Tapani incident

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Tapani Incident
Xilaian Incident.jpg
Taiwanese captured after the Tapani Incident being taken from the Tainan jail to court
Result Japanese victory
Flag of Da Ming Cibeiguo.svg Da Ming Cibeiguo
Han Taiwanese
Taiwanese aborigines
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg  Empire of Japan
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Da Ming Cibeiguo.svg Yu Qingfang Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg Unknown
1,413 [1] [2] Unknown
Casualties and losses
"thousands" [3] Unknown
Tapani incident
Chinese name
Chinese 噍吧哖事件
Alternative name
Traditional Chinese 西來庵事件
Simplified Chinese 西来庵事件
Literal meaningXilai Temple Incident
Alternative name
Chinese 玉井事件
Literal meaning Yujing Incident
Japanese name
Kanji 西来庵事件
Hiragana せいらいあんじけん
Kyūjitai 西來庵事件

The Tapani incident [4] or Tapani uprising [3] in 1915 was one of the biggest armed uprisings [5] by Taiwanese Han and Aboriginals, including Taivoan, against Japanese rule in Taiwan. Alternative names used to refer to the incident include the Xilai Temple Incident after the Xilai Temple in Tainan, where the revolt began, and the Yu Qingfang Incident after the leader Yu Qingfang. [6]



Multiple Japanese police stations were stormed by Aboriginal and Han Chinese fighters under Chiang Ting (Jiang Ding) and Yü Ch'ing-fang (Yu Qingfang). [7] The rebels declared a Da Ming Cibeiguo (大明慈悲國, Great Ming Compassionate Kingdom), the existence of which only lasted 12 days before the revolt was suppressed. [3]


Modern Taiwanese historiography attempts to portray the Tapani Incident as a nationalist uprising either from a Chinese (unification) or Taiwanese (independence) perspective. Japanese colonial historiography attempted to portray the incident as a large scale instance of banditry led by criminal elements. However, the Tapani Incident differs from other uprisings in Taiwan's history because of its elements of millenarianism and folk religion, which enabled Yu Qingfang to raise a significant armed force whose members believed themselves to be invulnerable to modern weaponry. [8]

The similarities between the rhetoric of the leaders of the Tapani uprising and the Righteous Harmony Society of the recent Boxer Rebellion in China were not lost on Japanese colonial authorities, and the colonial government subsequently paid more attention to popular religion and took steps to improve colonial administration in southern Taiwan.

The aboriginals carried on with violent armed struggle against the Japanese while Han Chinese violent opposition stopped after Tapani. [9]

See also


  1. Maritime Taiwan: Historical Encounters with the East and the West. M.E. Sharpe. 2009. pp. 134–. ISBN   978-0-7656-4189-2.
  2. Shih-Shan Henry Tsai (18 December 2014). Maritime Taiwan: Historical Encounters with the East and the West: Historical Encounters with the East and the West. Taylor & Francis. ISBN   978-1-317-46516-4.
  3. 1 2 3 Cohen, Sande (2006). History Out of Joint: Essays on the Use and Abuse of History . JHU Press. pp.  58. ISBN   9780801882142.
  4. https://www.academia.edu/10986929/Taiwan_under_Japanese_Rule._Showpiece_of_a_Model_Colony_Historiographical_Tendencies_in_Narrating_Colonialism._In_History_Compass._2014_online_
  5. International Business Publications, USA (3 March 2012). Taiwan Country Study Guide: Strategic Information and Developments. Int'l Business Publications. pp. 73–. ISBN   978-1-4387-7570-8.
  6. Shih-shan Henry Tsai (2 September 2005). Lee Teng-Hui and Taiwan's Quest for Identity. Springer. pp. 12–. ISBN   978-1-4039-7717-5.
  7. Governmentality and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan: A Case Study of the Ta-pa-ni Incident
  8. Katz, Paul R. (2005). When Valleys Turned Blood Red: The Tapani Incident in Colonial Taiwan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 110. ISBN   9780824829155.
  9. Steven Crook (5 June 2014). Taiwan. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 16–. ISBN   978-1-84162-497-6.

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