Royal Northumberland Fusiliers

Last updated

5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot
Northumberland Fusiliers
Royal Northumberland Fusiliers
Royal Northumberland Fusiliers Cap Badge.jpg
Cap badge of the Northumberland Fusiliers.
Active1674–1968
CountryStatenvlag.svg  Dutch Republic (1674–1689)
Flag of England.svg  England (1689–1707)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain (1707–1800)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom (1801–1968)
BranchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
Type Line infantry
Role Fusiliers
Size First World War : 52 battalions
Second World War : 10 battalions
Garrison/HQ Fenham Barracks, Newcastle upon Tyne
Nickname(s)The Fighting 5th, 5th of Foot
Motto(s)Quo Fata Vocant (Whither the Fates call)
ColorsGosling green facings
AnniversariesSt Georges Day 23 April
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Robert Leith-Macgregor (1st Battalion, 1960–62)
Insignia
HackleRed over White

The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment of the British Army. Raised in 1674 as one of three 'English' units in the Dutch Anglo-Scots Brigade, it accompanied William III to England in the November 1688 Glorious Revolution and became part of the English establishment in 1689.

Contents

In 1751, it became the 5th Regiment of Foot, with the regional title 'Northumberland' added in 1782; in 1836, it was designated a Fusilier unit and became the 5th (Northumberland Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot.

After the 1881 Childers Reforms, it adopted the title Northumberland Fusiliers, then Royal Northumberland Fusiliers on 3 June 1935. In 1968, it was amalgamated with the Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), the Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and Lancashire Fusiliers to form the present Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.

History

Formation to end of 17th century

Battle of the Boyne, July 1690 Jan van Huchtenburg - De slag aan de Boyne.jpg
Battle of the Boyne, July 1690

Although briefly designated as 'Irish' when raised in January 1675, the regiment was listed as one of three 'English' units in the Dutch Anglo-Scots Brigade, a mercenary formation whose origins went back to 1586. During the 1672-1678 Franco-Dutch War, it took part in the unsuccessful Siege of Maastricht and the battles of Cassel and Saint-Denis. [1] It accompanied William III to England in the November 1688 Glorious Revolution, before transferring onto the English establishment in 1689. [2]

Like most regiments, until 1751, when it was designated the 5th Regiment of Foot, it was named after the current colonel. [3] Founded by Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare, it began life as Viscount Clare's Regiment, then Sir John Fenwick's, followed by Patrick Westley in 1676. [4] When transferred onto the English establishment, it was commanded by Thomas Tollemache who was replaced in May 1689 by Edward Lloyd. [5]

Posted to Ireland for the 1689-1691 Williamite War, it fought at the Battle of the Boyne, the Second Siege of Athlone and the 1691 Siege of Limerick. [6] Following the October 1691 Treaty of Limerick, it was sent to Flanders for the duration on the Nine Years War. Lloyd died in 1694 and replaced as Colonel by Thomas Fairfax; during the 1695 Siege of Namur, it formed part of Vaudémont's screening force. [7] When the war ended with the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick, it avoided disbandment by being made part of the Irish garrison. [8]

The 18th century

Siege of Gibraltar 1727 German print of the 1727 Gibraltar Siege.jpg
Siege of Gibraltar 1727

The regiment remained in Ireland for the first part of the War of the Spanish Succession, before being sent to Portugal in 1707 as part of the army under the Earl of Galway. Its first serious action was the May 1709 Battle of La Gudina; a disastrous defeat, where the Allies lost over 4,000 prisoners, the regiment took part in a rearguard action that enabled the rest of the army to withdraw. [9]

This ended offensive operations and when the war ended in 1713, the regiment was posted to Gibraltar, where it spent the next 15 years. [10] It was part of the garrison during the 1727 Anglo-Spanish War, when the Spanish besieged Gibraltar for over four months. [11]

Soldier of the 5th Regiment of Foot in 1742 Soldier of 5th regiment 1742.jpg
Soldier of the 5th Regiment of Foot in 1742

On 1 July 1751, a royal warrant provided that in future regiments would not be known by their colonels' names, but by their "number or rank" and it became the 5th Regiment of Foot. [12]

