Premier of Ontario

Last updated
Premier of Ontario
Premier ministre de l'Ontario
Coat of arms of Ontario.svg
Flag of Ontario.svg
Doug Ford in Toronto - 2018 (41065995960) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Doug Ford

since June 29, 2018
Office of the Premier
Style The Honourable (Formal)
Premier (Informal)
Status Head of Government
Member of
Reports to
Seat Queen's Park, Toronto
Appointer Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
with the confidence of the Ontario Legislature
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the legislative assembly
FormationJuly 16, 1867
(153 years ago)
 (1867-07-16) [1]
First holder John Sandfield Macdonald
Deputy Deputy Premier of Ontario
Salary$208,974 (since 2008) [2]
Website Premier Official Website

The premier of Ontario (French : premier ministre de l'Ontario) is the first minister of the Crown for the Canadian province of Ontario and the province's head of government.

Contents

Doug Ford is the 26th and current premier of Ontario. He took office on June 29, 2018, following the 2018 Ontario election where his Progressive Conservative (PC) party won a majority of seats in the Ontario Legislature.

Appointment

The premier is appointed as the province's head of government by the lieutenant governor of Ontario and presides over the Executive Council, or Cabinet. The Executive Council Act stipulates that the leader of the government party is known as the "Premier and President of the Council".

Due to Ontario being a parliamentary-style government, the premier is typically the leader of the party which has the most support in the legislature at that time. However, the premier does not have to be serving in parliament to be appointed premier. In practice, this is highly unlikely to occur in a majority-government situation, while it can occur in a minority-government situation if the government is struck down by its previous partners.

History

Ontario's first premier was John Sandfield Macdonald, in office from 1867 to 1871. The longest serving premier in Ontario history was Sir Oliver Mowat, in office from 1872 to 1896.

The position of premier was formerly written as "Prime Minister of Ontario" until the government of Bill Davis formally changed the title to premier. [3] However, in French, the premier is still referred to as premier ministre, which translates to Prime Minister in English. This is similar to the Premier of Quebec, which is referred to as the premier minister du Québec in French.

Coat of arms of Ontario.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ontario
See also
Politics by province /territory

Office of the Premier of Ontario

The Office of the Premier of Ontario includes a number of committees:

See also

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References

  1. "John Sandfield Macdonald, MPP". Legislative Assembly website. Legislative Assembly on Ontario. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  2. "Ontario MPPs salary freeze won't be lifted before 2019". CBC. January 20, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  3. "Twenty-five years ago, the end of a double life". The Globe and Mail . Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  4. "Office of the Premier of Ontario - committees". Premier.gov.on.ca. Archived from the original on 12 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  1. https://www.ola.org/en/members/current/opposition-critics