Nemacheilidae

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Nemacheilidae
Barbatula quignardi 01 by-dpc.jpg
Barbatula quignardi
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Nemacheilidae
Regan, 1911
Genera

Around 50, see text

The Nemacheilidae, or stone loaches, are a family of cypriniform fishes that inhabit stream environments, mostly in Eurasia, with one genus, Afronemacheilus found in Africa. The family includes about 630 species.

Genera

The following are the described genera of the family: [1]

Related Research Articles

Acanthocobitis is a genus of freshwater ray-finned fish of the stone loach family, Nemacheilidae. Recent work has suggested that the genus be split into two with the subgenus Paracanthocobitis being raised to a full species, leaving just the type species, Acanthocobitis pavonacea, in the current genus.

<i>Barbatula</i> Genus of fishes

Barbatula is a genus of fish in the family Nemacheilidae native to Europe and Asia. They are found in streams, rivers and lakes, and the genus also includes Europe's only cavefish, which only was discovered in the Danube–Aachtopf system in Germany in 2015.

<i>Schistura</i> Genus of fishes

Schistura is a genus of fish in the stone loach family Nemacheilidae native to the streams and rivers of the southern and eastern Asia. Some of these species are troglobitic.

Rhyacoschistura suber is a species of ray-finned fish, a stone loach, in the genus Rhyacoschistura. This species was originally described from three specimens collected among leaf litter in very shallow water in a small forest creek in the Nam Leuk drainage basin in Laos in 1997. These specimens were revealed to be juveniles and the species was re-described in 2019 on the basis of adult specimens. Based on the re-description, the species was moved from Schistura to the newly described genus, Rhyacoschistura.

Schistura kodaguensis is a species of ray-finned fish, a stone loach, in the genus Schistura. This species has been recorded from a single stream with a swift current and gravel bottom in the Cauvery River system in Karnataka, India. The specific name is derived from Kodagu District where the type specimen was collected.

Sasanidus kermanshahensis, is a species of loach in the family Nemacheilidae endemic to Karkheh and Karun drainages in Iran. This species is the only member of its genus.

Oxynoemacheilus is a genus of fish in the family Nemacheilidae found in Europe and Western Asia.

Paracobitis is a genus of Asian stone loaches.

<i>Paracanthocobitis</i> Genus of fishes

Paracanthocobitis is a genus, or subgenus, of freshwater fish in the family Nemacheilidae. This genus is known from the Indus basin in Pakistan to the Mekong basin of Cambodia and Laos The type species is Paracanthocobitis zonalternans. Some authorities treat this as a subgenus of Acanthocobitis and Fishbase only includes the five species described in 2015 by Singer & Plant, meaning that P. (A). zonalternans is not the type species.

<i>Paracanthocobitis mooreh</i> Species of fish

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) mooreh also known as the Maharashtra zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is found in the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri basins of western and southern India.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) pictilis, also known as the Ataran zipper loach, is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. It is native to Myanmar and Thailand. It was described to science in 2012.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) adelaideae also known as the checkerboard zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is known from the Irrawaddy basin of northern Myanmar.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) canicula also known as the houndstooth zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is known from the lower Mekong basin of Cambodia.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) linypha also known as the sewing needle zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is known from the Irrawaddy and Sittang basins in Myanmar.

<i>Paracanthocobitis botia</i> Species of fish

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) botia also known as the mottled zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is known from the mainstem, and possibly tributaries of the Brahmaputra River, in Assam, India.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) mackenziei also known as the robust zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is the most widely distributed species of Paracanthocobitis and is known from the Ganges River basin of Nepal and India, the Meghna River basin in Bangladesh, the Mahanadi River basin in eastern India, and the upper Indus River basin of northern India and eastern Pakistan. Fishbase treats P. (A). mackenziei under Nemachilus mackenziei as a synonym of Acnthocobitis botia.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) mandalayensis also known as the Mandalay zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is known from the Irrawaddy drainage of northeastern Myanmar, Sittang basin of southern Myanmar, and the Wang and Ping rivers in the Chao Phraya River basin of northwestern Thailand.

Acanthocobitis (Paracanthocobitis) aurea also known as the barred zipper loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus, or subgenus, Paracanthocobitis. This species is known only from the type locality, the Narmada River at Jabalpur, state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Eidinemacheilus is a genus of troglobitic fish in the family Nemacheilidae endemic to Iran and Iraqi Kurdistan.

Rhyacoschistura is a genus of stone loaches from Laos. It was described in 2019 to accommodate a new species, R. larreci. Additionally, Rhyacoschistura suber was redescribed with new adult specimens and was moved to Rhyacoschistura from Schistura.

References

  1. Kottelat, M. (2012): Conspectus cobitidum: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. No. 26: 1-199.
  2. Kottelat, M. (2012): Draconectes narinosus, a new genus and species of cave fish from an island of Halong Bay, Vietnam (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 119 (3): 341-349.
  3. Segherloo, I.H., Ghaedrahmati, N. & Freyhof, J. (2016): Eidinemacheilus, a new generic name for Noemacheilus smithi Greenwood (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa, 4147 (4): 466-476.
  4. Singer, R.A. & Page, L.M. (2015): Revision of the Zipper Loaches, Acanthocobitis and Paracanthocobitis (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae), with Descriptions of Five New Species. Copeia, 103 (2): 378–401.
  5. Bohlen, J. & Šlechtová, V. (2011): A new genus and two new species of loaches (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Myanmar. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 22 (1): 1-10.
  6. Kottelat, Maurice (2019-05-29). "Rhyacoschistura larreci , a new genus and species of loach from Laos and redescription of R. suber (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)". Zootaxa. 4612 (2): 151–170. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4612.2.1. ISSN   1175-5334.
  7. Freyhof, J., Geiger, M.F., Golzarianpour, K. & Patimar, R. (2016): Sasanidus, a new generic name for Noemacheilus kermanshahensis Bănărescu & Nalbant, with discussion of Ilamnemacheilus and Schistura (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa, 4107 (1): 65-80.
  8. Zhang, C.-G. & Zhao, Y.-H. (2016). Species Diversity and Distribution of Inland Fishes in China. Science Press. p. 284. ISBN   9787030472106.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)