During the Seven Years' War, it was engaged in the 1758 Raid on Cherbourg, the 1760 Battle of Warburg and Kirch Denkern in 1761, where they captured an entire French regiment. It also took part in the 1762 Battle of Wilhelmsthal, before returning to Ireland after the 1763 Treaty of Paris. [13] Due to the increasing tensions that later resulted in the American Revolutionary War, the regiment was shipped to Boston, Massachusetts in May 1774. [14] Elements of the unit were involved in the Battle of Lexington and Concord in April 1775 and the Battle of Bunker Hill in June. [15]

After being evacuated to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1776 the 5th took part in the expedition to New York, including the battles of Long Island and White Plains, and capture of Fort Washington and Fort Lee, New Jersey. [16] They subsequently joined Howe's 1777 campaign against Philadelphia; at Brandywine Creek, they broke the Continental Army's centre and captured five cannon. Despite this success, in 1778 the British army was forced to retreat and the regiment was involved in fighting at Monmouth Court House. [17]

The Battle of Long Island, August 1776 Battleoflongisland.jpg
The Battle of Long Island, August 1776

In November 1778, they left New York for last time and were transported to the French West Indies, where on 13 December 1778, they landed on Saint Lucia. [18] The 5th was engaged with a small force of French and captured a four-cannon battery. On 18 December 1778, a force of 9,000 French troops landed on St. Lucia. The small British force of 1,400 men occupied a hill located on the neck of a peninsula. The French were fairly raw soldiers trained to fight in the classic European style of linear battles. The French advanced on the British force several times. The British, veterans of colonial fighting, inflicted a stinging defeat on the French. The French lost 400 killed and 1100 wounded to the British losses of ten killed and 130 wounded, which included two officers from the 5th Foot. [19]

After two years in the West Indies, the 5th Foot was sent to Ireland in December 1780. They were still in Ireland when hostilities between Great Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands, and the former Colonies officially ended in 1783. [20]

On 1 August 1782, all those regiments of the line that did not have a special title were given a county designation. The primary purpose was to improve recruiting, but no links were actually formed with the counties after which the regiments were named. The 5th became the "5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot": the county being chosen as a compliment to the colonel, Hugh Percy, 1st Duke of Northumberland. [21]

19th Century

The regiment embarked for Portugal in July 1808 for service in the Peninsular War. [22] The regiment fought in the Battle of Roliça and the Battle of Vimeiro in August 1808, [23] the Battle of Corunna in January 1809 [24] and the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810. [25] It earned the nicknames the "Old and Bold", "The Fighting Fifth" and also "Lord Wellington's Bodyguard". It formed part of a small force which beat off an overwhelming body of the enemy at El Boden in 1811, a performance which Wellington notified to the Army as a memorable example of what can be done by steadiness, discipline, and confidence. [26] The regiment was in the 3rd Division, 2nd Brigade under command of Major General Charles Colville, consisting of the 1st/5th Regiment of Foot, 2nd/83rd Regiment of Foot, 2nd/87th Regiment of Foot and the 94th Regiment of Foot. [27]

The regiment went on to fight at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812, the Battle of Badajoz in April 1812 [28] and the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812 [29] as well as the Battle of Vitoria in June 1813. [30] It then pursued the French Army into France and saw action at the Battle of Nivelle in November 1813, [31] the Battle of Orthez in February 1814 and the Battle of Toulouse in April 1814. [32]

The 1st Battalion served on the Canadian frontier in 1814, during the War of 1812. It then returned to Europe but arrived too late to take part in the battle of Waterloo, though it did serve in the army of occupation in France. [33]

On 4 May 1836, the 5th became a fusilier regiment and was redesignated as the 5th (Northumberland Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot:

The King has been pleased to command, that the 5th, or Northumberland, Regiment of Foot shall in future be equipped as a Fusilier Regiment, and be styled the 5th Regiment of Foot, or Northumberland Fusiliers. [34]

The regiment, which was increased to two battalions in 1857, saw active service in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the Second Anglo-Afghan War in 1880. [3]

