Timeline of Basra

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Basra, Iraq.


Prior to 16th century

16th-19th centuries

20th century

21st century

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Islam</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Abbasid Caliphate</span> Third Islamic caliphate (750–1258, 1261-1517)

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Basra</span> City in Basra Governorate, Iraq

Basra is a city in southern Iraq located on the Shatt al-Arab in the Arabian Peninsula. It had an estimated population of 1.4 million in 2018. Basra is also Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr. However, there is ongoing construction of Grand Faw Port on the coast of Basra, which is considered a national project for Iraq and will become one of the largest ports in the world and the largest in the Middle East, in addition, the port will strengthen Iraq’s geopolitical position in the region and the world. Furthermore, Iraq is planning to establish a large naval base in the Faw peninsula.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Basra Governorate</span> Governorate of Iraq

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kufa</span> City in Najaf, Iraq

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Al-Shatrah is a town in southern Iraq, located northeast of Nasiriyah. It is the administrative capital of the al-Shatrah District, a part of the Dhi Qar Governorate. Al-Shatrah is situated along the Gharraf Canal at the intersection with Highway 7. It lies 22.35 km west of the ancient city of Lagash. In 2009, it had a population estimated 254,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Muntafiq</span> Arab Ottoman vasal emirate, c. 1530–1918

Al-Muntafiq was a large Arab tribal confederation of southern Iraq and Kuwait. The confederation's tribes predominantly settled in Iraq's southern provinces and northern Kuwait. The confederation is not homogeneous in terms of sect/religion. Centuries of intermarriage and intermingling created a mix of Sunni and Shia tribes. Therefore, a minority of individual tribes within the confederation is Sunni. Overall, it is almost impossible to delineate who is, and who is not part of the Muntafiq.

The city of Baghdad was established by the Abbasid dynasty as its capital in the 8th century, marking a new era in Islamic history after their defeat of the Umayyad Caliphate. It replaced Seleucia-Ctesiphon, a Sassanid capital 35 km southeast of Baghdad, which was virtually abandoned by the end of the 8th century. Baghdad was the center of the Caliphate during the Islamic Golden Age of the 9th and 10th centuries, growing to be the largest city worldwide by the beginning of the 10th century. It began to decline in the Iranian Intermezzo of the 9th to 11th centuries and was destroyed in the Mongolian invasion in 1258.

Abu Ahmad Talha ibn Ja'far, better known by his laqab as Al-Muwaffaq Billah, was an Abbasid prince and military leader, who acted as the de facto regent of the Abbasid Caliphate for most of the reign of his brother, Caliph al-Mu'tamid. His stabilization of the internal political scene after the decade-long "Anarchy at Samarra", his successful defence of Iraq against the Saffarids and the suppression of the Zanj Rebellion restored a measure of the Caliphate's former power and began a period of recovery, which culminated in the reign of al-Muwaffaq's own son, the Caliph al-Mu'tadid.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shia Islam in Iraq</span> Overview of the history, role and impact of Shia Islam in Iraq

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nasiriyah</span> City in Dhi Qar, Iraq

Nasiriyah is a city in Iraq. It is on the lower Euphrates, about 360 km south-southeast of Baghdad, near the ruins of the ancient city of Ur. It is the capital of the Dhi Qar Governorate. Its population in 2003 was about 560,000, making it the fourth-largest city in Iraq. It had a diverse population of Muslims, Mandaeans and Jews in the early 20th century; today its inhabitants are predominantly Shia muslims.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Baghdad, Iraq.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mosul, Iraq.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Safavid occupation of Basra</span> Occupation of the city of Basra (1697–1701)

The Safavid occupation of Basra (1697–1701) took place between 26 March 1697 and 9 March 1701. It was the second time that the important Persian Gulf city had fallen to the Iranian Safavid Empire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Architecture of Iraq</span>

The architecture of Iraq encompasses the buildings of various architectural styles that exist in Iraq.

Mohammad Ajam, alternatively known as Muhammad al-Ajami or Ajam Muhammad, was an Iranian singer who lived in the late 18th century. He came to Baghdad during the Mamluk dynasty of Ottoman occupation. During the reign of Sulayman Abu Layla Pasha, he worked in politics until he reached the position of advisor and became the minister of Treasury in the time of Omar Pasha (1762–1776). He later became the leader of a rebel movement against Ottoman authority, which was defeated. He fled to Iran, then Egypt where he died. A melody type or Arabic maqam called ajam became common in Baghdad after him.


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  17. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.{{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  18. "Second Sunni Mosque Is Blown Up in Basra". New York Times. 16 June 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  19. "UK troops return Basra to Iraqis". BBC News. 16 December 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
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in English

Published in 19th century
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30°30′N47°49′E / 30.500°N 47.817°E / 30.500; 47.817