Tilley lamp

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Tilley storm lantern X246B May 1978: this model has been in production since 1964. Tilley-storm-lantern-X246-May-1978.jpg
Tilley storm lantern X246B May 1978: this model has been in production since 1964.
Operation of a Tilley lamp (Video)
Large Tilley radiator R55 from 1957 Tilley-radiator-R55-from-7-1957.jpg
Large Tilley radiator R55 from 1957
Tilley Lamp TL10 from 1922-1946 Tilley-table-lamp-TL10g.jpg
Tilley Lamp TL10 from 1922-1946

The Tilley lamp is a kerosene pressure lamp.

History

In 1813, John Tilley invented the hydro-pneumatic blowpipe. [3] In 1818, William Henry Tilley, gas fitters, was manufacturing gas lamps in Stoke Newington, and, in the 1830s, in Shoreditch.[ citation needed ]

Contents

In 1846, Abraham Pineo Gesner invented coal oil, a substitute for whale oil for lighting, distilled from coal. Kerosene, made from petroleum, later became a popular lighting fuel. In 1853, most versions of the kerosene lamp were invented by Polish inventor and pharmacist Ignacy Łukasiewicz, in Lviv. [4] [5] [6] [7] It was a significant improvement over lamps designed to burn vegetable or sperm oil.

On 23 September 1885, Carl Auer von Welsbach received a patent on the gas flame heated incandescent mantle light. [8]

In 1914, the Coleman Lantern pressure lamp was introduced by the Coleman Company. [9] [10] [11]

In 1915, during World War I, the Tilley company moved to Brent Street in Hendon, and began developing a kerosene pressure lamp. [12]

In 1919, Tilley High-Pressure Gas Company started using kerosene as a fuel for lamps. [13]

In the 1920s, Tilley company got a contract to supply lamps to railways, and made domestic lamps. [12]

During World War II, Armed Forces purchased quantities of lamps, thus many sailors, soldiers and airmen used a Tilley Lamp. [12]

After World War II, demand for Tilley Lamps drove expansion to a second factory, in Cricklewood, then a third, merged, single factory in Colindale. [12]

The company moved to Northern Ireland in the early 1960s, finally settling in Belfast.[ citation needed ] It moved back to England in 2000.[ citation needed ]

Competing lamps

See also

Further reading

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "R55 Radiator from 1955-1960's". Tilleylamps.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  2. "TL10 Table lamp from 1922-1946". Tilleylamps.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  3. Tilley, John (April 1814). "LIX. Description of a hydro-pneumatic blow-pipe for the use of chemists, enamellers, assayers, and glass-blowers". The Philosophical Magazine. 43 (192): 280–284. doi:10.1080/14786441408638024.
  4. "The Petroleum Trail". Archived from the original on 2009-08-28.
  5. "Lukasiewicz, Ignacy". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Encyclopedia.com.
  6. "Pharmacist Introduces Kerosene Lamp, Saves Whales". History Channel.
  7. "Ignacy Łukasiewicz (1822–1882) – Polish pharmacist and Prometheus". polska.pl. Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  8. Breidenstein, Jürgen. "Principle of Petromax: Kerosene Pressure Lantern Principles of Operation". STUGA-CABAÑA. Witten . Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  9. "Coleman US lanterns 1914 – 1920". The Terrence Marsh Lantern Gallery. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  10. Bebb, Frank. "How to date your Coleman® Lamp, Lantern and Stove". The Old Town Coleman Center. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  11. "Our Story". Coleman. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  12. 1 2 3 4 "Tilley History". Tilley Lamps. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  13. "Tilley Lamp Co". Grace's Guide To British Industrial History . Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  14. "Aladdin". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters.
  15. "BAT". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  16. "Bialaddin". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  17. "Fama". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters.
  18. "Optimus". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  19. "Solar". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  20. "Veritas". Classic Pressure Lamps & Heaters. Retrieved 10 November 2022.