The regiment was not fundamentally affected by the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, which gave it a depot at Fenham Barracks in Newcastle upon Tyne from 1873, or by the Childers reforms of 1881 – as it already possessed two battalions, there was no need for it to amalgamate with another regiment. [35] At the same time the existing militia and rifle volunteer units of the district became battalions of the regiment. Accordingly, on 1 July 1881 the Northumberland Fusiliers [36] was formed as the county regiment of Northumberland, (including the Counties of the towns of Newcastle upon Tyne and Berwick-upon-Tweed) with the following battalions: [37]

Regular battalions

Militia battalion

Volunteer battalions

The Second Boer War

The 1st Battalion formed part of the 9th Brigade together with the 2nd Northamptonshire Regiment, 2nd Yorkshire Light Infantry, and part of the 1st Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. While the 2nd Battalion sailed as corps troops, and was then brigaded with the 1st Royal Scots, and 1st Sherwood Foresters, under General Sir William Gatacre. [38] The battalions fought in the following battles: Battle of Belmont, Battle of Graspan, Battle of Modder River, Battle of Magersfontein, Battle of Stormberg, Battle of Reddersberg, Battle of Sanna's Post and the Battle of Nooitgedacht. [39]

Reorganisations 1900–1908

With the continuation of the war in South Africa, a number of regiments containing large centres of population formed additional regular battalions. The Northumberland Fusiliers formed 3rd and 4th regular Battalions in February 1900, [40] when the militia battalion was relabeled as the 5th battalion. The 3rd was stationed in South Africa, and in 1902 some of the men were in Antigua to guard the Boer prisoners of war placed there. [41] The 4th formed part of the garrison in Ireland. Both were disbanded in 1907. [37]

The 5th (militia) battalion (known as the 3rd battalion until February 1900) was embodied in December 1899, and from February 1900 to July 1901 was stationed at Malta. [42]

In 1908 a reorganisation of reserve forces was carried out under the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907. The militia were transferred to a new "Special Reserve" while the Volunteer Force was reorganised to become the Territorial Force. [43] The "Volunteer Battalion" designation was discarded, and territorial battalions were numbered on after those of the regular army and special reserve. The new organisation was thus: [37]

First World War

Northumberland Fusiliers in a reserve trench at Thiepval, September 1916. Northumberland Fusiliers at Thiepval Sept 1916 IWM Q 1349.jpg
Northumberland Fusiliers in a reserve trench at Thiepval, September 1916.
6th (Territorial) Battalion memorial in Newcastle upon Tyne 6th (Territorial) Battalion of Northumberland Fusiliers War Memorial.jpg
6th (Territorial) Battalion memorial in Newcastle upon Tyne

During the First World War, the Northumberland Fusiliers expanded to 52 battalions [37] and 29 of them served overseas. [44] [lower-alpha 1] It was the second largest infantry regiment of the British Army during the war, surpassed only by the 88 battalions of the London Regiment. [45]

The increase in strength was done partly by forming duplicates of existing T.F. battalions, and partly by the creation of new "Service" battalions. An example of the first instance was the 4th Battalion which was renumbered as the 1/4th in August 1914 on forming a duplicate 2/4th Battalion. A 3/4th Battalion followed in June 1915. [46]

Among the Service Battalions were the Tyneside Scottish (20th - 23rd Battalions) and the Tyneside Irish (24th - 27th Battalions), while the 17th (Service) Battalion was formed by staff of the North Eastern Railway, and was involved in railway construction. [46]

They earned 67 battle honours and won five Victoria Crosses, but at the cost of over 16,000 dead. [47] The battalions mostly saw action on the Western Front, but also in Macedonia, Gallipoli, Egypt and Italy. [46]

In June 1935 George V celebrated his silver jubilee. This opportunity was taken of granting royal status to four regiments, principally in recognition of their service in the previous war.

On the occasion of His Majesty's Birthday and in commemoration of the completion of the twenty-fifth year of his reign, the King has been graciously pleased... to approve that the following regiments shall in future enjoy the distinction "Royal" and shall henceforth be designated:—

In 1936, the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was one of four line infantry regiments selected for conversion to specialised Divisional (Machine Gun) or Divisional (Support) Battalions. The other regiments selected were the Cheshire Regiment, the Manchester Regiment and the Middlesex Regiment. [49]

Second World War

A Vickers machine-gun team of 7th Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, 59th (Staffordshire) Division in position in a field of corn at Someren in the Netherlands, 21 September 1944. A Vickers machine-gun team of 7th Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, 59th (Staffordshire) Division in position in a field of corn at Someren in Holland, 21 September 1944. BU1086.jpg
A Vickers machine-gun team of 7th Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, 59th (Staffordshire) Division in position in a field of corn at Someren in the Netherlands, 21 September 1944.

