Ranfurly, New Zealand

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Ranfurly
Settlement
Ranfurlyhotel.jpg
The main street of Ranfurly
New Zealand location map.svg
Disc Plain red.svg
Ranfurly
Location of Ranfurly within New Zealand
Coordinates: 45°08′S170°06′E / 45.133°S 170.100°E / -45.133; 170.100 Coordinates: 45°08′S170°06′E / 45.133°S 170.100°E / -45.133; 170.100
CountryNew Zealand
Region Otago
Territorial authority Central Otago District Council
(see Alexandra)
Population
 (2006 census)
  Urban area1,060
Time zone UTC+12 (NZST)
  Summer (DST) UTC+13 (NZDT)

Ranfurly is a town in the Central Otago District of Otago, New Zealand. Located 110 kilometres (68 miles) north of Dunedin, it lies in the dry rough plain of Maniototo at a moderately high altitude (around 430 metres or 1,410 feet above sea level) close to a small tributary of the Taieri River. It operates as a service town for the local farming community. The town was formerly known as Eweburn, one of the "farmyard" names bestowed by former Otago Chief Surveyor John Turnbull Thomson on many small streams and locations in the district. The modern name honours the Fifth Earl of Ranfurly, who served as Governor of New Zealand (1897–1904) at the time of the extension of the Otago Central Railway to the area. Ranfurly is well known for its Art Deco buildings, such as its hotel and the milk bar.

Contents

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification Ranfurly has an continental climate (Dfb).

Central Otago in general, and the Maniototo in particular, has one of New Zealand's very few zones influenced by continental climates, with large daily and seasonal temperature extremes. Average highs in summer are around 22 °C (72 °F), with occasional days as warm as 30 °C (86 °F); average winter highs are around 7 °C (45 °F), with the coldest nights below −5 °C (23 °F). The lowest temperature on record in New Zealand (−25.6 °C or −14.1 °F) was recorded at Ranfurly in 1903. [1] Heavy frosts are common throughout winter.

The town is sheltered from the prevailing rain patterns by the mountains to the west. The Nor'wester foehn wind is thus a frequent weather pattern, and annual rainfall is only in the region of 300–400 mm (12–16 in).

Climate data for Ranfurly, New Zealand
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.7
(90.9)
33.4
(92.1)
30.8
(87.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.0
(71.6)
17.8
(64.0)
16.2
(61.2)
19.2
(66.6)
22.2
(72.0)
26.5
(79.7)
29.0
(84.2)
31.2
(88.2)
33.4
(92.1)
Average high °C (°F)21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
19.5
(67.1)
15.6
(60.1)
10.8
(51.4)
7.2
(45.0)
6.7
(44.1)
9.5
(49.1)
13.3
(55.9)
15.9
(60.6)
18.0
(64.4)
20.5
(68.9)
15.0
(59.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)14.6
(58.3)
14.5
(58.1)
12.5
(54.5)
9.1
(48.4)
5.3
(41.5)
2.4
(36.3)
1.9
(35.4)
4.2
(39.6)
7.1
(44.8)
9.6
(49.3)
11.4
(52.5)
13.6
(56.5)
8.9
(48.0)
Average low °C (°F)7.4
(45.3)
7.1
(44.8)
5.5
(41.9)
2.6
(36.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
0.9
(33.6)
3.2
(37.8)
4.7
(40.5)
6.7
(44.1)
2.6
(36.7)
Record low °C (°F)−2.7
(27.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
−10.9
(12.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−15.4
(4.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−8.0
(17.6)
−5.8
(21.6)
−4.3
(24.3)
−25.6
(−14.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)58.6
(2.31)
56.6
(2.23)
64.6
(2.54)
50.0
(1.97)
63.3
(2.49)
57.3
(2.26)
59.3
(2.33)
51.3
(2.02)
56.6
(2.23)
66.0
(2.60)
55.3
(2.18)
70.0
(2.76)
708.9
(27.91)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

History

Ranfurly's Art Deco milk bar Centenniel Milk Bar In Central Ranfurly.jpg
Ranfurly's Art Deco milk bar

During the Central Otago goldrush of the 1860s, several important deposits of the precious metal were found near Ranfurly, notably at Kyeburn and Naseby, close to the southwestern face of the Kakanui Range.

After the gold-rush faded Ranfurly grew at the expense of Naseby, spurred by the arrival of the railway in 1898. The rail line was closed in 1989 and the track removed, but its course became a major walking and cycling route, the Otago Central Rail Trail, which attracts tourists. The former railway station now serves as a museum and display centre.

The town became an important service-centre for the rural community, experiencing a building boom in the 1930s. It has a large proportion of rural Art Deco buildings which have been preserved from that time. An annual festival commemorating Ranfurly's Art Deco heritage used to take place each February. As of 2013 Ranfurly has a population of around 1,000.

The nearby Ida Valley functioned as one of the locations for Peter Jackson's 2001–2003 Lord of the Rings film trilogy, representing the wide plains of Rohan.

Sport

Ranfurly lies close to the heart of New Zealand's curling-playing region, and the local club have represented New Zealand at the 1999, 2004, and 2005 World Championships (finishing tenth, seventh and eighth respectively), as well as providing members for the New Zealand 2006 Winter Olympics curling team.

Ranfurly has been the birthplace of several recent members of the New Zealand women's (field) hockey team.

Education

Maniototo Area School is a co-educational state area school for Year 1 to 13 students, [3] [4] with a roll of 146 as of March 2021. [5]

St John's School is a co-educational state-integrated Catholic primary school for Year 1 to 8 students, [6] with a roll of 51 as of March 2021. [7]

Notable people

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References

  1. "NZ's temperature record hits new low - minus 25.6degC". The New Zealand Herald. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  2. "Ranfurly, New Zealand - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts". Weatherbase. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  3. "Maniototo Area School Official School Website". maniototo.school.nz.
  4. "Maniototo Area School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  5. "Maniototo Area School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  6. "St John's SchoolMinistry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  7. "St John's School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.