Sandra Lee-Vercoe

Last updated


Sandra Lee-Vercoe

QSO
Sandra Lee 1990's.jpg
Lee in the 1990s
2nd Leader of the Alliance
In office
10 November 1994 7 May 1995
Preceded by Jim Anderton
Succeeded byJim Anderton
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Auckland Central
In office
6 November 1993 12 October 1996
Preceded by Richard Prebble
Succeeded by Judith Tizard
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Alliance list
In office
12 October 1996 27 July 2002
Personal details
Born (1952-08-08) 8 August 1952 (age 67)
Wellington, New Zealand
Political party Mana Motuhake (1991)
Alliance (1991–2002)

Sandra Rose Te Hakamatua Lee-Vercoe QSO (born 8 August 1952) is a former New Zealand politician and diplomat. She served as deputy leader (and briefly leader) of the Alliance party and was later High Commissioner to Niue.

Contents

Early life

Lee was born in Wellington, and grew up in a two bedroom Māori Affairs house with her parents, grandfather and great grandfather. [1] She was educated at Onslow College. Lee later moved to Auckland, settling on Waiheke Island. [1] Her involvement in politics began with the foundation of Mana Motuhake, a Māori issues party, in 1979. Her political career, however, did not begin until 1983, with her election to the Waiheke County Council. She became chairperson of the Council in 1989. When Waiheke was amalgamated into Auckland proper, Lee became a member of the Auckland City Council.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateListParty
1993 1996 44th Auckland Central Alliance
1996 1999 45th List2 Alliance
1999 2002 46th List2 Alliance

In 1991, Lee became president of Mana Motuhake. Shortly after this, Mana Motuhake agreed to become a founding member of the Alliance, a coalition of minor parties.

In the 1993 election, Lee became the first Māori woman to win a general seat, [2] when she successfully contested the Auckland Central electorate as an Alliance candidate, defeating the incumbent Richard Prebble. [3] Upon the retirement of Mana Motuhake founder Matiu Rata in 1994, Lee became Mana Motuhake's political leader. In November 1994, when Jim Anderton stepped down as leader of the Alliance for personal reasons, Lee took his place but Lee persuaded Anderton returned to the leadership in May 1995. Lee lost her Auckland Central seat to Labour's Judith Tizard at the 1996 election. [4] She lost the position as Mana Motuhake leader in 2001, after a leadership challenge by Willie Jackson [5] but stayed on as the deputy leader of the Alliance until 2002 before announcing her retirement.

Cabinet member

When a Labour-Alliance coalition government was formed after the 1999 election, Lee became Minister of Local Government, Minister of Conservation, and Associate Minister of Māori Affairs. [4] She was ranked seventh in Cabinet. During her time as Minister of Conservation Lee was known as an outspoken opponent of commercial whaling. [6] In 2002, the Alliance began to split between a strongly left-wing faction (led by Matt McCarten and Laila Harré) and a more moderate faction (led by Anderton), Lee generally backed Anderton, but eventually decided to retire from politics. In the 2002 election, she did not stand for either the Alliance (now led by McCarten and Harré) or Anderton's new Progressive Coalition.

Diplomat

Lee was High Commissioner to Niue, representing the New Zealand and UK governments, from 12 February 2003 to 3 October 2005. [7]

Board member

In September 2006 Lee was appointed to the board of Housing New Zealand. In July 2007 she was appointed to the board of Te Papa Tongarewa.

Political offices

Personal life

At age 16 Lee married Mike Lee, giving birth to the oldest of their two daughters at age 17. They separated in 1992. [8] Lee has been married to Anaru Vercoe since 2002.

Related Research Articles

The Alliance was a left-wing political party in New Zealand. It was formed at the end of 1991 by the linking of four smaller parties. The Alliance positioned itself as a democratic socialist alternative to the centre-left New Zealand Labour Party. It was influential throughout the 1990s, but suffered a major setback after its founder and leader, Jim Anderton, left the party in 2002, taking with him several of its members of parliament (MPs). After the remaining MPs lost their seats in the 2002 general election, some commentators predicted the demise of the party.

Jim Anderton New Zealand politician

James Patrick Anderton was a New Zealand politician who led a succession of left-wing parties after leaving the Labour Party in 1989.

Jim Anderton's Progressive Party was a New Zealand political party generally somewhat to the left of its ally, the Labour Party.

Laila Harré New Zealand politician

Laila Jane Harré is a New Zealand politician and trade unionist. She was the first leader of the Internet Party, and stood for Parliament in the 2014 general election through the Helensville electorate. From 1996 to 2002, she was a Member of Parliament for the Alliance party, briefly leading that party after the group experienced a schism in 2002.

Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata was a small and short-lived political party in New Zealand. It was established by Alamein Kopu, a member of the New Zealand Parliament who had left her original party. After a short time as an independent MP, Kopu established Mana Wahine as her own party. It was officially registered on 12 June 1998.