The regiment expanded to ten battalions during the Second World War. Although most of them served as divisional machine gun [lower-alpha 2] or support [lower-alpha 3] battalions, some of them formed motorcycle, searchlight, tank, reconnaissance, ordinary infantry and even deception units. They saw action with the BEF in North-West Europe in 1940 and the 21st Army Group in 1944–45, North Africa 1940–43, Italy 1943–45, the fall of Singapore and the defence of the United Kingdom. [53]

Korean War

The 1st Battalion was attached to the 29th Independent Infantry Brigade, which had been sent to Korea to reinforce the Allied effort there. When it arrived in Korea in December 1950, the Brigade comprised: [54]

In April 1951 the battalion was involved in the Battle of the Imjin River, as the brigade stood in the path of the Chinese Spring Offensive. In July 1951, it was re-organized as 29th British Infantry Brigade and absorbed into the 1st Commonwealth Division. [55]

Regimental museum

The Fusiliers Museum of Northumberland is based in Alnwick Castle. [56]

Badges and dress distinctions

The 5th Regiment of Foot was one of the 'Six Old Corps' entitled to use their 'ancient badge' (St George killing the Dragon) on Regimental Colours, drums and other devices rather than the typical GR cipher as used by normal Regiments of the Line, a distinction first officially recorded in 1747. [57]

In the centre of their colours was an image of St. George killing the dragon, this being their ancient badge, and in the three corners of their second colour, the rose and crown. [57]

The regiment wore a distinctively-coloured hackle or plume on the fusilier cap and later on the beret. The hackle was red over white, and was authorised in June 1829. [58] This replaced the white feather plume the regiment had adopted following the Battle of St Lucia in 1778, supposedly taken from the headgear of fallen French troops. The 5th Foot was the only line regiment, since the introduction of the shako in 1800, to wear the white plume (other regiments having white over red) although the right to wear it was only officially granted in 1824. [59] In 1829 a new model of shako was introduced and all infantry regiments were to wear a white plume, with the 5th Foot given a unique plume of red over white. [60] This became a red over white 'ball tuft' in 1835 and later became a hackle in the same colours. [59] [60]

Victoria Cross

The following members of the regiment were recipients of the Victoria Cross.

George Cross

Only one member of the regiment was the recipient of the George Cross: [61] [62]

Amalgamation

On 23 April 1968, following the publication of the following notice in the London Gazette :

By virtue of the provisions of the Royal Warrant dated 5th April, 1968 (published in Army Order 18 of 1968) all officers of the Land Forces belonging to The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (5th), The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers (6th), The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (7th), and The Lancashire Fusiliers (20th) are transferred to the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers with effect from 23rd April, 1968. [63]

The regiment was amalgamated into the new Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.

Battle honours

Early wars
By 1881 the 5th foot had been awarded the following battle honours: [38] [64]

HonourDate of action or campaignDate of grant
Wilhelmsthal17621836
Roleia18081817
Vimiera18081825
Corunna18091825
Busaco18101825
Ciudad Rodrigo18121817
Badajoz18121818
Salamanca18121817
Vittoria18131817
Nivelle18131817
Orthes18141818
Toulouse18141818
Peninsula1808–18141815
Lucknow18571863
Afghanistan 1878–18801878–18801881

Second Boer War
The regiment received two battle honours for the conflict: "Modder River" and "South Africa, 1899–1902". [38]

First World War
The regiment was awarded the following 67 battle honours: [37] [65]

Those shown in bold print were selected to be borne on the king's colours.

Second World War
They were awarded twenty-nine battle honours: [66]

Those shown in bold print were selected to be borne on the king's colours. [48]

Korean War
In August 1958, the Regiment was awarded the following battle honours: [66]

Those shown in bold print were selected to be borne on the regimental colours.

