Puntius

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Puntius
Puntius chola.jpg
Puntius chola
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Barbinae
Genus: Puntius
F. Hamilton, 1822
Type species
Cyprinus sophore
F. Hamilton, 1822

Puntius is a genus of small freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae native to South Asia and Mainland Southeast Asia, as well as Taiwan. [1]

Contents

Many species formerly placed in Puntius have been moved to other genera such as Barbodes , Dawkinsia , Desmopuntius , Haludaria , Oliotius , Pethia , Puntigrus , Sahyadria and Systomus . [2] [3] [4]

Etymology

Puti maach (Puntius fish) in West Bengal, India. Puntius, a genus of small freshwater fish in the family of "Cyprinidae", captured in West Bengal, India.jpg
Puti maach (Puntius fish) in West Bengal, India.

The name Puntius comes from Pungti (Pronounced Puti), a Bangla term for small cyprinids.

Range

Fishes of the genus Puntius are found in South Asia (west to Pakistan and south to Sri Lanka) and Mainland Southeast Asia, with a single species, P. snyderi , in Taiwan. [1] [2] The greatest species richness is in India. [1]

Description

Cherry barb (Puntius titteya), male below and female above. Cherry-barb female and male.jpg
Cherry barb (Puntius titteya), male below and female above.

The maximum size for an adult of this genus is 25 cm (10 in), but most species reach 7–15 cm (2.8–5.9 in) and some species do not surpass 5 cm (2 in). [1] In appearance they may resemble miniature carp and are sometimes brightly coloured or patterned. [1]

Behavior

These fishes are omnivorous; their diet includes small invertebrates and plant matter. Breeding is by egg scattering and takes place close to the bottom, near or within areas of dense plant growth. They do not show parental care and adults may eat the young.

Taxonomy

Historically, many species of Puntius have been classified in several genera, including Barbus . Despite the reclassifications, the specific epithet remains the same in these except in cases of homonymies as Barbus and Puntius have the same grammatical gender. The closest living relatives of the spotted barbs are the genus Cyprinion and perhaps the genus Capoeta . These and the other "typical" barbs and barbels were formerly often separated as subfamily Barbinae, but this group is highly paraphyletic with regard to the Cyprininae and better merged there at least for the largest part (including Puntius). In particular the genus Barbonymus , containing the tinfoil barb and its relatives for some time included in Puntius appears to be a kind of carp that has evolved convergently with barbs.

Species

These are the currently recognized species in this genus:

Related Research Articles

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<i>Barilius</i> Genus of fishes

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Rohan Pethiyagoda Sri Lankan scientist and conservationist

Rohan David Pethiyagoda is a Sri Lankan biodiversity scientist, amphibian and freshwater-fish taxonomist, author, conservationist and public-policy advocate.

<i>Dawkinsia</i> Genus of fishes

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<i>Pethia</i> Genus of fishes

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<i>Haludaria</i> Genus of fishes

Haludaria is a genus of cyprinids native to freshwater habitats in the Western Ghats of India. Originally the genus was named DravidiaPethiyagoda, Meegaskumbura & Maduwage, 2012 which is preoccupied by the dipteran genus DravidiaLehrer, 2010.

<i>Laubuka</i> Genus of fishes

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<i>Dawkinsia rohani</i> Species of fish

Dawkinsia rohani is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Dawkinsia. It is endemic to the Western Ghats and inhabits the hill streams of Kanyakumari District in Tamil Nadu draining into the Arabian Sea.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). Species of Puntius in FishBase . June 2016 version.
  2. 1 2 Kottelat, M. (2013): The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: A catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Archived 2015-01-06 at the Wayback Machine Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. No. 27: 1–663.
  3. Pethiyagoda, R., Meegaskumbura, M. & Maduwage, K. (2012): A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (1): 69–95.
  4. Raghavan, R., Philip, S., Ali, A. & Dahanukar, N. (2013): Sahyadria, a new genus of barbs (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Western Ghats of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 5 (15): 4932–4938.
  5. Krishna Kumar, K., Benno Pereira, F.G. & Radhakrishnan, K.V. (2012): Puntius madhusoodani (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), a new species of barb from Manimala River, Kerala, South India. Biosystematica, 5 (2): 31-37.
  6. Plamoottil, M. (2014): Puntius nigronotus, a new fish species (Cypriniformes; Cyprinidae) from Kerala, India. Journal of Research in Biology, 4 (8): 1581–1588.
  7. Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci. (B. Zoology) Vol. 12(2) pp: 93-102(2020)
  8. Plamoottil, M. & Abraham, N.P. (2014): Puntius viridis (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae), a new fish species from Kerala, India. Journal of Research in Biology, 3 (7): 1093–1104.