Manu Alamein Kopu was a New Zealand politician.

1993 New Zealand general election

The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. Voters elected 99 members to the House of Representatives, up from 97 members at the 1990 election. The election was the last general election to use the first-past-the-post electoral system, with all members elected from single-member electorates.

Willie Jackson (politician) New Zealand politician

William Wakatere Jackson is a New Zealand politician and former top Maori broadcaster and Urban Maori chief executive. He was an Alliance MP from 1999 to 2002, and in 2017 was elected as a Labour MP.

Māori politics Politics of the Māori people

Māori politics is the politics of the Māori people, who were the original inhabitants of New Zealand and who are now the country's largest minority. Before the arrival of Pākehā (Europeans) in New Zealand, Māori society was based largely around tribal units, and chiefs provided political leadership. With the British settlers of the 19th century came a new British-style government. From the outset, Māori sought representation within this government, seeing it as a vital way to promote their people's rights and improve living standards. Modern Māori politics can be seen as a subset of New Zealand politics in general, but has a number of distinguishing features, including advocacy for indigenous rights and Māori sovereignty. Many Māori politicians are members of major, historically European-dominated political parties, but several Māori parties have been formed.

43rd New Zealand Parliament

The 43rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1990 elections, and it sat until the 1993 elections.

42nd New Zealand Parliament

The 42nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1987 election, and it sat until the 1990 election.

Matt McCarten New Zealand politician

Matthew "Matt" McCarten is a New Zealand political organiser, of Ngāpuhi descent. He has been involved with several leftist or centre-left political parties, and is also active in the trade-union movement. He wrote a weekly column for the Herald on Sunday from 2010 until 2014.

Mana Motuhake Defunct Māori political party in New Zealand

Mana Māori Motuhake was a Māori political party in New Zealand from 1980 to 2005. The name is difficult to translate accurately, but essentially refers to Māori self-rule and self-determination — mana, in this context, can be understood as "authority" or "power", while motuhake can be understood as "independent" or "separate".

The Māori renaissance is the revival in fortunes of the Māori of New Zealand beginning in the latter half of the twentieth century. During this period, the perception of Māori went from being that of a "dying race" to being politically, culturally and artistically ascendant.

Auckland Girls Grammar School State single-sex girls secondary school (years 9–13) school

Auckland Girls' Grammar School (AGGS) is a New Zealand secondary school for girls located in Newton, in the Auckland central business district. Established in 1888, it is one of the oldest secondary institutions in the country. The school received the Goodman Fielder awards for School and Secondary School of the year in 2000.

The Mana Movement, formerly known as the Mana Party, is a New Zealand political party led by Hone Harawira which was formed in April 2011 following his resignation from the Māori Party. Harawira won the by-election in Te Tai Tokerau of 25 June 2011 for the Mana Party and retained the seat during the 2011 general election, but lost it in 2014 and 2017 to Labour Party candidate Kelvin Davis.

Women in New Zealand

Women in New Zealand are women who live in or are from New Zealand. Notably New Zealand was the first self-governing country in the world that women got the vote. In recent times New Zealand has had many women in top leadership and government roles including the current Prime Minister Jacinda Adern. New Zealand has a gender pay gap of 9.3%.

Naida Glavish New Zealand politician and Māori community leader

Dame Rangimarie Naida Glavish is a New Zealand politician and Māori community leader from the Ngāti Whātua iwi. From 2013 to 2016, she was President of the Māori Party.

2001 Mana Motuhake leadership election

The Mana Motuhake leadership election, 2001 was held in New Zealand on 2 June 2001 to determine the future leadership of the Mana Motuhake political movement. The election was won by List MP Willie Jackson.

References

  1. 1 2 "Sandra Lee: If you're Māori, you can't help growing up political - E-Tangata". E-Tangata. 12 August 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  2. "Māori MPs - Parliament's people | NZHistory, New Zealand history online". nzhistory.govt.nz. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  3. Fox, Karen (2011). Maori and Aboriginal Women in the Public Eye: Representing Difference, 1950–2000. ANU E Press.
  4. 1 2 Young, Audrey (24 August 2001). "Sandra Lee – bad news and proud of it". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  5. "Sandra Lee retires". The New Zealand Herald . 17 June 2002. ISSN   1170-0777 . Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  6. "Sandra Lee's speech to the International Whaling Commission". The New Zealand Herald . 25 July 2001. ISSN   1170-0777 . Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  7. "Niue MPs to hear departing NZ representative". Radio NZ. 22 September 2005. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  8. Hewitson, Michele (16 December 2005). "ARC chairman keeps the reindeer galloping". The New Zealand Herald . ISSN   1170-0777 . Retrieved 4 September 2018.
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Richard Prebble
Member of Parliament for Auckland Central
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Judith Tizard
Political offices
Preceded by
Jack Elder
Minister of Local Government
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Chris Carter
Preceded by
Nick Smith
Minister of Conservation
1999–2002