|Ministère des transports (French)|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Ontario|
|Headquarters||77 Wellesley Street West|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO) is the provincial ministry of the Government of Ontario that is responsible for transport infrastructure and related law in Ontario. The ministry traces its roots back over a century to the 1890s, when the province began training Provincial Road Building Instructors. In 1916, the Department of Public Highways of Ontario (DPHO) was formed and tasked with establishing a network of provincial highways. The first was designated in 1918, and by the summer of 1925, sixteen highways were numbered. In the mid-1920s, a new Department of Northern Development (DND) was created to manage infrastructure improvements in northern Ontario; it merged with the Department of Highways of Ontario (DHO) on April 1, 1937. In 1971, the Department of Highways took on responsibility for Communications and in 1972 was reorganized as the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MTC), which then became the Ministry of Transportation in 1987.
The MTO is in charge of various aspects of transportation in Ontario, including the establishment and maintenance of the provincial highway system, the registration of vehicles and licensing of drivers, and the policing of provincial roads, enforced by the Ontario Provincial Police and the Ministry's in-house enforcement program (Commercial vehicle enforcement).
The MTO is responsible for:
Early roads in Ontario were cleared when needed for local use and connections two other settlements. Key roads such as Yonge Street and Kingston Road were cleared by order from officials by various parties such as settlers, British Army units (portion of Yonge c. 1795 Queen's Rangers) or private contractors (Toronto to Trent section of Kingston Road c. 1799-1800 by Asa Danforth). Road standards varied (poor in winter or after rainfall) and used by horses or horse drawn stagecoaches.
With the arrival of motor vehicles proper road development an maintenance was needed. The earliest Ontario government office responsible for roads and transportation was the position of the Provincial Instructor in Road-Making, first appointed in 1896 and attached to the Ontario Department of Agriculture. A.W. Campbell held the position of Provincial Instructor in Road-Making from 1896 to 1900 and Director of the Office of the Commissioner of Highways from 1900 until 1910. He was tasked with training Provincial Road Building Instructors. These instructors worked to establish specifications for the almost 90,000 kilometres (56,000 mi) of county- and township- maintained roads.
The name of the office was changed to the Commissioner of Highways and transferred to the Department of Public Works in 1900. By 1910, the office was generally referred to as the Highways Branch. In 1910, W.A. McLean, Provincial Engineer of Highways, succeeded A.W. Campbell as the director of the Highways Branch.
Under considerable pressure from the Ontario Good Roads Association and the ever-increasing number of drivers, which the province itself licensed at that time, the Department of Public Highways was formed in 1916 with the goal of creating a provincial highway network.The department assumed all the functions of the Highways Branch. The department assumed its first highway, the Provincial Highway, on August 21, 1917. On February 20, 1920, the department assumed several hundred kilometres of new highways, formally establishing the provincial highway system. Although established as a separate department, the Department of Public Highways shared ministers with the Department of Public Works prior to 1931 and seems to have been in a quasi-subordinate relationship with this department.
In 1916, the Motor Vehicles Branch was established within the Ontario Department of Public Highways. Prior to this, responsibility for the registering and licensing of motor vehicles rested with the Provincial Secretary (a responsibility it held since 1903). Although there are references to motor vehicle licensing and registration between 1916 and 1918, there is no mention in the Annual Reports of what agency actually performed this function; it is, however, likely that it was a form of, or precursor to, the Motor Vehicles Branch. In 1919, a Registrar of Motor Vehicles, as head of the Motor Vehicles Branch, is clearly identified.
In 1917, the Provincial Highway Act was passed, giving the department authority to maintain and construct leading roads throughout the province as provincial highways (designated King's highways in 1930). The Department of Public Highways was renamed the Department of Highways in 1931 and was assigned its own minister, Leopold Macaulay, though Macaulay later held both portfolios in 1934.
In 1937, the Department of Northern Development, previously responsible for highways in the northern parts of the province, was merged into the Department of Highways, thus bringing all highway work in the province under one administration.
On July 1, 1957, legislation was passed which established a separate Department of Transport, and the Motor Vehicles Branch was transferred to this new department. The new department assumed responsibilities for vehicle licensing, vehicle inspection, driver examination, driver licensing and improvement, traffic engineering, accident claims, and highway safety. In addition, it was responsible for the Ontario Highway Transport Board.
In May 1971, the Department of Transport and the Department of Highways were amalgamated to form the Department of Transportation and Communications. The new department was presided over by the Charles MacNaughton, who had been both the Minister of Highways and the Minister of Transport prior to the amalgamation. The department was renamed the Ministry of Transportation and Communications in 1972 as part of a government wide reorganization.
