Tippecanoe County Courthouse
|Location||Public Sq., Lafayette, Indiana|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architect||Farman & Pearce; Alexander, James F.|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival, Beaux-Arts, and Neoclassical|
|NRHP reference No.||72000013|
|Added to NRHP||October 31, 1972|
The Tippecanoe County Courthouse is located on the public square in the city of Lafayette in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. The public square is located between the north-south 3rd and 4th Streets and between the east-west Main and Columbia Streets.
It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.It is located in the Downtown Lafayette Historic District.
When the county was first organized in 1826, rooms were rented in which to conduct county business, until 1829 when the first courthouse was built; it was a two-story brick building. It was replaced by a larger brick building in 1845 at a cost of about $3,000; there was a fire in this building in the 1840s, but it was extinguished before it could do any damage. The third and current courthouse was built on the site from 1881 to 1884 at a cost of about $500,000.It is built of Indiana limestone and is two-and-a-half stories tall on a raised basement. Architecturally, it is a pastiche of styles including Second Empire, Beaux Arts, Baroque, Rococo, Georgian and Neo-Classical. Paul Goeldner in his study of Midwestern courthouses called the building the "epitome of county capitals".
When Samuel Clemens visited Lafayette he was asked his opinion about the Tippecanoe County Courthouse by a local newspaper reporter; Clemens replied: "Striking, striking indeed! It must have struck the taxpayers a mighty blow!" The comment was accurate as this was the most expensive courthouse built in the state until the Allen County Courthouse was built some twenty years later. The courthouse has one hundred columns, nine statues, an elongated dome with four clock faces and a 3,000-pound (1,400 kg) bell tuned to C-sharp. A 14-foot statue depicting liberty tops the courthouse dome at a height of 212 feet.
On August 2, 1998, perpetrator(s) crashed a pickup truck full of gasoline and explosives through the eastern entrance of the Tippecanoe County Courthouse. Local firefighters were able to put out the blazing truck—before any of the flammable materials in the truck were able to catch fire. On August 11, county authorities placed concrete barriers around the courthouse to help prevent a similar attack in the future.
A white male in his mid-40s was wanted for questioning because he was spotted near the scene around the time the truck crashed into the courthouse. Agents with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives found evidence at the scene and sent it for processing but no arrest was ever made for the attempted bombing of the county courthouse.In 2008, a $50,000 reward was offered for information leading to an arrest but no progress was made before the statute of limitations expired later that year. The case remains one of the few unsolved suspected instances of domestic terrorism in the United States.
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The Warren County Courthouse is a stone building constructed in 1908 in Williamsport, Indiana. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 19, 2008.
The Marian Apartments, also known as Marian Flats, is a historic apartment building located at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was designed by Oliver W. Pierce, Jr. and built in 1907. It is a three-story, rectangular, brick building with limestone and wood trim. It features polygonal three-story projecting bays.
The Muscatine County Courthouse in Muscatine, Iowa, United States, was built in 1909. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 as a part of the County Courthouses in Iowa Thematic Resource. The courthouse is the third building the county has used for court functions and county administration.
Downtown Lafayette Historic District is a national historic district located at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. Lafayette began in 1825 as a transportation center for the west central area of Indiana. Its development and growth reflects the changes in transportation over the intervening years. From its location along the Wabash River, it grew first with river travel then for a short while from the Wabash and Erie Canal. When the railroads arrived in the 1850s, the town began to grow, initially along the rail lines. The Downtown Lafayette Historic District reflects these early changes.
The Tipton County Courthouse is a historic courthouse located at Tipton, Tipton County, Indiana. The courthouse is Tipton's third and was completed in 1894. The courthouse is an example of Romanesque Revival style architecture and was designed by Adolph Scherrer who also designed the 1888 Indiana State Capitol and Tipton County Jail and Sheriff's Home. Sherrer took over the architectural design work for the Indiana Statehouse project from Edwin May who died in 1880. Five years after the completion of the capitol building project in 1888, Scherrer began work on the Tipton County Courthouse building.
Miami County Courthouse is a historic courthouse located at Peru, Miami County, Indiana. It was built between 1908 and 1910, and is a three-story, steel frame, concrete, and brick building sheathed in a veneer of Bedford limestone. It features a projecting portico with freestanding two-story Tuscan order columns in the Classical Revival. The building has a flat roof topped by a squat four-sided square dome. The property includes an additional 33 contributing objects such as a bell with stand, "Lady Liberty" statue, retaining wall, 12 architectural lamps, and 6 street lamps.
James H. Ward House is a historic home located at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was built about 1875, and is a two-story, Italianate / Second Empire style brick dwelling, with a 3+1⁄2-story mansard roofed tower. It features deep overhanging eaves with corner brackets, asymmetrical massing, and an ornate semi-hexagonal, two-story projecting bay. Also on the property is a contributing carriage house.
Waldron–Beck House and Carriage House is a historic home and carriage house located at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. The house was built in 1877, and is a two-story, irregularly shaped Italianate style brick dwelling, with a rear service wing. It sits on a stone foundation and has a multi-hipped roof with bracketed cornice. It features a three-sided, two-story projecting bay. The carriage house is a two-story, three bay brick building. It has a hipped roof with cupola and a bracketed cornice.
Enterprise Hotel, also known as Gasthaus Alt Heidelberg, is a historic hotel building located at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was built in 1895, and is a three-story, five bay, rectangular, Italianate style brick building, with rear additions. It measures 42 feet wide and 32 feet deep. It is historically significant as a European style tavern / inn.
Mars Theatre is a historic theatre building at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was built in 1921, and is a four-story, rectangular, Georgian Revival style brick building, with limestone ornamentation and terra cotta panels. It measures 69 feet, 4 inches, wide and 141 feet, 4 inches deep. It was originally built as a vaudeville theater and sat 1,205 patrons. The building houses the Denis H. Long Center for the Performing Arts.
Morton School is a historic school building located at West Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was built in 1930, and is a two-story, "E"-shaped, Tudor Revival style brick and limestone building. It has a flat roof and features a triple-arched main entrance and stepped parapet. It housed a school into the mid-1980s, after which it has been used as a community centre.
The Varsity is a historic apartment building located at West Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was built in 1928, and is a three-story, "L"-shaped, Tudor Revival style brick building. It has a limestone quoins and detailing, a Tudor-arched entrance, projecting pavilions, and semi-hexagonal projecting bays.
West Lafayette Baptist Church (1898–1964), also known as Church of the Good Shepherd (1964–1976), was a historic Baptist church located at West Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana. It was built between 1898 and 1901, and was a two-story, cross shaped Gothic Revival style brick building. It featured a corner bell tower with three-tiered masonry buttresses. The Cynthia Jones Hall was added in 1936-1937 and the church was remodeled in 1951.