Guitar.com reported that a rebooted Clash of the Titans tour featuring Megadeth, Slayer, Testament and Sepultura was in the works, and scheduled to take place in 2018 or 2019 in support of new albums from these four bands.More speculation about a tour similar to Clash of the Titans was renewed in January 2018, when Megadeth frontman Dave Mustaine mentioned a potential tour featuring Exodus and three of the "big four" (Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax); a month later, Mustaine tweeted another potential tour similar to Clash of the Titans, titled "The New Big 4", featuring Megadeth, Anthrax, Exodus and Testament.
When Slayer announced their farewell tour in January 2018, it was suggested that the recently-rumored Clash of the Titans tour (also featuring Megadeth, Sepultura and Testament) would take place as part of the aforementioned tour.Although Mustaine cryptically denied that this tour was in the works, he stated in a June 2018 interview with Rock Talk With Mitch Lafon that, "I hope that Megadeth and Slayer get to go one more round somewhere. I think it would be great, especially if it was a 'Big Four' show, but that's entirely up to them. And if it doesn't happen, we've had our share of Slayer and Megadeth shows, and I'll always appreciate those times together." Testament frontman Chuck Billy also commented on the tour rumors, referring to Slayer's farewell tour, "I doubt it, this is Slayer's last tour so this is it. There will be no more Slayer tours, ha ha."
When asked in August 2018 by CBS San Francisco about the possibility of a new Clash of the Titans tour with Slayer and Megadeth, Anthrax bassist Frank Bello stated, "I wouldn't say it's under wraps because I don't know about it. But I would absolutely love for the Big 4 thing to happen again. That would be the right thing to do for everybody. I would love that. I mean, as far as Slayer goes, I'm sure they're going to do more shows next year, but I don't know if we'll be on them, because we do have our album to write. It's all about scheduling and agents and all that. But we'd be open to any of that, specifically the Big 4. I think all four bands that were involved with the Big 4 would love to do it again. But that's totally up to Metallica."
|September 22, 1990||Genk||Belgium||Limburghal|
|September 23, 1990||Bern||Switzerland||Festhalle|
|September 24, 1990||Florence||Italy||Firenze Palasport|
|September 25, 1990||Milan||Palatrussardi|
|September 27, 1990||Barcelona||Spain||Velòdrom d'Horta|
|September 28, 1990||San Sebastián||Velodromo de Anoeta|
|September 30, 1990||Leiden||Netherlands||Groenoordhallen|
|October 2, 1990||Paris||France||Le Zénith|
|October 3, 1990||Stuttgart||Germany||Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Halle|
|October 4, 1990||Mainz||Rheingoldhalle|
|October 5, 1990||Munich||Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle|
|October 6, 1990||Düsseldorf||Philips Halle|
|October 7, 1990||Bremen||Stadthalle Bremen|
|October 9, 1990||Stockholm||Sweden||Solnahallen|
|October 10, 1990||Copenhagen||Denmark||K.B. Hallen|
|October 12, 1990||Edinburgh||United Kingdom||Exhibition and Trade Centre|
|October 13, 1990||Birmingham||National Exhibition Centre|
|October 14, 1990||London||Wembley Arena|
|May 16, 1991||Dallas||United States||Starplex Amphitheatre|
|May 17, 1991||Lubbock, Texas||Lubbock Municipal Coliseum|
|May 18, 1991||San Antonio||Sunken Gardens Amphitheater|
|May 19, 1991||Houston, Texas||The Summit|
|May 21, 1991||El Paso, Texas||El Paso County Coliseum|
|May 22, 1991||Albuquerque, New Mexico||Tingley Coliseum|
|May 23, 1991||Phoenix, Arizona||Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum|
|May 24, 1991||San Diego||San Diego Sports Arena|
|May 25, 1991||Costa Mesa, California||Pacific Amphitheatre|
|May 26, 1991||Daly City, California||Cow Palace|
|May 27, 1991||Sacramento, California||ARCO Arena|
|May 29, 1991||Portland, Oregon||Memorial Coliseum|
|May 30, 1991||Seattle||Mercer Arena|
|May 31, 1991||Spokane, Washington||Spokane Coliseum|
|June 1, 1991||Vancouver||Canada||Pacific Coliseum|
|June 3, 1991||Salt Lake City||United States||Bonneville Raceway|
|June 5, 1991||Morrison, Colorado||Red Rocks Amphitheatre|
|June 6, 1991||Omaha, Nebraska||Omaha Civic Auditorium|
|June 7, 1991||Bonner Springs, Kansas||Sandstone Amphitheater|
|June 8, 1991||Cedar Rapids, Iowa||Five Seasons Center|
|June 9, 1991||Forest Lake, Minnesota||Trout Aire Amphitheatre|
|June 11, 1991||Springfield, Illinois||Prairie Capital Convention Center|
|June 12, 1991||Louisville, Kentucky||Louisville Gardens|
|June 14, 1991||Tinley Park, Illinois||First Midwest Bank Amphitheatre|
|June 15, 1991||East Troy, Wisconsin||Alpine Valley Music Theatre|
|June 16, 1991||Columbus, Ohio||Battelle Hall|
|June 18, 1991||Noblesville, Indiana||Deer Creek Music Center|
|June 20, 1991||Richfield, Ohio||Richfield Coliseum|
|June 21, 1991||Toronto||Canada||Exhibition Stadium|
|June 22, 1991||Clarkston, Michigan||United States||Pine Knob Music Theatre|
|June 23, 1991||Mears, Michigan||Val du Lakes Amphitheatre|
|June 25, 1991||Burgettstown, Pennsylvania||Star Lake Amphitheatre|
|June 26, 1991||Corfu, New York||Darien Lake|
|June 27, 1991||Middletown, New York||Orange County Fair Speedway|