In September 1987, the responsibilities for communications were transferred to the Ministry of Culture and Communications, and the ministry was renamed the Ministry of Transportation.
|Name||Term of office||Tenure||Political party|
|Minister of Public Works and Highways|
|Findlay G. MacDiarmid||April 8, 1915||November 14, 1919||4 years, 220 days|| Conservative |
|Frank Campbell Biggs||November 14, 1919||July 16, 1923||3 years, 244 days|| United Farmers |
|George Stewart Henry||July 16, 1923||September 16, 1930||8 years, 15 days|| Conservative |
|Minister of Highways|
|George Stewart Henry||September 16, 1930||December 15, 1930|
|December 15, 1930||July 31, 1931|| Conservative |
|Leopold Macaulay||July 31, 1931||July 10, 1934||2 years, 344 days||Concurrently Minister of Public Works (January 12, 1934 – July 10, 1934)|
|Thomas McQuesten||July 10, 1934||October 21, 1942||9 years, 38 days|| Liberal |
|Concurrently Minister of Public Works, Minister of Northern Development (from October 12, 1937)|
|October 21, 1942||May 18, 1943|| Liberal |
|May 18, 1943||August 17, 1943|| Liberal |
|George Doucett||August 17, 1943||October 19, 1948||11 years, 141 days|| PC |
|Concurrently Minister of Public Works (August 17, 1943 – October 2, 1951)|
|October 19, 1948||May 4, 1949|| PC |
|May 4, 1949||January 5, 1955|| PC |
|James N. Allan||January 5, 1955||April 28, 1958||3 years, 113 days||Named Minister of Transport, a new position, on June 26, 1957.|
|Fred Cass||April 28, 1958||November 8, 1961||3 years, 194 days||Separate Ministers of Transport held office during this time: |
Matthew Dymond (April 28 to December 22, 1958)
John Yaremko (December 22, 1958 to November 21, 1960)
Leslie Rowntree (November 21, 1960 to October 25, 1962)
James Auld (October 25, 1962 to August 14, 1963)
Irwin Haskett (August 14, 1963 to March 1, 1971)
|William Arthur Goodfellow||November 8, 1961||October 25, 1962||351 days|| PC |
|Charles MacNaughton||October 25, 1962||November 24, 1966||4 years, 30 days|
|George Gomme||November 24, 1966||March 1, 1971||4 years, 97 days|
|Charles MacNaughton||March 1, 1971||May 28, 1971||338 days|
5 years, 3 days in totoal
| PC |
|Concurrently Minister of Transport|
|Minister of Transportation and Communications|
|Charles MacNaughton||May 28, 1971||February 2, 1972|
|Gordon Carton||February 2, 1972||February 26, 1974||2 years, 24 days|
|John Rhodes||February 26, 1974||October 7, 1975||1 year, 223 days|
|James W. Snow||October 7, 1975||February 8, 1985||9 years, 124 days|
|George McCague||February 8, 1985||June 26, 1985||138 days|| PC |
|Ed Fulton||June 26, 1985||September 29, 1987||4 years, 37 days|| Liberal |
|Minister of Transportation|
|Ed Fulton||September 29, 1987||August 2, 1989|
|Bill Wrye||August 2, 1989||October 1, 1990||1 year, 60 days|
|Ed Philip||October 1, 1990||July 31, 1991||303 days|| NDP |
|Gilles Pouliot||July 31, 1991||October 21, 1994||3 years, 82 days|
|Mike Farnan||October 21, 1994||June 26, 1995||248 days|
|Al Palladini||June 26, 1995||October 10, 1997||2 years, 106 days|| PC |
|Tony Clement||October 10, 1997||June 17, 1999||1 year, 250 days|
|David Turnbull||June 17, 1999||February 7, 2001||1 year, 235 days|
|Brad Clark||February 8, 2001||April 14, 2002||1 year, 65 days|
|Norm Sterling||April 15, 2002||February 25, 2003||316 days|| PC |
|Frank Klees||February 25, 2003||October 22, 2003||239 days|
|Harinder Takhar||October 23, 2003||May 23, 2006||2 years, 212 days|| Liberal |
|Donna Cansfield||May 23, 2006||October 30, 2007||1 year, 160 days|
|Jim Bradley||October 30, 2007||January 18, 2010||2 years, 80 days|
|Kathleen Wynne||January 18, 2010||October 20, 2011||1 year, 275 days|
|Bob Chiarelli||October 20, 2011||February 11, 2013||1 year, 114 days||Concurrently Minister of Infrastructure|
|Glen Murray||February 11, 2013||June 24, 2014||1 year, 133 days|| Liberal |
|Concurrently Minister of Infrastructure|
|Steven Del Duca||June 24, 2014||January 17, 2018||3 years, 207 days|
|Kathryn McGarry||January 17, 2018||June 29, 2018||163 days|
|John Yakabuski||June 29, 2018||November 5, 2018||129 days|| PC |
|Jeff Yurek||November 5, 2018||June 20, 2019||227 days|
|Caroline Mulroney||June 20, 2019||present||2 years, 203 days|
Maintenance work is performed in two different ways:
A list of Area Maintenance contractors currently under contract with the MTO includes:
Area term contracts (ATCs) are the latest maintenance and construction alternative being reviewed by the MTO. ATCs, if they are approved for tender, will cover all maintenance operations now performed by AMC contractors, but will also include annual pavement maintenance and replacement work, bridge rehabilitation, minor capital construction programs and corridor management.