Colonels —with early names for the regiment

Colonels have included: [67]

Named after Colonel

English regiment of the Dutch Anglo-Scots Brigade

English establishment

5th Regiment of Foot

5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot

5th (Northumberland Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot

Northumberland Fusiliers

Royal Northumberland Fusiliers

In the beginning of the Sherlock Holmes story A Study in Scarlet , Sir Arthur Conan Doyle states that Dr. John Watson served with the 5th Northumberland Fusiliers as an assistant surgeon. [75]

See also

Notes

  1. Battalions that served overseas during the war were the 1st and 2nd (Regular), 1/4th, 1/5th, 1/6th, 1/7th, 2/7th (Territorial), 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th (Service), 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd (Service, 1st – 4th Tyneside Scottish), 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th (Service, 1st – 4th Tyneside Irish), 36th (Territorial), 1st Garrison and 2nd Garrison. [44]
  2. Divisional machine gun battalions were originally organized into four companies, each of three platoons of four Vickers machine guns (so 12 per company, 48 per battalion). From 1943, one of the MG companies was replaced by a mortar company (16 4.2" mortars in four platoons). [50]
  3. Divisional support battalions had a more brigade-centric organization: three groups (one per divisional brigade) each with an MG company (three platoons of four Vickers each), an AA company (four platoons of four 20mm Polsten or Hispano-Suiza [51] light AA guns each) and a mortar company (two platoons of four 4.2" mortars each). [52]

Related Research Articles

Royal Welch Fusiliers

The Royal Welch Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army and part of the Prince of Wales' Division, founded in 1689 shortly after the Glorious Revolution. In 1702, it was designated a fusilier regiment and became The Welch Regiment of Fusiliers; the prefix "Royal" was added in 1713, then confirmed in 1714 when George I named it The Prince of Wales's Own Royal Regiment of Welsh Fusiliers. After the 1751 reforms that standardised the naming and numbering of regiments, it became the 23rd Foot.

4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War. It was disbanded after the war and reformed in the 1950s as an armoured formation before being disbanded and reformed again and finally disbanded on 1 January 2012.

Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division. Currently, the regiment has two battalions: the 1st battalion, part of the Regular Army, is an armoured infantry battalion based in Tidworth, Wiltshire, and the 5th battalion, part of the Army Reserve, recruits in the traditional fusilier recruiting areas across England. The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers was largely unaffected by the infantry reforms that were announced in December 2004, but under the Army 2020 reduction in the size of the Army, its second battalion was merged into the first in 2014.

Royal Fusiliers Line infantry regiment of the British Army

The Royal Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years. It was known as the 7th Regiment of Foot until the Childers Reforms of 1881.

Lancashire Fusiliers Line infantry regiment of the British Army 1688–1968

The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many years and wars, including the Second Boer War, the First and Second World Wars, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence. In 1968 the regiment was amalgamated with the other regiments of the Fusilier Brigade–the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and the Royal Fusiliers –to form the current Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.

Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)

The Buffs , formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army traditionally raised in the English county of Kent and garrisoned at Canterbury. It had a history dating back to 1572 and was one of the oldest regiments in the British Army, being third in order of precedence. The regiment provided distinguished service over a period of almost four hundred years accumulating one hundred and sixteen battle honours. In 1881, under the Childers Reforms, it was known as the Buffs and later, on 3 June 1935, was renamed the Buffs .

The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

Highland Light Infantry

The Highland Light Infantry (HLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881. It took part in the First and Second World Wars, until it was amalgamated with the Royal Scots Fusiliers in 1959 to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers which later merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch, the Highlanders and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland, becoming the 2nd Battalion of the new regiment.

Royal Warwickshire Regiment

The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, previously titled the 6th Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years. The regiment saw service in many conflicts and wars, including the Second Boer War and both the First and Second World Wars. On 1 May 1963, the regiment was re-titled, for the final time, as the Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and became part of the Fusilier Brigade.

Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968. The regiment was formed in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot and the 108th Regiment of Foot.

Royal Norfolk Regiment Infantry regiment of the British Army

The Royal Norfolk Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army until 1959. Its predecessor regiment was raised in 1685 as Henry Cornwall's Regiment of Foot. In 1751, it was numbered like most other British Army regiments and named the 9th Regiment of Foot.

Queens Royal Regiment (West Surrey)

The Queen's Royal Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the English and later the British Army from 1661 to 1959. It was the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, behind only the Royal Scots in the British Army line infantry order of precedence.

