Three-cent bronze

Last updated
Three-cent bronze
United States
Value3 cents (0.03 US dollars)
Diameter28.57 mm
EdgePlain
Composition
Years of minting1863
Catalog numberJudd-319, Pollock 384
Obverse
1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Restrike, Pollock-384, R.5.jpg
Design Liberty with braided hair
Designer Christian Gobrecht
Design date1863
Reverse
1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Restrike, Pollock-384, R.5 rev.jpg
DesignDenomination surrounded by a wreath
Design date1863

The three-cent bronze was a pattern coin struck in 1863 by George Eckfeldt. [1] The coin shares its obverse design (other than the font of the date, which is smaller and curved), thickness, and diameter with that of the Braided Hair large cent, but was made of bronze rather than pure copper. Weighing 140 grains, it weighted nearly three times that of the bronze Indian Head cent. [2] About 50 to 60 examples are known. [1]

Pattern coin sample coin to demonstrate the design of a coin

A pattern coin is a coin which has not been approved for release, produced to evaluate a proposed coin design. They are often off-metal strike, to proof standard or piedforts. Many coin collectors collect and study pattern coins because of their historical importance. Many of the world's most valuable coins are pattern coins; nearly one quarter of the pieces listed in 100 Greatest US Coins are pattern coins.

Coronet large cent

The Coronet large cent was a type of large cent issued by the United States Mint in Philadelphia from 1816 until 1839.

Indian Head cent American one-cent coin (1859-1909)

The Indian Head cent, also known as an Indian Head penny, was a one-cent coin ($0.01) produced by the United States Bureau of the Mint from 1859 to 1909. It was designed by James Barton Longacre, the Chief Engraver at the Philadelphia Mint.

Contents

The obverse features an image of Liberty.

History

Throughout 1863, the coins were struck on planchets of varying thickness. According to Eckfeldt's journal:

Struck a few 3 cent pieces of copper & zinc; the size, thickness and diameter about that of the 1857 copper cent. About the middle of 1863. [1]

Other versions

An aluminum version (Judd-320, Pollock-385) was made using a very similar design. However, examples are extremely rare with only 5 confirmed. [1]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "J319/P384". US Patterns. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. "1863 3C Three Cents, Judd-319 Original, Pollock-384, R.5, PR65 : Lot #3937". Heritage Auctions . Retrieved 15 March 2016.