While policing on most MTO-managed roads is provided by the Ontario Provincial Police, certain law enforcement functions are provided by MTO Transportation Enforcement Officers and Ministry of Environment Emissions Enforcement Officers.
Ministry of Transportation Enforcement Officers (TEOs) enforce a variety of provincial highway safety legislation specific to operators of commercial vehicles. Driver hours of service, cargo securement, dangerous goods transportation, weights and dimensions, and vehicle maintenance and roadworthiness are the predominant focus of TEO inspection activities. Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act, its regulations, the Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act, and the Dangerous Goods Transportation Act are core pieces of legislation from which TEOs derive their enforcement authorities. TEOs conduct commercial vehicle inspections using a standardized procedure established by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA).
Transportation Enforcement Officers inspect commercial vehicles, their loads, and driver’s qualifications and documentation. They collect evidence, issue provincial offence notices or summons to court for violations, and testify in court.
Transportation Enforcement Officer deployment ranges from highway patrol and Truck Inspection Station (TIS) duties, audits of commercial vehicle operators, inspection and monitoring of bus and motor-coach operators, and the licensing and monitoring of Motor Vehicle Inspection Stations. Blitz-style joint force operations are periodically conducted in concert with provincial and municipal police.
Although many Transportation Enforcement Officers are licensed vehicle mechanics, most are not. TEOs hail from various backgrounds including driver licensing examination, automobile repair, commercial truck driving and other law enforcement agencies.
MTO's headquarters are located on three campuses:
There are five regional offices:
Area offices are located in:
The 400-series highways are a network of controlled-access highways throughout the southern portion of the Canadian province of Ontario, forming a special subset of the provincial highway system. They are analogous to the Interstate Highway System in the United States or the Autoroute system of neighbouring Quebec, and are regulated by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO). The 400-series designations were introduced in 1952, although Ontario had been constructing divided highways for two decades prior. Initially, only Highways 400, 401 and 402 were numbered; other designations followed in the subsequent decades.
A highway patrol is either a police unit created primarily for the purpose of overseeing and enforcing traffic safety compliance on roads and highways, or a detail within an existing local or regional police agency that is primarily concerned with such duties. They are also referred to in many countries as traffic police, although in other countries this term is more commonly used to refer to foot officers on point duty who control traffic at junctions.
The Provincial Highway Network consists of all the roads in Ontario maintained by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO), including those designated as part of the King's Highway, secondary highways, and tertiary roads. Components of the system—comprising 16,900 kilometres (10,500 mi) of roads and 2,880 bridges —range in scale from Highway 401, the busiest highway in North America, to unpaved forestry and mining access roads. The longest highway is nearly 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) long, while the shortest is less than a kilometre. Some roads are unsigned highways, lacking signage to indicate their maintenance by the MTO; these may be remnants of highways that are still under provincial control whose designations were decommissioned, roadway segments left over from realignment projects, or proposed highway corridors.
In the United States, a Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) is a state-level government agency that administers vehicle registration and driver licensing. Similar departments exist in Canada under different names. The name "DMV" is not used in every state or area, nor are the traditional DMV functions handled by a single agency in every state, but the generic term is widely understood, particularly in the context of driver's license issuance and renewal.
King's Highway 138, commonly referred to as Highway 138, is a provincially maintained highway in eastern Ontario, Canada. It extends from former Highway 2 in Cornwall, north to Highway 417 east of Casselman. Highway 138 provides access to the Seaway International Bridge, connecting Cornwall with Massena, New York. The highway is 38.7 km (24.0 mi) in length.