Royal Irish Regiment (1684–1922)

The Royal Irish Regiment, until 1881 the 18th Regiment of Foot, was an infantry regiment of the line in the British Army, first raised in 1684. Also known as the 18th Regiment of Foot and the 18th Regiment of Foot, it was one of eight Irish regiments raised largely in Ireland, its home depot in Clonmel. It saw service for two and a half centuries before being disbanded with the Partition of Ireland following establishment of the independent Irish Free State in 1922 when the five regiments that had their traditional recruiting grounds in the counties of the new state were disbanded.

Devonshire Regiment

The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the Dorset Regiment to form the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment which, in 2007, was amalgamated with the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, the Royal Green Jackets and The Light Infantry to form a new large regiment, The Rifles.

Middlesex Regiment Infantry regiment of the British Army

The Middlesex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1966. The regiment was formed, as the Duke of Cambridge's Own , in 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms when the 57th and 77th Regiments of Foot were amalgamated with the county's militia and rifle volunteer units.

Royal Leicestershire Regiment

The Leicestershire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, with a history going back to 1688. The regiment saw service for three centuries, in numerous wars and conflicts such as both World War I and World War II, before being amalgamated, in September 1964, with the 1st East Anglian Regiment, the 2nd East Anglian Regiment and the 3rd East Anglian Regiment to form the present day Royal Anglian Regiment, of which B Company of the 2nd Battalion continues the lineage of the Royal Leicestershire Regiment.

Northamptonshire Regiment

The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960. In 1960, it was amalgamated with the Royal Lincolnshire Regiment to form the 2nd East Anglian Regiment, which was amalgamated with the 1st East Anglian Regiment, the 3rd East Anglian Regiment and the Royal Leicestershire Regiment to form the present Royal Anglian Regiment.

The Northumberland Brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force of the British Army with four battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers. The brigade was numbered as 149th (Northumberland) Brigade in 1915 and served with the 50th (Northumbrian) Division on the Western Front throughout World War I. Due to losses suffered in the Ludendorf Offensive in 1918, it had to be comprehensively reorganized. Reformed as the Northumberland Brigade post-war, it was broken up before the outbreak of World War II.

5th Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers Reserve unit of the British Army

The 2nd Northumberland Rifle Volunteer Corps, also referred to as the Tynemouth Rifles, was an infantry unit of Britain's part-time force, the Territorial Army. The corps was raised during the expansion of the Volunteer movement in the 1850s and then served with the Territorial Force during the First World War. It converted to an anti-aircraft role just prior to Second World War, and continued to serve until it was amalgamated in 1950.