|June 28, 1991||New York City||Madison Square Garden|
|June 29, 1991||Philadelphia||Wachovia Spectrum|
|June 30, 1991||Baltimore||1st Mariner Arena|
|July 1, 1991||Hampton, Virginia||Hampton Coliseum|
|July 3, 1991||Hershey, Pennsylvania||Hersheypark Stadium|
|July 4, 1991||Weedsport, New York||Cayuga County Speedway|
|July 5, 1991||Portland, Maine||Cumberland County Civic Center|
|July 6, 1991||Mansfield, Massachusetts||Great Woods|
|July 7, 1991||Bristol, Connecticut||Lake Compounce|
|July 9, 1991||Fayetteville, North Carolina||Cumberland County Crown Coliseum|
|July 10, 1991||Greenville, South Carolina||Greenville Memorial Auditorium|
|July 11, 1991||Charleston, South Carolina||King Street Palace|
|July 12, 1991||Atlanta||Omni Coliseum|
|July 13, 1991||Lakeland, Florida||Lakeland Civic Center|
|July 14, 1991||Miami||Miami Arena|
|June 17, 1991||Cincinnati||United States||Riverbend Music Center|
Alice in Chains
Rust in Peace is the fourth studio album by American thrash metal band Megadeth, released on September 24, 1990 by Capitol Records. Following the departure of band members Jeff Young and Chuck Behler in 1989, Rust in Peace was the first album to feature guitarist Marty Friedman and drummer Nick Menza. Rust in Peace received universal acclaim from fans and critics, and was responsible for bringing Megadeth to the attention of a mainstream metal audience. It has been cited as one of the best thrash metal records of all time by publications such as Decibel and Kerrang!, and listed as one of the 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. The album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance at the 33rd Grammy Awards. At the 1991 Foundations Forum, it won a Concrete Foundations Award for Top Radio Album and the single Hangar 18 won Top Radio Cut.
David Scott Mustaine is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter, actor and author. He is best known as the co-founder, lead vocalist, guitarist and primary songwriter of the American heavy metal band Megadeth, as well as the original lead guitarist of the American band Metallica.
Exodus is an American thrash metal band formed in 1979 in Richmond, California. They have gone through numerous lineup changes, two extended hiatuses, and the deaths of two former band members. Their current lineup consists of guitarists Gary Holt and Lee Altus, bassist Jack Gibson, drummer Tom Hunting, and lead vocalist Steve "Zetro" Souza. Hunting is one of the original members, and departed from Exodus twice, in 1989 and 2004, but rejoined in 2007. Holt joined the band about two years after its formation, and is the only member of Exodus to appear on all their releases.
Charles "Chuck" Billy is an American vocalist, who is best known as the lead vocalist for the thrash metal band Testament.
Bay Area thrash metal, or "Bay Area thrash", referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California. Along with South Florida, the scene was widely regarded as a starting point of American thrash metal and death metal.
Arise is the fourth studio album by Brazilian heavy metal band Sepultura, released in 1991 by Roadrunner Records. Upon its release, the album received top reviews from heavy metal magazines such as Rock Hard, Kerrang! and Metal Forces. Arise is considered Sepultura's finest hour among longtime fans. While the music on Arise was mostly in the same death/thrash style as their previous album, Beneath the Remains, it was clear that the Sepultura sound was acquiring an experimental edge.
The Sonisphere Festival is a touring rock music festival which takes place across Europe between June and August. The festival is owned by John Jackson and Kilimanjaro Live. It is jointly promoted by K2 and Kilimanjaro Live. It has hosted heavy metal bands such as Iron Maiden, Metallica, Mötley Crüe, Slayer, Judas Priest and Megadeth.
The Big Four: Live from Sofia, Bulgaria is a live video with performances by Metallica, Slayer, Megadeth, and Anthrax, the "big four" of thrash metal. The concert took place on June 22, 2010 at the Sonisphere Festival at Vasil Levski National Stadium, Sofia, Bulgaria. It was shown at 450 movie theaters in the United States and over 350 movie theaters across Europe, Canada, and Latin America on June 22, 2010.
European Carnage Tour was a European tour headlined by American thrash metal bands Slayer and Megadeth. This tour marked the first time that both bands had toured Europe together since the Clash of the Titans Tour in 1990 when support was provided by Testament and Suicidal Tendencies. Slayer and Megadeth had previously toured together in North America on American Carnage Tour in 2010, with Testament and Anthrax as the supporting acts.
The American Carnage Tour was a North American concert tour headlined by American thrash metal bands Slayer and Megadeth. The first leg of the tour took place from July 23 to September 4, 2010, and was supported by Testament. The second leg of the tour ran from September 24 to October 21, 2010, and was supported by Anthrax.
The Final World Tour is the ongoing final concert tour by American thrash metal band Slayer, which started in May 2018 and is expected to wrap up in 2019 or 2020. The tour, consisting of over 100 shows worldwide, serves as a conclusion of the band's three-decade-long career.