King's Highway 34, commonly referred to as Highway 34, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The route connects Highway 417 south of Vankleek Hill with Hawkesbury. It is 16.9 kilometres (10.5 mi) long, traveling through a mostly rural portion of the lower Ottawa Valley near the Ontario–Quebec border. The highway formerly continued 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Highway 417 to Highway 2 in Lancaster. However, this section was decommissioned as a provincial highway and was subsequently redesignated as Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry County Road 34.
The Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT) is a governmental agency of the U.S. state of Wisconsin responsible for planning, building and maintaining the state's highways. It is also responsible for planning transportation in the state relating to rail, including passenger rail, public transit, freight water transport and air transport, including partial funding of the Milwaukee-to-Chicago Hiawatha Service provided by Amtrak.
Secondary Highway 537, commonly referred to as Highway 537, is a provincially maintained secondary highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. The highway is 16.1 kilometres (10.0 mi) in length, connecting Highway 69 near Wanup with Finni Road. It once continued 3.6 km (2.2 mi) further to intersect Highway 17 in Wahnapitae, but was truncated in 1998; this portion of the route is now designated as Greater Sudbury Municipal Road 537. Highway 537 remains the only secondary highway in the province within a jurisdiction that also maintains a county/regional road network.
The Oklahoma Department of Public Safety (ODPS) is a department of the government of Oklahoma. Under the supervision of the Oklahoma Secretary of Public Safety, DPS provides for the safety of Oklahomans and the administration of justice in the state. DPS is responsible for statewide law enforcement, vehicle regulation, homeland security and such other duties as the Governor of Oklahoma may proscribe.
The Land Transportation Office is an agency of the Philippine government under the Department of Transportation responsible for all land transportation in the Philippines. Functions of the LTO include the inspection and registration of motor vehicles, issuance of licenses and permits, enforcement of land transportation rules and regulations, and adjudication of traffic cases.
The Sultan Industrial Road, also sometimes unofficially known as Ramsey Industrial Road, is a public–private forest access road in the Canadian province of Ontario. Originally built as a resource route for E. B. Eddy's logging and lumber operations in the northwestern Sudbury District, the road is now owned and operated by Eacom Timber. It is under a public access agreement with the province, permitting its use for public travel since 1978. The Sultan Industrial Road is gravel-surfaced throughout its length. There are no services along the remote route.
COMPASS, also referred to as Freeway Traffic Management System, is a system run by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO) to monitor and manage the flow of traffic on various roads in Ontario.
Highway 131 was a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Simcoe County and the city of Barrie. The route, which connected Highway 27 with Highway 90, existed from 1984 through 1997, after which it was transferred to the responsibility of Simcoe County.
Tertiary Highway 802, commonly referred to as Highway 802, is a provincially maintained tertiary road in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in Thunder Bay District. The 13.7-kilometre (8.5 mi) route branches both north and south from Highway 11 to connect with the ghost town of Burchell Lake and the community of Kashabowie, respectively. The highway was established in 1962 at the peak of operations of the Burchell Lake mine. Although the mine and town were subsequently abandoned in 1966, the highway remains under provincial jurisdiction. The section that travels concurrently with Highway 11 forms part of the Trans-Canada Highway.
The Ministry of Highways is divided into the Operations, Policy and Programs, and Corporate Services Divisions and the Communications Branch. The ministry is the employer of over 1,476 employees diversified amongst 105 communities in Saskatchewan. The current Minister of Highways and Infrastructure is Fred Bradshaw.
The Highway Traffic Act (HTA) is legislation in Ontario, Canada, which regulates the licensing of vehicles, classification of traffic offences, administration of loads, classification of vehicles and other transport-related issues. First introduced in 1923 to deal with increasing accidents during the early years of motoring in Ontario, and replacing earlier legislation such as the Highway Travel Act, there have been amendments due to changes to driving conditions and new transportation trends. For example, in 2009, the Act was revised to ban the use of cell phones while driving.
The Wyoming Department of Transportation (WYDOT) is a government agency charged with overseeing transportation infrastructure for the U.S. state of Wyoming. WYDOT's stated mission is “to provide a safe, high quality, and efficient transportation system.”
British Columbia Commercial Vehicle Safety & Enforcement (BCCVSE) is a provincial law enforcement agency that is responsible for the compliance and enforcement of the commercial transport sector, protection of the environment and transportation infrastructure of British Columbia, increasing road safety and protecting the motoring public.
Manitoba Infrastructure is the provincial government department responsible for managing infrastructure in Manitoba. It is in charge of "the development of transportation policy and legislation, and [of] the management of the province’s vast infrastructure network."
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