References

  1. "Fairfax' Regiment". The War of the Spanish Succession. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  2. Ede-Borrett, Stephen (2011). "Casualties in the Anglo-Dutch Brigade at St Denis, 1678". Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research. 81 (237): 279. JSTOR   44230964.
  3. 1 2 "Royal Northumberland Fusiliers". National Army Museum. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  4. Ede-Borrett, p. 279
  5. "Fairfax' Regiment". The War of the Spanish Succession. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  6. Cannon, p. 18
  7. "Fairfax' Regiment". The War of the Spanish Succession. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  8. Cannon, p. 22
  9. Cannon, p. 24
  10. "Fairfax' Regiment". The War of the Spanish Succession. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  11. Cannon, p. 28
  12. Royal Warrant 1 July 1751 (PRO/WO/26/21) reproduced in Edwards, T J (1953). Standards, Guidons and Colours of the Commonwealth Forces. Aldershot: Gale & Polden. pp. 194–200.
  13. Cannon, p. 36
  14. Cannon, p. 40
  15. Cannon, p. 42
  16. Cannon, p. 45
  17. Cannon, p. 48
  18. Cannon, p. 49
  19. Cannon, p. 51
  20. Cannon, p. 52
  21. Cannon, p. 53
  22. Cannon, p. 61
  23. Cannon, p. 62
  24. Cannon, p. 63
  25. Cannon, p. 66
  26. Field-Marshal His Majesty the King George V of the United Kingdom
  27. Cannon, p. 67
  28. Cannon, p. 68
  29. Cannon, p. 79
  30. Cannon, p. 81
  31. Cannon, p. 82
  32. Cannon, p. 83
  33. Cannon, p. 85
  34. "No. 19382". The London Gazette . 13 May 1836. p. 844.
  35. "Training Depots 1873–1881". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) The depot was the 1st Brigade Depot from 1873 to 1881, and the 5th Regimental District depot thereafter
  36. "No. 24992". The London Gazette . 1 July 1881. pp. 3300–3301.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 "The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers at regiments.org by T.F.Mills". Archived from the original on 15 July 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  38. 1 2 3 Norman, C B (1911). Battle Honours of the British Army. London: John Murray.
  39. "Northumberland Fusiliers". Anglo-Boer War. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  40. "The War - Infantry and Militia battalions". The Times (36069). London. 19 February 1900. p. 12.
  41. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36756). London. 1 May 1902. p. 6.
  42. "The War - Embarcation of Troops". The Times (36063). London. 12 February 1900. p. 10.
  43. "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907". Hansard. 31 March 1908. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  44. "Medals of the Regiments: The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers". North East Medals. 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  45. Haythornthwaite 1996 , p. 219
  46. 1 2 3 Chris Baker. "The Northumberland Fusiliers". The Long, Long Trail, The British Army of 1914-1918 for family historians. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
  47. James 1978 , p. 136
  48. 1 2 "Honours For The Army". The Times . 3 June 1935. p. 21.
  49. Fisher, Richard (2007). "The Vickers Machine Gun; British Service; The Army". Vickers MG Collection & Research Association. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  50. Fisher, Richard (2007). "Division (Machine Gun) Battalions". Vickers MG Collection & Research Association. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  51. Forty 1998, pp. 215,217
  52. Fisher, Richard (2007). "Divisional (Support) Battalions". Vickers MG Collection & Research Association. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  53. "British private and NCO served with 9th Bn Northumberland Fusiliers in Great Britain and Singapore". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  54. "British 29th Infantry Brigade". Korean War On Line. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  55. Boose, p. 445
  56. "Museum enlists force of model recruits". Northumberland Gazette. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  57. 1 2 "In the centre of their Colours St. George killing the Dragon, being their ancient Badge; and in the three corners of their Second Colour the Rose and Crown. On their Grenadier Caps St. George as on the Colours" Regulation for the Uniform Cloathing of the Marching Regiments of Foot, their Colours, Drums, Bells of Arms and Camp Colours, 1747. Reproduced in: Edwards, T J (1953). Standards, Guidons and Colours of the Commonwealth Forces. Aldershot: Gale & Polden. pp. 191–192.
  58. Carman, W Y (1958). "The Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers c. 1846". Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research. XXXVI (47): 1.
  59. 1 2 Carman, W Y (1985). Uniforms of the British Army. The Infantry Regiments . Exeter: Webb & Bower. p.  39. ISBN   978-0863500312.
  60. 1 2 Bowling, p. 46
  61. "George Cross catalogue - KinneDG". Archived from the original on 16 November 2007.
  62. "The Korean War Victoria Cross and George Cross Citations". North East Medals. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  63. "No. 44570". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 April 1968. p. 4637.
  64. Sumner, Ian (2001). British Colours & Standards 1747–1881 (2): Infantry. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN   978-1-84176-201-2.
  65. "Battle Honours. Awards to 12 Infantry Regiments". The Times . 10 May 1924. p. 4.
  66. 1 2 "Award of Battle Honours". The Times . 27 August 1958. p. 10.
  67. "Colonels". British Empire. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  68. "Fairfax' Regiment". The War of the Spanish Succession. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  69. "No. 19253". The London Gazette . 27 March 1835. p. 578.
  70. "No. 20211". The London Gazette . 7 April 1843. p. 1154.
  71. "War Office". 22 May 1949.
  72. "No. 21861". The London Gazette . 18 March 1856. p. 1080.
  73. "No. 22930". The London Gazette . 17 January 1865. p. 214.
  74. "No. 23355". The London Gazette . 25 February 1868. p. 906.
  75. Doyle, Arthur Conan (1887). "I. Mr. Sherlock Holmes" (eBook). A Study in Scarlet. Project Gutenburg. Retrieved 19 January 2015.

Sources